Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read ***** instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, this program is meant to help the 8 million or more youths through the twelfth grade currently struggl*****g to read at grade level. The research problem investigated is whe*****r the Read 180 can effectively address ***** needs of individual students through adaptive ***** ***** software, direct instruction and high-interest literature ***** populations of ***** with special needs. Scholastic reports the program is effective for providing "multi-functional support" for students with special needs, by providing access prov*****ions ***** individualized software and approaches ***** special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special ***** students and a repetitive model instruction program truly *****s students with special needs. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only Scholastic's reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement and learning using this model.

***** Review

***** literature review provides a review of ***** signific*****nt to the Read ***** computer based reading program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels am*****g ***** needs students. Relevant literature dating no more than 10 years provides critical information about the tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs *****. Also evaluated are the various groups or categ*****ies of special ***** students one must consider when evaluating a program like ***** 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations ***** instructional strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and assessment protocols ***** vital for students with special learning needs. The authors provide an analysis ***** six years of research of students with special ***** from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist among general educators about ***** needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs students suggest "lowering the standards" ***** these students, and second, the ***** suggest educators "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using this line of thinking, ***** 180 may provide a more useful tool for *****ssessing and accommodating the ***** of ***** by encouraging ********** to hold high st*****ards for achievement, and assessing students using alternative rather ***** traditional means.

Many *****ers note ***** the passage ***** No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students with special needs excel in ***** general curriculum, requir*****g new forms of assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining ***** schools ***** meeting their objectives, including the ***** ***** Read 180 *****s, and ***** whe*****r the Scholastic Aptitude Test ***** is a new and innovative approach to assessing and accommodating the needs of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck ***** Wadsworth, *****). *****re ***** evidence as presented below that ***** ***** instructional s*****tware, when coupled with individualized teaching or approaches ***** learning, ***** prove beneficial for most special ***** students (Wes*****od, 2003). What


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