Essay - Four Learning Theories Introduction Behavioral Learning Theory Information Processing Theory...

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Four Learning Theories


Behavioral Learning Theory

Information processing theory

Social cognitive *****

Constructivist learning theory

Postulate: Constructivist ***** applies best to teaching for the construction trades




This paper covers four learning theories and the descriptors which are associated with each. The paper will discuss behavioral learning theory (operant conditioning), in*****mation processing theory, social cognitive *****, and constructivist ***** theory. Each section will discuss the *****ory, identify its strengths and weaknesses, and give examples of how they are applied.

This author has chosen constructivist theory in a building tr*****des teaching environment. After a review ***** the ********** *****, the author will advance ***** case that constructivist learning ***** best fits the class and ***** author's personal teaching style.

***** Learning Theory

Behavioral ***** theory originated with the work of BF Skinner ***** Pavlov, who worked respectively with pigeons and dogs to demonstrate ***** theory of operant conditioning. The "stimulus-response" theory has proven helpful in everything from breaking bad habits (***** behavioral therapy) and phobias, to improving learning performance.

The theory advanced by Skinner is that one learns through changes in behavior. Behavior results due to learning from stimuli ***** occur in the *****. Skinner found ***** reinforcing responses to behavior can result in learning, and a change in response (Skinner, 1938).

An example of the application of ***** learning *****ory is the reduction in flight phobia—the client's fear of flying. The first element in behavioral ***** ***** to analyze the rational side of the phobia—i.e. why is it that the client fears flying? Is he/she concerned about the plane crashing? Is he/she stressed ***** the lack ***** control of the plane's fate? When faced ***** the ***** explanation ***** "planes don't crash," and "you are safer in a plane than in an automobile," the ***** realizes on a rati*****al basis that the fear ***** ***** is ungrounded in reason.

The next p*****e is operant conditioning. In many cases, this takes place in steps. A client may be asked to sit in an air***** (while on the ground) and have a pleasant discussion. This associates "pleasant" and "sitt*****g in an *****pl*****e," and teaches the ***** that his/her ***** is un*****ed. Once ***** anxiety has been averted in this step, the client may then be asked ***** take a short flight *****, during the flight, engage in a ***** activity (talking, playing cards, etc.). The stimulus of the flight is met by a ple*****sant *****. This 'operant *****' therefore demonstrates a new p*****radigm to the client.

The advantages ***** operant conditioning for learning ***** as follows:

*****. It is goal-oriented. That *****, the client is able to get ***** ***** heart of a problem very quickly, and to treat it in a focused manner.

2. It is rapid. Because it focuses on one delimited problem, the therap*****t can get to the issue with the client fairly quickly.

3. It can ***** performed with people who ***** not have good reading or verbal skills, such ***** children. That is because


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