Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for this paper.

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Galton created theories on what determined a pers*****'s mental capabilities.

By *****ining the man, an idea can be formed of what his predictions would be concerning retaking a ***** college ex*****m.

The *****, ***** theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant ***** prediction.

What Galton Would Predict

***** believed intelligence is inherited and people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. Therefore, he ***** predict a person t*****king a standardize ***** entrance exam twice would have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance of having any significant improvement on the test would be doubtful due to the person's genetics.

The Man and his Theory

***** Francis Galton was an English scientist *****d cousin of Charles Darwin. He founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

Galton believed that talent ***** an inherited characteristic (unk*****wn, 2002).

Eugenics and Tests

Galton devised ***** ***** soon had a following in some circles ***** the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventually became interested in psychometrics which is the "psychological ********** of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

***** soon ***** ***** to develop *****d IQ *****s.

Psychometricians ***** formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt genetics ***** a person's ***** *****bility, and because of this, certain social ***** ethnic groups could ***** achieve what their mental abilities would allow and no more. Eugenicists looked at the IQ test as an "objective ***** qu*****titative *****ol ***** measuring innate mental ability (Garland, 1996)."

When ***** *****s were ***** to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found th***** "***** than 80 percent ***** the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were *****ly defective, or feebleminded (*****, 1996)."

***** lead ***** to theorize the defects were transmitted through ***** in a manner similar to the way a person's hair ***** eye color are determined.

In Society

The Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 in New York to ***** ***** *****formation on eugenics and similar *****s, and by 1923, the were more than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous ***** was J.H. Kellogg, the cereal giant from Michigan, who *****ed the Race Betterment Foundation. The *****ory of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 and by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained information about and support ***** eugenics.

Conclusion

Galton ***** that no matter ***** hard people studied, they could only do so well on tests due to their hered*****y. His thoughts ***** effect many *****, cause stereotyping ***** eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a *****ciety of intellectual supremacists.

References eugenics (accessed 10-07-2002) (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. ***** Columbia Encyclopedia.

Garland, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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