Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for this *****.

Introduction

Galton created theories on what determined a pers*****'s mental capabilities.

By ********** the man, an idea can be formed of what his predictions would be concerning retaking a st*****ndardized college exam.

The *****, his theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant t***** prediction.

What Galton Would Predict

***** *****lieved intelligence is inherited and people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. **********, he would predict a per*****n t*****king a standardize college entrance exam twice would have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance ***** having any sign*****icant improvement on the test would be doubtful due to the pers*****'s genetics.

The Man and his Theory

Sir Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. He founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

Galton believed that talent is an ***** characteristic (unknown, 2002).

Eugenics and Tests

Galton devised eugenics ***** soon had a following in some circles of the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventually became *****terested in psychometrics which is the "psychological theory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

***** ***** became used to develop standardized IQ tests.

Psychometricians who formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt genetics determ*****ed a person's ***** *****bility, ***** because of t*****, certain social and ethnic groups could only achieve what their mental abilities would allow ***** no more. Eugenicists looked at the IQ test as an "objective ********** quantitative tool ***** measuring innate mental ability (Garland, 1996)."

***** the tests were ***** to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found that "more than 80 percent of the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were *****ly defective, or feebleminded (*****, 1996)."

***** lead ***** to the*****ize the defects were transmitted through ***** in a m*****nner similar to the way a person's h*****ir ***** eye color are determined.

***** Society

The Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 ***** New York to study new information on eugenics and similar ideas, and by 1923, the were ***** than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous members was J.H. Kellogg, the cereal giant from Michigan, ***** founded the Race Betterment Foundation. The theory of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 and by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained information about and support of eugenics.

*****

Galton ***** that no matter how hard ***** studied, they could ***** do so well on tests ***** to their heredity. His thoughts would effect many people, cause stereotyping and eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a *****ciety of intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-*****) (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. ***** Columbia Encyclopedia.

**********, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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