Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read 180 instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, this program is meant ***** help the 8 million or more youths through the twelfth grade currently struggl*****g to read at grade level. The research problem investigated is whether the ***** 1*****0 can effectively address ***** needs of individual students through adaptive and ***** software, direct instruction and high-interest literature ***** populations of ***** with special needs. Scholastic reports the program is effective for providing "multi-functional support" for students with special needs, by providing access provisions and individualized software and approaches ***** special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special ***** students ***** a repetitive model instruction program truly helps students with special needs. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only *****'s reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement and learning using this model.

Literature *****

***** ***** review provides a ***** of d*****ta significant to the Read 180 computer based *****ing program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels among special needs students. Relevant literature dating no ***** than 10 years provides critical information about the tools most useful in promoting excellence among ***** needs students. Also evaluated are the various groups or categ*****ies ***** special ***** students one must consider when evaluating a program like ***** 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations ***** instructional strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and *****sessment protocols ***** vital for students with special learning needs. The authors provide an analysis of six ***** of research of students with special needs from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist among general educators ***** ***** needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs students suggest "lowering the st*****ards" for these students, and second, the ***** suggest educators "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using this line of thinking, Read 180 may provide a more useful tool ***** assessing and accommodating the ***** ***** ***** by encouraging ********** to hold high standards for achievement, and assessing students using alternative rather ***** traditional means.

Many *****ers *****te ***** the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students ***** special needs excel in the general curriculum, requiring new forms of assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining whether schools are meeting their objectives, including the objectives for Read 180 programs, and assessing whe*****r the Scholastic Aptitude Test truly is a new ***** innovative ***** to assessing and accommodating the needs of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck ***** Wadsworth, 2005). *****re is evidence as ***** below that ***** and instructional s*****tware, when coupled with ***** teaching or approaches to learning, ***** prove beneficial f***** most special ***** students (Westwood, 2003). What


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