Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or o*****rwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervisor, a respected person, someone who controls ********** power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ry*****, 1982). A leader ***** possess have one or more ***** these characteristics, depending on the individual.

In addition to *****ship characteristics, leaders may also differ in their leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or ********** style of leadership means that the leader takes complete charge of the team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach may leave much of the responsibility to the athletes ***** spend more time on ***** critical issues.

***** (1993) proposed a normative model ***** decision styles (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in ********** (Butler, 1996). A casual observer of the dynamics on a typical competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take ***** ***** the blame for failure. Athletes on the o*****r h*****, like to concentrate on ***** resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not to be involved in coaching.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have increased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, ***** and per*****mance.

Multidimensional Model of ***** Leadership

According ***** the Multidimensional Model ***** Sport *****, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, preferred & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective ***** varies depending on the specific situation, leader and team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required leader behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred ***** behavior-- leader behaviors ***** ***** group, organization, *****.

Actual ***** behavior-- behaviors the leader exhibits.

As a direct consequence of leadership, three things are affected:

Satisfaction—When ***** style and behaviors match the preferences ***** ***** athlete, greater ***** is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic *****, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social support results in poorer performing teams.

Additional Research

As a result of Chell*****durai's research, many studies have been conducted to try ***** develop or expand the knowledge ***** the topic.

One such study analyzed the ********** between the offensive and defensive personnel of ***** teams in preferred leadership, perceived leadership, and satisfaction with leadership, as well as the *****s among preferred and perceived leadership, *****ir congruence, ***** satisfaction with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The results of this study showed that defensive players preferred m*****e democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and ***** support than offensive players.

***** addition, the similarity between preferred and perceived ***** in ***** measurement of social support was important in enhancing member *****. On the o*****r hand, perceived leadership in training and instruction, in addition to ***** feedback, were more important factors of satisfaction with ***** than either the preferred leadership or ***** ***** of preferred and perceived leadership in these


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