Essay - Phonological Rules in Language Phonology is Essentially the Linguistic Subfield...

1 2
Copyright Notice

Phonological rules in language

Phonology is essentially the lingu*****tic subfield in which examines and dissects the system of sound, including ***** semantic relationship between different sounds (Schramm, 2001). Phonological rules function in ***** acquisition to aid ***** the development of characteristics that are integral to correct pronunciation of words. The underst*****ing ***** phonological rules is of the utmost importance for language teachers because a grasp ***** these rules results in pronunciations that are more native-like ***** nature (Schramm, 2001). Phonological systems are complex and always involve more than one rule, ***** ***** ***** considered either to be transparent, or with a context ***** is v*****ible, or opaque, ***** a context that is not v*****ible (Johnson).

*****re are four main types of phonological rules in language. These categ*****ies are assimilation, dissimilation, *****sertion and deletion (Scramm, 2001). The phonological rule of assimilation refers to the process of a sound becoming more simil*****r to a neighboring sound (Scramm, 2001). A key example of this rule is nasalization, in ***** a vowel preceding a nasal consonant assimilates, or becomes more similar by taking on a nasal-like quality. The ph*****ological ***** of assimilation is prevalent in all languages (Scramm, 2001).

On the other hand, dissimilation is a phonologic*****l rule that functions opposite to assimilation. With *****, two neighboring ***** become less similar ***** each other (Scramm, 2001). Fricative dissimilation is an example of this phonological rule. This is where it is necessary to pronounce two fricatives next ***** each *****, such in the numbers "fifth" and "sixth." Non-native speakers of Engl*****h often find it challenging to master *****se types of sound sequences (Scramm, *****). Language instructors may ease the ***** of these pronunciations ***** clearly outlining the processes ********** in *****se dissimilar **********.

Another type of phonological rule in language is *****sertion. With insertion, sounds are added to words that are not apparent in spelling or slow pronunciation (Scramm, 2001). This can provide confusion to learners of a new language since the way they are instructed to pronounce certain ***** do not correspond to how they perceive the words visually. A couple of examples of insertion in the English language ***** words like "hamster," which is usually pronounced "hamster," or "month," which is usually pronounced with an exaggerated "t" sound - "mon**********-th" (*****, 2001).

***** final category of ***** rules is deletion. ***** type of rule deals with processes ***** pronunciation in which ***** are left out, or deleted (Scramm, 2001). ***** the process of deletion, confusion may ar*****e when the ***** of a word diverges from ***** way it is spelled and becomes very similar to the pronunciation of another word with completely different meaning. *****n example of this is the word "police," ***** is ********** ***** as "pleace," which is furthermore ***** similar ***** the word "please."

***** rules and ***** are involved not only in speech, but also in ***** process of reading. Traditionally, it was widely believed that lexical access from print al*****s ***** phonological processing, ***** occurred automatically (Ferguson, 2006).


Download full paper (and others like it)    |    Order a brand new, custom-written paper

Other topics that might interest you:

© 2001–2017   |   Essays on Phonological Rules in Language Phonology is Essentially the Linguistic Subfield   |   Thesis Papers Samples