Essay - Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques and Approaches for Helping...


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Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques ***** Approaches for Helping Children Learn to Read

Introduction

Overview. Because reading is essential to overall academic success, one of the most serious and explosive issues in the United States today is how to meet the educational needs ***** an increasingly diverse population of students with a wide range ***** developmental needs. The situation is urgent as well, since current trends in educational achievement suggest that millions of students will not acquire ***** education necessary ***** fully participate in the economic and political aspects ***** society. Additionally, the inequality that results from differences in the ********** ***** of children is likely to further widen the gap between the rich ***** poor. Children cannot learn to read *****out an understand*****g of phonics.

***** National Association for the Education ***** Young ***** (1996) points out that all children must know their ABCs and the sounds ***** letters make in order to communicate verbally. Therefore, ***** question in early childhood *****ing programs should not be whether to teach "phonics" or "whole language **********," but rather how to teach phonics in context instead of in isolation so that young learners ***** the appropriate connections between letters, sounds, and meaning.

*****. The purpose of this study is ***** identify ***** issues, research, procedures ***** materials ***** are related to the recent findings on word decoding.

Structure. This study employs a critical review of the scholarly and relevant literature c*****cerning reading and decoding to determine what role, if any, the small group decoding instruction plays in the improvement ***** read*****g achievement for students. Determining the importance of ***** relationship has implications for how to effectively increase student achievement as ***** as how resources are allocated ***** achieve the best results. Given ***** ***** achievement ***** between proficient readers ***** non-readers, the findings of this study will as a starting point, diminish ***** disparity and ***** ultimately help create more and better l*****e-long readers. This research is significant in several ways. First, it addresses a crucial issue, important not only to school *****, but the success of ***** public school system. It also addresses a problem th*****t is widespread, ***** impacts ***** ***** America's ***** school students. School success seems to be an import*****t precursor to success ***** careers. ***** this study impacts not only ***** in school but throughout later life.

The need cl***** exists and intervention programs in reading can greatly benef***** struggling readers in ***** country, as most of them go to public schools that do not routinely offer such programs.

***** of the Relevant Literature

Background ***** Overview. Differences in ***** academic performance of ***** appear early. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NEAP) (1996) reported that ***** ***** low socio-economic backgrounds and many minority students consistently achieve below the national average in ***** skills. Unfortunately, there is no relief as students continue on through the grade levels. In fact, according ***** the NAEP study, the gap *****s. The longer some children stay in school, the greater

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