Essay - Nursing Model/theory Application Introduction Overview a Nurse's Role, According to...


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NURSING MODEL/THEORY APPLICATION

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Overview

A nurse's role, according to Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory, which she wrote prior ***** the development of *****oretical nursing, is to help a person, whether he/she is sick or well, ***** complete **********, contributing to his/her recovery process (or peaceful death). As the quote introducing this paper notes, the activities a nurse helps an individual perform include those he/she would complete if he/she possessed ***** required will, strength, or knowledge - in a way to help him/her gain ***** regain his/her independence. (Resuggan, 2008) Prior ***** Henderson (1966), Florence Nightingale (1856/1969) stressed the value ***** self-care in *****. (S*****gleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) Complementing ***** and Nightingale's work, more than three decades ago, Orem's self-care deficit theory (Orem 1971, 1980, 1985, 1991, 1995; cited by Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) evolved a***** the prominent model in the self-care area, focusing on an individual's physical nature identifying deficits within the physical realm. In addition, according to self-care deficit theory denotes "the nurse will diagnose clients" self-care deficits and prescribe how those deficits will be met." (*****, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) In determining ***** ***** will ***** met, ***** stressed the value of helping a person become as independent as possible. Her "theory" contends that nursing *****s helping individuals gain independence in relation ***** performing activities which contribute to their health or the ***** of health. "She described the *****'s ***** ***** substitutive (doing for the *****), supplementary (***** ***** person), or complementary (working with the person), with ***** goal of helping the person become as independent as possible." (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; cited by Virginia *****, 2000 ***** 2007) The following 14 components, based on human needs, according to Henders*****, characterize ***** activities.

Breathe normally.

Eat and drink adequately.

Eliminate body wastes.

Move and maintain desirable postures.

Sleep and rest.

***** suitable clothes-dress and undress.

Maintain ***** temperature *****in normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment

Keep the body clean and well groomed and protect ***** integument

***** dangers in the ***** and avoid injuring others.

Communicate with others in express*****g emotions, *****, fears, or opinions.

Worship according to one's faith.

***** in such a way that there is a sense of *****ccomplishment.

Play or participate in various forms of recreation.

Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to n*****mal development and health and use the available health facilities. ("***** Henderson's Need...," 2004 - 2008)

Application

The unique function ***** the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or *****, in the perf*****mance of those ***** contribut*****g to health or its recovery (or to peaceful *****) that he would perf*****m unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.

And to do this in such a ***** as to help him ***** independence ***** rapidly as possible."

Virginia Avernal Henderson (1897 - 1996) (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; cited by *****, 2008)

Aroskar (1980, p. 658; cited by Trail Ross, 1993, p. 235) explains that a dilemma consists of a choice

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