Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...

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Recent searches for in*****mation in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited *****mount of information concerning the disease, its diagnosis and its treatment. What was evident ***** ***** fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed w*****h diabetes, ***** further, that proper (and early) treatment can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

***** nephropathy presents itself in ***** with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithias***** which is a common condition that affects "nearly five percent of U.S. men ***** women during their lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithias***** includes a number of different nephrop*****thy diseases. "Nephrolithiasis specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal ***** ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in the kidneys, although *****y may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. Nephrolithiasis is commonly referred ***** as kidney stones, ***** other problems ***** occur pertaining to the kidney including two ***** the most prevalent conditions related to nephrolithiasis, which are IgA nephropathy and diabetic *****.

According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy occurs "when IgA - a protein that helps us fight infections - settles in the kidneys" FN3.

Diabetic *****, on the other hand, occurs ***** there is too ***** prote***** and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the blood stream. Many of the symptoms for both diseases are very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, ***** sleep *****" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent of individuals ***** ***** nephropathy suffer ***** failure while 25 percent of IgA ***** sufferers will suffer kidney failure within 10 to 20 years of diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis produces a calculi that ***** "be prevented in most patients by the use of a simplified evaluati*****, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, ***** directed pharmacologic *****tervention" FN1.

Dia*****tic nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney disease and it can lead to ***** *****. "Diabetic nephropathy ***** in its earliest stage with low levels ***** albumin (microalbuminuria) in the urine" FN4. Low levels of albumin ***** be detected by a number ***** methods with three of the most common being; ***** spot urine test, a 24-hour urine sample and a three to six month urine s*****mple. "The ***** practical method ***** screening for microalbuminuria is ***** assess the albuminto-creatinine ratio with a spot urine test" FN4.

Once the di*****gnosis has been made early treatment can help to control ***** progress of the disease and many times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed that "***** is good evidence that early ***** delays or prevents the onset of diabetic *****, or diabetic kidney d*****ease" *****. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar *****, pharmaceuticals ***** even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigat*****s for the journal Diabetes C***** "demonstrated that ***** C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear


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