Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...

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Recent searches for in*****mation in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited ********** of *****formation concerning the disease, its diagnosis and its treatment. What was evident ***** ***** fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed with diabetes, ***** further, that proper (and early) treatment can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

***** ***** presents itself in *****dividuals with diabetes but it is closely related to nephrolithiasis which is a common condition that affects "nearly five percent of U.S. men ***** women during their lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithias***** includes a number of different nephrop*****thy diseases. "*****is specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal calculi ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in the kidneys, although they may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. Nephrolithiasis is commonly referred ***** as kidney stones, ***** o*****r problems ***** occur pertaining to the kidney ***** two ***** the most prevalent conditions ***** to *****, which are IgA nephropathy and diabetic *****.

According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases In*****mation Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy occurs "when IgA - a protein that helps us fight infections - settles in the **********" FN3.

***** nephropathy, on the other hand, occurs when there is too much ***** and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the blood stream. Many of ***** symptoms for both diseases ***** very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, ***** sleep *****" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent ***** individuals with ***** nephropathy suffer ***** failure while 25 percent of IgA nephropathy sufferers will suffer kidney failure *****in 10 to ***** years of diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis produces a calculi that ***** "be prevented in most patients by ***** use of a simplified evaluation, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, ***** directed pharmacologic **********" FN1.

Dia*****tic nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney disease and it can lead to ***** *****. "Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels ***** albumin (micro*****uria) in the urine" FN4. Low levels of albumin can be detected by a number of methods ***** three of the most common being; ***** spot urine test, a 24-hour urine sample ***** a three to six month urine *****. "The most practical method ***** screening for microalbuminuria is to assess the albuminto-creatinine ratio with a ***** urine *****" FN4.

Once ***** diagnosis has been made early treatment ***** help to control the progress of the disease and many times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed that "*****re is good evidence that early ***** delays or prevents the onset of diabetic nephropathy, or diabetic ***** disease" FN4. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar *****, pharmaceuticals and even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigators ***** the journal Diabetes Care "demonstrated that ***** C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear


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