Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read 180 instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, this program is meant to help the 8 million or more youths through the twelfth grade currently struggling to read at grade level. The research problem investigated is whe*****r the ***** 180 can effectively address ***** needs of individual students through adaptive and instructional software, direct instruction and high-interest literature ***** populations of ***** with special needs. Scholastic reports the program is effective for providing "multi-functional support" for students with ***** needs, by providing access provisions ***** individualized software and approaches ***** special education students. However, ***** question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special ***** students ***** a repetitive model instruction program truly *****s students ***** special *****. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only Scholastic's reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement and learning using this model.

Literature *****

***** literature review provides a review ***** ***** significant to the Read ***** computer based reading program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels among special needs *****. Relevant literature dating no more than 10 years provides critical information about the tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs students. Also evaluated are the various groups or categories of special needs students one must consider when evaluating a program like Read 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations ***** ***** strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and *****sessment protocols ***** vital for students with special learning *****. The authors provide an analysis of six ***** ***** research of ***** with ***** needs from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist ***** general educators about special needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs students suggest "lowering the standards" ***** these students, and second, the ***** ***** ***** "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using this line of thinking, ***** 180 may provide a more ***** tool for assessing and accommodating the needs ***** ***** by encouraging *****m to hold high st*****ards ***** *****, and assessing students using alternative rather than traditional means.

***** *****ers note ***** the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students with special needs excel in the ***** curriculum, requir*****g new forms ***** assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining whether schools are meeting their objectives, including the objectives for Read 180 *****s, and ***** whether the ***** Aptitude Test ***** is a new and innovative approach to assessing and accommodating the needs of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck & Wadsworth, *****). There is evidence as ***** below that ***** and instructional software, when coupled with individualized teaching or approaches to learning, may prove beneficial ***** most special needs students (Westwood, 2003). What


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