Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...


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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read 180 instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, th***** program is meant to help the 8 million or more youths through the twelfth grade currently struggling to read at grade level. The research problem investigated is whether the ***** 180 can effectively address ***** needs of individual students through adaptive ***** ***** software, direct instruction and high-interest literature ***** populations of ***** with special needs. Scholastic reports the program is effective for providing "multi-functional support" for students with ***** needs, by providing access provisions ***** individualized software and approaches ***** special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special ***** students and a repetitive model instruction program truly helps students ***** special *****. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only Schol*****tic's reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement and learning using this model.

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The ***** review provides a review of data significant to the Read ***** computer based *****ing program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels am*****g special needs students. Relevant literature dating no ***** than 10 years provides critical information about ***** tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs students. Also evaluated are the various groups or categories ***** special needs students one must consider when evaluating a ***** like ***** 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations in *****al strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and *****sessment protocols ***** vital for students with special learning needs. The authors provide an ***** of six ***** ***** research of ***** with special needs from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist ***** general educators ***** special needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs students suggest "lowering the st*****dards" ***** these students, and second, the authors suggest educators "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using this line of thinking, ***** 180 may provide a more ***** tool for assessing and accommodating the ***** ***** students by encouraging *****m to hold high st*****ards for *****, and assessing students using alternative rather than traditional means.

***** *****ers ********** that the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students with special needs excel in ***** general curriculum, requir*****g new forms of assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining ***** schools are meeting their objectives, including the ***** ***** Read 180 programs, and ***** whether the ***** Aptitude Test ***** is a new ***** innovative ***** to assessing and accommodating the ***** of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck & Wadsworth, 2005). There is evidence as presented below that adaptive and instructional s*****tware, when coupled ***** individualized teaching or approaches to learning, may prove beneficial for most special ***** students (Wes*****od, 2003). What

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