Essay - Phonological Rules in Language Phonology is Essentially the Linguistic Subfield...

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Phonological rules in language

Phonology is essentially the lingu*****tic subfield in which examines and dissects the system of sound, including the semantic relationship between different sounds (Schramm, 2001). Phonological rules function in language acquisition to aid ***** the development ***** characteristics that are integral to correct pronunciation of words. The underst*****ing of phonological rules is ***** the utmost importance for language teachers because a gr*****sp of these rules results in pronunciations that are more native-like ***** nature (Schramm, 2001). Phonological systems are complex and always involve more than one rule, and ***** are considered either to be transparent, or with a context that is v*****ible, or opaque, with a ***** that is not visible (Johnson).

There are four main types of phonological rules in language. These categ*****ies are assimilation, dissimilation, *****sertion and deletion (Scramm, 2001). The phonological rule of assimilation refers ***** the process of a sound becoming more similar to a neighboring sound (*****, 2001). A key ex*****mple of this rule is nasalization, in ***** a vowel preceding a n*****sal consonant assimilates, or becomes m*****e ***** by taking on a nasal-like quality. ***** ph*****ological ***** ***** assimilation is prevalent in all languages (Scramm, 2001).

On the other hand, dissimilation is a phonologic*****l rule that functions opposite to *****. With *****, two neighboring ***** become less similar ***** each other (Scramm, 2001). Fricative dissimilation is an example of this phonological *****. This is where it is necessary to pronounce ***** fricatives next to each other, such in the numbers "fifth" *****d "sixth." Non-native speakers of English often find it challenging to master *****se types of ***** sequences (Scramm, *****). Language instructors may ease the ***** of these pronunciations ***** clearly outlining the processes *****d in *****se dissimilar sounds.

Another type ***** phonological rule in language is *****sertion. ***** insertion, ***** are added to words that are not apparent in spelling or slow pronunciation (Scramm, 2001). ***** can provide confusion to learners of a new language since the way they are instructed ***** pronounce certain words do not correspond to how they perceive the words v*****ually. A couple of examples of insertion in the English language are words like "hamster," which is usually pronounced "hamster," or "month," which is ***** pronounced ***** an exaggerated "t" sound - "mon**********-th" (*****, 2001).

***** final category ***** phonological rules is deletion. Th***** type of rule deals with processes of pronunciation in which sounds ***** left out, or deleted (Scramm, 2001). With the process of deletion, confusion may arise when ***** ***** of a word diverges from the ***** it is spelled and becomes very similar to the pronunciation of another ***** with completely different meaning. ********** example of this is the word "police," which ***** often ***** as "pleace," ***** is furthermore very similar ***** the ***** "please."

Phonological rules and ***** are involved not only in speech, but also in the process of reading. Traditionally, it was widely believed that lexical access from print always ***** phonological processing, which occurred automatically (Ferguson, 2006).


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