Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...


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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post Mao Era

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ***** is clearly manifested in the political leadership and subsequently in the economic ***** social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as Ch*****a Chief Executive during ***** post World War II and at the height ***** ***** Cold War reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner in which he shaped China's economy and society along the lines and character of communism.

***** (2001) argued that China's ***** system is ruled by the ***** party. ***** party is organized along Leninist lines similar to ***** Soviet's Bolshevik Party; the CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain ***** comm***** going from the top down. Though the lower party officials have a chance to have their views articulated to the Party's hierarchy, once a fin*****l decision have been taken by the top leaders, all party members are obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the decision making. Virtu*****y every other *****pect of China's politics and government, including the policy process and relations between the state and *****, are derived from that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that ***** supremacy over ***** *****, the ***** and other institutions is achieved through a combination of oversight and personal appointments. Within all government ministries, factories, schools and ***** work units is a party *****ittee that monitors compliance ***** party directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, ***** cabinet min*****tries, university departments ***** bank *****. (p.709) It is evident ***** Mao's ***** in terms of ***** mak*****g and policy direction are dependent on the Communist *****'s stand and advocacy. In *****, the binding effect of said decisi*****s to ***** party instrumentalities shows the degree of discipline and m*****e importantly, commitment to realize ***** decision through.

Another pertinent aspect ***** Mao's government is the vital reforms he did to make government more responsive to the needs of the people. These reforms are seen in the manner ***** ***** he made policies ge*****d towards a government th*****t unifies, transforms and modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted that under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese ***** based on nati*****al unity. This is necessary because during that time society was fragmented. After unifying society, ***** went on to transform society's political and social ***** ***** establ*****hing new rules. ***** rules include cracking down on prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and disallowing arranged marriages. The ***** likewise implemented land reform to peasant farmers. ***** last segment entails modernization which seeks ***** restores agricultural and industrial production to levels before the Japanese invasion as well as adopting the Soviet model ***** rapid industrialization.

Mao ***** focuses on ***** role of the peasantry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed that Mao's emphasis on the role of the peasantry both ***** and after the communist victory in 1949

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