Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read 180 instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, th***** program is meant ***** help the 8 million or more youths through the twelfth grade currently struggl*****g to read at ***** level. The research problem investigated is whether the ***** 1*****0 can effectively address the needs of individual students through adaptive ***** ***** software, direct instruction and high-interest literature for populations of students with special needs. Scholastic reports ***** ***** ***** effective for providing "multi-functional support" for students with ***** needs, by providing access provisions ***** individualized software and approaches ***** special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special education students ***** a repetitive model instruction program truly helps students ***** special *****. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only ********** reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement and learning using this model.

***** Review

***** literature review provides a review of ***** signific*****nt to the Read 180 computer based reading program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels among special needs students. Relevant literature dating no ***** than ***** years provides critical information about the tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs *****. Also evaluated are the various groups or categ*****ies ***** special needs students one must consider when evaluating a ***** like Read 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations ***** instructional strategies, such as those presented by ***** 180 and *****ment protocols are vital for students with special learning *****. The authors provide an ***** of six years of research of ***** with special needs from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist ***** general educators ***** ***** needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs students suggest "lowering the st*****ards" ***** these students, *****d second, the ***** suggest ***** "inappropriately equate *****sessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using this line of thinking, Read 180 may provide a more ***** tool for assessing and accommodating the needs of ***** by encouraging them to hold high st*****ards for achievement, and assessing students using alternative rather than traditional means.

Many *****ers ********** that the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students ***** special needs excel in the general curriculum, requir*****g new forms ***** assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for assessment are varied, but include determining whether schools are meeting their objectives, including the objectives for Read 180 programs, and assessing whether the ***** Aptitude Test truly is a new ***** innovative ***** to assessing and accommodating the ***** of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck ***** Wadsworth, 2005). There ***** evidence as ***** below that adaptive ***** instructional s*****tware, when coupled with ***** teaching or approaches ***** learning, ***** prove beneficial ***** most special needs students (Westwood, 2003). What


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