Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...

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Occupational Health and Safety


***** are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the *****. Preventive measures ***** to be inculcated in the workers and there must be care and rules to regulate the work that has health hazards. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned ***** this paper over the hazards of radiation ***** o*****r related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

***** hospitals the ***** hazards ***** ***** come in many forms. Though we consider the effects ***** radiation and ***** use of thermal and other ions, ***** have to bear in m*****d that ***** ***** ***** pollution that occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, no*****e for example and lighting is two areas that relates ***** the lighting levels ***** noise which affect health. Although ***** does not constitute a part of the ***** hazard, noise hazards are present in hospitals with ***** noise above 85 decibel level. *****y ***** at the central processing, electrical install*****ions and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry and kitchens are ***** source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on c*****stant exposure to noise over 80 *****s. Hot liquids and hot surfaces ***** ***** hazardous. (Occupational Hazards ***** Hospital Workers, 1995) The ***** ***** the working environment and stress related to the work including shifts which interfere with the biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers ***** *****ir performance. The ***** workload demand combined ***** the stress and the hazards and risk at ***** can ***** a physical and psychological toll am*****g ***** workers.

1. All lighting, non-ionising radiation and ionising ***** hazards that may ***** ***** in ***** workplace environment of a l*****rge general Hospital

***** occupational hazards at the hospital are a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, health c*****, p*****ient care, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we ***** classify these hazards into psycho **********, *****, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria and virus, contamination and risk ***** are inherent in handling body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from *****. Some other diseases that could be spread include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable *****. ***** workers in hospitals ***** subject to ***** from chemicals like cleaning and sterilizing *****, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-*****cer medicines, and reagents are around and cause illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic *****s. The ***** important ***** ***** affecting hazards emanate from the electric installations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. (***** Hazards for Hospital *****, 1995)

X-Ray, LASER therapy, nuclear therapy Magnetic resonance and more and ***** methods of diagnosis and treatment are creating hazards. (Brune; *****, 1989, p.


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