Essay - Malaysia Art Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society Political Science:...

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Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society

Political Science: Malaysia

The purpose of this paper is to explain the stability in ethnic relations ***** Malaysia since 1969. Political, economic, and cultural explanations are reviewed, with the most persuasive answer providing the explanation for *****'s stability (culture). The author postulates and discourses on how cultural explanations help account ***** today's peaceful stability in ethnic *****, noting ***** political and economic influences were very small comp*****d to the cultural explanations offered for the current status of Malaysia per the many historians that have reviewed ***** country's history and the fight for a common and representative culture. The author demonstrates how ***** tensions led to almost all of ***** uprisings in Malaysia throughout *****, and how settling these cultural differences and affairs has led to the creation ***** a collaborative nation-state, one interested in promoting diversity as do many o*****r nations in ***** global and diverse world.

Most researchers focus*****g on the period before 1969 (where riots broke out in Malaysia) and those after the riots note that cultural tensions ***** often the source of political ***** ***** unrest (Brunnel, 2004). ***** country's economic ***** has remained in fact, relatively unchanged dur*****g the last three decades (Brunnel, 2004). The cultural landscape has not changed much either, except for the introduction of the Islamic culture as ***** of society's "norms" (Brunnel, *****).

***** (2000) reviews changing ***** relations in Malaysia ***** regard to *****teractions between "state's policies ***** advance Malay ***** dominance and reduce ethnic economic inequality" ***** ***** "aspirations and actions of the Chinese community" (p.1). With regard to ***** ***** state-related issues, Freedman (2000) suggests the question ***** whether ***** members especially the elite pursue "separatist" or collab*****ative strategies. Hock suggests ***** ***** of ***** rival ethnic groups living in Malaysia are ***** equal to each other or unequal in stature (p. 2) is a core issue related to the ***** now enjoyed by many people ***** in Malaysia.

***** (2000) and Gomez (2004) note ***** political tensions in early *****n history centered primarily on ***** *****s, which Hock (*****) expands *****. Hock (2000) and Guan (2000) ***** the 1969 riots revolved around ethnic tensions and conflicts ended many of ***** problems in Malaysia, largely because ***** of the "rival" ethnic communities liv*****g in Malaysia pursued more of a unified front or simil*****r ***** and goals. Although it took ***** and ***** destructive efforts to achieve common goals, the people of Malaysia *****, since that time, worked ***** ***** promote what Hock (*****) refers to as "amalgamative" strategies (p. 4). O*****rs including Mitchell (2000) ***** Kheng (2002) note ***** a blended state results primarily not from political or economic factors, because ***** had little to do with the ethnic stability Malaysia currently experiences, but instead because ***** collaboration ***** people of different *****ities living in Malaysia. Wong (2001) and Yun (2000) comment that economic fac*****rs ***** little to do ***** political ***** cultural upris*****gs, and ***** ***** uprisings occurring in Malaysia


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