Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...


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Occupational Health and Safety

Introduction:

There are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the *****. Preventive measures ought to be inculcated in the workers and there must be care and rules to regulate the work that has health hazards. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned ***** this paper over ***** hazards of radiation ***** other related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

In hospitals the ***** hazards to workers come in many forms. Though we consider ***** effects of radiation and the use of thermal ***** other ions, ***** have to bear ***** mind ***** there are ***** pollution that occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, noise for example and lighting is two areas that relates ***** the lighting levels ***** no*****e which affect health. Although noise does not constitute a part of the ***** hazard, noise ***** are present in ***** with the noise above 85 decibel level. ********** occur at ***** central processing, electrical installations and in the laundry ***** cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry and kitchens are ***** source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on c*****stant exposure to noise over 80 decibels. Hot liquids ***** hot surfaces also are *****ous. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995) The hazards and the working environment ***** stress ***** to the work including shifts which interfere with ***** biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers and their per*****mance. The ***** workload dem***** combined ***** the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals can ***** a physical ***** psychological toll am*****g health workers.

1. All lighting, non-ionising radiation and ionising radiation hazards that may be present in the workplace environment of a large general Hospital

***** occupational hazards at the hospital ***** a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at ***** hospital, ***** care, patient *****, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we ***** classify these hazards into psycho **********, biological, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria and virus, contamination ***** risk that are inherent in handl*****g body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from patients. Some other diseases that could be spread include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable diseases. Health workers in ********** are subject to ***** from chemicals like cleaning and sterilizing chemicals, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-*****cer medicines, and reagents are around and cause illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic hazards. The ***** important ***** health affecting hazards emanate from the electric inst*****ations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995)

X-Ray, LASER therapy, nuclear ***** Magnetic resonance and more and ***** methods of diagnosis and treatment are creating hazards. (Brune; *****, 1989, p.

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