Essay - Nursing Model/theory Application Introduction Overview a Nurse's Role, According to...


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NURSING MODEL/THEORY APPLICATION

INTRODUCTION

Overview

***** nurse's role, according to Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory, which she wrote prior ***** the development of *****oretical nursing, is to help a person, whether he/she is sick or well, ***** complete **********, contributing to his/her recovery process (or peaceful death). As the quote introducing this paper notes, the activities a nurse helps *****n individual perf*****m include those he/she would complete if he/she possessed ***** required will, strength, or knowledge - in a w*****y ***** help him/her gain ***** regain his/her independence. (Resuggan, 2008) Prior to Henderson (1966), Florence Nightingale (1856/1969) stressed the value ***** self-care in nursing. (Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) Complementing Hender*****on's and Nightingale's work, more than three decades ago, Orem's self-care deficit theory (Orem 1971, 1980, 1985, 1991, 1995; cited by *****, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) evolved a***** the prominent model in ***** self*****care area, focusing on an individual's physical nature identifying *****s within the physical realm. In additi*****, according to self-care deficit *****ory denotes "the nurse will diagnose clients" self-care *****s ***** prescribe how those deficits will be met." (Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) In determining how ***** will be met, Hender*****on stressed the value of helping a person become as independent as possible. Her "theory" contends that nursing includes ***** individuals gain independence in relation to perform*****g activities which contribute to their health or the ***** of health. "She described the nurse's role ***** substitutive (doing for the person), supplementary (helping the person), or complementary (********** with ***** person), with the goal of helping the person become as independent as possible." (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; ***** by Virginia *****, 2000 ***** 2007) The following 14 com*****onents, based on human needs, acc*****ding to Henders*****, characterize nursing activities.

Breathe normally.

Eat and drink adequately.

Eliminate body wastes.

***** and maintain desirable postures.

Sleep and rest.

Select suitable clothes-dress ***** undress.

Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment

Keep the body clean ***** well groomed and protect ***** integument

***** dangers in the environment ***** avoid injuring others.

Communicate with ***** in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions.

Worship according ***** one's faith.

***** in such a way that there is a sense of *****ccomplishment.

***** or participate in various forms of recreation.

*****, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to n*****mal development and health and use the available ***** facilities. ("***** Henderson's Need...," 2004 - 2008)

Application

The unique function ***** the nurse is to ass*****t the individual, sick or *****, in the perf*****mance of those activities contribut*****g to health or its recovery (or to peaceful *****) ***** he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.

And to do this in such a w*****y as to help him ***** independence ***** rapidly as possible."

***** Avernal Henderson (1897 - 1996) (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; cited by *****, 2008)

***** (1980, p. 658; ***** by Trail Ross, 1993, *****. 235) explains that a dilemma consists of a choice

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