Essay - Pancreatitis Definition of the Topic Pancreatitis is an Inflammation of...

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Definition of the topic

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of ***** p*****creas. There are two primary forms ***** the disease, acute and chronic. Acute pancreatitis is a sudden unflammation of the pancreas that is almost always accompanied by abdominal pain ***** discomfort. The chronic form ***** pancreatitis continues to recur, and is usually the result of poor diet and/or alcohol abuse.

The Pancreas ***** a gland that produces digestive enzymes. It is positioned behind the stomach. The ***** functions ***** secreting digestive enzymes into the duodenum (upper part ***** the small intestine) through a sm*****ll tube called, apporpriately enough, ***** pancreatic duct. The enzymes of the pancreas aid in the digestion of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. In addition, the pancreas is responsible for releasing the hormones insulin and glucagon, both ***** which ***** the body in using ***** glucose in foods.

In Pancreatitis, the ***** with***** ***** ***** become active and begin to digest the pancreas itself. These enzymes normally do not become ***** until they reach the small *****.

The acute from of ***** ***** manifests quickly and then resolves itself. Thechronic from is similar, but does ***** resolve ***** and slowly destroys the ***** the longer the condition persists. In either case, there can be serious complications, iincluding bleeding, tissue damage ***** infection. Fluid and tissue debris can accumulate and form into pseudocysts *****in the organ. It is possible for the enzymes ***** ***** fluids to enter the bloodstream and ***** to damage other *****s, such as the heart, lungs ***** kidneys.


The following stat*****tics have been provided by the National Institute of Healththrough the ***** Institute of National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (http:/***** incidence of acute pancreatitis is 17 new cases per 100,000 people, according ***** figures ranging ***** 1976-1988.

As of 2002, there had ***** 3532 total deaths due to acute pancreatitis. Also in 2002, ***** was 333,000 hospitalizations due to the acute form of the disease, as opposed ***** 86,000 for chronic pancreatitis. In 1987 alone, there was also more than a million physici*****n *****fice visits ascribed to pancreatitis, with roughly ninety percent of all visits being cases of acute pancreatitis.

Pancreatitis is considered severe if it is accompanied by organ failure in one or more areas, ***** pseudocysts appear, or in the case of pancreatic necros*****. One fifth of all ***** ***** acute pancreatitis are necrotizing, meaning that some *****as of nonviable parenchyma exist in the patient's pancreas, as well as in peripancreatic fat areas (Aronson 1999). However most patients have interstitial pancreatitis as ***** ***** necrotizing, which is milder.

Pathophysiology/signs and symptoms ***** rationale for each

The ***** obvious symptom is pain in the abdomen. Cases of acute pancreatitis usually begins with ***** in the upper abdomen which will persist for a few d*****ys.

The pain may remain centralized on the abdomen, or could spread to ***** areas (***** as the back). Chronic *****s do not ***** result in intense or constant *****, so the chronic form of


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