Essay - Malaysia Art Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society Political Science:...

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Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society

Political Science: Malaysia

The purpose of this paper is to explain the stability in ethnic relati*****s in Malaysia since 1969. Political, economic, and cultural explanations are reviewed, with the most persuasive answer providing the explanation for Malaysia's stability (culture). The author postulates and discourses on how ***** explanations help account ***** ********** peaceful ***** in ethnic relations, noting how political and ***** influences were very small compared to ***** cultural explanations ********** for the current status of Malaysia per ***** many his*****rians that have reviewed the country's history and the fight for a common and representative culture. The author demonstrates how ***** tensions led to almost all of ***** uprisings in ***** throughout history, and how settling these cultural differences and affairs has led to the creation ***** a collaborative nation-state, one interested in promoting diversity as do many o*****r nations in today's global and diverse world.

***** researchers focusing on the period be*****e ***** (where riots broke out in Malaysia) and those after the riots note that cultural tensions were often the source of political ***** economic unrest (Brunnel, 2004). The country's economic ***** has rema*****ed in fact, relatively unchanged during the last three decades (Brunnel, 2004). The cultural landscape has not changed much either, except for the introduction of the Islamic culture as ***** of society's "norms" (Brunnel, *****).

***** (2000) reviews changing ethnic relations in Malaysia ***** regard to interactions between "state's policies ***** advance Malay culture dominance and reduce ethnic ***** inequality" and ***** "aspirations and actions of the Chinese community" (p.1). With regard to political ***** state-related issues, Freedman (2000) suggests the question ***** whether ***** members especially the elite pursue "separatist" or collab*****ative strategies. Hock suggests ***** ***** of ***** rival ethnic groups living in Malaysia are ***** equal to each other or unequal in stature (p. 2) is a core issue rel*****ted ***** the stability now enjoyed by many people living in Malaysia.

***** (*****000) and Gomez (2004) note that political ***** in early Malaysian history centered primarily on cultural *****s, which Hock (2000) expands on. ***** (2000) and Guan (2000) note the 1969 ***** revolved around ethnic tensions and conflicts ended ***** of the problems in Malaysia, largely because many of the "rival" ethnic communities ***** ***** Malaysia *****d more of a unified front or simil*****r strategies and goals. Although it took riots and ***** destructive efforts to achieve common goals, ***** people of Malaysia have, since that time, worked largely to promote what Hock (2000) refers to as "amalgamative" strategies (p. 4). Others including Mitchell (2000) and Kheng (2002) note ***** a blended state results *****rimarily not from political or economic factors, because ***** had little to do with the ethnic ***** Malaysia currently experiences, but instead ***** of collaboration ***** people ***** different *****ities living in *****. Wong (2001) and Yun (2000) comment that ***** factors had little to do ***** ***** and cultural *****, and that political upris*****gs occurring in Malaysia


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