Essay - Four Learning Theories Introduction Behavioral Learning Theory Information Processing Theory...

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Four Learning Theories


Behavioral ***** Theory

***** processing theory

Social cognitive theory

Constructivist learning theory

Postulate: Constructivist ***** applies best to teaching for the construction trades




This paper covers four learning theories and the descriptors which are associated with each. The ***** will discuss behavioral learning theory (operant conditioning), in*****mation processing theory, social ***** *****, and constructivist learning theory. Each section will discuss the *****ory, identify its strengths ***** weaknesses, and give examples of how they are applied.

This author has chosen constructivist theory in a building tr*****des teaching environment. After a review of the above *****, the author ***** advance ***** case that constructivist ***** theory best fits the class and the author's personal teaching style.

Behavioral Learning Theory

Behavioral learning theory originated with the work ***** BF Skinner and Pavlov, who worked respectively with pigeons and dogs to demonstrate ***** theory of ***** conditioning. The "stimulus-response" theory has proven helpful in everything from breaking bad habits (cognitive behavioral therapy) ***** phobias, to improving learning performance.

***** theory advanced by ***** is ***** one learns through changes in behavior. Behavior results due ***** learning from stimuli which occur in the environment. Skinner found that reinforcing responses to ***** can result in learn*****g, and a change in response (Skinner, 1938).

An example ***** the application of behavioral learning *****ory is the reduction in flight phobia—the client's fear of flying. The first element in behavioral learning is to analyze the rational side of the phobia—i.e. why ***** it that the client fears flying? Is he/she concerned about the plane crashing? Is he/she stressed about the lack of control ***** ***** plane's fate? When faced ***** the rational explanation that "planes don't crash," ***** "you are safer in a plane than ***** an automobile," the client realizes on a rational basis ***** the fear of flying is ungrounded in reason.

***** next p*****e is operant *****. In many cases, this takes place in steps. A ***** may be asked to sit in an air***** (while on the ground) and have a pleasant discussi*****. This associates "*****" and "sitt*****g in an airplane," and teaches the client that his/her ***** is un*****ed. Once the anxiety has been averted in this step, the client may then be asked to take a short flight *****nd, during the *****, engage in a pleasant activity (talk*****g, playing cards, etc.). The stimulus of the flight is met by a pleasant response. This 'operant conditioning' therefore demonstrates a new paradigm ***** the client.

***** advantages of operant conditioning for learning are as follows:

1. It is goal-oriented. That *****, the client is able to get to ***** heart ***** a problem very quickly, ********** to treat it in a focused manner.

*****. It is rapid. Because it focuses on one delimited problem, the therapist ***** get to the issue with ***** client fairly quickly.

3. It can be performed with people who may not have good reading or verbal skills, such ***** children. That is *****cause


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