Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...


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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post Mao Era

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ***** is clearly manifested in ***** political leadership and subsequently in the economic ***** social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as Ch*****a Chief Executive during ***** post World War II and at the height ***** the Cold ***** reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner ***** which he shaped China's economy and society along the lines and character of communism.

***** (2001) argued that China's political system is ruled by ***** ***** party. ***** ***** is organized along Leninist lines similar to the Soviet's Bolshevik Party; the CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain ***** comm***** going from the top down. Though the lower party officials have a chance to have their views articulated ***** the Party's hierarchy, once a final decision have ***** taken by ***** top leaders, all party members are obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the ***** making. Virtu*****y every other *****pect of China's ***** and government, including the policy process and relations between ***** state and *****, are derived ***** that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that ***** supremacy over the *****, the military and ***** institutions is achieved through a combination of oversight and personal appointments. Within all government ministries, factories, schools and other work units is a party *****ittee that monitors compliance with ***** directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, from cabinet ministries, university departments and bank officials. (p.709) It is evident ***** Mao's government in terms of decision making ***** policy direction ***** dependent on the Communist *****'s stand and advocacy. In additi*****, the binding effect of said decisions to ***** party instrumentalities shows the degree ***** discipline and m*****e importantly, commitment to realize the decision through.

Another pertinent aspect of ***** government is the vital reforms he did ***** make government more responsive to ***** needs of the people. *****se ***** are seen in the ***** ***** ***** he made policies ge*****d *****wards a government that unifies, transforms and modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted that under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese society based on national unity. This is necessary because during that time society was fragmented. After unifying society, ***** went on to transform society's political and social system ***** establishing new rules. These rules include cracking down ***** prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and dis*****owing arranged marriages. The government likewise implemented land reform to peasant farmers. The last segment entails modernization which seeks ***** restores agricultural and industrial production to levels before the Japanese invasion as well as adopting the Soviet model of rapid *****ization.

***** also focuses on the role of the pe*****antry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed that Mao's emphasis on the role of the peasantry both ***** and after ***** communist vic*****ry in 1949

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