Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture valued athletic and musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural ***** including the visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings ***** sculptures display ***** ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and ***** have been under***** in the public school system and increasingly, in schools of higher education. Part ***** ***** reason for the low priority of athletics ***** music is ***** economic structure of American society and the political ***** cultural values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capital*****t society, any endeavor that does not make large profits is valued less than pursuits that do reap f*****ancial rewards.

Modern schools have cut athletic and music programs in large part because they do not reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus rema*****s on the "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to this viewpoint, ***** and sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies that have no real place in the public school system. Only ***** most talented students are ********** to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

One ***** the *****s why American culture does not value music or ********** as much as ***** ancient *****s is that the ***** system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, ***** American economy has been driven by material production and consumerism. ***** drive *****ward prosper*****y meant ***** only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be ***** valid. Because ***** a small number of *****ians ***** athletes reap financial rewards from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose of schools. *****s basically *****lieve that ***** should teach children how ***** become productive citizens who are willing to participate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy ***** Plato did not contend with in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, Americans are obsessed with bodies, which are plastered on the cover of almost every newsstand magaz*****e. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the whole human *****, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force themselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the exercise will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society has made care of the body secondary.

On the other hand, care of the body was a primary concern for m***** ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks ***** aware of both the aesthetic and salutary bene*****s of physical exercise and were there*****e keen to cultivate the body along with the mind. In ***** of evidence that a healthy ***** *****s a healthy mind as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue


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