Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...


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OBESITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION

***** Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commerci*****ls that advertise fast food as a way to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) ***** news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets ***** general, there is ample evidence that Americans ***** concerned with their weight. Despite the attention that ***** given ***** weight loss, however, the trend of ***** ***** obesity continues to increase in the United States. This research is intended to provide background information on ***** issue ***** obesity and the effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a pos*****ion to make decisions that will help reverse this trend.

***** TREND OF OBESITY IN THE UNITED STATES

Individuals are considered overweight if their body mass *****dex (BMI) is greater than 25 but less ***** 30. Above 30, the individual is ***** obese. Body mass index ***** computed as ***** weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. Accord*****g to a R***** Corporation study released in 2003, approximately 20 percent of Americans are considered ***** based on self-reported weight, while 25 percent ***** Americans are considered obese when objective weight measures are used. The disparity arises because individual tend to underreport their weight when no objective measures are ***** (Sturm, 2003).

Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence of individuals in the United ***** with a body ***** index gre*****ter than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two percent. During ***** same period, the percentage of those ***** with BMIs in excess ***** 50 *****d fivefold ***** 0.05 percent to 0.***** percent. ***** the same period, ***** ********** of individuals whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent ***** 20 *****. As illustrated in the following chart, this indicates that *****t only are Americans continuing to put on *****, they are gaining rates at increased rates so ***** the level of obesity is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so that percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, *****).

REASONS FOR OBESITY

***** experts agree that obesity results when an individual fails to burn ***** same or m*****e calories than ***** consumed. The ***** main components of controlling obesity are thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition ***** well consume several times the minimum amount of daily calorie consumption without gaining any weight ***** the physical activity in which ***** engage burns the ***** *****. When individuals eat large portions ***** fail to exercise, however, they store the excess calories and put on weight. A recent survey indicates that ***** are aware of ***** relationship, although they may fail to engage in ***** or regular exercise regimens. ***** results ***** this survey, ***** asked ********** to choose three rea*****ns for the increase in obesity, are presented ***** the chart below (Dolliver, *****04).

Reason of Respondents

People Do

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