Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...

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***** Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commercials that advertise fast food as a way to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) ***** news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets ***** general, there is ample evidence that Americans ***** concerned with their weight. Despite the attention that ***** given to weight loss, however, the trend of overweight ***** obesity continues to increase in the United States. This research is intended to provide background information on the issue of obesity and ***** effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a positi***** ***** make decisions that will help reverse this trend.


Individuals are considered overweight if their body mass ********** (BMI) is greater than 25 but less ***** 30. Above 30, the individual is considered obese. Body mass index ***** computed as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. Accord*****g to a R*****nd Corporation study released in 2003, approximately 20 percent of ***** are considered obese based on self-reported *****, while 25 percent of Americans ***** c*****sidered obese when objective weight measures are used. The disparity arises because individual tend to underreport their weight when no objective ***** are ***** (Sturm, *****).

Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence ***** ***** in the United ***** with a body m*****ss index greater than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two *****. During the same period, the percentage of those individuals with BMIs in excess of 50 *****d fivefold ***** 0.05 percent to 0.***** percent. During ***** ***** period, the percentage of individuals whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent ***** 20 percent. As illustrated in the follow*****g chart, ***** indicates ***** not only are Americans continuing to put on *****, they are gaining rates at increased rates so that the level of obesity is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so that ***** changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, 2003).


Health experts agree that obesity results when an individual fails ***** burn ***** same or more calories than ***** consumed. The ***** main components of controlling ***** are thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition may well consume several times the minimum amount of daily calorie consumption without gaining any weight ***** ***** physical activity in which they engage burns the excess *****. When ********** eat large portions ***** fail to exercise, however, *****y s*****re the excess calories and put on weight. A recent survey indicates that ***** are aware of this relati*****ship, although they may fail to engage in daily or regular exercise regimens. ***** results ***** this *****, which asked Americans to choose three rea*****ns for the increase in obesity, are presented ***** ***** chart below (Dolliver, 2004).

Reason of Respondents

People Do


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