Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture valued athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the Greeks having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural pursuits including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings ***** sculptures display ***** ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and sports have been under***** in the public school system ***** increasingly, in schools of higher *****. Part ***** ***** reason for the low priority of athletics and music is the economic structure of ***** society and ***** political ***** ***** values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capital*****t society, any endeavor that does not make large profits is valued less than pursuits that do reap financial rewards.

***** schools have cut athletic and ***** programs in ***** part because they do ***** reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus remains on ***** "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to this viewpoint, music and sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies that ***** no real place in the public school system. Only the most talented students are believed to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

***** ***** the reasons why American culture does ********** value music ***** ***** as much as the ancient *****s is ***** the school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, ***** American economy has been driven by material production and consumerism. The drive ********** prosperity meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. ***** ***** a small num*****r of *****ians and athletes reap ***** rewards from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose ***** *****s. *****s basically *****lieve that schools should teach children how to become productive citizens who are willing ***** *****icipate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy ***** Plato did not contend with in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which are plastered on ***** cover of al***** every newsst***** magaz*****e. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the whole human *****, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As ***** result, people force *****mselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society ***** made care of the body secondary.

***** the other hand, care of the body was a primary concern for many ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks were aware of both the aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical exercise and were there*****e keen ***** cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In spite ***** evidence that a he*****lthy body *****s a healthy mind as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue


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