Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture ********** athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural ***** including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings ***** sculptures display ***** ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and ***** have been undervalued in the public school system and increasingly, in *****s of higher *****. Part ***** the reason for the low priority of athletics and music is the economic structure of ***** society and ***** political and cultural values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capital*****t society, any endeavor that does not make large pr*****its is valued less than pursuits ***** do reap f*****ancial rewards.

***** schools have cut athletic and music programs in ***** part because they ***** ***** reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus rema*****s on ***** "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to this viewpoint, music and sports are c*****sidered to be luxuries and hobbies that ***** no real place in the public school system. Only ***** most talented students are *****lieved to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

One of the *****s why American culture does not value music or ***** as much as the ancient *****s is that ***** school system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, the American economy has been driven by material production and consumerism. The drive toward prosperity meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. Because only a small num*****r of *****ians and athletes reap financial *****s from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose ***** **********. *****s basically *****lieve that schools should teach children how to become productive citizens who are willing ***** participate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy ***** Plato did ***** contend ***** in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, Americans are obsessed with bodies, which are plastered on the cover of almost every newsstand magaz*****e. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the *****le human *****, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force *****mselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. ***** pursuit of money in modern American society ***** made care of the body secondary.

***** the other hand, care ***** the body was a primary concern for m***** ancient Greeks. The ***** Greeks ***** aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical exercise and were therefore keen to cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In spite of evidence ***** a he*****lthy ***** *****s a he*****lthy ***** as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue


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