Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...


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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post Mao *****

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ideology is clearly manifested in the political leadership and subsequently ***** the economic ***** social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as China Chief Executive during the post World War II and at the height of ***** Cold War reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner in which he shaped China's economy ***** society along the lines and character ***** communism.

***** (2001) argued that China's ***** system is ruled by the communist party. The ***** is organized along Leninist lines similar to the Soviet's Bolshevik Party; the CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain of comm***** going from the top down. Though the lower party officials have a chance to have their views articulated to the Party's hierarchy, once a final decision have ***** taken by the top leaders, all party members ***** obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the decision making. Virtually every other *****pect of ***** politics and government, including the policy process and relations between ***** state and *****, are derived ***** that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that ***** supremacy over the g*****nment, the military and other institutions is achieved through a combination ***** oversight and personal appointments. Within all government min*****tries, factories, schools and other work units is a party committee that monitors compliance with ***** directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, from cabinet ministries, university departments ***** bank officials. (p.709) It is evident that Mao's government in terms of ***** making and policy direction are ***** on the Communist Party's stand and advocacy. In additi*****, the binding effect of said decisions to ***** party instrumentalities shows the degree ***** discipline and m*****e importantly, commitment to realize ***** decision through.

Another pertinent aspect of ***** government is the vital reforms he did ***** make ***** more responsive to the needs of the people. These reforms ***** seen in ***** ***** ***** ***** he made policies geared *****wards a government that unifies, transforms ***** modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted that under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese ***** based on nati*****al unity. This is necessary because ***** that time society was fragmented. After unifying *****, Mao went on to transform society's political and social ***** by establishing new rules. These rules include cracking down ***** prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and dis*****owing arranged marriages. The government likewise ***** l***** reform to peasant farmers. The last segment entails modernization which seeks to res*****res agricultural and industrial production to levels before the Japanese invasion as well as adopting the Soviet model of rapid *****ization.

***** also focuses on the role of ***** peasantry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed ***** Mao's emphasis on the role ***** the peasantry both before and after ***** communist vic*****ry in 1949

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