Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


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POETRY

***** POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this work is the review the work ***** four authors, specifically those of:

*****) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen ***** "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown - "Bitter Fruit of ***** Tree" and to then discuss how each of these ***** expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

*****TRODUCTION

Many feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry ***** this is particularly true of the works ***** *****, McKay, Cullen and ***** in ***** expressions of racism in the poems studies ***** ***** research work.

*****: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

In 1919 ***** McCay responded to mass riots in which whites assaulted black neighborhoods ***** approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If ***** Must Die" states:

***** we must die, let it not be like hogs

***** and penned in an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,

***** their mock at our accursed lot.

If we must die, O let us nobly *****..."

***** is clear that McCay is urging the ***** community to fight back... or indeed ***** die for something other than for merely being a member of the bl*****ck minority race in ***** as he states:

Like men ********** face the murderous, cowardly pack,

Pressed to ***** wall, dying, but fighting *****!"

*****: DEMOCRACY

***** the ***** entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston Hughs states:

***** will ***** come

Today, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston Hughs)

As the poem continues Hughs relates that ***** individual has the same 'right' as one another in terms ***** independence and the rights to own their own land. Hughs relates that he grows weary of those who abdicate their own rights and enc*****age others ***** do so by '*****ting things "take their ***** course" or go ***** they may stating:

do not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A cannot live on tomorrow's bread." (Langston Hughs)

The poem of Hughs ends ***** expressing that freedom comes to be needed by ***** who ***** deprived the most of freedom.

CULLEN: UNCLE JIM

***** the work of Cullen entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of underst*****ing this ***** is in the first line which states:

White folks is white," says Uncle Jim" (Countree *****)

In just the first line of ***** poem it is expressed how all ***** blacks were not ready at the time of this poem for feeling or accepting ***** they were, just as the white people, Americans.

BROWN: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling Browns first w*****ks have *****en called "...***** narratives...' to be followed by "***** Fruit of the Tree" which has been termed ***** be a "...spiteful vendetta..." in which he speaks of the suffer*****g ***** his family, specifically ***** grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

. . . . [END OF ESSAY PREVIEW]

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