Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


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POETRY

AFRICAN-AMERICAN POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this work is the review the work ***** four authors, specifically those of:

*****) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen ***** "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown - "Bitter Fruit of ***** Tree" and to then discuss how each of these ***** expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

INTRODUCTION

***** feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry and this is p*****icularly true of the ********** of *****, McKay, Cullen and Brown in ***** expressions of ***** in the poems studies in this research work.

MCKAY: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

***** 1919 Claude McCay responded ***** mass riots in which whites assaulted black neighborhoods ***** approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If ***** Must Die" states:

***** we must die, let it not be like hogs

Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad *****d hungry dogs,

Making their mock at our accursed lot.

If we ***** die, O ***** us nobly *****..."

***** is clear that McCay is urging the ***** community to fight back... or indeed ***** die for something other than for merely being a member ***** the black minority race in ***** as he states:

Like men we'll face t***** murderous, cowardly pack,

Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!"

*****: DEMOCRACY

In the poem entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston Hughs states:

***** will ***** come

Today, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston *****)

As the poem continues Hughs relates that ***** individual has the same 'right' as one another in terms of independence and the rights to own their own land. Hughs relates that he grows weary of ***** who abdicate t*****ir own rights and enc*****age others ***** do so by 'letting things "take their own course" or go ***** they may stating:

do not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A cannot live on tomorrow's bread." (Langston Hughs)

The poem of Hughs ends by expressing that freedom comes to be needed ***** those who ***** deprived the most of freedom.

*****: UNCLE JIM

***** the work of Cullen entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of underst*****ing this ***** is in ***** first line which states:

White folks ***** white," says ***** Jim" (Countree Cullen)

In just the first ***** ***** this poem it is expressed how all the blacks were not ready at the time of ***** poem for feeling or accepting th***** ***** were, just as the white people, Americans.

BROWN: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling ********** first w*****ks have been called "...***** narratives...' to be followed by "Bitter Fruit ***** the *****" which ***** ***** termed to be a "...spiteful vendetta..." in which he speaks of t***** suffer*****g of his family, specifically his grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

. . . . [END OF DISSERTATION PREVIEW]

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