Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture *****d athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural pursuits including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings and sculptures display ***** ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and sports have been undervalued in the public school system ***** increasingly, in *****s of higher *****. Part of ***** reason for the low priority of athletics and music is the economic structure of American society and ***** political ***** ***** values of the United States. Because the United States is a capitalist society, any endeavor that does not make large pr*****its is valued less than pursuits ***** do reap f*****ancial rewards.

Modern schools have cut athletic and music programs in ***** part because they do ***** reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus rema*****s on the "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to th***** viewpoint, music and sports are c*****sidered to be luxuries and hobbies that have no real place in the public school system. Only the ***** talented students are *****lieved to have what it takes to become successful *****ians or athletes.

One of the *****s why American culture does not value music ***** ***** as much as the ancient Greeks is that ***** school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, ***** American economy has been driven by material production ***** consumerism. The drive toward prosperity meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. ***** only a small number of musicians and athletes reap financial *****s from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose of *****s. Americans basically believe that schools should teach children how to become productive citizens who are willing to participate in ***** enterprise, a philosophy ***** Plato did ***** contend ***** in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which ***** plastered on the cover of almost every newsst***** magaz*****e. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development of the *****le human being, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force *****mselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. ***** pursuit of money in modern American society has made care of the body secondary.

***** the other hand, care of the ***** was a primary concern for many ancient *****. The ancient Greeks were aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary bene*****s of physical exercise and were therefore keen to cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In ***** of evidence that a healthy ***** promotes a he*****lthy mind as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue


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