Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...

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Occupational Health and Safety


***** are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the hazard. Preventive measures ought ***** be inculcated in the workers and there must be care and rules to regulate the work that has health *****. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned ***** this paper over the hazards of radiation and other related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

In hospitals the health hazards ***** workers come in many forms. Though we consider ***** effects ***** radiation ***** the use of thermal and other ions, ***** have to bear in mind ***** ***** ***** ***** pollution that occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, noise for example and lighting is two areas that relates ***** the lighting levels and no*****e which affect health. Although noise does not constitute a part of the radiation hazard, noise ***** are present in hospitals with ***** noise above 85 deci*****l level. They ***** at the central processing, electrical installations and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry ***** kitchens are the source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on c*****stant exposure to noise over 80 decibels. Hot liquids and hot surfaces ***** are *****ous. (Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995) The hazards ***** the working environment and stress ***** to the work including shifts which interfere with the biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the ***** and *****ir performance. ***** ***** workload demand combined with the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals can take a physic*****l and psychological toll am*****g health workers.

*****. All lighting, non-ionising radi*****ion ***** ionising radiation hazards that may be present in ***** workplace environment of a l*****rge general Hospital

The occupational hazards at the hospital ***** a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at ***** hospital, ***** care, p*****ient *****, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we can classify these ***** into psycho social, biological, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria ***** virus, contamination and risk ***** are inherent in handl*****g body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from *****. Some o*****r diseases that could be spread include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable diseases. Health workers in ********** are subject to ***** from chemicals like cleaning and sterilizing *****, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-*****cer medicines, and reagents are around and ca***** illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic *****s. The most important and health *****ing hazards emanate from the electric inst*****ations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. (***** Hazards for Hospital Workers, 1995)

X-Ray, LASER therapy, nuclear ***** Magnetic resonance and more and more methods ***** diagnosis and treatment are creating hazards. (Brune; *****, 1989, p.


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