Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...


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Nephropathy

Recent searches for information in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited amount of information concerning the disease, its diagnosis and its treatment. What was evident was ***** fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed with diabetes, ***** further, that proper (and early) treatment can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

Diabetic ***** presents itself in ***** with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithiasis which is a common condition that affects "n***** five percent of U.S. men and women dur*****g *****ir lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithias***** includes a number of different nephrop*****thy diseases. "********** specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal ***** ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in the kidneys, although *****y may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. Nephrolithiasis is ********** referred ***** as kidney stones, ***** o*****r problems ***** occur pertaining to the kidney including two ***** the most prevalent conditions ***** to nephrolithiasis, which are IgA nephropathy ***** diabetic *****.

***** to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases In*****mation Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy *****s "when IgA - a protein that helps us fight infections - settles in ***** **********" FN3.

***** nephropathy, on the other hand, occurs when there is too much protein and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the blood stream. Many of ***** symptoms for both diseases are very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, ***** sleep problems" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent ***** individuals with ***** nephropathy suffer ***** failure while 25 percent of IgA nephropathy sufferers will suffer kidney failure within 10 to 20 years of diagnosis. ***** produces a c*****lculi that can "be prevented in most patients by the use ***** a simplified evaluati*****, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, and directed pharmacologic intervention" FN1.

Dia*****tic nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney d*****ease and it can lead to ***** *****. "Diabetic nephropathy ***** in its earliest stage with low levels of albumin (microalbuminuria) in the urine" FN4. Low levels of albumin ***** be detected by a number of methods ***** three ***** the most common being; a spot ***** test, a 24-hour urine sample and a three ***** six month urine sample. "The ***** practical method of screening for microalbuminuria is to assess the albumin*****-creatinine ratio with a ***** urine *****" FN4.

Once the diagnosis has been made early treatment can help to control the progress of the disease and many times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed that "***** is good evidence ***** early ***** delays or prevents the onset of diabetic nephropathy, or diabetic ***** disease" FN4. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar control, pharmaceuticals and even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigators for the journal Diabetes Care "demonstrated that vitamins C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear

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