Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...

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***** Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commerci*****ls that advertise fast food as a w*****y to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) to news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets ***** general, there is ample evidence that Americans are concerned with their *****. Despite the attention that ***** given to weight loss, however, the trend of overweight ***** obesity continues to increase in ***** United States. This research is intended to provide background information on the issue of obesity and the effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a position to make decisions that will help reverse this trend.


Individuals are considered overweight if ***** body mass *****dex (BMI) is greater than 25 but less ***** 30. Above 30, the individual ***** ***** obese. Body mass index is computed as the weight in kilograms divided by the square ***** the height in meters. According to a R***** Corporation study rele*****ed in 2003, approximately 20 percent of Americans are considered ***** based on self-reported *****, while 25 percent ***** Americans are c*****sidered obese when objective weight measures ***** used. The disparity arises because individual tend to underreport *****ir weight when no objective ***** are used (Sturm, **********).

Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence of ***** in the United ***** with a ***** mass index greater than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two percent. During ***** same period, the percentage of those individuals with BMIs in excess ***** 50 increased fivefold ***** 0.05 percent to 0.***** percent. ***** the ***** period, ***** ********** of individuals whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent ***** 20 *****. As illustrated in the following chart, ***** indicates ***** ***** only are Americans continuing to put on *****, they are gaining rates at increased rates so that the level of obesity is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so that percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, 2003).


***** experts agree that obesity results when an individual fails ***** burn the same or m*****e calories than are c*****sumed. The ***** main components of controlling ***** ***** thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition ***** well consume several times the minimum amount of daily calorie consumption without gaining any weight because the physical activity in which ***** engage burns ***** excess *****. When ***** eat large portions and fail to exercise, however, they store the excess calories ***** put on weight. A recent survey indicates that ***** are aw***** of this relationship, although they may fail to engage in ***** or regular exercise regimens. The results of this survey, ***** asked Americans to choose three reasons for the increase in obesity, are presented ***** ***** chart below (Dolliver, 2004).

Reason of Respondents

People Do


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