Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for this *****.

Introduction

Galton created theories on what determined a pers*****'s mental capabilities.

By examining the man, an idea can be formed ***** what his predictions would ***** concerning retaking a standardized college exam.

***** man, ***** theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant ***** prediction.

What Galton Would Predict

Galton believed intelligence is inherited and people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. *****fore, he ***** predict a per*****n t*****king a standardize college entrance exam twice would have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance of having any sign*****icant improvement on the ***** would be doubtful due to the person's genetics.

The Man and his Theory

Sir Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. ***** founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

***** *****lieved that talent is an ***** characteristic (unknown, 2002).

Eugenics and Tests

Galton devised ***** ***** soon had a following in some circles of the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventually became interested in psychometrics which is the "psychological theory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

***** ***** ***** used to develop *****d IQ tests.

Psychometricians who formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt genetics ***** a person's mental ability, ***** because of t*****, certa***** social and ethnic groups could only achieve what their ***** abilities would allow and no more. Eugenicists looked at the ***** test as an "objective ***** qu*****titative *****ol for measuring innate mental ability (Garland, 1996)."

When ***** ***** were administered to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found th***** "***** than 80 percent ***** the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were mentally defective, or feebleminded (*****, 1996)."

This lead ***** to theorize the defects were transmitted through ***** in a m*****nner similar to the way a person's h*****ir and eye color are determined.

***** Society

***** Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 in New York to ***** new *****formation on eugenics and ***** *****s, and by 1923, the were more than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous members was J.H. Kellogg, ***** cereal giant from Michigan, ***** founded the Race Betterment Foundation. The *****ory of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 ***** by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained information about and support of eugenics.

*****

Galton believed that no matter ***** hard people studied, they could only do so well on tests due to their heredity. His thoughts would effect many people, cause stereotyping ***** eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a society ***** intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-*****) (http://educati*****.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. The Columbia Encyclopedia.

*****, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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