Essay - Parenting Styles: an In-depth Look at Parenting Styles and Cognitive...


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PARENTING STYLES: AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT PARENTING STYLES AND COGNITIVE ABILITY IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Parenting styles have been the focus of extensive research in the field of educational psychology with different ***** of parenting stated in findings to have differential effects on the development of a child. B*****umrind had the initial conception and stated four parenting styles and conducted research in relation ***** ***** parenting style effect on a child's *****.

IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY

This study is important to make an assessment as to which parenting ***** is the most successful *****d suitable for a child and in a specific context.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this ***** is to explore the rel*****tionship between parenting styles and child development in order to discover which *****ren are develop*****g more *****ly and which parenting style ********** are subject to.

ST*****EMENT OF THE PROBLEM

***** major problem in this specific area of research in educational psychology is that ********** have focused almost entirely on adolescents and children who have become almost independent in the exploration of their achievement on academic levels. Because the first six (6) years of a child's life forever determine much of the child's pers*****ality, beliefs, principles and goals it is cr*****ically important to look at the various ***** ***** ***** ultim*****ely the environment in which the ***** are being reared. The primary challenge in ***** research proposal is concerning the conceptual basis of parenting styles, ***** has always presented a problem in regards ***** research in this ***** ***** study.

*****

The proposed methodology of ***** study is that ***** a qualitative method of ***** through review of available peer-*****ed literature in this field of *****.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Parenting Style' is defined as "a complex activity that includes many specific behaviors that work individually and together to influence child outcomes."

***** construct of parenting style, b*****ed on Baumrind's c*****cept ***** parenting *****, is used to "capture normal variations in parent's attempts to control and socialize their *****ren (Baumr*****d, 1991) According to the work of Mccoby & Martin, 1983 "Parenting style captures two primary elements of parenting which are those *****: (1) parental responsiveness; and (2) parental demandingness. Responsiveness ***** parental supportiveness ***** speaks of "the extent ***** which parents intentionally foster individuality, self-regulation and self-assertion by being attuned, supportive, and acquiescent to children's special needs and demands" (Baumrind, *****, p.62) Parental '***** referring to "***** claims parents make on children to become integrated in***** the family whole, by their maturity *****, superv*****ion, disciplinary efforts and willingness to confront the child who disobeys" (Baumrind, 1991, pp. 61-62; as cited by Darling (1999).

In the ***** Styles online magazine publication, it is stated "Psychologist John Gottman, ***** identified four basic parenting ***** in his research on families and the emotional climate of the home." (Parent*****g *****, 2006) Those four styles as proposed by Gottman are: (1) The Dismissing Parent; (2) ***** Disapproving Parent; (3) The Laissez-Faire ***** and (4) The Emotion Coaching Parent." (Gottman ***** c*****ed *****

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