Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read ***** instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, th***** program is meant ***** help the 8 million or m*****e youths through the twelfth grade currently struggl*****g to read at ***** level. The research problem investigated is whether the Read 1*****0 can effectively address the needs of individual students through adaptive ***** instructional software, direct instruction and high-interest literature ***** populations of ***** with special needs. Scholastic reports the program is effective for providing "multi-functional support" for students with special needs, by providing access provisions and individualized software and approaches ***** special education students. However, ***** question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special ***** students and a repetitive model instruction program truly helps students with special *****. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only Scholastic's reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement ***** learning using this model.

***** Review

***** literature review provides a review of d*****ta significant to the Read 180 computer based reading program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read ***** improves reading levels among ***** needs students. Relevant literature dating no more than ***** years provides critical information about ***** tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs students. Also evaluated are the various groups or categ*****ies of special ***** students one must consider when evaluating a program like Read 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations in instructional strategies, such as those presented by ***** 180 and *****sessment protocols are vital for students with special learning needs. The authors provide an *****alysis of six years of research of students with special needs from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist among general educators ***** ***** needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs ***** suggest "lowering the standards" ***** *****se students, and second, the ***** ***** educators "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using this line of thinking, Read 180 may provide a more useful tool for assessing and accommodating the needs ***** students by encouraging them to hold high st*****ards for *****, and assessing students using alternative rather than traditional means.

Many researchers *****te that the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students ***** special needs excel in the general curriculum, requir*****g new forms of assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for assessment are varied, but include determining ***** schools are meeting their objectives, including the ***** ***** Read 180 programs, and assessing whe*****r the Scholastic Aptitude Test truly is a new and innovative ***** to assessing and accommodating the ***** of special needs students (*****, 2000; Rieck ***** Wadsworth, 2005). There is evidence as presented below that adaptive and instructional s*****tware, when coupled with ***** teaching or approaches to learning, ***** prove beneficial f***** most special ***** students (Westwood, 2003). What


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