Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or otherwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervisor, a respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ry*****, 1982). A leader may possess have one or more of these characteristics, depending on the individual.

***** addition ***** *****hip characteristics, *****s may also differ in their leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means ***** the leader takes complete charge of ***** team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach may leave much of the responsibility to the athletes and spend more time on ***** critical issues.

Chelladurai (1993) proposed a normative model ***** decision styles (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in ********** (Butler, 1996). A casual observer of the dynamics on a typical competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take ***** of the blame for failure. Athletes on the o*****r hand, like to concentrate on ***** resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not ***** be involved in coaching.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have increased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, *****s and performance.

***** Model of ***** Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, preferred & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective *****hip varies ***** on the specific situation, leader and team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

The model introduces three key terms:

Required leader behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- ***** ***** preferred ***** group, organization, *****.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the ***** exhibits.

As a direct consequence ***** leadership, ***** things ***** affected:

Satisfaction—When coaching style and ***** match the preferences of the athlete, greater ***** is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic style, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social support results ***** poorer performing teams.

Additional Research

As a result of Chelladurai's research, many studies have been conducted to try ***** develop or expand ***** knowledge ***** the topic.

One such study analyzed the *****ences between the offensive and defensive personnel of sp*****ts ***** in preferred leadership, perceived *****, ***** satisfaction with leadership, as well as ***** *****s among preferred and perceived *****, their congruence, and ***** with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The ***** of this study showed that defensive players preferred more democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and social support than offensive players.

In addition, the similarity between ***** and perceived leadership ***** ***** measurement of social ***** was important in enhancing member satisfaction. On the o*****r *****, perceived leadership in training ***** instruction, in addition to positive feedback, were more ***** factors of satisfaction with leadership than either the preferred leadership or ***** congruence of preferred and perceived leadership in these


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