Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture ********** athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural ***** including ***** visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings ***** sculptures display ***** ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, music and ***** have been undervalued in the public school system ***** increasingly, in schools of higher education. Part of ***** reason for the low priority of athletics and music is the economic structure of American society and ***** political and ***** values of the United States. Because the ***** States is a capitalist society, any endeavor that does not make large pr*****its is valued less than pursuits that do reap f*****ancial rewards.

***** schools have cut athletic and music programs in large part because they ***** ***** reflect the philosophy of ***** held by most Americans. The current focus remains on ***** "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to th***** viewpoint, music and sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies ********** have no real place in the public school system. Only the most talented students are *****lieved to have what it takes to become successful *****ians or athletes.

One ***** the *****s why American culture does *****t value music ***** athletics as much as the ancient *****s is that the ***** system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, ***** American economy has been driven by material production ***** consumerism. ***** drive toward prosperity meant that only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. Because ***** a small num*****r of musicians and athletes reap financial *****s from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose of schools. Americans basically *****lieve that ***** should teach children how to become productive citizens who are willing ***** participate in ***** enterprise, a philosophy ***** Plato did not contend with in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which ***** plastered on the cover of almost every newsstand magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to ***** development of the *****le human *****, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As ***** result, people force themselves to go to the gym knowing that the ***** will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society ***** made care of the body secondary.

***** the other hand, care ***** the ***** was a primary concern for m***** ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks were aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary bene*****s of physical exercise and were there*****e keen to cultivate the body along ***** the mind. In ***** ***** evidence that a healthy ***** *****s a he*****lthy ***** as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue


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