Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

***** to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version of ***** ideal world, a world full of what Plato calls the 'the forms.' The forms are the ideal versions ***** everything that exists in this false *****. Instead of an ordinary horse, for example, in the world ***** the ***** there is a perfect version of ***** horse—and ***** is an ideal version ***** the world of ***** forms ***** what we think of as love, a kind of Platonic love that tr*****scends the physical world.

***** illustrate the limits of earthly cognition, trapped in ***** materiality ***** existence, Plato created ***** has come to be called the "***** of the Cave." In ***** real world, we are dwelling in a d*****rk cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we cannot escape, and worse still, ***** do not know that we are ***** because the ***** is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the cavern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we ***** ***** false shadows on the walls are '*****' ***** they are ***** fact ***** copies of copies.

Most of us live in total **********, mistak*****g the shadows for ***** whole of human existence. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even ***** often fixate on the puppets which are ***** truly 'real,' either. It takes a true, enlightened philosopher to underst*****nd the nature of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight to liberate people from the cave. People need to shake *****f their chains, turn away from the seductive false reality of the shadows and puppets ***** ***** from the darkness, into a world ***** is lit by sun r*****ther than false fire. This heavenly world of pure forms away ***** material existence is the Platonic world.

A good example of how even people less philosophically ***** ***** Plato experience ***** levels ***** ***** of the Myth of the Cave is found in ***** example of love. When we first feel what ***** call ***** for other human be*****gs, it is *****ually a form of self-love. We love our m***** ***** she loves us, we love ***** parents because they buy us Chr*****tmas gifts and take us to s*****tball practice, ***** ***** love the prettiest girl in the class because looking at her makes us feel *****. *****n we feel love that acknowledges the ot***** person, ***** is still often very shallow—we might give our first cr*****h a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't understand the *****her person's **********. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with their friends, we ignore them or get upset when they seem to be ignoring us. This shallow ***** deepens into the abi*****y to experience and appreciate a more mature ***** self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term relationship, or when we have

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