Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture *****d athletic and musical pursuits, in spite of the Greeks having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural ***** including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings ***** sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and sports have been undervalued in ***** public school system and increasingly, in schools of higher *****. Part of the reason for the low priority ***** athletics ***** music is ***** economic structure of American society and the political and ***** values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capitalist society, any endeavor that does not make large pr*****its is valued less than pursuits ***** do reap financial rewards.

Modern schools have cut athletic and music programs in ***** part because they do ***** reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus rema*****s on ***** "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to this viewpoint, music and sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies that have no real place in the public school system. Only the ***** talented students are *****lieved to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

***** ***** the *****s why American culture does not value music or ***** as much as ***** ancient Greeks is that the ***** system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, ***** American economy has been driven by material production and consumerism. The drive ********** prosperity meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be ***** valid. Because only a small num*****r of *****ians and athletes reap financial *****s from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose ***** schools. Americans basically *****lieve that schools should teach children how to become productive citizens who are willing ***** participate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy ***** Pl*****to did ***** contend with in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, Americans are obsessed with bodies, which ***** plastered on ***** cover of almost every newsst***** magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development ***** the *****le human being, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As ***** result, people force *****mselves ***** go to the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. ***** pursuit of money in modern American society has made care of the body secondary.

On the other hand, care of the ***** was a primary concern for m***** ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks were aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical exercise and were therefore keen ***** cultivate the body along with the mind. In spite ***** evidence that a he*****lthy body promotes a he*****lthy ***** as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue


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