Essay - Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques and Approaches for Helping...

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Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques ***** Approaches for Helping Children Learn to Read


Overview. Because reading is essential to overall academic success, one of the most serious and explosive issues in the United States today is how to meet ***** educational needs of an increasingly diverse population of students with a wide range of developmental *****. The situation ***** urgent as well, since current trends in educational achievement suggest that millions ***** students will not acquire the education necessary ***** fully participate ***** the economic ***** political aspects of society. Additionally, ***** inequality that results from differences in the educational ***** of children is likely to further widen the gap between the rich and poor. Children cannot learn ***** read without an underst*****ing of phonics.

***** National Association for ***** Education ***** Young ***** (1996) points out ***** all children must know their ABCs and the sounds that letters make in order to communicate verbally. Therefore, the question in early childhood ***** programs should not be whether to teach "phonics" or "whole language learning," but rather how to teach ***** in context instead of in isolation so ***** young learners make the appropriate connections between letters, sounds, and meaning.

*****. The purpose ***** this study is ***** identify the **********, research, procedures ***** materials that are related to the recent findings on word decoding.

Structure. This study employs a critical review of the scholarly and relevant literature c*****cerning reading and ***** to determine what role, if any, the small group decoding instruction plays in ***** improvement ***** read*****g achievement for students. Determining the importance of this relationship has implications for how ***** effectively increase student achievement as ***** as how resources ***** allocated to achieve the best results. Given ***** current ***** gap between proficient readers ***** non-*****, the findings of this study ***** as a st*****rting point, diminish this disparity and will ultimately help create more and better l*****e-long readers. This research is significant in several ways. First, it addresses a cruci*****l issue, important not only to school success, but the success of ***** public school system. It also addresses a problem th*****t is widespread, ***** impacts ***** ***** America's public school students. School success seems to be an important precursor ***** ***** ***** careers. ***** ***** study impacts not only success in school but throughout later life.

***** need cl***** exists and intervention programs in reading can greatly benefit struggling readers in this country, as most of them go to ***** schools that do not routinely offer such *****.

***** of the Relevant Literature

Background and Overview. Differences in ***** academic performance of ***** appear early. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NEAP) (1996) reported that students ***** low socio-economic backgrounds and many minority students consistently achieve below the national average in reading skills. Unfortunately, there is no relief as students continue on through the grade levels. In fact, according to the NAEP study, the gap *****s. The longer some children stay in school, the greater


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