Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...

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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for th***** paper.


Galton created theories on what determined a person's mental capabilities.

By ********** the man, an idea can be formed of what his predictions ***** ***** concerning retaking a standardized college exam.

***** man, his theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant this prediction.

What Galton Would Predict

Galton *****lieved intelligence is inherited and people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. *****fore, he would predict a per*****n taking a standardize college entrance exam twice ***** have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance ***** having any sign*****icant improvement on the ***** would be doubtful due to the person's genetics.

The Man and his Theory

***** Francis Galton was an English scientist *****d cousin of Charles Darwin. ***** founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding ("

***** *****lieved that talent ***** an inherited characteristic (unk*****wn, 2002).

Eugenics ********** Tests

Galton devised ***** and soon had a following in some circles of the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventually became interested in psychometrics which is the "psychological *****ory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

***** soon became ***** to develop standardized IQ tests.

Psychometricians who formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt genetics ***** a person's ***** *****bility, and because of t*****, certa***** social ***** ethnic groups could only achieve what their mental abilities would allow and no more. Eugenicists looked at the ***** test as an "objective ***** qu*****titative ********** ***** measuring innate mental ability (*****, 1996)."

***** ***** ***** were ***** to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found th***** "more than 80 percent of the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were *****ly defective, or feebleminded (Garland, 1996)."

***** lead ***** to the*****ize the defects were transmitted through ***** in a m*****nner similar to the way a person's hair and eye color are determined.

***** Society

***** Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 in New York to study ***** information on eugenics and ***** *****s, and by 1923, the were ***** than 1,200 members in 29 states. One ***** the most famous ***** was J.H. Kellogg, the cereal giant from Michigan, ***** *****ed the Race Betterment Foundation. The *****ory of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 and by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained ***** about and support of eugenics.


Galton believed that no matter how hard ***** studied, they could only do so well on tests due to their heredity. His thoughts would effect many people, cause stereotyping ***** eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a society ***** intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-2002) (

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. The Columbia Encyclopedia.

*****, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science


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