Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...


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Nephropathy

***** searches for in*****mation in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited amount of ********** concerning the disease, its diagnosis and ***** treatment. What was evident was the fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed w*****h diabetes, and further, that proper (and early) treatment can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

***** nephropathy presents itself in individuals with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithias***** which is a common condition that affects "nearly five percent of U.S. men ***** women during their lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithias***** includes a number of different nephropathy diseases. "********** specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal calculi ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in ***** kidneys, although they may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. Nephrolithiasis is commonly referred to as kidney stones, but other problems ***** occur pertaining to the ***** ***** two of the most prevalent conditions related to nephrolithiasis, which are IgA nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy.

According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases In*****mation Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy *****s "when IgA - a protein ***** helps us fight infections - settles in ***** kidneys" FN3.

Diabetic nephropathy, on the other hand, occurs when there is too ***** protein and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the ***** stream. Many of ***** symptoms for both diseases are very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, ***** sleep *****" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 ***** ***** individuals ***** diabetic nephropathy suffer kidney failure while 25 percent of IgA nephropathy sufferers ***** suffer ***** failure within 10 to 20 years of diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis produces a calculi that ***** "be prevented in most patients by ***** use of a simplified evaluati*****, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, ***** directed pharmacologic *****tervention" FN1.

Dia*****tic nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney disease and it can lead to kidney *****. "Diabetic nephropathy ***** in its earliest stage with low levels of albumin (micro*****uria) in the urine" FN4. Low ***** of albumin can be detected by a number of methods with three of the most common being; a spot ***** test, a 24-hour urine sample ***** a three to six month urine sample. "The most practical method of screening for microalbuminuria is to assess the albumin*****-creatinine ratio ***** a ***** urine test" FN4.

Once ***** diagnosis has been made early treatment can help to control the progress of the disease and many times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed ***** "***** is good evidence that early treatment delays or prevents the onset of diabetic nephropathy, or ***** kidney disease" FN4. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar control, pharmaceuticals and even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigators for the journal Diabetes Care "demonstrated that vitamins C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear

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