Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...


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OBESITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION

That Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commerci*****ls that advertise fast food as a way to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) to news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets ***** general, there is ample evidence that Americans are concerned with their *****. Despite the attention that is given ***** weight loss, however, the trend of ***** ***** obesity continues to increase in the United States. This research is intended to provide background information on the issue ***** obesity and ***** effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a pos*****i***** to make decisions that will help reverse this trend.

THE TREND OF OBESITY IN THE UNITED STATES

***** are considered overweight if ***** body mass index (BMI) is greater than 25 but less than 30. Above 30, the individual is ***** obese. Body mass index ***** computed as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. According to a R***** Corporation study released in 2003, approximately 20 percent of ***** are considered ***** based on self-reported *****, while 25 percent ***** Americans are considered obese when objective weight measures ***** used. The disparity arises because individual tend to underreport their weight when no ***** ***** are ***** (Sturm, 2003).

Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence of individuals in the United ***** with a ***** m*****ss index greater than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two *****. During ***** same period, the percentage of those individuals with BMIs in excess of 50 *****d fivefold ***** 0.05 percent to 0.***** percent. During the same period, the *****age of ***** whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent ***** 20 *****. As illustrated in the following chart, ***** indicates that *****t only are Americans continuing to put on weight, they are gaining rates at increased r*****es so ***** the level of ***** is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so that percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, *****).

REASONS FOR OBESITY

Health experts agree that obesity results when an individual fails to burn the same or m*****e calories than ***** c*****sumed. The two main components of controlling ***** are thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition may well consume several times the minimum amount ***** daily calorie consumption without ***** any weight ***** the physical activity in which they engage burns the ***** *****. When *****s eat large portions ***** fail to exercise, however, they s*****re the excess calories and put on *****. A recent survey indicates that ***** are aware of this relati*****ship, although they may fail to ***** in ***** or regular exercise regimens. The results ***** this survey, which asked Americans to choose three reasons for the increase in obesity, are presented in ***** chart below (Dolliver, *****04).

***** of Respondents

People Do

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