Essay - Plumpy Nut the Plumpy Nut: the Next Generation Solution to...

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Plumpy Nut

The Plumpy *****: The Next Generation Solution to World Hunger

Introduction/Background to Problem

Hunger and malnourishment is a constant problem plaguing underdeveloped countries and war *****rn countries throughout the world. Malnutrition is a common ***** resulting when inadequate dietary intake ***** chronic ***** disease is rampant (Odland, 1998). While not as prevalent in developed countries, poverty-stricken or war torn countries generally accept some level of malnutrition as a fact of life. Malnutrition results in various harmful side effects including increased infant and maternal mortality rates. There are multiple categories of ***** to consider. Protein malnutrition and deficiencies in various micronutrients also qualify as malnutrition (Odland, 1998). Micronutrient deficiencies are especially problematic for women who are pregnant and young children throughout the ***** (Odland, 1998). Most of the vitam*****s and minerals that people need are gathered from adequate intake from the diet; yet ***** World Health Organization estimates "that 51 percent ***** the children in developing ***** are anemic," suggesting ***** micronutrient deficiencies are quite ***** (Odland, *****:96).

***** ***** Nutritional Health of Children

***** are many fac*****rs that interplay to affect the "nutritional health ***** children" including a mother's "social or economic status, access to food, availability of safe water and good sanitation" (Odland, 1998: 96). Good nutrition is often considered "a basic human right" hence the World Health Organization and several other agencies have consistently worked to uncover new methods of providing ***** and women in particular with "adequate, nutritious food and safe drinking water" practices which ultimately will help combat child and maternal *****, ***** and mal***** (*****, 1998: *****). A new product is making headlines in the fight against malnutrition and world hunger. This product, referred to as ***** "***** nut" may help resolve ***** ***** the current obstacles ***** organizations are facing to providing adequate nourishment ***** support for children in ***** torn, disease ridden or poverty stricken countries.

***** Plumpy Nut: A Solution to Hunger new ***** called ***** Plumpy Nut may provide hope for undernourished *****, particularly those in underdeveloped countries. As Wines (2005) notes in his article, "Fortified Food Paste Combats Starvation" Doctors are now us*****g a nutrition*****l supplement derived from peanut butter to save lives in underdeveloped countries. The Plumpy nut ***** "is saving lives" in ***** including Niger experiencing recent hunger crisis (Wines, 2005). The product, which comes in a silvery foil package the size of two grasp*****g baby hands" contains a *****pping 500 calories (Wines, 2005). ***** fortified peanut ***** is "stuffed with milk, vitamins and minerals" (Wines, *****). Parents are instructed to provide infants with two packets of the product each day ***** allow *****ir baby to grow. Thus far malnourished children are realizing significant results, gaining as much as two pounds in a s*****gle week on the product (*****, 2005).

Traditionally malnutrition treatment involved hospitalizing children and nourishing them ***** IV infusions of ***** milk, then sending ***** home for further recovery. Use of milk however is expensive at best and milk tends ***** spoil. Another


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