Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or otherwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervis*****, a respected person, someone who controls ********** power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ry*****, 1982). A leader ***** possess have one ***** more of these characteristics, depending on the individual.

In addition ***** leadership characteristics, leaders may also differ in ********** leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means ***** the leader takes complete charge ***** ***** team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach may leave much of the responsibility to the *****s and spend more time on the critical issues.

***** (1993) proposed a normative model of decision ***** (autocratic, participative, ***** delegating) in *****ing (Butler, 1996). ***** casual observer ***** the dynamics on a typic*****l competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take ***** of the blame for failure. Athletes on ***** other h*****, like to concentrate on t*****eir resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not ***** be involved in coaching.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have increased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, teams and per*****mance.

Multidimensional ***** ***** ***** Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, ********** & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective leadership varies ***** on the specific situation, leader ***** team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required leader behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- leader behaviors preferred by group, organization, etc.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the ***** exhibits.

As a direct consequence ***** leadership, ***** things are affected:

Satisfaction—When coaching style and behaviors match the preferences of ***** athlete, greater ***** is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic style, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social support results in poorer performing *****s.

Additional Research

As a result of Chell*****durai's research, many studies have been conducted ***** try to develop or expand ***** knowledge ***** the topic.

One such study analyzed the differences between the offensive and defensive *****nel of sp*****ts teams in ***** leadership, perceived leadership, and satisfaction with *****, as well as the relationships among preferred and perceived leadership, their congruence, and ***** with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The ***** of this study showed that defensive players preferred ***** democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and ***** support than offensive players.

In addition, the similarity between ***** ***** perceived leadership in ***** measurement of social ***** was important in enhancing member satisfaction. On the other hand, perceived ***** in training and instruction, in addition to ***** feedback, were more important factors ***** ***** with leadership than either the preferred leadership or ***** congruence of preferred and perceived leadership in *****


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