Essay - Malaysia Art Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society Political Science:...

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Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society

Political Science: Malaysia

***** purpose of this paper is to explain the stability in ethnic relations ***** Malaysia since 1969. Political, economic, and cultural explanations are reviewed, with ***** most persuasive answer providing the explanation for *****'s stability (culture). The author postulates and discourses on how cultural explanations help account for *****day's peaceful stability in ethnic *****, noting how political and ***** influences were very small comp*****d to ***** cultural explanations *****fered for the current status of Malaysia per the many his*****rians that have reviewed the country's history and ***** fight for a common and representative culture. ***** author demonstrates how cultural tensions led to al***** *****l of the uprisings in Malaysia throughout *****, and how settling these ***** differences and affairs has led to the creation of a collaborative nation-state, one interested in promoting diversity as do many o*****r nations in today's global and diverse world.

***** researchers focus*****g on the period before ***** (where riots broke out in *****) and those after ***** riots note that cultural tensions ***** *****ten the source of political and economic unrest (Brunnel, 2004). The country's economic ***** has rema*****ed in fact, relatively unchanged dur*****g the last three decades (Brunnel, 2004). The cultural landscape has not changed much either, except for the introduction of the Islamic culture as ***** of society's "norms" (Brunnel, 2004).

***** (2000) reviews changing ethnic relations in Malaysia with regard to *****teractions between "state's policies to advance Malay culture *****minance and reduce ethnic ***** inequality" and ***** "aspirations and actions of the Chinese community" (p.1). With regard to ***** ***** state-related issues, Freedman (2000) suggests the question ***** whether ethnic members especially the elite pursue "separatist" or collab*****ative strategies. Hock ***** ***** ***** of ***** rival ethnic groups living in Malaysia are relatively equal to each other or unequal in stature (p. 2) is a core issue related ***** the ***** now enjoyed by many people living in Malaysia.

Freedman (2000) and Gomez (2004) note that political ***** in early Malaysian history centered primarily on ***** *****s, which Hock (2000) expands on. ***** (2000) and Guan (2000) note the 1969 ***** revolved around ethnic tensions and conflicts ended many of the problems ***** Malaysia, largely because ***** of the "rival" ethnic communities ***** in Malaysia pursued more of a unified front or simil*****r ***** and goals. Although it took riots and other destructive efforts to achieve common goals, the people of Malaysia have, since that time, worked largely to promote what Hock (*****) refers ***** as "amalgamative" strategies (p. 4). Others including Mitchell (2000) ***** Kheng (2002) note that a blended state results primarily not from ***** or economic factors, because these had little to do with the ethnic stability Malaysia currently experiences, but instead ***** of collaboration ***** people of different ********** living in *****. Wong (2001) and Yun (2000) comment that economic factors ***** little to do with political ***** cultural *****, and that political uprisings occurring in Malaysia


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