Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...


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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership

Introduction

Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or o*****rwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervisor, ***** respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ry*****, 1982). A leader ***** possess have one or more ***** *****se characteristics, depending on the individual.

***** addition ***** *****ship characteristics, leaders may also differ in *****ir leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means that the leader takes complete charge ***** ***** team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach may leave much of the responsibility to the *****s and spend more time on the critical issues.

***** (1993) proposed a normative model ***** decision styles (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in ********** (Butler, 1996). A casual observer of the dynamics on a typical competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take ***** of the blame for failure. Athletes on the other h*****, like to concentrate on t*****eir responsibilities as players and prefer not ***** be involved in coaching.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have *****creased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, ***** and per*****mance.

***** ***** of ***** Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model ***** Sport *****, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, ********** & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective leadership varies depending on the specific situati*****, leader ***** team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required ***** behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- leader ***** preferred by group, organization, *****.

Actual ***** behavior-- behaviors the leader exhibits.

As a direct consequence of *****ship, ***** things ***** affected:

Satisfaction—When coaching style and ***** match the preferences ***** ***** athlete, greater satisfaction is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic *****, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social ***** results ***** poorer performing teams.

Additional Research

As a result of Chell*****durai's research, many studies have been conducted ***** try to develop or expand the knowledge of the topic.

One such study analyzed the *****ences between the offensive and defensive personnel of ***** teams in preferred leadership, perceived *****, and satisfaction with leadership, as well as the relationships among preferred and perceived *****, their congruence, and satisfaction with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The ***** of this study showed that defensive ***** preferred ***** democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and social support than offensive players.

***** addition, the similarity between ***** ***** perceived leadership in the measurement of social ***** was important in enhancing member *****. On ***** other hand, perceived leadership in training and instruction, in addition to ***** feedback, were more ***** factors of satisfaction with leadership than either the preferred leadership or ***** congruence of preferred and perceived leadership in these

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