Essay - Four Learning Theories Introduction Behavioral Learning Theory Information Processing Theory...


Copyright Notice

Four Learning Theories

Introduction

Behavioral Learning Theory

***** processing theory

Social cognitive theory

Constructivist learning theory

Postulate: Constructivist ***** applies best to teaching for the construction trades

Conclusion

Bibliography

*****

This paper covers four learning theories and the descriptors which are associated with each. The paper will discuss behavioral learning theory (operant conditioning), information processing theory, social cognitive *****, and constructivist learning theory. Each section will discuss the *****ory, identify its strengths ***** weaknesses, and give examples of how they are applied.

This author has chosen constructivist theory in a building tr*****des teaching environment. After a review ***** the ********** theories, the author will advance ***** case that constructivist learning ***** best fits the class and ***** author's personal teaching style.

Behavioral Learning Theory

Behavioral learning theory originated with the work of BF Skinner ***** Pavlov, who worked respectively with pigeons and dogs to demonstrate the theory ***** operant conditioning. The "stimulus-response" theory has proven helpful in everything from breaking bad habits (***** behavioral therapy) ***** phobias, to improving ***** performance.

***** theory advanced by Skinner is ***** one learns through changes in behavior. Behavior results due to learning from stimuli which occur in the environment. ***** found that re*****forcing responses to behavior can result in learn*****g, and a change in response (Skinner, 1938).

An example of the application of behavioral learning *****ory is the reduction in flight phobia—the client's fear ***** flying. The first element in behavioral learning ***** to analyze the rational side of the phobia—i.e. why is it that the client fears flying? Is he/she concerned about the plane crashing? Is he/she stressed ***** the lack ***** control of ***** plane's fate? When faced with the ***** explanation ***** "planes don't crash," and "you are safer in a plane than in an automobile," the ***** realizes on a rational basis that the fear ***** ***** is ungrounded ***** reason.

***** next phase is operant *****. In many cases, th***** takes place in steps. A client may be asked to sit in an airplane (while on *****e ground) and have a pleasant discussion. This associates "pleasant" and "sitt*****g in an airpl*****e," and teaches the client ***** his/her fear is ungrounded. Once the anxiety has been averted in this step, the client may *****n be asked to take a short ***** *****, during the flight, engage in a pleasant activity (talk*****g, playing cards, etc.). The stimulus of the flight is met by a ple*****sant *****. This 'operant conditioning' therefore demonstrates a new p*****radigm ***** the client.

The advantages ***** operant conditioning for learning are as follows:

1. It is goal-oriented. That *****, the client is able to get to the heart of a problem very quickly, and to treat it in a focused manner.

*****. It is rapid. Because it focuses on one delimited problem, the therapist ***** get to the issue with the client fairly quickly.

3. It can ***** performed with people who ***** not ***** good reading or verbal skills, such ***** children. ***** is because

. . . . [END OF ESSAY PREVIEW]

Buy a complete, non-asterisked paper below    |    Pay for a unique, custom-written paper

100% Complete, University Essays & Term Papers for Sale

© 2001–2013   |   Book Reports about Four Learning Theories Introduction Behavioral Learning Theory Information Processing Theory   |   Term Paper Sample