Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

***** to the Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as '***** real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version of ***** ideal world, a ***** full of wh***** Plato calls the '***** forms.' The forms are the ideal versions ***** everything that exists in this false world. Instead of an ordinary horse, for example, in the world of the *****ms there is a perfect version of ***** horse—and ***** is an ideal ***** ***** the ***** of ***** forms of what we think of as love, a kind of *****nic love that transcends the physical world.

To illustrate the limits ***** earthly cognition, trapped in ***** materiality of existence, Plato created what h***** come to be called t*****e "Myth of the Cave." In the real world, we are d*****lling in a d*****rk cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we can***** escape, and worse still, we do not know that ***** are chained because the ***** is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the cavern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we think ***** false shadows on the walls ***** '*****' but they are in fact ********** copies of copies.

Most of us live in total darkness, mistaking the shadows for ***** whole of human *****. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even ***** often fixate on ***** puppets which are ***** truly 'real,' either. It takes a true, enlightened philosopher to underst***** the n*****ture of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight ***** liberate people from ***** cave. People need to shake off their chains, turn away from the seductive ***** reality of the shadows and puppets and ***** from the darkness, into a world that is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure ********** away ***** material existence is the Platonic world.

A good example of how even people less philosophically enlightened than Plato experience the levels ***** cognition of the ***** ***** the Cave is found in the example of *****. When we first feel what ***** call love for other human beings, it is usually a form of self-*****. We love our m***** because she loves us, we love our parents ***** they buy us Christmas gifts and take us to s*****tball practice, ***** ***** love the prettiest girl in the class because looking at her makes us ***** good. *****n we feel ***** ***** acknowledges the other person, ***** is still often very shallow—we might give ***** first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't understand the ***** person's **********. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with ***** friends, we ignore them or get upset ***** they seem to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the abi*****y to experience and appreciate a more mature and self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term relationship, or when we *****

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