Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture *****d athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural pursuits including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings ***** sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and ***** have been undervalued in ***** public school system ***** increasingly, in schools of higher education. Part ***** the reason for the low priority of athletics and music is ***** economic structure of American society and the political ***** ***** values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capital*****t society, any endeavor that does not make large pr*****its is valued less than pursuits that do reap f*****ancial rewards.

Modern schools have cut athletic and music programs in ***** part because they do not reflect the philosophy of ***** held by most Americans. The current focus remains on ***** "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to this viewpoint, music ***** sports are c*****sidered to be luxuries and hobbies that have no real place in the public school system. Only ***** most talented students are *****lieved to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

One ***** the reasons why American culture does ********** value music ***** ********** as much as the ancient Greeks is that ***** school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, the American economy has been driven by material production ***** consumerism. The drive toward prosper*****y meant ***** only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. Because ***** a small number of musicians and athletes reap financial rewards from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose ***** schools. Americans basically *****lieve that ***** should teach children how to become productive citizens who are willing to ********** in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy that Plato did not contend with in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which ***** plastered on ***** cover of almost every newsstand magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development of the whole human *****, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force *****mselves to go ***** the gym knowing ***** the ***** will keep them fit. ***** pursuit of money in modern American society has made care of the body secondary.

***** the other hand, care ***** the body was a primary concern for m***** ancient Greeks. The ***** Greeks were aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical exercise and were there*****e keen to cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In ***** of evidence that a he*****lthy body promotes a he*****lthy mind as well as healthy body, modern Americans continue


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