Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...


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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture *****d athletic and musical pursuits, in spite of the Greeks having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural pursuits including the visual arts, literature, philosophy, ***** music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of ***** Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings and sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, music and ***** have been undervalued in ***** public school system and increasingly, in *****s of higher *****. Part ***** the reason for the low priority of athletics and music is ***** economic structure of ***** society and the political ***** ***** values of the United States. Because the United States is a capitalist society, any endeavor that does not make large pr*****its is valued less than pursuits ***** do reap financial rewards.

Modern schools ***** cut athletic and ***** programs in ***** part because they ***** not reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus remains on ***** "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to this viewpoint, music and sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies that have no real place in the public school system. Only ***** most talented students are believed to have what it takes to become successful *****ians or athletes.

One ***** the *****s why American culture does ***** value music or athletics as much as the ancient Greeks is ***** ***** school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, ***** American eco*****my has been driven by material production ***** consumerism. ***** drive toward prosperity meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be ***** valid. ***** only a small num*****r of musicians and athletes reap ***** ********** from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose of *****s. Americans basically believe that schools should teach children how ***** become productive citizens who are willing to participate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy ***** Pl*****to did not contend with in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which are plastered on ***** cover of al***** every newsstand magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the *****le human being, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force *****mselves to go ***** the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society has made care of the body secondary.

***** the other hand, care of the body was a primary concern for many ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks ***** aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary bene*****s of physical exercise and were there*****e keen to cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In ***** of evidence ***** a healthy body *****s a he*****lthy mind as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue

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