Essay - Qualitative Proposal for a Study on Improving Reading Skills in...


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Qualitative Proposal for a Study on Improving Re*****ding Skills in Lower-level and Special Needs Students Through the Use of Technology

Background

Students who have the highest risk of fail*****g in school also have low reading capabilities. This is especially true for students who have special needs. Goetze ***** Walker (2004) ***** found that using technology may be a solution to this issue. They assert that regular and consistent use ***** technology enhances literary capabilities of ***** who have special needs. However, teachers must be properly trained on how to use technology in the classroom (Doering, Huges, & Huffman, 2003). If teachers are trained how to use the technology, how to integrate it in***** their lessons plans, and how to al***** students to voice ***** inputs, students could indeed improve reading scores (May, 2003; Lelop & Ponterio, 2005).

In order for this to happen, teachers need to be certain the ***** is being *****d ***** (a) hear word tones, (b) decipherer and interpret words, - understand overall expressions, (d) un*****erstand word span, and (e) help students become knowledgeable ***** confident with their ***** style (*****, 2003). Overall reading will be improved, as well as students' ability to read on the internet and other digital media. This is pertinent due ***** the fact that literacy is no longer limited to "hard copy" material.

Software ***** aids in teaching reading skills are AlpahSmart and Kidspiration (May, 2003). O*****rs technologies include voice detection software, tele*****cooperations of the internet, Personal Digital Ass*****tants (PDA) and portable processors or devices (Fisher & Molebash, 2003). Teachers may use this s*****tware in addition ***** other teaching strategies as technology is not a substitute, but an aid in their teach*****g.

This study looks at ***** various ***** c***** aid in improv*****g educ*****ion ***** low-level special needs students. To truly understand this phenomenon, a qualitative research design is most suitable. A summative evaluation of techniques that ***** use to incorporate technology in***** their lesson plans will be conducted.

***** research and its appropriateness for this *****

***** quantitative research is historically the principle way in which research is done, ***** research is growing in popularity as it addresses ********** in the social sciences. Marshall ***** Rossman (2006) state,

Research is a process of trying to gain a *****tter ********** ***** the complex*****ies of the hum*****n experience, and, in some genres ***** *****, ***** take action based on that underst*****ing." (p.23)

***** and Rossman (2006) also state that qualitative inquiry should begin with an idea or ***** observation of a phenomenon that the researcher feels should be investigated and reported to **********. Holiday (2002) adds to this by explaining that while qualitative research does ***** fill in the holes of quantitative research, it does *****fer different paradigms to conduct ***** by and to gain different information.

These different paradigms are based on *****tological (understanding of reality), epistemological (***** of how one knows what they know) and methodological (***** answers ***** *****) assumptions (Patton, *****). While different theorists categorize and define ***** *****

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