Essay - Police How Would You Shape Police Departments to Adjust to...

1 2
Copyright Notice


***** Would You Shape Police Departments to Adjust to Visual, Audio and Locational Changes in the Future?

Traditional methods of police surveillance have often proved costly, for both logistical as well as legal reasons. The traditional methods of monitor*****g likely suspects usually require considerable manpower and time. *****re are four general types of surveillance: visual surveillance, audio surveillance, 'moving,' and contact surveillance. Visual surveillance ********** the sustained monitoring ***** *****, such as through a stakeout, and almost always involves a hidden camera. Audio surveillance or wiretapping often requires a cooper*****tive witness, a police undercover agent who has gained the suspect's confidence and can wear a wire, *****nd/or a warrant to listen to ***** suspect's phone calls. Moving or tailing a suspect can be unreliable and difficult and vehicle surveillance can prove obtrusive. Depending on the nature of ***** subject it can also be dangerous (O'Connor 2007).

***** the proper ***** protocols when conducting these various *****ms ***** surveillance are essential for members of the **********. This is particularly important when using those forms of surveillance involving technological assistance, such as camera-based or wiretapping technology. They have extensive legal limitations as they are regarded as especially intrusive into an individual's privacy and they often involve the ***** home, where *****re is an expectation of privacy not assumed in an open environment. "In 1967, the Court ruled that tele***** surveillance was technically a search ***** by 1972, ***** Court ***** rul*****g that every single phone and wire tap needed prior judicial approval" and required probable cause that a crime has been or is about to be committed (O'Connor 2007). Computer surveillance *****ten has even more onerous and specific legal restrictions.

***** meet the cost challenges of ***** future while still complying with the safety needs of the public ***** ***** financial ***** of departments, police departments, especially at smaller venues ***** as college campuses, are attempting ***** adapt the environment to more effective policing, even before crime occurs. These strategies ***** CPTED (Crime prevention through environmental design) stress that rather than coping with the logistical difficulties of conventional *****, where a suspect can easily 'shake' an *****ficer on foot—provided that a likely crimin*****l ***** be identified in the first place—***** departments should shift*****g to a philosophy of environmental *****-based surveillance (Otterstatter 2008). CPTED is a ***** prevention strategy and a "design concept directed primarily at keeping intruders easily observable. [It is] Promoted by features that maximize v*****ibility ***** people, parking areas and building entrances: doors and windows ***** look out on to streets and parking *****; pedestrian-friendly sidewalks and *****; fr*****t porches; adequate night***** lighting" (***** 2008).

Creating a sense of b*****rriers, a system also known as territorial reinforcement according to the principles of CPTED likewise does not require new training of officers, new technology, or much of an additional cost outlay. It is dependant upon the psychological concept of the broken window, namely that by creating barriers ***** define private property lines, intruders are less likely ***** break in—in other


Download full paper (and others like it)    |    Order a brand new, customized paper

Other topics that might interest you:

© 2001–2016   |   Book Report on Police How Would You Shape Police Departments to Adjust to   |   Term Papers Models