Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version ***** an ideal world, a world full of what Plato calls the ***** forms.' The forms are the ideal versions of everything that exists in this false world. Instead of an ordinary horse, for example, in the ***** ***** the ***** there is a perfect version of ***** horse—and there is an ideal version in the world of ***** forms ***** what we think of as love, a kind of Platonic love that tr*****scends the physical world.

***** illustrate the limits ***** earthly cognition, trapped in the materiality of existence, Plato created what h***** come to be called the "Myth of the Cave." In the real world, we are dwelling in a dark cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us to a rock so we can***** escape, ***** worse still, we do not know that we are ***** because the ***** is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the c*****vern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we ***** the false shadows on the walls ***** '*****' but they are ***** fact *****ly copies of copies.

***** of us live in total **********, mistaking the shadows for the whole of human existence. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even ***** often fixate on the puppets which are ***** truly 'real,' ei*****r. It takes a true, enlightened philosopher to underst***** the n*****ture of human existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight ***** liberate people ***** ***** cave. People need to shake *****f their chains, turn away from the seductive ***** reality of the shadows and puppets ***** ***** ***** the darkness, into a world th*****t is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure *****ms away from material existence is the Platonic world.

A good example ***** how even people less philosophically ***** than Plato experience ***** levels of ***** of the Myth of the Cave is found in the example of *****. When we first feel what ***** call love for other human beings, it ***** *****ually a form of self-*****. We love our m***** ***** she loves us, we love our p*****rents because they buy us Christmas gifts and take us to softball practice, ***** ***** love the prettiest girl in the class ***** looking at her makes ***** ***** *****. Then we feel love that acknowledges the ot***** person, ***** is still often very shallow—***** might give ***** first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't understand the other person's *****s. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with their friends, we ign*****e them or get upset ***** they *****m to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the abi*****y to experience and appreciate a more mature ***** self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term relationship, or when ***** *****

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