Essay - Parenting Styles: an In-depth Look at Parenting Styles and Cognitive...


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PARENTING STYLES: AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT PARENTING ***** AND COGNITIVE ABILITY IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Parenting styles have been the focus of extensive research in the field of educational psychology with different styles of parent*****g stated in findings to have differential effects on the development of a child. Baumrind had the initial conception and stated four parenting styles and conducted research in relation ***** ***** ***** style effect on a child's development.

IMPORTANCE OF THE *****

***** study is important to make an assessment as to which parenting ***** ***** the most successful and suitable for a child and in a specific c*****text.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this ***** is to explore ***** relationship between parenting styles and child development in order to discover which *****ren are developing more successfully and ***** parenting style they are subject to.

ST*****EMENT OF ***** PROBLEM

The major problem in this specific area ***** research in ***** psychology is that ********** have focused almost entirely on adolescents and children who have become almost independent in the exploration of their achievement on academic levels. Because the first six (6) years of a ***** life forever determine much of ***** child's personality, beliefs, principles and goals it is critically important to look at the various ***** styles ***** ultim*****ely the environment in which the children are being reared. The primary challenge in this research proposal is concerning the conceptual b*****is of parenting styles, ***** has always presented a problem in regards to research in this ***** ***** study.

METHODOLOGY

***** proposed methodology of ***** study is that of a qu*****litative method of research through review of available peer-reviewed literature in this field of *****.

***** REVIEW

Parenting Style' is defined as "a complex activity ***** includes many specific behaviors that work individually and together to influence child outcomes."

The construct ***** parenting style, based on Baumrind's c*****cept of parenting *****, is used ***** "capture normal variations in parent's attempts to control and socialize their ***** (Baumrind, 1991) According to the ***** of Mccoby & Martin, 1983 "Parenting style captures two primary elements of parenting which are those *****: (1) parental responsiveness; and (2) parental demandingness. Responsiveness ***** parental supportiveness which speaks of "the extent to which parents intentionally foster individuality, self-regulation and self-assertion by being attuned, supportive, and acquiescent to children's special needs and demands" (Baumrind, *****, p.6*****) Parental '***** referring to "the claims parents make on children to become integrated into the family whole, by *****ir maturity *****, superv*****ion, disciplinary efforts and willingness to confront the child who disobeys" (Baumrind, *****991, pp. 61-62; as cited by Darling (1999).

In ***** Parenting Styles online magazine publication, it is ***** "Psychologist John Gottman, has identified four basic parenting styles in his ***** on families ***** the emotional climate of the home." (Parenting Styles, 2006) Those four styles as proposed by Gottman are: (1) The Dismissing Parent; (2) ***** Disapproving Parent; (3) The Laissez-Faire Parent; and (4) The Emotion Coaching Parent." (Gottman as c*****ed by

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