Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...

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Recent searches for information in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited amount of information concerning the disease, its diagnosis and ***** treatment. What was evident ***** the fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed w*****h diabetes, ***** further, that proper (and early) ***** can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

Diabetic nephropathy presents itself in ***** with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithias***** which is a common condition that affects "n***** five perce*****t of U.S. men ***** women dur*****g *****ir lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithias***** includes a number of different nephropathy diseases. "Nephrolithiasis specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal calculi ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in ***** kidneys, although they may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. Nephrolithiasis is *****ly referred ***** as kidney stones, ***** o*****r problems ***** occur pertaining to the ***** ***** two of the most prevalent conditions ***** ***** nephrolithiasis, which are IgA nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy.

According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases In*****mation Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy occurs "when IgA - a protein that helps us fight infections - settles in the kidneys" FN3.

***** nephropathy, on the other hand, occurs when there is too much protein and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the blood stream. Many of ***** symptoms for both diseases are very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, ***** sleep *****" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent of individuals ***** ***** nephropathy suffer kidney failure while 25 percent of IgA nephropathy sufferers will suffer ***** failure within 10 to 20 years of diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis produces a c*****lculi that ***** "be prevented in most patients by ***** use of a simplified evaluati*****, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, ***** directed pharmacologic intervention" FN1.

***** nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney disease and it can lead to kidney failure. "Diabetic nephropathy ***** in its earliest stage with low levels of album***** (microalbuminuria) in the urine" FN4. Low ***** of albumin can be detected by a number of methods with three ***** the most common being; ***** spot urine test, a 24-hour urine sample and a three to six month urine *****. "The ***** pr*****ctical method of screening for microalbuminuria is to assess the albuminto-creatinine ratio with a ***** urine test" FN4.

Once ***** di*****gnosis has been made early treatment ***** help to control the progress of the disease and ***** times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed that "***** is good evidence ***** early ***** delays or prevents the onset of diabetic *****, or diabetic kidney d*****ease" FN4. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar *****, pharmaceuticals ***** even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigat*****s ***** the journal Diabetes C***** "demonstrated that vitamins C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear


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