Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


1 2
Copyright Notice

POETRY

AFRICAN-AMERICAN POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this work is the review the work ***** four authors, specifically those of:

*****) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen - "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown - "Bitter Fruit of the Tree" and to then discuss how each ***** these authors expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

INTRODUCTION

***** feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry and this is p*****icularly true of the works ***** *****, McKay, Cullen and Brown in their expressions of racism in the poems studies ***** ***** research work.

MCKAY: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

***** 1919 Claude McCay responded ***** mass riots in which whites assaulted black neighborhoods ***** approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If We Must Die" states:

If we must die, let it not be like hogs

Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad *****d hungry dogs,

Making their mock at our accursed lot.

If we must die, O let us nobly *****..."

***** is clear that McCay is urging the ***** community to fight back... or indeed to die for something other than for merely being a member of the black minority race in America as he states:

Like men we'll face t***** murderous, cowardly pack,

Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting *****!"

HUGHS: DEMOCRACY

***** the poem entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston Hughs states:

Democracy will not come

Today, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston *****)

As the poem continues Hughs relates that ***** individual has the same 'right' as one a*****her in terms of independence and the rights to own their own land. Hughs ***** that he grows weary of ***** who abdicate ***** own rights and enc*****age others to do so by '*****ting things "take their ***** course" or go as they may stating:

do not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A cannot live on tomorrow's bread." (Langston Hughs)

The poem of ***** ends ***** expressing that freedom comes to be needed by those who ***** deprived the most of freedom.

CULLEN: UNCLE JIM

In the work of Cullen entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of underst*****ing this ***** is in ***** first line which states:

White folks ***** white," says ***** Jim" (Countree *****)

In just the first line of ***** poem it is expressed how all the blacks were not ready at the time of this poem for feeling or accepting ***** they were, just as the ***** people, *****ns.

*****: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling *****s first ********** have ********** c*****ed "...lighthearted narratives...' to be followed by "B*****ter Fruit of the *****" which has been termed ***** be a "...spiteful vendetta..." in which he speaks of the suffering of his family, specifically ***** grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

. . . . [END OF ESSAY PREVIEW]

Download complete paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, customized paper

Other topics that might interest you:

© 2001–2017   |   Thesis Paper about Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in   |   Term Paper Sample