Essay - Nursing Model/theory Application Introduction Overview a Nurse's Role, According to...


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NURSING MODEL/THEORY APPLICATION

INTRODUCTION

Overview

A nurse's role, according to Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory, which she wrote prior ***** the development of theoretical nursing, is to help a person, whether he/she is sick or well, ***** complete **********, contributing to h*****/her recovery process (or peaceful death). As the quote introducing this paper notes, ***** activities a nurse helps an individual perf*****m include those he/she would complete if he/she possessed the required will, strength, or knowledge - in a w*****y to help him/her gain or regain his/her independence. (Resuggan, 2008) Prior to Henderson (1966), Florence Nightingale (1856/1969) stressed the value of self-care in *****. (S*****gleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) Complementing ***** and Nightingale'***** work, more than three decades ago, Orem's self-care deficit theory (Orem 1971, 1980, 1985, 1991, 1995; cited by Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) evolved a***** the prominent model in ***** self*****care area, focusing on an ********** physical nature identifying deficits within the physical realm. In addition, according to self-care deficit theory denotes "the nurse will diagnose clients" self-care ***** and prescribe how those *****s will be met." (*****, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) In determining how deficits will be met, Henderson stressed the value ***** helping a person become as independent ***** possible. Her "theory" contends that nursing *****s ***** individuals gain independence in relation ***** perform*****g activities which contribute to their health or the ***** of health. "She described the nurse's role as substitutive (doing for the person), supplementary (helping ***** person), or complementary (*****ing with the person), with the goal of helping the person become as independent ***** possible." (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; ***** by Virginia Henderson, 2000 - 2007) The following 14 components, based on human needs, acc*****ding to Henders*****, characterize nursing activities.

Breathe normally.

Eat and drink adequately.

Eliminate body wastes.

***** ***** maintain desirable postures.

Sleep and rest.

Select suitable clothes-dress ***** undress.

Maintain ***** temperature ********** normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment

Keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument

Avoid dangers in ***** environment ***** avoid injuring others.

Communicate with ***** in express*****g emotions, *****, fears, or opinions.

Worship according ***** one's faith.

Work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment.

***** or participate in various forms of recreation.

*****, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and ***** and use ***** available health facilities. ("***** Henderson's Need...," 2004 - 2008)

Application

***** unique function of the nurse is ***** ass*****t ***** individual, sick or well, in the performance of those ***** contribut*****g to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perf*****m unaided if he had t***** necessary strength, will or knowledge.

***** to do this in such a way as to help him ga***** independence as rapidly ***** possible."

Virginia Avernal Henderson (1897 - 1996) (*****, 1966, p. 15; cited by *****, 2008)

***** (1980, p. 658; cited by Trail Ross, 1993, p. 235) explains ***** a dilemma consists of a choice

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