Essay - Parenting Styles: an In-depth Look at Parenting Styles and Cognitive...


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PARENTING STYLES: AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT PARENTING STYLES AND COGNITIVE ABILITY IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Parenting styles have been the focus of extensive research in the field of educational psychology with different styles of parenting stated in f*****dings to have differential effects on the development of a child. Baumrind had the initial c*****ception and stated four ***** ***** and conducted research in relation to ***** parenting style effect on a child's development.

***** OF THE STUDY

***** study is important to make an assessment as to which parenting ***** is the most successful *****d suitable for a child *****nd in a specific c*****text.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this ***** is to explore ***** *****ship between parenting styles and child development in order to discover ***** *****ren are develop*****g more *****ly and which p*****nting style they are subject *****.

ST*****EMENT OF ***** PROBLEM

The major problem in this specific area of research in educational psychology is that researchers have *****ed almost entirely on adolescents ***** children who have become almost independent in the exploration of their achievement on academic levels. Because the first six (6) years of a ***** life forever determ*****e much of the child's personality, beliefs, principles and goals it ***** cr*****ically important to look at the various parenting ***** and ultim*****ely the environment in which the ***** are being reared. The primary challenge in ***** research proposal is concerning the conceptual basis ***** parenting styles, which has always presented a problem in regards to research in this ***** of study.

*****

***** proposed methodology of this study is that of a qualitative method of ***** through review of available peer-*****ed literature in this field of study.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Parenting Style' is defined as "a complex activity ***** includes many specific behaviors that work individually and together to influence child outcomes."

***** construct of parenting style, b*****ed on Baumrind's c*****cept of parenting *****, ***** used to "capture normal variations in parent's attempts ***** control ***** socialize ***** children (Baumrind, 1991) According to the ***** of Mccoby & Martin, 1983 "Parenting style captures two primary elements of ***** which are those *****: (1) parental responsiveness; and (2) parental demandingness. Responsiveness ***** parental supportiveness ***** speaks of "the extent ***** which parents intentionally foster individuality, self-regulation and self-assertion by being attuned, supportive, and acquiescent to children's special needs and demands" (Baumrind, *****, p.6*****) Parental '***** referring to "the claims ***** make on children to become integrated in***** ***** family whole, by their maturity demands, supervision, disciplinary efforts and willingness to confront the child who disobeys" (Baumrind, 1991, pp. 61-62; as cited by Darling (1999).

In ***** Parenting Styles online magazine publication, it is stated "Psychologist John Gottman, has identified four basic parenting styles in his research on families ***** the emotional climate of ***** home." (Parent*****g *****, 2006) Those four styles as proposed ***** Gottman are: (1) The Dismissing Parent; (2) The Disapproving ***** (3) The Laissez-Faire Parent; and (4) The Emotion Coaching Parent." (Gottman as c*****ed by

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