Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture valued athletic and musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural ***** including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, ***** music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings and sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and ***** have been under***** in the public school system ***** increasingly, in schools of higher education. Part ***** ***** reason for the low priority of athletics and music is ***** economic structure of ***** society and the political and cultural values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capitalist society, any endeavor that does not make large profits is valued less than pursuits ***** do reap financial rewards.

***** schools ***** cut athletic and music programs in large part because they do not reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus remains on ***** "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to th***** viewpoint, music ***** sports are c*****sidered to be luxuries and hobbies ********** have no real place in the public school system. Only ***** ***** talented students are *****lieved to have what it takes to become successful *****ians or athletes.

One of the *****s why American culture does not value music or ***** as much as ***** ancient *****s is that the school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, the American economy has been driven by material production and consumerism. ***** drive ********** prosperity meant ***** only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. ***** ***** a small num*****r of musicians and athletes reap financial ********** from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose of *****s. Americans basically *****lieve that schools should teach children how ***** become productive citizens who are willing to participate in ***** enterprise, a philosophy ***** Pl*****to did ***** contend ***** in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, Americans are obsessed with bodies, which ***** plastered on the cover of almost every newsstand magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the *****le human *****, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force themselves to go ***** the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society ***** made care of the body secondary.

On the other hand, care ***** the body was a primary concern for m***** ancient Greeks. The ***** Greeks were aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary bene*****s of physical exercise and were therefore keen to cultivate the body along with the mind. In ***** of evidence ***** a he*****lthy body *****s a he*****lthy ***** as well as healthy *****, ***** Americans continue


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