Essay - Overcrowding in the Prison System Introduction: Overcrowding in the Prison...

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Overcrowding in the Prison System


Overcrowd*****g in the prison system is a serious problem faced in nations around the globe. Both developed and developing nations are experiencing *****s that are filled to up to 300 percent of their capacity. In the United States the pr*****on population more than quadr*****led between the years of 1978 ***** 2001 (Marciniak 10). As a result of this overcrowding, there is increased incidents of violence, a rampant spread of disease in and out of the prison, poorer security in place than if appropriate inmate levels were maintained, higher rates of recidivism, and unhygienic living conditions for inmates. With resources stretched beyond capacity, important resocialization ***** reintegration programs become a low priority in the system ("Address*****g Prison").

Factors in Prison Overcrowd*****g:

As noted, almost every country in the world is experienc*****g an overcrowding of their prison **********. This trend is the ***** of a variety ***** factors. These include: tougher criminal policies that view imprisonment as a prim*****ry means of punishing *****s. Included in ***** is "a trend tow*****rd longer sentences reflecting a reaffirmation of ***** value of punishment and a movement tow*****rd more determinate sentences and restrictions on early release, thereby reducing the ability of prison administrations to deal with ***** problems" (Giertz & Nardulli 71) In addition, there is a reduced use of bail and a failure to fully implement early ***** programs, an increase in crime rates in many countries, ***** an overburdened, inefficient criminal justice system ("Addressing Pr*****on").

Compounding the problem is ***** ***** in the number ***** parole violators. Between the years 1980 and 2000, the number of parole violators ***** ***** sent back to ***** ***** from 27,000 to more than 200,000 (Travis).

Challenges as a Result of Prison Overcrowd*****g:

***** of ***** primary challenges with prison overcrowding is simply the inhumanity of ***** situation. Overcrowded prisons have seen more ***** the designed ***** inmates crowded in***** these conf*****ed spaces. This inhumane treatment only serves to perpetuate a wide ***** of social ills that plague communities in general ("Addressing Prison").

In *****, overcrowded prison systems *****ten lead to ***** health consequences. Due to overcrowding, prisoners are often forced ***** share beds, bedding and personal space. These close living quarters contribute to the ***** of a v*****riety of communicable **********, including Tuberculosis. And, it's not just the inmates that suffer from this spread of dise*****e, disease spread can affect those outside the prison system as well. As an example, ***** recent outbreaks ***** ***** in Russia ***** other former Soviet Union ***** have been directly linked to ***** in the local prison population, which was exacerbated by ***** overcrowding of the system ("Addressing Prison").

In addition to the spread ***** *****, overcrowding has also been positively associated with increased tension *****d violence in *****. With more *****ers than the ***** was ***** to accommodate, it is ***** d*****ficult, and sometimes impossible, for pr*****on authorities to prevent violence, let alone gain control once it's occurring.

***** has ***** resulted in deadly


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