Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for this *****.

Introduction

Galton created theories on what determined a pers*****'s mental capabilities.

By ********** the man, an idea can be formed ***** what his predictions ***** ***** concerning retaking a standardized college exam.

***** *****, ***** theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant this prediction.

***** Galton Would Predict

Galton believed intelligence is inherited ***** people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. Therefore, he would predict a per*****n t*****king a standardize college entrance exam twice ***** have similar scores ***** each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance of having any sign*****icant improvement on the test would be doubtful due to the pers*****'s genetics.

The Man and his Theory

***** Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. He founded eugenics, which is ***** "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

***** ********** that talent ***** an ***** characteristic (unknown, 2002).

Eugenics and Tests

Galton devised ***** ***** soon had a following in some circles of the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventu*****lly became *****terested in psychometrics which is the "psychological theory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

***** ***** ***** used to develop ********** IQ tests.

Psychometricians ***** formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt ***** ***** a person's mental ability, ***** because of *****, certain social and ethnic groups could ***** achieve what their mental abilities would allow ***** no more. Eugenicists looked at the IQ test as an "objective and quantitative *****ol ***** measuring innate ***** ability (*****, 1996)."

***** the ***** were administered to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found th***** "***** than 80 percent ***** the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were mentally defective, or feebleminded (Garland, 1996)."

********** lead eugenicists to the*****ize the defects were transmitted through genetics in a manner similar to the way a person's hair and eye color are determined.

***** Society

***** Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 in New York to ***** ***** *****formation on eugenics and similar ideas, and ***** 1923, the were more than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous ***** was J.H. Kellogg, ***** cereal giant from Michigan, who *****ed the Race Betterment Foundation. The ***** of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 ***** by ***** mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained information about and support ***** eugenics.

*****

Galton believed that no matter ***** hard people studied, they could only do so well on tests due to their heredity. His thoughts ***** effect many people, cause stereotyping ***** eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a society of intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-2002) (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. The Columbia Encyclopedia.

*****, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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