Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...


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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post ***** *****

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ideology is clearly manifested in the political leadership and subsequently ***** the economic ***** social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as China Chief Executive during the post World War II and at the height of ***** Cold War reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner ***** which he shaped China's economy and society along the lines and character ***** communism.

Sodaro (2001) argued that China's ***** system is ruled by ***** communist party. ***** ***** is organized along Leninist lines similar to the Soviet's Bolshevik Party; the CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain of command going from the top down. Though the lower party officials have a chance to have their views articulated ***** the Party's hierarchy, once a final decision have ***** taken by ***** ***** leaders, all party members ***** obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the decision making. Virtually every other aspect of ***** ***** and government, including the policy process and relations between the state and *****, are derived from that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that party supremacy over the government, the military and other institutions is achieved through a combination ***** oversight and personal appointments. Within all ***** ministries, factories, schools and other work units is a ***** committee that monitors compliance ***** party directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, ***** cabinet ministries, university departments ***** bank *****. (p.709) It is evident ***** Mao's government in terms of ***** mak*****g and policy direction ***** ***** on the Communist *****'s stand and advocacy. In additi*****, the binding effect of said decisions to ***** ***** instrumentalities shows the degree of discipline and m*****e importantly, commitment to realize ***** decision *****.

Another pertinent aspect of Mao's government is the vital reforms he did to make government more responsive to ***** needs ***** the people. ********** reforms are seen in the manner in which he made policies geared towards a government that unifies, transforms and modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted ***** under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese society based on national unity. This is necessary because during that time society was fragmented. After unifying society, ***** went on to transform society's political and ***** system ***** establishing new rules. These rules include cracking down ***** prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and dis*****owing arranged marriages. The government likewise ***** l***** reform to peasant farmers. The last segment entails modernization which seeks ***** restores agricultural and industrial production to levels before ***** Japanese invasion as well as adopting the Soviet model of rapid *****ization.

Mao ***** focuses on ***** role of the pe*****antry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed that Mao's emphasis on the role of the peasantry both before and after the communist victory in 1949

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