Essay - Pancreatitis Definition of the Topic Pancreatitis is an Inflammation of...

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Definition of the topic

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the p*****creas. There are two primary forms of the disease, acute and chronic. Acute pancreatitis is a sudden unflammation ***** the pancreas that is almost always accompanied by abdominal pain ***** d*****comfort. The chronic form of pancreatitis continues to recur, and is usually the result of poor diet and/or alcohol abuse.

The Pancreas ***** a gland that produces digestive enzymes. It is positioned behind ***** stomach. The pancreas functions ***** secreting digestive ***** into the duodenum (upper part of the small intestine) through a sm*****ll tube called, apporpriately enough, the pancreatic duct. The enzymes of the pancreas aid in the digestion of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. In addition, the pancreas is responsible for releasing the hormones insulin and glucagon, both ***** which aid the body in us*****g the glucose in foods.

In Pancreatitis, ***** enzymes within the ***** become active ***** begin to digest the pancreas itself. These enzymes normally do not become active until they reach the small *****.

The acute from of the disease manifests quickly and then resolves itself. The***** from is similar, but does ***** resolve itself and slowly destroys the ***** the longer the condition persists. In either case, there can be serious complications, iincluding bleeding, tissue damage and infection. Fluid ***** tissue debris can accumulate and form into pseudocysts ***** the organ. It is possible for the enzymes ***** ***** fluids to enter the bloodstream and ***** ***** damage other organs, such as the heart, lungs and kidneys.


The following statistics have been provided by ***** National Institute of Healththrough the National Institute of National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive ***** Kidney Diseases (http:/***** incidence of ***** pancreatitis is 17 new *****s per 100,000 people, according to figures ranging ***** 1976-1988.

As of 2002, there had been 3532 *****tal deaths due to acute pancreatitis. Also in 2002, ***** was 333,000 hospitalizations ***** to the acute *****m of the disease, as opposed to 86,000 for chronic pancreatitis. In 1987 alone, there was also more than a million physician *****fice visits ascribed to pancreatitis, with roughly ninety percent of all ***** being cases ***** ***** pancreatitis.

Pancreatitis is considered severe if it is accompanied by organ failure in one or more *****as, ***** pseudocysts appear, or in the case of pancreatic necrosis. One fifth of all cases ***** acute pancreatitis are necrotizing, meaning that some *****as of nonviable parenchyma exist in the patient's pancreas, as well ***** ***** peripancreatic fat areas (Aronson 1999). However most patients have interstitial pancreatitis as ***** ***** necrotizing, which is milder.

Pathophysiology/signs and symptoms with rationale for each

The most obvious symptom is pain in the abdomen. Cases of acute pancreatitis usually begins with pain in ***** upper abdomen which will persist for a few days.

The pain may remain centralized on the abdomen, or could spread to ***** ***** (such as the back). Chronic ***** do not ***** result in intense or constant pain, so the ***** form of


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