Essay - Nursing Model/theory Application Introduction Overview a Nurse's Role, According to...


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NURSING MODEL/THEORY APPLICATION

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Overview

A nurse's role, according to Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory, which she wrote prior to the development of theoretical nursing, is to help a person, whether he/she is sick or well, ***** complete **********, contributing to his/her recovery process (***** peaceful death). As the quote introducing this paper notes, the activities a nurse helps an individual perform include those he/she would complete if he/she possessed the required will, strength, or knowledge - in a way ***** help him/her gain ***** regain his/her independence. (Resuggan, 2008) Prior to Henderson (1966), Florence Nightingale (1856/1969) stressed ***** value of self-care in *****. (S*****gleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) Complementing ***** and Nightingale's work, more than three decades ago, Orem's self-care deficit theory (Orem 1971, 1980, 1985, 1991, 1995; cited by Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) evolved a***** the prominent model in ***** self-care area, focusing on an *****'s physical nature identifying deficits within the physical realm. In additi*****, according to self-care deficit *****ory denotes "the nurse ***** diagnose clients" self-care ***** ***** prescribe how those ********** will be met." (*****, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) In determining ***** deficit***** will ***** met, ***** stressed the value ***** helping a person become as independent as possible. Her "theory" contends that nursing *****s helping individuals gain independence in relation to perform*****g activities which contribute ***** their health or the recovery of health. "She described the *****'s ***** ***** substitutive (doing for the *****), supplementary (helping the person), or complementary (working with the person), with the goal of helping the person become as independent ***** possible." (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; ***** by Virginia *****, 2000 ***** 2007) The following 14 com*****onents, based on human needs, according to Henderson, characterize ***** *****.

Breathe normally.

Eat and drink adequately.

Eliminate body wastes.

***** ***** maintain desirable postures.

Sleep and rest.

Select suitable clothes-dress ***** undress.

Maintain ***** temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment

Keep the body clean ***** well groomed and protect the integument

Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid *****juring others.

Communicate with others in express*****g emotions, needs, fears, or opinions.

Worship according to one's faith.

***** in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment.

***** or participate in various forms of recreation.

Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and ***** and use ***** available health facilities. ("Virginia Henderson's Need...," 2004 - 2008)

Application

***** unique function ***** the nurse is ***** ass*****t ***** individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful *****) ***** he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, ***** or knowledge.

***** to do this in such a way as to help him ***** independence as rapidly as possible."

***** Avernal Henderson (1897 - 1996) (*****, 1966, p. 15; cited by *****, 2008)

Aroskar (1980, p. 658; ***** by Trail Ross, 1993, *****. 235) explains that a dilemma consists of a choice

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