Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


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POETRY

AFRICAN-AMERICAN POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

***** objective of this work is the review the work of four authors, specifically those *****:

*****) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen ***** "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown - "Bitter Fruit of ***** Tree" and to then discuss how each of these ***** expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

*****TRODUCTION

Many feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry and this is particularly true of the ********** ***** *****, McKay, Cullen and ***** in ***** expressions of ***** in the poems studies ***** ***** research work.

*****: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

***** 1919 ***** McCay responded ***** mass riots in which whites assaulted black neighborhoods in approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If ***** Must Die" states:

If we must die, let it not be like hogs

***** and penned in an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,

Making their mock at our accursed lot.

If we ***** die, O ***** us nobly *****..."

***** is clear that McCay is urging the black community to fight back... or indeed ***** die for something other than for merely being a member of the black minority race in ***** as he states:

***** men we'll face t***** murderous, cowardly pack,

***** to the wall, dying, but fighting back!"

*****: DEMOCRACY

***** the ***** entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston Hughs states:

Democracy will not come

*****, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston Hughs)

As the poem continues Hughs relates that ***** individual has ***** same 'right' as one another in terms of independence and the rights to own their own land. Hughs relates that he grows weary of those who abdicate their own rights and enc*****age others ***** do so by 'letting things "take their own course" or go as they may stating:

do not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A cannot live on tomorrow's bread." (Langston Hughs)

The poem of ***** ends ***** expressing that freedom comes to be needed by those who ***** deprived the most of freedom.

*****: UNCLE JIM

In the work of ***** entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of understanding this poem is in the first line which states:

White folks is white," says ***** Jim" (Countree Cullen)

In just the first ***** of this poem it is expressed how all the *****s were not ready at the time of this poem for feeling or accepting ***** ***** were, just as the ***** people, Americans.

*****: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling Browns first works have ********** called "...lighthearted narr*****ives...' to be followed by "***** Fruit of the Tree" which h***** been termed to be a "...***** vendetta..." in w*****ich he speaks of t***** suffer*****g ***** his family, specifically his grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

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