Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version ***** an ideal world, a ***** full of wh***** Plato calls the '***** forms.' The forms are the ideal *****s of everything that exists in this false world. Instead of ***** ordinary horse, for example, in the world of the ***** ********** is a perfect version of ***** horse—and there is an ideal version ***** the world of the forms of what we think of as love, a kind of *****nic love th*****t transcends the physical world.

To illustrate the limits of earthly cognition, trapped in the materiality ***** existence, Plato created what has come to be called the "Myth of the Cave." In ***** real world, we are d*****lling in a dark cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we can***** escape, ***** worse still, we do not know that ***** are ***** because the cave is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the *****rn. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we ***** the false shadows on the walls ***** 'real' ***** they are in fact ***** copies of copies.

Most of us live ***** total darkness, mistaking the shadows for ***** whole of human existence. Some people see bey*****d the shadows, but even *****y often fixate on the puppets which are not truly 'real,' ei*****r. It takes a true, enlightened ***** to underst***** the n*****ture of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight ***** liberate people ***** the cave. People need to shake *****f their chains, turn away from the seductive ***** reality of the shadows and puppets ***** ***** ***** the *****, into a world that is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure ***** away from material existence is the Platonic world.

A good example ***** how even people less philosophically ***** than Plato experience the levels of ***** of the ***** ***** the Cave is found in ***** example of love. When we first feel what we call ***** for other human beings, it ***** *****ually a form of self-love. We love our mother ***** she loves us, ***** love our parents because they buy us Christmas gifts and take us to s*****tball practice, ***** we love the prettiest girl in the class ***** looking at her makes us ***** *****. *****n we feel love ***** acknowledges the other person, but is still often very shallow—***** might give ***** first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, ***** don't understand the ***** person's **********. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with ***** friends, we ign*****e them or get upset ***** they seem to be ignoring us. This shallow ***** deepens into the ability to experience and appreciate a more mature and self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term rel*****tionship, or when we *****

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