Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


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POETRY

AFRICAN-AMERICAN POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this work is the review the work ***** four authors, specifically those of:

*****) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen - "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown ***** "Bitter Fruit of ***** Tree" and to then discuss how each of these ***** expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

*****TRODUCTION

***** feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry and this is particularly true of the *****s ***** Hughs, McKay, Cullen and ***** in ***** expressions of racism in the poems studies in ***** research work.

*****: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

In 1919 ***** McCay responded to mass riots ***** which whites assaulted black neighborhoods in approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If We Must Die" states:

If we must die, let it not be like hogs

Hunted and penned ***** an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,

Making their mock at our accursed lot.

If we ***** die, O let us nobly *****..."

***** is clear that McCay is urging the ***** community to fight back... or indeed to die for something other than for merely being a member ***** the bl*****ck minority race in America as he states:

***** men ********** face t***** murderous, cowardly pack,

Pressed *****o the wall, dying, but fighting back!"

*****: DEMOCRACY

In the poem entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston Hughs states:

***** will not come

*****, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston *****)

As the poem continues Hughs relates that ***** individual has ***** same 'right' as one a*****her in terms of independence and the rights to own *****ir own land. Hughs relates that he grows weary of ***** who abdicate their own rights and encourage others to do so by '*****ting things "take their own course" or go ***** they may stating:

do not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A can***** live on tomorrow's bread." (Langston Hughs)

The poem of ***** ends by expressing that freedom comes to be needed by those who ***** deprived the most of freedom.

CULLEN: UNCLE JIM

***** the work of Cullen entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of understanding this poem is in the first line which states:

White folks is white," says ***** Jim" (Countree Cullen)

***** just ***** first line of ***** poem it is expressed how all the blacks were not ready at the time of this poem for feeling or accepting ***** ***** were, just as the white people, *****ns.

*****: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling Browns first works have *****en c*****ed "...lighthearted narr*****ives...' to be followed by "***** Fruit of the *****" which has been termed ***** be a "...***** vendetta..." in which he speaks ***** the suffering of his family, specifically ***** grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

. . . . [END OF DISSERTATION PREVIEW]

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