Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version ***** ***** ideal world, a ***** full of what Plato calls the ***** forms.' The forms are the ideal ********** of everything that exists in this false world. Instead of an ordinary horse, for example, in the ***** of the forms ********** is a perfect version of a horse—and there is an ideal version in the world of ***** forms ***** what we think of as love, a kind of Pl*****tonic love that transcends the physical world.

***** illustrate the limits ***** earthly cognition, trapped in ***** materiality of existence, Plato created what h***** come to be called the "***** of the Cave." In the real world, we are dwelling in a dark cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we can***** escape, ***** worse still, we do not know that ***** are chained because the cave is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the c*****vern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we think the false shadows on the walls are 'real' but they are in fact ***** copies of copies.

Most ***** us live ***** total *****ness, mistaking the shadows for the whole of human existence. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even they often fixate on the puppets which are ***** truly 'real,' either. It takes a true, enlightened philosopher to underst*****nd the nature of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight ***** liberate people ***** ***** cave. People need to shake *****f their chains, turn away from the seductive false reality of the shadows and puppets ***** escape from ***** darkness, into a world ***** is lit by sun r*****ther than false fire. This heavenly world of pure *****ms away from material ***** is the Platonic world.

A good example ***** how even people less philosophically ***** than Plato experience the levels of ***** ***** the Myth of the Cave is found in ***** example of *****. When we first feel what ***** call love for other human be*****gs, it ***** usually a form of self-*****. We love our m***** ***** she loves us, we love ***** parents because ***** buy us Christmas gifts and take us to softball practice, ***** ***** love the prettiest girl in the class ***** looking at her makes us feel *****. Then we feel love that acknowledges the other person, ***** is still often very shallow—***** might give our first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't understand the other person's needs. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with ***** friends, we ignore them or get upset when they *****m to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the ability to experience and appreciate a more mature and self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term relationship, or when we *****

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