Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or otherwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervis*****, ***** respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ryan, 1982). ***** leader ***** possess have one ***** more of these characteristics, depending on the individual.

In addition ***** *****hip characteristics, *****s may also differ in *****ir leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means ***** the leader takes complete charge of the team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach ***** leave much of the responsibility to the athletes ***** spend ***** time on the critical issues.

Chelladurai (1993) proposed a normative model ***** decision styles (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in coaching (Butler, 1996). A casual observer of the dynamics on a typical competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take all ***** the blame for failure. Athletes on ***** other hand, like to concentrate on their resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not to be involved in *****.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have ********** in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, ***** and per*****mance.

Multidimensional Model of ***** Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model ***** Sport *****, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, *****red & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective *****hip varies depending on the specific situati*****, leader ***** team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required leader behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred ***** behavior-- leader behaviors preferred ***** group, organization, *****.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the ***** exhibits.

As a direct consequence of leadership, three things are affected:

Satisfaction—When coaching style and ***** match the preferences of the athlete, greater satisfaction is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic *****, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social support results ***** poorer performing teams.

Additional Research

As a result ***** Chelladurai's research, many studies have been conducted to try ***** develop or expand ***** knowledge of the topic.

One such study analyzed the differences between the offensive and defensive *****nel of ***** teams in ***** leadership, perceived *****, ***** satisfaction with leadership, as well as ***** relationships among preferred and perceived *****, their congruence, ***** ***** with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The ***** of this study showed that defensive players preferred m*****e democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and social support than offensive players.

In addition, the similarity between preferred ***** perceived leadership in ***** measurement of social support was important in enhancing member satisfaction. On the o*****r *****, perceived ***** in training and instruction, in addition to ***** feedback, were more important factors of ***** with leadership than either the preferred leadership or the congruence of preferred and perceived leadership in *****se


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