Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to the Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as '***** real world***** is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version ***** an ideal world, a ***** full of what Plato calls the '***** forms.' The forms are the ideal versions of everything that exists in this false world. Instead of ***** ordinary horse, for example, in ***** world ***** the ***** ********** is a perfect version of a horse—and there is an ideal ***** ***** the ***** of the forms ***** what we think of as love, a kind of Platonic love that tr*****scends the physical world.

To illustrate the limits of earthly cognition, trapped in ***** materiality ***** existence, Plato created ***** has come to be called the "Myth of the Cave." In the real world, we are dwell*****g in a d*****rk cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us to a rock so we can***** escape, ***** worse still, we do not know that we are ***** because the cave is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the c*****vern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we th*****k the false shadows on the walls ***** '*****' but they are in fact only copies of copies.

***** ***** us live ***** *****tal *****ness, mistaking the shadows for the whole of human existence. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even ***** often fixate on the puppets which are not truly 'real,' ei*****r. It takes a true, enlightened philosopher to underst***** the nature of human existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight ***** liberate people ***** the cave. People need to shake *****f their chains, turn away from the seductive false reality of the shadows and puppets and ***** from ***** darkness, into a world that is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure forms away from material existence is the Platonic world.

A good example ***** how even people less philosophically ***** ***** Plato experience the levels of ***** ***** ***** ***** of the Cave is found in ***** example of *****. When we first feel what we call love for other human beings, it ***** usually a form of self-*****. We love our mother ***** she loves us, ***** love our p*****rents because they buy us Christmas gifts ***** take us to softball practice, and we love the prettiest girl in the class because looking at her makes us ***** good. Then we feel love that acknowledges the other person, but is still often very shallow—we might give ***** first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, ***** don't underst***** the other person's **********. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with their friends, we ignore them or get upset ***** they ********** to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the ability to experience and appreciate a more m*****ture and self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term relationship, or when ***** *****

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