Essay - Overcrowding in the Prison System Introduction: Overcrowding in the Prison...


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Overcrowding in the Prison System

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Overcrowd*****g in the prison system is a serious problem faced ***** nations around the globe. Both developed and developing ***** are experiencing *****s that are filled to up to 300 percent of their capacity. In the United States the pr*****on population more than quadrupled between the years ***** 1978 and 2001 (Marciniak 10). As a result of this overcrowding, ********** is increased incidents of violence, a r*****mpant spread of disease in ***** out of the prison, poorer security in place than if appropriate inmate levels were maintained, higher rates ***** recidivism, and unhygienic living conditions for *****s. With resources stretched beyond *****, important resocialization and reintegration programs become a low priority in the system ("Addressing *****").

Factors in Prison Overcrowding:

As noted, almost every country in the world is ***** an overcrowding of their ***** systems. This trend is the result of a variety ***** factors. These include: tougher criminal policies that view imprisonment as a primary means of punishing *****s. Included in ***** is "a ***** tow*****rd longer sentences reflecting a re*****ffirmation of the value ***** punishment and a movement toward ***** determinate sentences and restrictions on early release, thereby reducing the ability of pris***** administrations to deal with overcrowding problems" (Giertz & Nardulli 71) In addition, there is a reduced use of bail ***** a failure to fully implement early release programs, an increase in crime rates in many countries, and an overburdened, *****efficient criminal justice system ("Addressing Pr*****on").

***** the problem is ***** ***** in the number of parole violators. Between the years 1980 and 2000, the number of ***** violators ***** were sent back to prison *****creased from 27,000 to more than 200,000 (Travis).

Challenges as a Result of Prison Overcrowding:

One of ***** primary challenges with prison overcrowding is simply the inhumanity of the situation. Overcrowded *****s have seen more than the designed for inmates crowded into these confined spaces. This inhumane treatment only serves to perpetuate a wide ***** of social ills that plague communities in general ("Addressing Prison").

In addition, overcrowded prison systems *****ten lead to ***** health consequences. Due to overcrowding, prisoners are often forced to share beds, bedding ***** personal space. These close living quarters contribute to the spread of a v*****riety of communicable *****s, including Tuberculosis. And, it's not just the ***** that suffer from this spread of dise*****e, disease spread can affect those outside the prison system as well. As an example, the recent outbreaks ***** ***** in Russia *****d o*****r former Soviet Union ***** have been directly linked to outbreaks in the local prison population, which was exacerbated by the overcrowding of ***** system ("***** Prison").

In addition to the spread ***** disease, overcrowding has also ***** positively associated with increased tension and violence in *****s. ***** more ***** than ***** system was designed to accommodate, it is ***** d*****ficult, and sometimes impossible, for pr*****on authorities to prevent violence, let alone gain control once ***** occurring.

***** has sometimes resulted in deadly

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