Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...


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OBESITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION

That Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commercials that advertise fast food as a way to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) to news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets ***** general, there is ample evidence that Americans ***** concerned with their weight. Despite the attention that ***** given to weight loss, however, the trend of overweight ***** obesity continues to increase in ***** United States. This research is intended to provide background information on the issue ***** obesity and the effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a positi***** to make decisions that will help reverse this trend.

THE TREND OF OBESITY IN THE UNITED STATES

***** are considered overweight if ***** body mass ********** (BMI) is greater than 25 but less than 30. Above 30, the individual ***** ***** obese. Body mass index is computed as ***** weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. According to a R***** Corpor*****tion study rele*****ed in 2003, approximately 20 percent of ***** are considered obese based on self-reported *****, while 25 percent ***** Americans ***** considered obese when objective weight measures are used. The disparity arises because individual tend to underreport their weight when no objective measures are used (Sturm, *****).

Between 1986 and *****00, the prevalence of individuals in the United ***** with a body ***** index gre*****ter than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two *****. During ***** same period, the percentage of those ***** with BMIs in excess of 50 increased fivefold ***** 0.05 percent to 0.25 percent. ***** ***** ***** period, the ********** of individuals whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent to 20 *****. As illustrated in the follow*****g chart, this indicates that *****t only are Americans continuing to put on weight, they are gaining rates at increased r*****es so ***** the level of ***** is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so that percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, 2003).

REASONS FOR OBESITY

***** experts agree that obesity results when an individual fails ***** burn the same or m*****e calories than ***** c*****sumed. The two main components of controlling ***** are thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition may well consume several times the minimum amount ***** daily calorie consumption without gaining any weight because the physical activity in which they engage burns the ***** *****. When ***** eat ***** portions ***** fail to exercise, however, *****y store the excess calories and put on *****. A recent survey indicates that *****mericans are aw***** of ***** relationship, although they may fail to ***** in ***** or regular exercise regimens. ***** results of this *****, ***** asked Americans to choose three reasons for the increase in obesity, are presented in ***** chart below (Dolliver, 2004).

Reason of Respondents

People Do

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