Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version ***** an ideal world, a ***** full of what Plato calls the ***** forms.' The forms are ***** ideal versions ***** everything that exists in this false world. Instead of ***** ordinary horse, for example, in the ***** ***** the ***** ********** is a perfect version of ***** horse—and there is an ideal version in the world of ***** ********** ***** what we think of as love, a kind of *****nic love that transcends the physical world.

To illustrate the limits of earthly cognition, trapped in the materiality ***** existence, Plato created ***** h***** come to be called the "***** of the Cave." In the real world, we are d*****ll*****g in a d*****rk cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we cannot escape, ***** worse still, we do not know that we are chained because the ***** is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the cavern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we think the false shadows on the walls are 'real' but they are in fact only copies of copies.

Most of us live ***** total *****ness, mistaking the shadows for the whole of human existence. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even they often fixate on the puppets which are ***** truly 'real,' ei*****r. It takes a true, enlightened philosopher to underst***** the nature of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight to liberate people from the cave. People need to shake *****f their chains, turn away from the seductive false reality of the shadows and puppets and escape ***** ***** darkness, into a world ***** is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure *****ms away from material existence is the Platonic world.

A good example ***** how even people less philosophically enlightened than Plato experience the levels of ***** of the Myth of the Cave is found in ***** example of love. When we first feel what ***** call love for other human beings, it ***** usually a form of self-*****. We love our mother bec*****use she loves us, we love ***** parents because ***** buy us Christmas gifts and take us to softball practice, and we love the prettiest girl in the class because looking at her makes us ***** good. Then we feel love that acknowledges the ot***** person, ***** is still often very shallow—we might give our first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't underst***** the other person's needs. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with ***** friends, we ignore them or get upset when they ********** to be ignoring us. This shallow ***** deepens into the ability to experience and appreciate a more m*****ture and self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term relationship, or ***** ***** have

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