Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...


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OBESITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION

That Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commerci*****ls that advertise fast food as a w*****y to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) ***** news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets in general, there is ample evidence that Americans ***** concerned with their weight. Despite the attention that is given ***** weight loss, however, the trend of overweight and obesity continues to increase in the United States. Th***** research is intended to provide background information on ***** issue ***** obesity ***** the effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a position to make decisions that will help reverse this trend.

***** TREND OF OBESITY IN THE UNITED STATES

***** are considered overweight if ***** body mass index (BMI) is greater than 25 but less ***** 30. Above 30, the individual ***** ***** obese. Body mass index is computed as ***** weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. Accord*****g to a Rand Corporation study rele*****ed in 2003, approximately 20 percent of ***** are considered ***** based on self-reported weight, while 25 percent of Americans are c*****sidered obese when objective weight measures are used. The d*****parity arises because individual tend to underreport *****ir weight when no ***** measures are used (Sturm, *****).

Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence ***** individuals in the United ***** with a ***** ***** index gre*****ter than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two percent. During the same period, the percentage of those individuals with BMIs in excess of 50 *****d fivefold ***** 0.05 percent to 0.25 percent. During ***** ***** period, the *****age of individuals whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent ***** 20 *****. As illustrated in the follow*****g chart, this indicates ***** ***** only are Americans continuing to put on *****, they are gaining rates at increased rates so that the level of ***** is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so ***** percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, *****03).

REASONS FOR OBESITY

Health experts agree that obesity results when an individual fails ***** burn ***** same or more calories than ***** c*****sumed. The ***** main components of controlling obesity are thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition may well consume several times the minimum amount of daily calorie consumption without gaining any weight because the physical activity in which *****y engage burns the excess calories. When ***** eat large portions and fail to exercise, however, *****y s*****re the excess calories ***** put on *****. A recent survey indicates that *****mericans are aware of ***** relationship, although they may fail to engage in daily or regular exercise regimens. The results of this *****, which asked Americans to choose three rea*****ns for the increase in *****, are presented ***** the chart below (Dolliver, 2004).

***** of Respondents

People Do

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