Essay - Four Learning Theories Introduction Behavioral Learning Theory Information Processing Theory...

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Four Learning Theories


Behavioral ***** Theory

***** processing theory

Social cognitive theory

***** learning theory

Postulate: Constructivist theory applies best to teaching for the construction trades




This paper covers four learning theories and the descriptors which are associated with each. The paper will discuss behavioral learning *****ory (operant conditioning), in*****mation processing theory, social ***** theory, and constructivist ***** theory. Each section will ***** the *****ory, identify its strengths ***** weaknesses, and give examples of how they are applied.

This author has chosen constructivist theory in a building trades teaching environment. After a review of the above theories, the author ***** advance the case that constructivist learning *****ory best fits the class and the author's personal teaching style.

Behavioral Learning Theory

Behavioral ***** theory originated with the work of BF Skinner and Pavlov, who worked respectively with pigeons and dogs to demonstrate ***** theory ***** operant conditioning. The "stimulus-response" theory has proven helpful in everything from breaking bad habits (cognitive behavioral therapy) and phobias, ***** improving learning performance.

***** theory advanced by Skinner is ***** one learns through changes in behavior. Behavior results due to learning from stimuli which occur in the environment. ***** found that reinforcing responses to behavior can result in learn*****g, ***** a change in response (Skinner, 1938).

An example of the application of behavioral learning theory is the reduction in flight phobia—the client's fear ***** flying. The first element in behavioral learning is to analyze the rational side of the phobia—i.e. why is it that the client fears flying? Is he/she concerned about the plane crashing? Is he/she stressed ***** the lack of control of the ********** fate? When faced with the ***** explanation ***** "planes don't crash," and "you are safer in a plane than in an automobile," the ***** realizes on a rational basis that the fear ***** ***** is ungrounded ***** reason.

***** next p*****e is operant *****. In many cases, th***** takes place in steps. A client may be asked to sit in an airplane (while on *****e ground) and have a pleasant discussi*****. This associates "pleasant" and "sitting in an *****," *****d teaches the ***** that his/her fear is un*****ed. Once the anxiety has *****en averted in this step, ***** client may then be asked ***** take a short ***** and, during the flight, engage in a pleasant activity (talk*****g, playing cards, etc.). The stimulus of the flight is met by a ***** *****. ***** 'oper*****nt conditioning' therefore demonstrates a new p*****radigm to the client.

***** advantages ***** operant conditioning for learning are as follows:

1. It is goal-oriented. That *****, ***** client is able to get to the heart of a problem very quickly, and ***** treat it in a focused manner.

2. It ***** rapid. Because it focuses on one delimited problem, the therapist can get to the issue ***** the client fairly quickly.

3. It can ***** performed with people who ***** not have good reading or verbal skills, such as children. That is because


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