Essay - Qualitative Proposal for a Study on Improving Reading Skills in...


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Qualitative Proposal for a Study on Improving Re*****ding Skills in Lower-level and Special Needs Students Through the Use of Technology

Background

Students who have the highest risk of failing in school also have low reading capabilities. This is especially true for students who have special needs. Goetze ***** Walker (2004) have found that using technology may be a soluti***** to th***** issue. They assert that regular and consistent use of technology enhances literary capabilities ***** students who have special *****. However, teachers must be properly trained on how to use technology in the classroom (Doer*****g, Huges, & Huffman, 2003). If teachers are ***** how to ***** the technology, how to integrate it in***** their lessons plans, and how to allow ***** to voice ***** inputs, students could indeed improve reading scores (May, 2003; Lelop & Ponterio, 2005).

***** order for this to happen, teachers need to be certain the ***** is being used ***** (a) hear word tones, (b) decipherer and interpret words, - understand overall expressions, (d) understand word span, and (e) help students become knowledgeable and confident w*****h their ***** style (May, 2003). Overall reading will be improved, as well as students' ability to read on the internet ***** other digital media. This is pertinent due to the fact that literacy is no longer limited to "hard copy" material.

***** ***** aids in teaching reading skills are AlpahSmart and Kidspiration (May, 2003). Others technologies include voice detection software, tele*****cooperations of the *****, Personal Digital Ass*****tants (PDA) and portable processors or devices (Fisher & Molebash, 2003). Teachers ***** use this software in addition ***** other ***** strategies as technology is not a substitute, but an aid in their teaching.

This study looks at ***** various ***** c***** aid in improving edu**********ion f***** low-level special needs students. To truly understand this phenomenon, a qualitative research design is most suitable. A summative evaluation of techniques that teachers ***** to incorporate technology into their lesson plans ***** be conducted.

***** research and its appropriateness for this *****

While quantitative research is historically the principle way in which ***** is done, qualitative research is growing in popularity as it addresses *****s in the social sciences. Marshall ***** Rossman (2006) state,

***** is a process of trying to gain a better ********** ***** the complex*****ies of ***** human experience, and, in some genres of *****, to take action based on that understanding." (p.23)

Marshall and Rossman (*****) also state that qualitative inquiry should begin with an idea or an observati***** ***** a ***** th*****t the researcher feels should be investigated and reported to *****s. Holiday (2002) adds to ***** by explaining that while qualitative research does not fill in the holes of quantitative research, it ***** *****fer different paradigms ***** conduct research ***** and to gain different information.

These different paradigms are based on ontological (***** of reality), epistemological (understanding of how one knows what they know) and methodological (how answers are *****) assumptions (Patton, 2002). While ***** theorists categorize ***** define different *****

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