Essay - Power Relationships Between Men and Women Introduction: the Power Relationships...


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Power Relationships Between Men and Women

Introduction:

***** power relationships between men and women are as old as man and woman themselves. Throughout history the balance of power has sometime subtly, ********** dramatically, shifted in favor of one gender or the other.

Some believe that the ***** relationship stems from societal and cultural concerns. Those in power, specifically men, control ***** institutions that perpetuate this power, and as such, ***** the majority of social resources. It is a self-perpetu*****ting situation where ***** begets more power, and the opposite sex, specifically women, is relegated to an inferior status.

Some, however, ***** that the balance of power being unequal is a matter ***** biology and evolution, and ***** control of social institutions and resources ***** nothing ***** than a result of this natural tendency, not a sep*****rate entity of its own.

***** control of *****pects such as education, business and the media are only natural progressions ***** inborn male and female behavior. ***** are dominant in the world simply because that is how nature intended it to be, not ***** they've oppressed women for generations.

***** natural or societal-built, power relationships are the gender contracts that determine roles, responsibil*****ies, privileges, status, sexuality and ***** ***** men and women within households, communities, the market and the state. Gender contracts shape social, economic, political and sexual relationships in what people often refer to as 'our culture'. Various ***** contracts constitute a gender system (e.g. patriarchy or matriarchy) under which general rules, perceptions, hierarchies and ***** are *****mulates, refined and preserved (Kalabamu 245).

Th***** paper will investigate these ***** relationships and present the opposing viewpoints of just who is in the position of power, with the current ***** contracts.

Men Still Rule the Roost:

***** the struggles ***** generations of *****, in America and many other parts of the world, according to feminists, women are still the oppressed gender. According to Arslanian-Engoren, there are still biases that marginalize women, and in fact, these biases are so significant, they negatively impact women's healthc*****, result*****g in healthcare disparities between men and women.

***** and knowledge are not the same thing, however they are mutually dependent on one a*****her. Therefore without knowledge, power cannot be initiated. Feminists theorize ***** it is man that holds the key to knowledge in society today; therefore, power naturally follows. Arslanian-Engoren notes that only by acquiring new scientific *****, in ***** case ***** concerning ***** healthc*****, and reframing the parameters of women's healthcare, can women strive to achieve a more egalitarian ***** equitable balance in the power relationship.

***** is not only ***** the ***** arena ***** men still find ***** at an adv*****tage, despite decades of efforts ***** the contrary. Higher ***** too sees women sorely under-represented in the higher strata of higher education, despite women's movements, policy initiatives and enhanced participation. "Power structures ***** higher ***** persist ***** graft themselves onto the new concept of the learning society. Notions ***** leadership, superiority, and academic excellence continue to be characterized as masculine"

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