Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...


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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post ***** Era

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ***** is clearly manifested in ***** political leadership and subsequently ***** the economic and social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as China Chief Executive during ***** post World War II and at the height ***** the Cold War reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner in which he shaped China's economy and society along the lines and character of communism.

Sodaro (2001) argued that China's political system is ruled by the communist party. ***** party is organized along Leninist lines similar to ***** Soviet's Bolshevik Party; the CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain ***** comm***** going from ***** top down. Though the lower ***** officials have a ch*****nce to have their views articulated ***** the Party's hierarchy, once a final decision have ***** taken by the ***** leaders, all party members ***** obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the ***** making. Virtu*****y every other *****pect of ***** politics and government, including the policy process and relations between ***** state and *****, are derived ***** that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that party supremacy over the *****, the military ***** ***** institutions is achieved through a combination ***** *****sight and personal appointments. Within all government ministries, factories, schools and other work units is a ***** *****ittee that monitors compliance with party directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, from cabinet min*****tries, university departments and bank officials. (p.709) It is evident that Mao's government in terms of decision mak*****g ***** policy direction are ***** on the Communist *****'s stand and advocacy. In *****, the binding effect ***** said decisi*****s to lower party instrumentalities shows the degree of discipline and m*****e importantly, commitment to realize ***** decision *****.

Another pertinent aspect of Mao's government is the vital reforms he did ***** make government more responsive to the needs of the people. *****se reforms are seen in ***** ***** ***** which he made policies ge*****d towards a government that unifies, transforms ***** modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted that under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese ***** based on nati*****al unity. This is necessary because during ***** time society was fragmented. After unifying society, Mao went on to transform society's political and ***** ***** by establ*****hing new rules. These rules include cracking down on prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and disallowing arran***** marriages. The ***** likewise ***** l***** reform to peasant farmers. The ********** segment entails modernization which seeks ***** restores agricultural and industrial production to levels before ***** Japanese invasion as well ***** adopting the Soviet model of rapid industrialization.

***** ***** focuses on the role of ***** peasantry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed that Mao's emphasis on the role of the ***** both ***** and after the communist victory in 1949

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