Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...

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Occupational Health and Safety


***** are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the hazard. Preventive measures ***** ***** be inculcated in ***** workers and there must ***** care and rules to regulate the work that has health *****. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned in this paper over ***** hazards ***** radiation ***** other related work hazards. (Brune; Edl*****g, 1989, p. 167)

***** hospitals the health hazards to workers come in many forms. Though we consider the effects of radiation and the use ***** thermal ***** other ions, we have to bear ***** mind that there ***** ***** pollution that occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, noise for example and lighting is two areas that relates to the lighting levels ***** no*****e which affect health. Although noise does not constitute a part of the radiation hazard, noise ***** are present in hospitals with ***** noise above 85 decibel level. They occur at the central processing, electrical installations and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry and kitchens are ***** source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on c*****stant exposure to noise over 80 *****s. Hot liquids and hot surfaces ***** are *****ous. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995) The hazards and the working environment and stress related to the work including shifts which interfere with ***** biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers ***** *****ir per*****mance. ***** excessive workload demand combined ***** the stress and the hazards and risk at ***** can ***** a physical ***** psychological toll am*****g ***** workers.

1. All lighting, non-ionising radi*****ion and ionising radiation hazards that may be ***** in the workplace environment of a large general Hospital

***** occupational hazards at the hospital ***** a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, health care, p*****ient care, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we can classify these hazards into psycho *****cial, *****, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria ***** virus, contamination and risk ***** are inherent in handl*****g body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from patients. Some o*****r diseases that could be spread include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable *****. Health workers in hospitals are subject to ***** from chemicals like cleaning and sterilizing *****, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-*****cer medicines, and reagents are around and ca***** illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic *****s. The most important and health *****ing hazards emanate from the electric installations, ionizing and non-***** radiation. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital *****, 1995)

X-Ray, LASER therapy, nuclear therapy Magnetic resonance and more and ***** methods of diagnosis and treatment are creating hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p.


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