Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...

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Occupational Health and Safety


***** are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the hazard. Preventive measures ***** ***** be inculcated in ***** workers and there must be care and rules to regulate the work that has health hazards. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned ***** this paper over the hazards of radiation and o*****r related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

In hospitals the health ***** ***** workers come in many forms. Though we consider ***** effects of radiation and the use ***** thermal and other ions, we have to *****ar in m*****d ***** there are ***** pollution that occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, no*****e for example and lighting is two areas that relates ***** the lighting levels ***** no*****e which affect health. Although noise does not constitute a part of the radiation hazard, noise ********** are present in hospitals with ***** noise above 85 decibel level. They ***** at the central processing, electrical install*****ions and in the laundry ***** cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry and kitchens are ***** source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on constant exposure to noise over 80 *****s. Hot liquids and hot surfaces ***** ***** hazardous. (Occupational Hazards ***** Hospital Workers, 1995) The hazards and the working environment and stress related to the work including shifts which interfere with ***** biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers and their performance. ***** ***** workload demand combined with the stress and the hazards and risk at ***** ***** take a physic*****l and psychological toll am*****g health workers.

*****. All lighting, non-ionising radiation and ionising ***** hazards that may ***** ***** in the workplace environment of a l*****rge general Hospital

The occupational hazards at the hospital are a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, health care, patient *****, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly ***** can classify these ***** into psycho social, *****, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria ***** virus, contamination and risk ***** are inherent in handl*****g body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from *****. Some other diseases that could be spread include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable diseases. ***** workers in *****s ***** subject to ***** from chemicals like cleaning ***** sterilizing *****, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-cancer medicines, and reagents are around and ca***** illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic hazards. The most important ***** health affecting hazards emanate from the electric inst*****ations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital *****, 1995)

*****, LASER therapy, nuclear ***** Magnetic resonance and more and more methods ***** diagnosis and treatment are creating hazards. (Brune; *****, 1989, p.


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