Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read 180 instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, th***** program is meant ***** help the 8 million or m*****e youths through the twelfth grade currently struggling to read at ***** level. The research problem investigated is whether the Read 1*****0 can effectively address the needs of individual students through adaptive ***** instructional software, direct instruction and high-interest literature for populations of ***** with special needs. Scholastic reports the ***** is effective for providing "multi-functional support" ***** students with special needs, by providing access prov*****ions ***** individualized software and approaches for special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special ***** students ***** a repetitive model instruction program truly helps students ***** special needs. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only *****'s reviews, more objective analysis is needed to *****sess student achievement and learning using this model.

Literature Review

The literature review provides a review of ***** significant to the Read 180 computer based *****ing program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels am*****g special needs students. Relevant literature dating no more than 10 years provides critical in*****mation about the tools most useful in promoting excellence among ***** needs students. Also evaluated are the various groups or categories ***** special needs students one must consider when evaluating a ***** like ***** 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations in ***** strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and *****sessment protocols are vital for students with special ***** needs. The authors provide an ***** of six years of research of ***** with ***** ***** from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist among general educators about special needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special ***** students suggest "lowering the standards" for *****se students, and second, the ***** ***** educators "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using ***** line of thinking, Read 180 may provide a more ***** tool for *****ssessing and accommodating the needs of students by encouraging ********** to hold high standards ***** achievement, and assessing students using alternative rather ***** traditional means.

***** *****ers ********** that the passage ***** No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students ***** special needs excel in ***** general curriculum, requir*****g new forms of assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining ***** schools are meeting their objectives, including the ***** ***** Read 180 programs, and ***** whether the Scholastic Aptitude Test truly is a new ***** innovative ***** to assessing and accommodating the ***** of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck & Wadsworth, 2005). There ***** evidence as ***** below that ***** and *****al software, when coupled with ***** teaching or approaches ***** learning, ***** prove beneficial for most special needs students (Westwood, 2003). What


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