Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...

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***** searches for in*****mation in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited amount of information concerning the disease, its diagnosis and its treatment. What was evident was ***** fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed with diabetes, ***** further, that proper (and early) ***** can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

***** nephropathy presents itself in ***** with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithiasis which is a common condition that affects "nearly five percent of U.S. men ***** women dur*****g *****ir lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithias***** includes a number of different nephrop*****thy diseases. "********** specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal calculi ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in the kidneys, although *****y may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. Nephrolithiasis is commonly referred ***** as kidney stones, ***** o*****r problems can occur pertaining to the kidney including two ***** the most prevalent conditions ***** ***** *****, which are IgA nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy.

According to ***** National Kidney and Urologic Diseases In*****mation Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy *****s "when IgA - a protein that helps us fight infections ***** settles in the kidneys" FN3.

***** *****, on the other hand, occurs when there is too much ***** and/or blood leak*****g from the kidney into the ***** stream. Many of the symptoms for both diseases are very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, and sleep *****" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent of individuals ***** diabetic nephropathy suffer ***** failure while 25 percent of IgA ***** sufferers will suffer kidney failure within 10 to 20 years of diagnosis. ***** produces a c*****lculi that ***** "be prevented in most patients by the use of a simplified evaluation, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, ***** directed pharmacologic *****tervention" FN1.

Diabetic nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney d*****ease and it can lead to kidney failure. "Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels ***** album***** (micro*****inuria) in ***** urine" FN4. Low ***** of albumin can be detected by a number of methods with three of the most common being; ***** spot urine test, a 24-hour urine sample and a three to six month urine *****. "The ***** practical method of screening for microalbuminuria is ***** assess the albuminto-creatinine ratio ***** a ***** urine *****" FN4.

Once the di*****gnosis has been made early treatment ***** help to control ***** progress of the disease and ***** times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed that "***** is good evidence that early treatment delays or prevents ***** onset of diabetic *****, or ***** kidney d*****ease" FN4. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar *****, pharmaceuticals and even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigat*****s ***** the journal Diabetes Care "demonstrated that vitamins C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear


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