Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


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POETRY

AFRICAN-AMERICAN POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

***** objective of this work is the review ***** ***** ***** four authors, specifically those of:

*****) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen ***** "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown - "Bitter Fruit of the Tree" and to then discuss how each ***** these ***** expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

*****TRODUCTION

Many feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry and this is particularly true of the *****s of *****, McKay, Cullen and ***** in ***** expressions of ***** in the poems studies in ***** research work.

MCKAY: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

In 1919 Claude McCay responded ***** mass riots in which whites assaulted black neighborhoods in approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If We Must Die" states:

***** we must die, let it not be like hogs

Hunted and penned ***** an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,

Making their mock at our accursed lot.

If we must die, O ***** us nobly *****..."

It is clear that McCay is urging the black community to fight back... or indeed ***** die for something other than for merely being a member ***** the bl*****ck minority race in ***** as he states:

***** men ********** face the murderous, cowardly pack,

***** to the wall, dying, but fighting *****!"

*****: DEMOCRACY

***** ***** poem entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston Hughs states:

***** will ***** come

Today, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston *****)

As the poem continues Hughs relates that each individual has the same 'right' as one another in terms of independence and the rights to own *****ir own land. Hughs ***** that he grows weary of ***** who abdicate t*****ir own rights and enc*****age others ***** do so by 'letting things "take their own course" or go ***** they may stating:

***** not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A can***** live on tomorrow's bread." (Langston Hughs)

The poem of ***** ends ***** expressing that freedom comes to be needed by those who are deprived the most of freedom.

CULLEN: UNCLE JIM

In the work of Cullen entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of understanding this poem is in the first line which states:

White folks is white," says ***** Jim" (Countree Cullen)

***** just the first line of this poem it is expressed how all ***** blacks were not ready at the time of this poem for feeling or accepting ***** ***** were, just as the ***** people, Americans.

*****: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling Browns first *****s have *****en called "...lighthearted narr*****ives...' to be followed by "Bitter Fruit ***** the *****" which ***** been termed ***** be a "...***** vendetta..." in which he speaks of t***** suffering of his family, specifically ***** grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

. . . . [END OF RESEARCH PAPER PREVIEW]

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