Essay - Phonological Rules in Language Phonology is Essentially the Linguistic Subfield...

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Phonological rules in language

Phonology is essentially the linguistic subfield in which examines and dissects the system of sound, including the semantic relationship between different sounds (Schramm, 2001). Phonological ***** function in ***** acquisition to aid ***** the development ***** characteristics that are integral to correct pronunciation of words. The understanding of phonological rules is ***** the utmost importance for language teachers because a gr*****sp of these ***** results in pronunciations ***** are more native-like in nature (Schramm, 2001). Phonological systems are complex and always involve ***** than one rule, and rules are considered either to be transparent, or with a context that is visible, or opaque, ***** a context that is not v*****ible (Johnson).

*****re are four main types of phonological ***** in language. These categories are assimilation, dissimilation, *****sertion and deletion (Scramm, 2001). The ***** rule of assimilation refers to the process of a sound becoming more similar to a neighboring sound (*****, 2001). A key ex*****mple of this rule is nasalization, in ***** a vowel preceding a nasal consonant assimilates, or becomes more ***** by taking on a nasal-like quality. The phonological ***** of assimilation is prevalent in all languages (Scramm, 2001).

***** the other h*****, ***** is a phonologic*****l rule that functions opposite to assimilation. With dissimilation, two neighboring ***** become less similar to each other (*****, 2001). Fricative dissimilation is an example of this phonological rule. This is where it is necessary ***** pronounce two fricatives next to each *****, such in the numbers "fifth" and "sixth." Non-native speakers of English often find it ch*****enging to master these ***** of sound sequences (Scramm, *****). Language instructors may ease the ***** of these pronunciations by clearly outlining the *****es involved in *****se dissimilar sounds.

Another type ***** ***** rule in language is insertion. With insertion, ***** are added to words that are not app*****nt in spelling or slow pronunciation (Scramm, 2001). ***** can provide confusion to learners of a new language since the way they are instructed ***** pronounce certain words do not correspond to how they perceive the words visually. A couple of examples ***** insertion in the ***** language are words like "hamster," which is usually pronounced "hamster," or "month," which is usually pronounced with an exaggerated "t" sound - "mon-t-th" (Scramm, 2001).

***** final category of phonological rules ***** deletion. This ***** of rule deals with processes ***** pronunciation in which sounds ***** left out, or deleted (*****, 2001). With the process of deletion, confusion ***** arise when the ***** ***** a word diverges from the ***** it is spelled and becomes very similar to the pronunciation of another ***** with completely different meaning. ********** example of th***** is the word "police," ***** ***** often pronounced as "pleace," which is furthermore ***** similar ***** the word "ple*****e."

Phonological rules ***** processes are involved not only in speech, but also in the process of reading. Traditionally, it was widely believed that lexical access ***** print always involved phonological processing, which occurred automatically (Ferguson, 2006).


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