Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...


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Occupational Health and Safety

Introduction:

There are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the *****. Preventive measures ***** ***** be inculcated in ***** workers and there must be care and rules to regulate the work that has health hazards. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned ***** this paper over ***** hazards ***** radiation and other related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

***** hospitals the ***** hazards ***** workers come in many forms. Though we consider ***** effects of radiation ***** the use ***** thermal and other ions, ***** have to *****ar in mind that there are other pollution ***** occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, no*****e for example and lighting is two *****as that relates to the lighting levels ***** noise which affect health. Although noise does not constitute a part of ***** radiation hazard, noise hazards are present in ***** with the noise above 85 deci*****l level. *****y ***** at the central processing, electrical install*****ions and in the laundry ***** cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry and kitchens are ***** source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on constant exposure to noise over 80 decibels. Hot liquids ***** hot surfaces also are hazardous. (Occupational Hazards ***** Hospital Workers, 1995) The hazards and the working environment and stress related to the work including shifts which interfere with the biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the ***** ***** their performance. ***** excessive workload demand combined ***** the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals can ***** a physical and psychological toll among ***** workers.

1. All lighting, non-ionising radi*****ion and ionising radiation hazards that may be ***** in ***** workplace environment of a l*****rge general Hospital

The occupational hazards at the hospital ***** a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, health care, patient *****, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we ***** classify these ***** into psycho social, *****, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria ***** virus, contamination and risk ***** are inherent in handling body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from *****. Some o*****r diseases that could be ***** include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable diseases. Health workers in *****s ***** subject to ***** from chemicals like cleaning and sterilizing chemicals, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-cancer medicines, and reagents are around and cause illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic *****s. The ***** important and health *****ing hazards emanate from the electric installations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995)

*****, LASER therapy, nuclear therapy Magnetic resonance and more and ***** methods ***** diagnosis and treatment are creating *****. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p.

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