Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...


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OBESITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION

***** Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commerci*****ls that advertise fast food as a w*****y to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) to news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets in general, there is ample evidence that Americans are concerned with their *****. Despite the attention that is given to weight loss, however, the trend of ***** ***** obesity continues to increase in ***** United States. Th***** research is intended to provide background information on the issue ***** obesity and ***** effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a position to make decisions that will help reverse this trend.

***** TREND OF OBESITY IN THE UNITED STATES

Individuals are considered overweight if their body mass index (BMI) is greater than 25 but less ***** 30. Above 30, the individual is considered obese. Body mass index is computed as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. According to a Rand Corporation study released in 2003, approximately 20 percent of Americans are considered ***** based on self-reported *****, while 25 percent of Americans ***** c*****sidered obese when objective weight measures are used. The d*****parity arises because individual tend to underreport their weight when no objective measures are used (Sturm, *****).

Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence ***** ***** in the United States with a ***** ***** index greater than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two *****. During ***** same period, the percentage of those individuals with BMIs in excess of 50 increased fivefold from 0.05 percent to 0.***** percent. During ***** ***** period, the percentage of individuals whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent to 20 percent. As illustrated in the following chart, ***** indicates that *****t only are Americans continuing to put on *****, they are gaining rates at increased r*****es so that the level of ***** is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so that percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, *****03).

REASONS FOR OBESITY

Health experts agree that obesity *****ults when an individual fails to burn the same or m*****e calories than are c*****sumed. The ***** main components of controlling obesity ***** thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition ***** well consume several times the minimum amount of daily calorie consumption without ***** any weight because the physical activity in which ***** engage burns the excess calories. When individuals eat large portions and fail ***** exercise, however, *****y store the excess ***** ***** put on weight. A recent survey indicates that ***** are aware of this relationship, although they may fail to engage in ***** or regular exercise regimens. The results ***** this survey, ***** asked ********** to choose three reasons for the increase in obesity, are presented ***** the chart below (Dolliver, 2004).

***** of Respondents

People Do

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