Essay - Nursing Model/theory Application Introduction Overview a Nurse's Role, According to...

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A nurse's role, according to Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory, which she wrote prior to the development of theoretical nursing, is to help a person, whether he/***** is sick or well, ***** complete activities, contributing to h*****/her recovery process (***** peaceful death). As the quote introducing this paper notes, the ***** a nurse helps *****n individual perform include those he/she would complete if he/she possessed the required will, strength, or knowledge - in a way to help him/her gain ***** regain his/her independence. (Resuggan, 2008) Prior ***** Henderson (1966), Florence Nightingale (1856/1969) stressed the value ***** self-care in nursing. (Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) Complementing Henderson's and Nightingale's work, more than three decades ago, Orem's self*****care deficit theory (Orem 1971, 1980, 1985, 1991, 1995; cited by *****, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) evolved a***** the prominent model in ***** self-care area, focusing on an individual's physical nature identifying deficits within the physical realm. In additi*****, according to self-care deficit theory denotes "the nurse will diagnose clients" self-care deficits and prescribe how those deficits will be met." (Single*****n, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) In determining how ***** will be met, Henderson stressed the value of helping a person become as independent as possible. Her "theory" contends that nursing includes ***** individuals gain independence in relation to performing activities which contribute ***** their health or the recovery of health. "She described the nurse's role ***** substitutive (doing f***** the person), supplementary (helping ***** person), or complementary (working with the person), with ***** goal of helping the person become as independent ***** possible." (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; cited by Virginia *****, 2000 ***** 2007) The following 14 com*****onents, based on human needs, according to Henders*****, characterize ***** activities.

Breathe normally.

Eat and drink adequately.

Eliminate body wastes.

Move ***** maintain desirable postures.

Sleep and rest.

***** suitable clothes-dress ***** undress.

Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment

Keep the body clean ***** well groomed and protect the integument

***** dangers in the ***** and avoid *****juring others.

Communicate with others in expressing emotions, *****, fears, or opinions.

Worship according to one's faith.

Work in such a way that there is a sense of *****ccomplishment.

***** or participate in various forms of recreation.

*****, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to n*****mal development and health and use the available health facilities. ("***** Henderson's Need...," 2004 - 2008)


***** unique function of the nurse is to ass*****t the individual, sick or *****, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.

And to do this in such a ***** as to help him ga***** independence as rapidly as possible."

Virginia Avernal Henderson (1897 - 1996) (*****, 1966, p. 15; ***** by Resug*****n, 2008)

Aroskar (*****, p. 658; cited by Trail Ross, 1993, p. 235) explains that a dilemma consists of a choice


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