Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version of an ideal world, a world full of ***** Plato calls the '***** forms.' The forms are the ideal *****s ***** everything that exists in this false world. Instead of ***** ordinary horse, for example, in the ***** ***** the ***** ********** is a perfect version of a horse—*****nd there is an ideal version in the world of ***** ********** ***** what we think of as love, a kind of *****nic love that tr*****scends the physical world.

To illustrate the limits of earthly cognition, trapped in ***** materiality ***** existence, Plato created ***** h***** come to be called the "***** of the Cave." In the real world, we are d*****ll*****g in a dark cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we cannot escape, ***** worse still, ***** do not know that we are chained because the cave is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the c*****vern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we ***** the false shadows on the walls ***** 'real' but they are ***** fact ***** copies of copies.

Most ***** us live in total **********, mistaking the shadows for the whole of human existence. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even they often fixate on the puppets which are not truly 'real,' ei*****r. It takes a true, enlightened ***** to understand the nature of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight to liberate people ***** ***** cave. People need to shake off their chains, turn away from the seductive ***** reality of the shadows and puppets ***** ***** from ***** darkness, into a world ***** is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure forms away ***** material ***** is the Platonic world.

A good example ***** how even people less philosophically enlightened than Plato experience the levels of cognition of ***** Myth of the Cave is found in ***** example of *****. When we first feel what ***** call love for other human be*****gs, it ***** usually a form of self-*****. We love our mother bec*****use she loves us, we love ***** parents because ***** buy us Christmas gifts and take us to s*****tball practice, and we love the prettiest girl in the class ***** look*****g at her makes ***** feel *****. Then we feel ***** that acknowledges the ot***** person, but is still often very shallow—***** might give our first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, ***** don't understand the ********** person's *****s. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with ***** friends, we ign*****e them or get upset when they *****m to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the ability to experience and appreciate a more mature ***** self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term rel*****tionship, or ***** we have

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