Essay - Nursing Model/theory Application Introduction Overview a Nurse's Role, According to...


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NURSING MODEL/THEORY APPLICATION

INTRODUCTION

Overview

A nurse's role, according to Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory, which she wrote prior ***** the development of theoretical nursing, is to help a person, whether he/***** is sick or well, ***** complete activities, contributing to his/her recovery process (or peaceful death). As the quote introducing this paper notes, the ***** a nurse helps an individual perform include those he/she would complete if he/she possessed ***** required will, strength, or knowledge - in a way to help him/her gain or regain his/her independence. (Resuggan, 2008) Prior to Henderson (1966), Florence Nightingale (1856/1969) stressed the value ***** self-care in *****. (S*****gleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) Complementing ***** and Nightingale'***** work, more than three decades ago, Orem's self*****care deficit *****ory (Orem 1971, 1980, 1985, 1991, 1995; cited by Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) evolved a***** the prominent model in ***** self-care area, focusing on an *****'s physical nature identifying *****s within the physical realm. In additi*****, according to self-care deficit *****ory denotes "the nurse will diagnose clients" self-care deficits and prescribe how those deficits will be met." (Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) In determining how deficit***** will ***** met, ***** stressed the value of helping a person become as independent as possible. Her "theory" contends that nursing includes ***** individuals gain independence in relation to perform*****g activities which contribute ***** their health or the recovery of health. "She described the *****'s role as substitutive (doing f***** the *****), supplementary (helping the person), or complementary (*****ing with ***** person), with the goal of helping the person become as independent as possible." (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; cited by Virginia Henderson, 2000 ***** 2007) The following 14 components, based on human needs, according to Henderson, characterize nursing activities.

Breathe normally.

Eat ***** drink adequately.

Eliminate body wastes.

***** and maintain desirable postures.

Sleep and rest.

Select suitable clothes-dress ***** undress.

Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment

Keep the body clean ***** well groomed and protect ***** integument

***** dangers in the environment and avoid *****juring others.

Communicate with others in expressing emotions, *****, fears, or opinions.

Worship according ***** one's faith.

Work in such a way that there is a sense of *****ccomplishment.

***** or participate in various forms ***** recreation.

*****, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and ***** and use the available health facilities. ("Virginia Henderson's Need...," 2004 - 2008)

Application

The unique function of the nurse is ***** assist ***** individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contribut*****g to health or its ***** (or to peaceful death) ***** he would perf*****m unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.

And to do this in such a ***** as to help him ga***** independence as rapidly ***** possible."

***** Avernal Henderson (1897 - 1996) (*****, 1966, p. 15; cited by *****, *****)

Aroskar (1980, p. 658; cited by Trail Ross, 1993, *****. 235) explains that a dilemma consists of a choice

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