Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...

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That Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commerci*****ls that advertise fast food as a way to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) ***** news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets ***** general, there is ample evidence that Americans are concerned with their weight. Despite the attention that ***** given ***** weight loss, however, the trend of overweight and obesity continues to increase in the United States. This research is intended to provide background information on the issue ***** obesity and the effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a pos*****ion ***** make decisions that will help reverse this trend.


***** are considered overweight if their body mass ********** (BMI) is greater than 25 but less ***** 30. Above 30, the individual ***** considered obese. Body mass index is computed as ***** weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. According to a R***** Corporation study rele*****ed in 2003, approximately 20 percent of Americans are considered ***** based on self-reported weight, while 25 percent of Americans ***** considered obese when objective ***** measures are used. The d*****parity arises because individual tend to underreport *****ir weight when no ***** measures are used (Sturm, 2003).

Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence ***** ***** in the United States with a body m*****ss index greater than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two percent. During the same period, the percentage of those individuals with BMIs in excess ***** 50 *****d fivefold ***** 0.05 percent to 0.***** percent. ***** ***** same period, the ********** of ***** whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent to 20 percent. As illustrated in the follow*****g chart, this indicates ***** *****t only are Americans continuing to put on *****, they are gaining rates at increased rates so that the level of ***** is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so that percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, *****).


Health experts agree that obesity results when an individual fails to burn the same or m*****e calories than are c*****sumed. The ***** main components of controlling obesity are thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition may well consume several times the minimum amount ***** daily calorie consumption without gaining any weight because the physical activity in which ***** engage burns the ***** calories. When *****s eat ***** portions and fail to exercise, however, they store the excess ***** and put on weight. A recent survey indicates that Americans are aw***** of ***** relationship, although they may fail to ***** in ***** or regular exercise regimens. ***** results ***** this survey, which asked Americans to choose three reasons for the increase in *****, are presented ***** ***** chart below (Dolliver, *****04).

***** of Respondents

People Do


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