Essay - Overcrowding in the Prison System Introduction: Overcrowding in the Prison...


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Overcrowding in the Prison System

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Overcrowding in the prison system is a serious problem faced ***** nations around the globe. Both developed and developing nations are experiencing pr*****ons that are filled to up to 300 percent of their capacity. In the United States the prison population more than quadrupled between the years of 1978 ***** 2001 (Marciniak 10). As a result ***** this overcrowding, ********** is increased incidents of violence, a rampant spread of disease in and out of the *****, poorer security in place than if appropriate inmate levels were maintained, higher rates of recidivism, ***** unhygienic living conditions for *****s. With resources stretched beyond *****, important resocialization and reintegration programs become a low priority in the system ("Address*****g *****").

Factors in Prison Overcrowding:

***** noted, almost every country in the world is ***** an overcrowding of their prison **********. This trend is the ***** of a variety of factors. These include: tougher criminal policies that view imprisonment as a primary means of punishing criminals. Included in ***** is "a ***** toward longer sentences reflecting a reaffirmation of the value ***** punishment and a movement tow*****rd more determinate sentences and restrictions on early release, thereby reducing the ability of prison administrations to deal with overcrowding problems" (Giertz & Nardulli 71) In addition, there is a reduced use of bail ***** a failure ***** fully implement early ***** programs, an increase in crime rates in many countries, and an overburdened, inefficient criminal justice system ("Addressing Prison").

***** the problem is ***** ***** in the number of parole violators. Between the years 1980 and 2000, the number of ***** violators that ***** sent back to ***** ***** from 27,000 to more than 200,000 (Travis).

Challenges as a Result of Prison *****:

One of the primary challenges ***** prison overcrowding is simply the inhumanity of the situation. Overcrowded pr*****ons have seen more than the designed ***** inmates crowded in***** these conf*****ed spaces. This inhumane treatment only serves to perpetuate a wide ***** of social ills that plague communities in general ("***** Prison").

***** addition, overcrowded prison systems *****ten lead to serious health consequences. Due to overcrowd*****g, prisoners are often forced to share beds, bedding and personal space. These close living quarters contribute to the spread of a v*****riety of communicable diseases, including Tuberculosis. And, it's not just the inmates that suffer from this ***** ***** disease, disease spread can affect those outside the prison system as well. As an example, the recent outbreaks of ***** in Russia ***** o*****r former Soviet Union countries have been directly linked to outbreaks in the local prison population, which was exacerbated by the overcrowding of ***** ***** ("Addressing Prison").

In addition to the spread ***** *****, overcrowding has also ***** positively associated with increased tension *****d violence in **********. With more prisoners ***** ***** system was designed to accommodate, it is often d*****ficult, and sometimes impossible, for prison authorities to prevent *****, let alone gain control once ***** occurring.

***** has sometimes resulted in deadly

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