Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...


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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read ***** instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, this program is meant ***** help the 8 million or more youths through the twelfth grade currently struggl*****g to read at grade level. The research problem investigated is whether the Read 180 can effectively address ***** needs of individual students through adaptive ***** ***** s*****tware, direct instruction and high-interest literature for populations of students with special needs. Scholastic reports the ***** is effective for providing "multi-functional support" for ***** with special needs, by providing access prov*****ions ***** individualized software and approaches ***** special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special education students and a repetitive model instruction program truly *****s students with special needs. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only Schol*****tic's reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement ***** learning using this model.

Literature Review

***** ***** review provides a review of ***** signific*****nt to the Read 180 computer based reading program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read ***** improves reading levels am*****g special needs students. Relevant literature dating no more than 10 years provides critical information about the tools most useful in promoting excellence among ***** needs *****. Also evaluated are the various groups or categ*****ies ***** special needs students one must consider when evaluating a ***** like ***** 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations in instructional strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and *****sessment protocols ***** vital for students with special learning needs. The authors provide an ***** of six ***** ***** research of ***** with special ***** from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist among general educators ***** special needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special ***** students suggest "lowering the st*****ards" for these students, *****d second, the ***** suggest educators "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using ***** line of thinking, ***** 180 may provide a more ***** tool ***** assessing and accommodating the needs ***** students by encouraging *****m to hold high st*****ards for *****, and assessing students using alternative rather ***** traditional means.

Many *****ers note ***** the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students ***** special needs excel in ***** general curriculum, requir*****g new forms ***** assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining ***** schools ***** meeting their objectives, including the ***** ***** Read 180 programs, and ***** whether the Scholastic Aptitude Test ***** is a new and innovative ***** to assessing and accommodating the needs of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck ***** Wadsworth, 2005). There is evidence as ***** below that adaptive ***** instructional s*****tware, when coupled with individualized teaching or approaches ***** learning, ***** prove beneficial f***** most special needs students (Wes*****od, 2003). What

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