Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...

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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post ***** *****

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ***** is clearly manifested in the political leadership and subsequently in the economic ***** social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as Ch*****a Chief Executive during ***** post World War II and at the height of the Cold ***** reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner ***** which he shaped China's economy ***** society along the lines and character ***** communism.

***** (2001) argued that China's ***** system is ruled by the communist party. ***** ***** is organized along Leninist lines similar to the Soviet's Bolshevik Party; ***** CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain of command going from the top down. Though the lower party officials have a chance to have their views articulated ***** the Party's hierarchy, once a fin*****l decision have been taken by the ***** leaders, all party members are obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the ***** making. Virtu*****y every other aspect of China's politics and government, including the policy process and relations between the state and society, are derived ***** that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that ***** supremacy over the *****, the ***** and ***** institutions is achieved through a combination of ********** and personal appointments. Within all government min*****tries, factories, schools and other work units is a party committee that monitors compliance ***** party directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, from cabinet ministries, university departments ***** bank *****. (p.709) It is evident ***** Mao's ***** in terms of decision mak*****g and policy direction ***** dependent on the Communist *****'s stand and advocacy. In *****, the binding effect ***** said decisions to ***** ***** instrumentalities shows the degree of discipline and more importantly, commitment to realize the decision through.

Another pertinent aspect of ***** government is the vital reforms he did ***** make government more responsive to ***** needs ***** the people. These reforms are seen in the manner in which he made policies ge*****d *****wards a government that unifies, transforms and modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted that under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese society based on nati*****al unity. This is necessary because ***** that time society was fragmented. After unifying society, Mao went on to transform society's political and ***** system by establishing new rules. These rules include cracking down ***** prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and disallowing arranged marriages. The government likewise ***** l***** reform to peasant farmers. ***** ********** segment entails modernization ***** seeks to restores agricultural and industrial production to levels before ***** Japanese invasion as well as adopting the Soviet model ***** rapid industrialization.

***** ***** focuses on the role of the pe*****antry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed that Mao's emphasis on the role ***** the peasantry both before and after the communist victory in 1949


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