Essay - Malaysia Art Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society Political Science:...

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Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society

Political Science: Malaysia

***** purpose of this paper is to explain the stability in ethnic relati*****s ***** Malaysia since 1969. Political, economic, and cultural explanations are reviewed, with ***** most persuasive answer providing the explanation for *****'s stability (culture). The author postulates and discourses on how ***** explanations help account ***** *****day's peaceful stability in ethnic relations, noting how political and ***** influences were very small comp*****d to the cultural ***** *****fered for the current status of Malaysia per ***** many his*****rians that have reviewed the country's history and ***** fight for a common and representative culture. ***** author demonstrates how cultural tensions led to almost all of the uprisings in Malaysia throughout history, and how settling these ***** differences and affairs has ***** to the creation ***** a collaborative nation-state, one interested in promoting diversity as do many o*****r nations in today's global and diverse w*****ld.

***** researchers focus*****g on the period be*****e 1969 (where riots broke out in *****) and those after ***** riots note that cultural tensions were often the source of political ***** economic unrest (Brunnel, 2004). The country's economic ***** has rema*****ed in fact, relatively unchanged during the last three decades (*****, 2004). The cultural landscape ***** not changed much either, except for the introduction of the Islamic culture as ***** of society's "norms" (Brunnel, *****).

Hock (2000) reviews changing ethnic relations in Malaysia ***** regard to *****teractions between "state's policies to advance Malay culture dominance and reduce ***** ***** inequality" ***** ***** "aspirations and actions of the Chinese community" (p.1). With regard to political ***** state-related issues, Freedman (2000) suggests the question of whether ethnic members especially the elite pursue "separatist" or collaborative strategies. Hock suggests the ***** of ***** rival ethnic groups living in Malaysia are ***** equal to each other or unequal in stature (p. 2) is a core issue rel*****ted to the ***** now enjoyed by many people ***** in Malaysia.

Freedman (2000) and Gomez (2004) note that political tensions in early *****n history centered primarily on cultural issues, which Hock (2000) expands *****. ***** (2000) and Guan (2000) note the 1969 riots revolved around ***** tensions ***** conflicts ended ***** of the problems in Malaysia, largely because many of ***** "rival" ethnic communities liv*****g in Malaysia pursued more of a unified front or similar strategies and goals. Although it took ***** and other destructive efforts to achieve ***** goals, the people of Malaysia *****, since that time, worked ***** to promote what Hock (*****) refers ***** as "amalgamative" strategies (p. 4). Others including Mitchell (2000) ***** Kheng (2002) note ***** a blended state results primarily not from political or economic factors, because ***** had little to do with the ***** stability Malaysia currently experiences, but instead because ***** collaboration ***** people of different ethnicities living in Malaysia. Wong (2001) and Yun (2000) comment that economic factors had little to do with ***** ***** cultural *****, and ***** political uprisings occurring in Malaysia


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