Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read 180 instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, th***** program is meant ***** help the 8 million or m*****e youths through the twelfth grade currently struggl*****g to read at ***** level. The research problem investigated is whether the Read 1*****0 can effectively address ***** needs of individual students through adaptive and ***** software, direct instruction and high-interest literature for populations of students with special needs. Scholastic reports the ***** is effective for providing "multi-functional support" for ***** with ***** needs, by providing access prov*****ions ***** individualized software and approaches for special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special education students and a repetitive model instruction program truly helps students with special needs. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only ********** reviews, more objective analysis is needed to *****sess student achievement and learning using this model.

Literature *****

***** literature review provides a ***** of ***** significant to the Read 180 computer based reading program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read ***** improves reading levels among ***** needs students. Relevant literature dating no more than 10 years provides critical in*****mation about ***** tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs students. Also evaluated are the various groups or categories ***** special needs students one must consider when evaluating a program like ***** 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations ***** instructional strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and assessment protocols are vital for students with special ***** *****. The authors provide an ***** of six years of research of ***** with special needs from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist ***** general educators ***** special needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs students suggest "lowering the st*****ards" ***** these students, and second, the ***** ***** ***** "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using this line of thinking, Read 180 may provide a more ***** tool for assessing and accommodating the needs of students by encouraging them to hold high st*****ards for achievement, and assessing students using alternative rather ***** traditional means.

***** researchers note ***** the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students ***** special needs excel in ***** ***** curriculum, requir*****g new forms ***** assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for assessment are varied, but include determining whether schools are meeting their objectives, including the objectives for Read 180 programs, and assessing whether the ***** Aptitude Test truly is a new and innovative ***** to assessing and accommodating the ***** of special needs students (Venn, 2000; Rieck ***** Wadsworth, *****). There is evidence as ***** below that ***** ***** instructional software, when coupled with ***** teaching or approaches to learning, ***** prove beneficial f***** most special needs students (Wes*****od, 2003). What


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