Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...

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***** searches for in*****mation in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited ********** of *****formation concerning the disease, its diagnosis and its treatment. What was evident was ***** fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed w*****h diabetes, and further, that proper (and early) treatment can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

***** nephropathy presents itself in individuals with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithiasis which is a common condition that affects "nearly five percent of U.S. men ***** women during their lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithias***** includes a number of different nephropathy diseases. "Nephrolithiasis specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal calculi ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in ***** kidneys, although they may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. ***** is commonly referred ***** as kidney stones, but other problems can occur pertaining to the kidney ***** two ***** the most prevalent conditions ***** to *****, which are IgA ***** and diabetic nephropathy.

According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy occurs "when IgA - a protein ***** helps us fight infections - settles in ***** *****s" FN3.

Diabetic *****, on the other hand, occurs when there is too much prote***** and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the blood stream. Many of ***** symptoms for both diseases ***** very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, and sleep problems" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent of individuals ***** diabetic nephropathy suffer ***** failure while 25 percent of IgA ***** sufferers will suffer kidney failure within 10 to 20 years of diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis produces a calculi that ***** "be prevented in most patients by the use ***** a simplified evaluation, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, and directed pharmacologic intervention" FN1.

Dia*****tic nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney d*****ease and it can lead to ***** *****. "Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels of album***** (micro*****inuria) in ***** urine" FN4. Low ***** of albumin ***** be detected by a number of methods ***** three ***** the most common being; a spot ***** test, a 24-hour urine sample and a three ***** six month urine sample. "The most practical method of screening for microalbuminuria is to assess the albuminto-creatinine ratio with a ***** urine test" FN4.

Once ***** di*****gnosis has been made early treatment can help to control the progress of the disease and many times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed that "***** is good evidence ***** early treatment delays or prevents the onset of diabetic nephropathy, or ***** kidney disease" FN4. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar control, pharmaceuticals and even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigat*****s for the journal Diabetes Care "demonstrated that vitamins C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear


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