Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...


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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture ********** athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural ***** including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings ***** sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and ***** have been undervalued in the public school system and increasingly, in schools of higher education. Part ***** ***** reason for the low priority of athletics and music is the economic structure of ***** society and the political ***** cultural values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capitalist society, any endeavor that does not make large profits is valued less than pursuits that do reap financial rewards.

Modern schools have cut athletic and music programs in large part because they do ***** reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus rema*****s on the "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to th***** viewpoint, ***** ***** sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies that ***** no real place in the public school system. Only ***** ***** talented students are believed to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

One of the reasons why American culture does not value music ***** ***** as much as ***** ancient *****s is ***** the school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, ***** American economy has been driven by material production and consumerism. The drive toward prosperity meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. Because ***** a small number of *****ians and athletes reap financial *****s from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose ***** schools. *****s basically *****lieve that ***** should teach children how ***** become productive citizens who are willing to participate in ***** enterprise, a philosophy ***** Pl*****to did not contend with in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which ***** plastered on ***** cover of almost every newsst***** magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the *****le human being, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force themselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society ***** made care of the body secondary.

On the other hand, care ***** the ***** was a primary concern for many ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks ***** aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical exercise and were there*****e keen to cultivate the body along with the mind. In spite ***** evidence ***** a healthy ***** promotes a healthy mind as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue

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