Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version ***** an ideal world, a world full of ***** Plato calls the ***** forms.' The forms are the ideal ********** ***** everything that exists in this false world. Instead of an ordinary horse, for example, in ***** ***** of the ***** there is a perfect version of ***** horse—and there is an ideal version in the world of the forms ***** what we think of as love, a kind of Pl*****tonic love that transcends the physical world.

To illustrate the limits ***** earthly cognition, trapped in ***** materiality of existence, Plato created ***** has come to be called the "Myth of the Cave." In the real world, we are dwelling in a d*****rk cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we cannot escape, ***** worse still, ***** do not know that we are chained because the ***** is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the c*****vern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we ***** the false shadows on the walls ***** '*****' ***** they are ***** fact ********** copies of copies.

***** ***** us live in total darkness, mistaking the shadows for ***** whole of human existence. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even ***** often fixate on ***** puppets which are not truly 'real,' either. It takes a true, enlightened philosopher to underst*****nd the nature of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight ***** liberate people from ***** cave. People need to shake off their chains, turn away from the seductive false reality of the shadows and puppets ***** escape ***** ***** darkness, into a world ***** is lit by sun r*****ther than false fire. This heavenly world of pure ***** away from material ***** is the Platonic world.

A good example of how even people less philosophically enlightened ***** Plato experience the levels ***** cognition of the Myth of the Cave is found in ***** example of love. When we first feel what ***** call ***** for other human be*****gs, it ***** *****ually a form of self-love. We love our m***** ***** she loves us, we love ***** p*****rents because they buy us Christmas gifts and take us to softball practice, and ***** love the prettiest girl in the class beca*****e looking at her makes us feel good. *****n we feel ***** that acknowledges the other person, ***** is still often very shallow—we might give our first cr*****h a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't understand the other person's **********. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with their friends, we ign*****e them or get upset when they seem to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the ability to experience and appreciate a more mature and self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term rel*****tionship, or ***** ***** *****

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