Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or o*****rwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervis*****, ***** respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ryan, 1982). A leader ***** possess have one or more ***** these characteristics, depending on the individual.

***** addition to leadership characteristics, leaders may also differ in ********** leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or *****ive style of leadership means ***** the leader takes complete charge ***** the team, closely moni*****ring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach ***** leave much of ***** responsibility to the *****s ***** spend ***** time on ***** critical issues.

Chelladurai (1993) proposed a normative model of decisi***** styles (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in *****ing (Butler, 1996). ***** casual observer of the dynamics on a typical competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take ***** of the blame for failure. Athletes on the other hand, like to concentrate on their resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not ***** be involved in coaching.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have *****creased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, ***** and per*****mance.

***** Model ***** Sport Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model of Sport *****, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, preferred & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective *****hip varies ***** on the specific situation, leader and ***** (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required ***** behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- leader behaviors preferred by group, organization, etc.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the ***** exhibits.

As a direct consequence ***** leadership, ***** things ***** affected:

Satisfaction—When coaching style and behaviors match the preferences of ***** athlete, greater ***** is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic *****, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social ***** results in poorer performing teams.

Additional Research

As a result ***** Chell*****durai's research, many studies have been conducted ***** try to develop or expand the knowledge of the **********.

One such study analyzed the *****ences between the *****fensive and defensive *****nel of sp*****ts teams in preferred leadership, perceived leadership, ***** satisfaction with *****, as well as the relationships among preferred and perceived leadership, *****ir congruence, and satisfaction with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The results of this study showed that defensive players preferred more democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and ***** support than offensive players.

In addition, the similarity between preferred ***** perceived ***** in ***** measurement of social ***** was important in enhancing member satisfaction. On the other hand, perceived leadership in training and instruction, in addition to ***** feedback, were more ***** factors of satisfaction with leadership than either the preferred leadership or the congruence ***** preferred and perceived ***** in *****


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