Essay - Qualitative Proposal for a Study on Improving Reading Skills in...


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Qualitative Proposal for a Study on Improving Re*****ding Skills in Lower-level and Special Needs Students Through the Use of Technology

Background

Students who have the highest risk of fail*****g in school also ***** low read*****g capabilities. This is especially true for students who have special needs. Goetze ***** Walker (2004) have found that using technology may be a soluti***** to this issue. They ********** that regular and consistent use of technology enhances literary ***** ***** students who have special needs. However, teachers must be properly trained on how to use technology in the classroom (Doering, Huges, & Huffman, 2003). If teachers are trained how to ***** the technology, ***** to integrate it in***** their lessons plans, and how to allow ***** to voice their inputs, students could indeed improve reading scores (May, 2003; Lelop & Ponterio, 2005).

In order for this to happen, teachers need to ***** certain the ***** is being used to (a) hear word tones, (b) decipherer and interpret words, - understand overall expressions, (d) understand word span, and (e) help students become knowledgeable ***** confident w*****h their ***** style (May, 2003). Overall reading will be improved, as well as students' ability to read on the internet and other digital media. This is pertinent due ***** the fact that literacy is no l*****ger limited to "hard copy" material.

Softw***** ***** aids in teaching reading skills are AlpahSmart and Kidspiration (*****, 2003). Others technologies include voice detection software, tele*****cooperations of the internet, Personal Digital Ass*****tants (PDA) and portable processors or devices (Fisher & Molebash, 2003). Teachers may use this ***** in addition ***** other ***** strategies as technology is not a substitute, but an aid in their teaching.

This study looks at how various technologies c***** aid in improv*****g edu**********ion for low-level special needs students. To truly understand this phenomenon, a qualitative research design is most suitable. A summative evaluation ***** techniques that teachers use to incorporate technology into their lesson plans ***** be conducted.

Qualitative research and its appropriateness for this *****

***** quantitative research is historically the principle way in *****ich research is done, qualitative ***** is grow*****g in popularity as it addresses *****s in the social sciences. Marshall and Rossman (2006) state,

Research is a process of trying to gain a *****tter underst*****ing ***** the complex*****ies of ***** human experience, and, in some genres of research, to take action based on that underst*****ing." (p.23)

Marshall and Rossman (*****) also state that qualitative inquiry should begin with an idea or ***** observation ***** a ***** that the researcher feels should be investigated and rep*****ted to **********. Holiday (2002) adds to ***** by explaining that while qualitative research does not fill in the holes of quantitative research, it does offer different paradigms ***** conduct research by and to gain different information.

These different paradigms are based on ontological (underst*****ing of reality), epistemological (understanding of how one knows what they know) and methodological (***** answers ***** found) assumptions (Patton, *****). While ***** theorists categorize ***** define different inquiry

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