Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for this paper.

Introduction

Galton created theories on what determined a person's mental capabilities.

By ********** the man, an idea can be formed of what his predictions ***** be concerning retaking a ***** college ex*****m.

The *****, ***** theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant this prediction.

***** Galton Would Predict

Galton believed intelligence is inherited and people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. Therefore, he would predict a per*****n t*****king a standardize college entrance exam twice would have similar scores ***** each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance ***** having any sign*****icant improvement on the ***** would be doubtful due to the person's genetics.

The Man and his Theory

Sir Francis Galton was an English scientist *****d cousin of Charles Darwin. He founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

Galton ********** that talent is an ***** characteristic (unk*****wn, 2002).

Eugenics ********** Tests

Galton devised eugenics and soon had a following in some circles of the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventu*****lly became *****terested in psychometrics which is the "psychological ********** of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

Psychometrics ***** became used to develop *****d IQ tests.

Psychometricians ***** formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt genetics determined a person's ***** *****bility, ***** because of this, certain social and ethnic groups could only achieve what their mental abilities would allow ***** no more. Eugenicists looked at the IQ test as an "objective *****d quantitative *****ol ***** measuring innate ***** ability (*****, 1996)."

When ***** ********** were administered to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found th***** "more than 80 percent of the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were mentally defective, or feebleminded (Garl*****, 1996)."

This lead ***** to the*****ize the defects were transmitted through genetics in a m*****nner similar to the way a person's h*****ir and eye color are determined.

***** Society

The Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 ***** New York to study ***** information on eugenics and similar *****s, and ***** 1923, ***** were more than 1,200 members in 29 states. One ***** the most famous ***** was J.H. Kellogg, ***** cereal giant from Michigan, who *****ed the Race Betterment Foundation. The *****ory of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 ***** by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained information about and support ***** eugenics.

*****

Galton believed that no matter ***** hard ***** studied, they could ***** do so well on tests ***** to their hered*****y. His thoughts would effect many people, cause stereotyping and eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a society of intellectual supremacists.

References eugenics (accessed 10-07-*****) (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. ***** Columbia Encyclopedia.

Garland, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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