Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...

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***** searches for information in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited amount of information concerning the disease, its diagnosis and ***** treatment. What was evident ***** the fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed w*****h diabetes, ***** further, that proper (and early) ***** can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

***** ***** presents itself in ***** with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithias***** which is a common condition that affects "nearly five percent of U.S. men ***** women dur*****g *****ir lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithiasis includes a number of different nephropathy diseases. "Nephrolithiasis specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal calculi ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in the kidneys, although *****y may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. ***** is commonly referred ***** as kidney stones, ***** other problems ***** occur pertaining to the kidney including two of the most prevalent conditions ***** to **********, which are IgA ***** and diabetic nephropathy.

According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy occurs "when IgA - a protein ***** helps us fight infections ***** settles in ***** **********" FN3.

Diabetic *****, on the other hand, occurs ***** there is too ***** protein and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the ***** stream. Many of ***** symptoms for both diseases ***** very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, ***** sleep *****" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent ***** individuals ***** ***** nephropathy suffer kidney failure while 25 percent of IgA nephropathy sufferers ***** suffer kidney failure within 10 to 20 years of diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis produces a c*****lculi that ***** "be prevented in most patients by ***** use ***** a simplified evaluati*****, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, ***** directed pharmacologic *****tervention" FN1.

***** nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney disease and it can lead to kidney *****. "Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels of album***** (microalbuminuria) in the urine" FN4. Low ***** of albumin ***** be detected by a number ***** methods with three of the most common being; ***** spot ***** test, a 24-hour urine sample and a three ***** six month urine *****. "The most practical method ***** screening for microalbuminuria is to assess the albumin*****-creatinine ratio ***** a ***** urine test" FN4.

Once ***** di*****gnosis has been made early treatment can help to control the progress of the disease and ***** times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed that "there is good evidence that early treatment delays or prevents the onset of diabetic *****, or diabetic ***** disease" *****. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar *****, pharmaceuticals ***** even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigat*****s ***** the journal Diabetes Care "demonstrated that ***** C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear


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