Essay - Pancreatitis Definition of the Topic Pancreatitis is an Inflammation of...


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Pancreatitis

***** of the topic

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the p*****creas. There are two primary forms of the disease, acute and chronic. Acute pancreatitis is a sudden unflammation of the pancreas that ***** almost always accompanied by abdominal pain and discomfort. The chronic form of pancreatitis continues to recur, and is usually the result of poor diet and/or alcohol abuse.

***** Pancreas is a gland that produces digestive enzymes. It ***** positioned behind the stomach. The pancreas functions by secreting digestive ***** into the duodenum (upper part ***** the small intestine) through a sm*****ll tube called, apporpriately enough, ***** pancreatic duct. The enzymes of the ***** aid in the digestion of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. In addition, ***** pancreas is responsible for releasing the hormones insulin and glucagon, both ***** which ***** the body in using the glucose in foods.

In Pancreatitis, the enzymes within ***** ***** become active and begin to digest the pancreas itself. These enzymes normally do not become ***** until they reach the small *****.

The acute from of ***** disease manifests quickly and then resolves itself. The***** from is similar, but does not resolve itself and slowly destroys the ***** the longer the condition persists. In either case, there can be serious complications, iincluding bleeding, tissue damage and infection. Fluid and ***** debris can accumulate and form ***** pseudocysts within the organ. It is possible for the enzymes ***** ***** fluids to enter the bloodstream and begin ***** damage o*****r *****s, such as the heart, lungs and kidneys.

*****cidence/epidemiology

***** following stat*****tics have been provided by ***** National Institute of Healththrough the National Institute ***** National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (http:/digestive.niddk.nih.gov/statistics/statistics.htm).The incidence of acute pancreatitis is 17 new *****s per 100,000 people, acc*****ding to figures ranging ***** 1976-1988.

As of 2002, *****re had ***** 3532 ********** deaths due to ***** pancreatit*****. Also in 2002, there was 333,000 hospitalizations due to the acute form of the *****, as opposed to 86,000 for chronic pancreatitis. In 1987 alone, there was also more than a million physician *****fice visits ascribed to pancreatitis, with roughly ninety percent of all ***** being cases ***** ***** pancreatitis.

Pancreatitis is considered severe if it is accompanied by organ failure in one or more areas, if pseudocysts appear, or in the case of pancreatic necros*****. One fifth of all *****s of acute pancreatitis are necrotizing, meaning that some areas of nonviable parenchyma exist in the patient's pancreas, as well as ***** peripancreatic fat areas (Aronson 1999). However most patients have interstitial pancreatitis as opposed to necrotizing, ***** is milder.

Pathophysiology/signs ***** symptoms with rationale for each

The ***** obvious symptom is pain in the abdomen. Cases ***** ***** ***** usually begins with ***** in ***** upper abdomen which will persist for a few d*****ys.

The pain may remain centralized on the abdomen, or could spread to other ***** (such as the back). Chr*****ic cases do not always result in intense or constant pain, so the chronic form of

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