Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...


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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post ***** *****

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ideology is clearly manifested in ***** political leadership and subsequently in the economic and social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as Ch*****a Chief Executive during the post World War II and at the height of ***** Cold War reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner ***** which he shaped China's economy ***** society along the lines and character of communism.

Sodaro (2001) argued that China's political system is ruled by the communist party. ***** party is organized along Leninist lines similar to ***** Soviet's Bolshevik Party; the CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain of comm***** going from the top down. Though the lower ***** officials have a ch*****nce to have their views articulated to the Party's hierarchy, once a fin*****l decision have been taken by ***** top leaders, all party members are obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the decision making. Virtu*****y every other *****pect of ***** politics and government, including the policy process and relations between ***** state and *****, are derived ***** that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that ***** supremacy over the *****, the ***** and ***** institutions is achieved through a combination of *****sight and personal appointments. Within all government min*****tries, factories, schools and other work units is a party *****ittee that monitors compliance ***** party directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, from cabinet min*****tries, university departments ***** bank *****. (p.709) It is evident that Mao's ***** in terms of decision mak*****g and policy direction are ***** on the Communist Party's stand and advocacy. In *****, the binding effect of said decisi*****s to ***** party instrumentalities shows the degree of discipline and more importantly, commitment to realize ***** decision through.

Another pertinent aspect of Mao's government is the vital reforms he did ***** make government more responsive to ***** needs ***** the people. ********** ***** are seen in the manner ***** which he made policies geared *****wards a government th*****t unifies, transforms ***** modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted that under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese ***** based on nati*****al unity. This is necessary because during that time society was fragmented. After unifying society, ***** went on to transform society's political and social system by establ*****hing new rules. These rules include cracking down on prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and disallowing arranged marriages. The ***** likewise ***** l***** reform to peasant farmers. ***** *****ast segment entails modernization which seeks to res*****res agricultural and industrial production to levels before the Japanese invasion as well ***** adopting the Soviet model ***** rapid industrialization.

Mao also focuses on ***** role of the peasantry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed that Mao's emphasis on the role ***** the ***** both ***** and after the communist victory in 1949

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