Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture *****d athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural pursuits including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of ***** Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings and sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and sports have been undervalued in the public school system and increasingly, in *****s of higher *****. Part ***** the reason for the low priority of athletics and music is the economic structure of ***** society and the political ***** cultural values of the United States. Because the United States is a capitalist society, any endeavor that does not make large profits is valued less than pursuits ***** do reap financial rewards.

***** schools ***** cut athletic and music programs in large part because they ***** not reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus remains on the "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to th***** viewpoint, ***** ***** sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies that have no real place in the public school system. Only ***** ***** talented students are ********** to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

One ***** the *****s why American culture does *****t value music ***** ***** as much as ***** ancient ********** is that the school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, ***** American economy has been driven by material production ***** consumerism. ***** drive toward prosper*****y meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be ***** valid. ***** ***** a small num*****r of musicians and athletes reap ***** rewards from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose ***** *****s. *****s basically *****lieve that schools should teach children how to become productive citizens who are willing ***** participate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy ***** Pl*****to did not contend ***** in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which are plastered on ***** cover of almost every newsst***** magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the *****le human being, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force *****mselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the exercise will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society ***** made care of the body secondary.

On the other hand, care of the body was a primary concern for many ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks were aware of both the aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical ***** and were therefore keen to cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In ***** of evidence ***** a he*****lthy ***** *****s a healthy mind as well as healthy body, modern Americans continue


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