Essay - Malaysia Art Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society Political Science:...


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Malaysia

*****

Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society

Political Science: Malaysia

The purpose of this paper is to explain the stability in ethnic relati*****s ***** Malaysia since 1969. Political, economic, and cultural explanations are reviewed, with the most persuasive answer providing the explanation for *****'s stability (culture). The author postulates and discourses on how ***** explanations help account for ********** peaceful ***** in ethnic relations, noting ***** political and economic influences were very small comp*****d to ***** cultural explanations *****fered for the current status of Malaysia per the many his*****rians that have reviewed ***** country's history and the fight for a common and representative culture. The author demonstrates how ***** tensions led to almost all of the uprisings in ***** throughout *****, and how settling these cultural differences and affairs has ***** to the creation ***** a collaborative nation-state, one interested in promoting diversity as do many other nations in today's global and diverse world.

***** researchers focus*****g on the period be*****e 1969 (where riots broke out in Malaysia) and those after the riots note that cultural tensions were often the source of political and economic unrest (Brunnel, 2004). The country's economic ***** has remained in fact, relatively unchanged dur*****g the last three decades (*****, 2004). ***** cultural landscape ***** not changed much either, except for the introduction of the Islamic culture as one of society's "norms" (Brunnel, 2004).

***** (2000) reviews changing ***** relations in Malaysia ***** regard to *****teractions between "state's policies ***** advance Malay culture dominance and reduce ethnic ***** inequality" and ***** "aspirations and actions of the Chinese community" (p.1). With regard to ***** ***** state-related issues, Freedman (2000) suggests the question of whether ***** members especially the elite pursue "separatist" or collab*****ative strategies. Hock ***** ***** ***** of ***** rival ethnic groups living in Malaysia are relatively equal to each ***** or unequal in stature (p. 2) is a core issue rel*****ted to the stability now enjoyed by many people living in Malaysia.

***** (2000) and Gomez (2004) note ***** political tensions in early Malaysian his*****ry centered primarily on ***** *****s, which Hock (2000) expands on. ***** (2000) and Guan (2000) note the 1969 riots revolved around ***** tensions ***** conflicts ended ***** of ***** problems in Malaysia, largely because many of the "rival" ethnic communities ***** in Malaysia pursued more of a unified front or simil*****r ***** and goals. Although it took ***** ***** o*****r destructive efforts to achieve common goals, the people of ***** *****, since that time, worked ***** to promote what Hock (2000) refers to as "amalgamative" strategies (p. 4). O*****rs including Mitchell (2000) and Kheng (2002) note that a blended state results primarily not from ***** or economic fac*****rs, because ***** had little to do with the ***** ***** Malaysia currently experiences, but instead ***** of collaboration ***** people ***** different ethnicities living in Malaysia. Wong (2001) ***** Yun (2000) comment that ***** fac*****rs ***** little to do ***** political and cultural upris*****gs, and that ***** uprisings occurring in Malaysia

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