Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture valued athletic and musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural ***** including the visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of ***** Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings and sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and sports have been under***** in the public school system and increasingly, in schools of higher *****. Part of the reason for the low priority ***** athletics and music is ***** economic structure of ***** society and the political and ***** values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capital*****t society, any endeavor that does not make large pr*****its is valued less than pursuits that do reap f*****ancial rewards.

Modern schools have cut athletic and music programs in ***** part because they ***** not reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus remains on ***** "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to th***** viewpoint, ***** ***** sports are c*****sidered to be luxuries and hobbies *****at ***** no real place in the public school system. Only ***** most talented students are believed to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

One of the *****s why American culture does ***** value music or ********** as much as ***** ancient Greeks is that the school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, the American economy has been driven by material production and consumerism. ***** drive ********** prosper*****y meant ***** only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. Because only a small number of musicians ***** athletes reap financial rewards from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose of *****s. Americans basically believe that schools should teach children how to become productive citizens who are willing ***** *****icipate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy th*****t Plato did not contend with in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, Americans are obsessed with bodies, which ***** plastered on ***** cover of almost every newsstand magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development of the whole human *****, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force themselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society has made care of the body secondary.

On the other hand, care ***** the ***** was a primary concern for m***** ancient *****. The ancient Greeks were aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical exercise and were therefore keen to cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In ***** ***** evidence that a he*****lthy body *****s a healthy mind as well as healthy *****, modern Americans continue


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