Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


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POETRY

***** POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this work is the review the ***** of four authors, specifically those of:

*****) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen - "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown ***** "Bitter Fruit of the Tree" and to then discuss how each of these ***** expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

INTRODUCTION

***** feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry ***** this is particularly true of the works of Hughs, McKay, Cullen and Brown in their expressions of racism in the poems studies ***** ***** research work.

*****: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

In 1919 Claude McCay responded ***** mass riots in which whites assaulted black neighborhoods ***** approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If ***** Must Die" states:

If we must die, let it not be like hogs

Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad *****d hungry dogs,

Making ***** mock at our accursed lot.

If we must die, O ***** us nobly *****..."

It is clear that McCay is urging the ***** community to fight back... or indeed ***** die for something other than for merely being a member ***** the bl*****ck minority race in ***** as he states:

Like men *****'ll face t***** murderous, cowardly pack,

***** to the wall, dying, but fighting *****!"

*****: DEMOCRACY

***** ***** ***** entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston ***** states:

***** will not come

*****, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston Hughs)

As the poem continues Hughs relates that ***** individual has the same 'right' as one another in terms of independence and the rights to own *****ir own land. Hughs ***** that he grows weary of ***** who abdicate their own rights and enc*****age others to do so by 'letting things "take their own course" or go as they may stating:

do not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A can***** live on tomorrow's bread." (Langst***** Hughs)

The poem of Hughs ends by expressing that freedom comes to be needed ***** those who ***** deprived the most of freedom.

*****: UNCLE JIM

In the work of ***** entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of underst*****ing this ***** is in the first line which states:

White folks is white," says ***** Jim" (Countree Cullen)

In just the first ***** of ***** poem it is expressed how all the blacks were not ready at the time of this poem for feeling or accepting ***** ***** were, just as the wh*****e people, Ameri*****s.

BROWN: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling Browns first *****s have ********** c*****ed "...***** narratives...' to be followed by "***** Fruit ***** the *****" which ***** been termed ***** be a "...***** vendetta..." in which he speaks of the suffer*****g ***** his family, specifically ***** grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

. . . . [END OF ESSAY PREVIEW]

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