Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or o*****rwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervisor, a respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ryan, 1982). ***** leader may possess have one ***** more of these characteristics, depending on the individual.

***** addition ***** leadership characteristics, leaders may also differ in their leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or *****ive style of leadership means that the leader takes complete charge ***** ***** team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach ***** leave much of the responsibility to the athletes and spend ***** time on ***** critical issues.

Chelladurai (1993) proposed a normative model ***** decision styles (autocratic, participative, ***** delegating) in coaching (Butler, 1996). A casual observer of the dynamics on a typic*****l competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take all of the blame for failure. Athletes on the other h*****, like to concentrate on their resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not ***** be involved in *****.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have increased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, *****s and performance.

***** Model ***** Sport Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model of Sport *****, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, preferred & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective *****hip varies ***** on the specific situation, leader ***** team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required leader behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- ***** ***** ***** ***** group, organization, etc.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the leader exhibits.

***** a direct consequence ***** *****ship, three things ***** affected:

Satisfaction—When coaching style and behaviors match the preferences of the athlete, greater ***** is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic *****, social support and positive feedback ***** result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social support results in poorer performing teams.

Additional Research

As a result ***** Chell*****durai's research, many studies have been conducted ***** try to develop or expand the knowledge of ***** **********.

One such study analyzed the differences between the *****fensive and defensive ********** of sports teams in preferred leadership, perceived leadership, and satisfaction with leadership, as well as ***** relationships among preferred and perceived leadership, their congruence, and ***** with ***** (Chelladurai, 1995). The results of this study showed that defensive players preferred more democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and social support than offensive players.

***** addition, the similarity between ***** ***** perceived leadership in ***** measurement of social ***** was important in enhancing member satisfaction. On the o*****r hand, perceived ***** in training and instruction, in addition to positive feedback, were more important factors ***** satisfaction with leadership than either the preferred leadership or ***** congruence of preferred and perceived ***** in these


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