Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for th***** paper.

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Galton created theories on what determined a person's mental capabilities.

By ********** the man, an idea can be formed of what his predictions ***** be concerning retaking a ***** college ex*****m.

***** *****, his theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant this prediction.

What Gal*****n Would Predict

***** *****lieved intelligence is inherited ***** people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. *****fore, he would predict a per*****n t*****king a standardize college entrance exam twice ***** have similar scores ***** each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance of having any sign*****icant improvement on the ***** would be doubtful due to the ***** genetics.

The Man and his Theory

Sir Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. He founded eugenics, which is ***** "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

Galton *****lieved that talent is an inherited characteristic (unk*****wn, 2002).

Eugenics and Tests

Galton devised eugenics ***** soon had a following in some circles of the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventu*****lly became interested in psychometrics which is ***** "psychological theory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

***** soon ***** used to develop standardized IQ tests.

Psychometricians ***** formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt genetics ***** a person's ***** *****bility, and because of t*****, certa***** social ***** ethnic groups could ***** achieve what their mental abilities would allow and no more. Eugenicists looked at the ***** test as an "objective and quantitative ********** for measuring innate ***** ability (*****, 1996)."

***** ***** ***** were administered to new immigrants at Ellis Isl*****, eugencists found th***** "more than 80 percent ***** the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were mentally defective, or feebleminded (Garl*****, 1996)."

This lead ***** to theorize the defects were transmitted through genetics in a m*****nner similar to the way a person's hair and eye color are determined.

***** Society

The Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 ***** New York to ***** new information on ***** and ***** ideas, and ***** 1923, ***** were ***** than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous ***** was J.H. Kellogg, the cereal giant from Michigan, who *****ed the Race Betterment Foundation. The ***** of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 and by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained information about and support of eugenics.

Conclusion

Galton believed that no matter how hard ***** studied, they could only do so well on tests due to their heredity. His thoughts ***** effect many people, cause stereotyping ***** eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a ********** of intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-*****) (http://educati*****.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. The Columbia Encyclopedia.

*****, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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