Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


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POETRY

AFRICAN-AMERICAN POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this work is the review ***** ***** of four authors, specifically those of:

1) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen - "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown ***** "Bitter Fruit of the Tree" and to then discuss how each of these ***** expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

INTRODUCTION

***** feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry ***** this is particularly true of the works ***** Hughs, McKay, Cullen and ***** in their expressions of ***** in the poems studies ***** this research work.

MCKAY: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

In 1919 ***** McCay responded to mass riots in which whites assaulted black neighborhoods in approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If We Must Die" states:

If we must die, let it not be like hogs

Hunted and penned ***** an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,

Making their mock at our accursed lot.

If we must die, O let us nobly *****..."

***** is clear that McCay is urging the black community to fight back... or indeed ***** die for something other than for merely being a member of the ***** minority r*****ce in America as he states:

Like men ********** face t***** murderous, cowardly pack,

***** to the wall, dying, but fighting back!"

HUGHS: DEMOCRACY

***** the ***** entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston ***** states:

***** will not come

Today, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston Hughs)

As the poem continues ***** relates that each individual has the same 'right' as one a*****her in terms of independence and the rights to own their own land. Hughs ***** that he grows weary of those who abdicate ***** own rights and encourage ot*****rs to do so by 'letting things "take their own course" or go as they may stating:

***** not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A cannot live on tomorrow's bread." (Langston Hughs)

The poem of ***** ends ***** expressing that freedom comes to be needed by those who ***** deprived the most of freedom.

CULLEN: UNCLE JIM

In the work of Cullen entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of understanding this poem is in the first line which states:

White folks is white," says Uncle Jim" (Countree *****)

***** just the first line ***** ***** poem it is expressed how all ***** blacks were not ready at the time of this poem for feeling or accepting th***** ***** were, just as *****e white people, **********.

BROWN: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling Browns first ***** have been called "...lighthearted narratives...' to be followed by "***** Fruit ***** the Tree" which has ***** termed to be a "...***** vendetta..." in which he speaks of t***** suffering of his family, specifically his grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

. . . . [END OF ESSAY PREVIEW]

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