Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for th***** paper.

Introduction

Galton created *****eories on what determined a pers*****'s mental capabilities.

By examining the man, an idea can be formed ***** what his predictions would ***** concerning retaking a ***** college ex*****m.

***** *****, ***** theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant this prediction.

What Gal*****n Would Predict

***** *****lieved intelligence is inherited ***** people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. Therefore, he would predict a person t*****king a standardize ***** entrance exam twice would have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance of having any sign*****icant improvement on the ***** would be doubtful due to the pers*****'s genetics.

The Man and his Theory

Sir Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. ***** founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

Galton ********** that talent ***** an ***** characteristic (unk*****wn, 2002).

Eugenics *****d Tests

***** devised eugenics and soon had a following in some circles of the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventu*****lly became *****terested in psychometrics which is the "psychological *****ory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

Psychometrics ***** ***** used to develop *****d IQ tests.

Psychometricians who formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt ***** ***** a person's ***** ability, and because of this, certa***** social and ethnic groups could ***** achieve what their mental abilities would allow ***** no more. Eugenicists looked at the IQ test as an "objective ********** quantitative tool for measuring innate ***** ability (*****, 1996)."

***** the *****s were ***** to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found that "***** than 80 percent ***** the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were mentally defective, or feebleminded (Garland, 1996)."

This lead eugenicists to theorize the defects were transmitted through genetics in a manner similar to the way a person's h*****ir and eye color are determined.

***** Society

The Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 ***** New York to study ***** information on ***** and ***** *****s, and ***** 1923, the were more than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous ***** was J.H. Kellogg, ***** cereal giant from Michigan, ***** founded the Race Betterment Foundation. The *****ory of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 and by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained information about and support of eugenics.

Conclusion

Galton believed that no matter ***** hard ***** studied, they could only do so well on tests ***** to their hered*****y. His thoughts ***** effect many people, cause stereotyping ***** eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a society ***** intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-*****) (http://educati*****.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. The Columbia Encyclopedia.

*****, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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