Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...

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Occupational Health and Safety


There are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the *****. Preventive measures ***** to be inculcated in the workers and there must ***** care and rules to regulate the work that has health *****. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned in this paper over the hazards ***** radiation and o*****r related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

In hospitals the health ***** ***** ***** come in many forms. Though we consider ***** effects of radiation ***** the use of thermal and other ions, we have to bear in mind that ***** are other pollution ***** occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, no*****e for example and lighting is two ********** that relates ***** the lighting levels and noise which affect health. Although noise does not constitute a part of the radiation hazard, noise hazards are present in ***** with ***** noise above 85 deci*****l level. They ***** at the central processing, electrical install*****ions and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry ***** kitchens are ***** source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on constant exposure to noise over 80 deci*****ls. Hot liquids and hot surfaces also ***** hazardous. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995) The ***** ***** the working environment and stress ***** to the work including shifts which interfere with the biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers ***** *****ir per*****mance. ***** excessive workload demand combined ***** the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals ***** take a physical and psychological toll am*****g ***** workers.

1. All lighting, non-ionising radiation ***** ionising radiation hazards that may be ***** in the workplace environment of a large general Hospital

The occupational ***** at ***** hospital are a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, health care, p*****ient *****, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we can classify these hazards into psycho social, biological, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria and virus, contamination and risk that are inherent in handl*****g body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc ***** be spread to health workers from *****. Some other diseases that could be ***** include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable diseases. ***** workers in ********** are subject to ********** ***** chemicals like cleaning and sterilizing chemicals, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-cancer medicines, and reagents are around and ca***** illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic hazards. The most important and health *****ing hazards emanate from the electric inst*****ations, ionizing and non-***** radiation. (***** Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995)

*****, LASER therapy, nuclear ***** Magnetic resonance and more and more methods ***** diagnosis and treatment are creating *****. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p.


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