Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...


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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture valued athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the Greeks having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural pursuits including the visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of ***** Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings ***** sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, music and sports have been under***** in the public school system and increasingly, in *****s of higher education. Part ***** the reason for the low priority of athletics ***** music is ***** economic structure of ***** society and the political and cultural values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capital*****t society, any endeavor that does not make large pr*****its is valued less than pursuits ***** do reap f*****ancial rewards.

Modern schools have cut athletic and music programs in large part because they ***** ***** reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus remains on the "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to this viewpoint, music and sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies that ***** no real place in the public school system. Only the ***** talented students are ********** to have what it takes to become successful *****ians or athletes.

***** ***** the reasons why American culture does ********** value music ***** ***** as much as ***** ancient *****s is that the ***** system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, the American economy has been driven by material production and consumerism. ***** drive ********** prosperity meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be ***** valid. Because ***** a small num*****r of *****ians and athletes reap financial *****s from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose of schools. *****s basically believe that ***** should teach children how ***** become productive citizens who are willing to *****icipate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy ***** Pl*****to did not contend ***** in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which are plastered on ***** cover of almost every newsstand magaz*****e. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the *****le human being, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As ***** result, people force *****mselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the exercise will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society has made care of the body secondary.

***** the other hand, care ***** the body was a primary concern for m***** ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks ***** aware of both the aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical exercise and were there*****e keen to cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In spite of evidence ***** a he*****lthy ***** *****s a healthy ***** as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue

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