Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...


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Occupational Health and Safety

Introduction:

***** are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the *****. Preventive measures ***** to be inculcated in the workers and there must be care and rules to regulate the work that has health *****. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned ***** this paper over the hazards of radiation ***** other related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

In hospitals the ***** ***** ***** workers come in many forms. Though we consider ***** effects ***** radiation and the use of thermal and other ions, ***** have to bear in mind that ***** ***** ***** pollution ***** occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, noise for example and lighting is two areas that relates to the lighting levels and noise which affect health. Although ***** does not constitute a part of ***** ***** hazard, noise hazards are present in ***** with the noise above 85 decibel level. *****y occur at ***** central processing, electrical install*****ions and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry and kitchens are the source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on c*****stant exposure to noise over 80 *****s. Hot liquids and hot surfaces also are hazardous. (Occupational Hazards ***** Hospital Workers, 1995) The ***** and the working environment and stress related to the work including shifts which interfere with the biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the ***** and *****ir performance. The ***** workload demand combined ***** the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals can ***** a physic*****l and psychological toll am*****g health workers.

*****. All lighting, non-ionising radi*****ion and ionising radiation hazards that may ***** present in the workplace environment of a large general Hospital

The occupational ***** at the hospital are a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, health c*****, p*****ient **********, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we ***** classify these hazards into psycho social, biological, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria ***** virus, contamination and risk that are inherent in handling body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from *****. Some other diseases that could be ***** include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable diseases. ***** workers in ********** are subject to ***** ***** chemicals like cleaning ***** sterilizing *****, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-*****cer medicines, and reagents are around and ca***** illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic hazards. The ***** important ***** health *****ing hazards emanate from the electric inst*****ations, ionizing and non-***** radiation. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995)

*****, LASER therapy, nuclear therapy Magnetic resonance and more and more methods ***** diagnosis and treatment are creating hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p.

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