Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...

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Occupational Health and Safety


***** are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the hazard. Preventive measures ***** ***** be inculcated in ***** workers and there must be care and rules to regulate the work that has health *****. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned in this paper over ***** hazards of radiation and other related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

In hospitals the health ***** ***** ***** come in many forms. Though we consider ***** effects of radiation ***** the use ***** thermal and other ions, ***** have to *****ar in mind that ***** ***** other pollution that occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, noise for example and lighting is two areas that relates ***** the lighting levels and noise which affect health. Although ***** does not constitute a part of ***** radiation hazard, noise hazards are present in hospitals with the noise above 85 decibel level. They ***** at the central processing, electrical install*****ions and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry and kitchens are the source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on constant exposure to noise over 80 *****s. Hot liquids and hot surfaces ***** ***** hazardous. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995) The ***** ***** the working environment and stress ***** to the work including shifts which interfere with the biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers ***** *****ir per*****mance. The excessive workload demand combined with the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals ***** ***** a physical ***** psychological toll am*****g health workers.

1. All lighting, non-ionising radi*****ion and ionising radiation hazards that may ***** ***** in ***** workplace environment of a large general Hospital

The occupational ***** at the hospital are a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, ***** c*****, patient care, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we can classify these hazards into psycho *****cial, biological, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria ***** virus, contamination and risk that are inherent in handl*****g body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc ***** be spread to health workers from patients. Some o*****r diseases that could be spread include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable *****. Health workers in ********** are subject to ***** from chemicals like cleaning and sterilizing *****, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-cancer medicines, and reagents are around and ca***** illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic *****s. The most important ***** health affecting hazards emanate from the electric inst*****ations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. (***** Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995)

*****, LASER therapy, nuclear therapy Magnetic resonance and more and more methods ***** diagnosis and treatment are creating hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p.


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