Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read 180 instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, th***** program is meant ***** help the 8 million or more youths through the twelfth grade currently struggl*****g to read at grade level. The research problem investigated is whether the Read 1*****0 can effectively address the needs of individual students through adaptive ***** instructional s*****tware, direct instruction and high-interest literature for populations of students with special needs. Scholastic reports the program is effective for providing "multi-functional support" for students with ***** needs, by providing access prov*****ions ***** individualized software and approaches for special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special education students ***** a repetitive model instruction program truly *****s students ***** special *****. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only *****'s reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement and learning using this model.

Literature *****

The ***** review provides a review ***** ***** significant to the Read 180 computer based reading program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels among ***** needs *****. Relevant literature dating no more than ***** years provides critical in*****mation about the tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs students. Also evaluated are the various groups or categories of special ***** students one must consider when evaluating a ***** like ***** 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations ***** ***** strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and *****ment protocols ***** vital for students with special learning needs. The authors provide an analysis of six ***** of research of ***** with ***** ***** from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist among general educators ***** special needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs students suggest "lowering the st*****ards" for *****se students, and second, the ***** suggest ***** "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using ***** line of thinking, ***** 180 may provide a more ***** tool ***** assessing and accommodating the ***** of students by encouraging them to hold high standards for achievement, and assessing students using alternative rather than traditional means.

Many *****ers note that the passage ***** No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students with special needs excel in the general curriculum, requiring new forms of assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining ***** schools ***** meeting their objectives, including the objectives for Read 180 programs, and ***** whether the ***** Aptitude Test ***** is a new ***** innovative approach to assessing and accommodating the ***** of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck & Wadsworth, 2005). ********** ***** evidence as presented below that adaptive ***** *****al software, when coupled ***** ***** teaching or approaches ***** learning, may prove beneficial for most special needs students (Westwood, 2003). What


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