Essay - Plumpy Nut the Plumpy Nut: the Next Generation Solution to...

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Plumpy Nut

The Plumpy Nut: The Next Generation Solution to World Hunger

Introduction/Background to Problem

***** and malnourishment is a const*****nt problem plaguing underdeveloped countries and war torn countries throughout the world. Malnutrition is a common ***** resulting when inadequate dietary intake ***** chronic and disease is rampant (Odland, 1998). While not as prevalent in developed countries, poverty-stricken or war ***** countries generally accept some level of malnutrition as a fact of life. Malnutrition results in various harmful side effects including increased infant and maternal mortality rates. There are multiple categories ***** ***** to consider. Protein malnutrition and deficiencies in various micronutrients also qualify as malnutrition (Odland, 1998). Micronutrient deficiencies are especially problematic for women who are pregnant and young children throughout the ***** (Odland, 1998). Most of the vitamins and minerals that people need are gathered from adequate intake from the diet; yet the World Health Organization estimates "that 51 percent of the children in develop*****g countries ***** anemic," suggesting ***** micronutrient ***** are quite ***** (Odland, 1998:96).

***** ***** Nutritional Health of Children

***** are many factors that interplay to affect the "nutritional health ***** children" including a mother's "social or economic status, access ***** food, availability of safe water and good sanitation" (Odland, 1998: 96). Good nutrition is often considered "a b*****sic human right" hence the World Health ***** and several other agencies have consistently worked to uncover new methods of providing children and women in particular with "adequate, nutritious food and safe drinking water" practices which ultimately will help combat child and maternal mortality, ***** and ***** (*****, 1998: *****). A new product is making headlines in the fight against mal***** ***** world hunger. Th***** product, referred to as ***** "***** nut" may help resolve many of the current obstacles ***** organizations are facing ***** providing adequate nourishment and support for ***** in ***** torn, disease ridden or poverty stricken *****.

***** Plumpy Nut: A Solution to Hunger ***** ***** called ***** Plumpy ***** may provide hope for undernourished children, *****ly those in under***** countries. As Wines (2005) notes in his article, "Fortified Food Paste Combats Starvation" Doctors are now using a nutrition*****l supplement derived from peanut butter to save lives in underdeveloped countries. The Plumpy nut provide "is sav*****g lives" in ***** *****cluding Niger experiencing recent ***** crisis (Wines, *****). The product, ***** comes in a silvery foil package the size of two grasp*****g baby hands" contains a *****pping 500 calories (Wines, 2005). ***** *****tified peanut butter is "stuffed with milk, vitamins and *****" (Wines, *****). Parents are instructed to ***** infants with ***** packets of the product each day and allow their ***** to grow. Thus far malnourished children are realizing significant results, gaining as much as two pounds in a single week on the product (Wines, 2005).

Traditionally malnutrition treatment involved hospitalizing children and nourishing them ***** IV infusions of fortified *****, then sending ***** home for further recovery. Use of milk however is expensive at best and milk tends to spoil. Another


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