Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or otherwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervis*****, a respected person, someone who controls ********** power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ryan, 1982). ***** leader may possess have one or more ***** these characteristics, depending on the individual.

In addition ***** leadership characteristics, leaders may also differ in their leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means ***** the leader takes complete charge ***** ***** team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach ***** leave much of the responsibility to the *****s ***** spend more time on the critical issues.

***** (1993) proposed a normative model ***** decisi***** ***** (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in *****ing (Butler, 1996). ***** casual observer of the dynamics on a typic*****l competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take ***** of the blame for failure. Athletes on the other hand, like to concentrate on ***** resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not ***** be involved in coaching.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have increased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, ***** and performance.

***** Model of Sport Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model ***** Sport *****, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, ********** & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective *****hip varies depending on the specific situati*****, leader and ***** (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required ***** behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- ***** behaviors preferred by group, organization, etc.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the leader exhibits.

As a direct consequence of *****ship, ***** things are affected:

Satisfaction—When ***** style and ***** match the preferences of ***** athlete, greater ***** is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic *****, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social ***** results in poorer performing teams.

Additional Research

As a result of Chelladurai's research, many studies have been conducted to try ***** develop or expand the knowledge of the topic.

One such study analyzed the ********** between the offensive and defensive personnel of sp*****ts teams in preferred leadership, perceived *****, and satisfaction with leadership, as well as the *****s among preferred and perceived leadership, their congruence, and satisfaction with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The results of this study showed that defensive players preferred more democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and social support than offensive players.

***** addition, the similarity between ***** ***** perceived ***** in ***** measurement of social support was important in enhancing member satisfaction. On the other hand, perceived leadership in training and instruction, in addition to ***** feedback, were more important factors of ***** with leadership than either the preferred leadership or the congruence of preferred and perceived leadership in *****


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