Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...


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Occupational Health and Safety

Introduction:

***** are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the *****. Preventive measures ***** ***** be inculcated in the workers and there must ***** care and rules to regulate the work that has health *****. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned ***** this paper over ***** hazards of radiation and other related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

In hospitals the ***** hazards to workers come in many forms. Though we consider the effects ***** radiation ***** ***** use of thermal and other ions, we have to bear in mind that ***** ***** other pollution that occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, noise for example and lighting is two areas that relates ***** the lighting levels and noise which affect health. Although noise does not constitute a part of the ***** hazard, noise hazards are present in ***** with the noise above 85 decibel level. They occur at the central processing, electrical installations and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry ***** kitchens are ***** source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on c*****stant exposure to noise over 80 *****s. Hot liquids and hot surfaces also are hazardous. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995) The hazards ***** the working environment and stress related to the work including shifts which interfere with the biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers ***** their performance. The excessive workload demand combined ***** the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals can take a physic*****l and psychological toll among health workers.

1. All lighting, non-ionising radi*****ion and ionising radiation hazards that may ***** ***** in the workplace environment of a large general Hospital

The occupational hazards at ***** hospital ***** a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, health care, patient care, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we can classify these ***** into psycho **********, *****, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria ***** virus, contamination and risk that are inherent in handling body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from patients. Some o*****r diseases that could be spread include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable diseases. Health workers in hospitals are subject to *****s ***** chemicals like cleaning ***** sterilizing *****, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-cancer medicines, and reagents are around and cause illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic hazards. The most important ***** health affecting hazards emanate from the electric installations, ionizing and non-***** radiation. (***** Hazards for Hospital *****, 1995)

*****, LASER therapy, nuclear ***** Magnetic resonance and more and ***** methods of diagnosis and treatment are creating hazards. (Brune; *****, 1989, p.

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