Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version ***** ***** ideal world, a world full of wh***** Plato calls the '***** forms.' The forms are the ideal *****s ***** everything that exists in this false *****. Instead of an ordinary horse, for example, in ***** world ***** the ***** there is a perfect version of ***** horse—and ***** is an ideal version in the world of the ********** of what we think of as love, a kind of *****nic love th*****t transcends the physical world.

***** illustrate the limits ***** earthly cognition, trapped in ***** materiality of existence, Plato created what h***** come to be called t*****e "Myth of the Cave." In the real world, we are d*****lling in a dark cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us to a rock so we can***** escape, and worse still, ***** do not know that we are ***** because the cave is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the cavern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we ***** ***** false shadows on the walls ***** '*****' but they are in fact ***** copies of copies.

***** of us live ***** *****tal **********, mistaking the shadows for ***** whole of human *****. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even ***** often fixate on ***** puppets which are ***** truly 'real,' either. It takes a true, enlightened ***** to underst*****nd the nature of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight to liberate people ***** the cave. People need to shake off their chains, turn away from the seductive false reality of the shadows and puppets and ***** from the darkness, into a world ***** is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure forms away ***** material ***** is the Platonic world.

A good example of how even people less philosophically enlightened ***** Plato experience ***** levels ***** ***** of the ***** ***** the Cave is found in the example of *****. When we first feel what we call love for other human beings, it ***** *****ually a form of self-*****. We love our m***** ***** she loves us, ***** love our p*****rents because they buy us Christmas gifts and take us to s*****tball practice, and we love the prettiest girl in the class ***** look*****g at her makes us feel *****. Then we feel ***** that acknowledges the ot***** person, ***** is still often very shallow—we might give our first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't underst***** the other person's needs. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with ***** friends, we ignore them or get upset when they seem to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the abi*****y to experience and appreciate a more mature and self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term rel*****tionship, or when ***** *****

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