Essay - Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques and Approaches for Helping...


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Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques and Approaches for Helping Children Learn to Read

Introduction

*****. Because reading is essential to overall academic success, one of the most serious and explosive issues in the United States today is how to meet the educational needs ***** an increasingly diverse population of students with a wide range of developmental needs. The situation is urgent as well, since current trends in educational achievement suggest that millions ***** students will not acquire ***** education necessary to fully participate in the economic and political aspects of society. Additionally, the inequality that results from differences in the *****al ***** of children is likely to further widen the gap between the rich ***** poor. Children cannot learn to read *****out an underst*****ding of phonics.

The National Association for ***** Education of Young ***** (1996) points out that all children must know their ABCs and the sounds ***** letters make in order to communicate verbally. Therefore, ***** question in early childhood reading programs should not be whether to teach "phonics" or "whole language learning," but rather how ***** teach ***** in context instead of in ********** so that young learners ***** the appropriate connections between letters, sounds, and meaning.

Purpose. The purpose ***** this study is to identify the *****, research, procedures ***** materials ***** are related to the recent findings on word decoding.

Structure. This study employs a critical review of the scholarly and relevant literature concerning reading and decoding ***** determine what role, if any, the small group decoding instruction plays in ***** improvement ***** read*****g achievement for students. Determining the importance of ***** relationship has implications for how to effectively increase student achievement as ***** as how resources are allocated to achieve the best results. Given the ***** achievement ***** between proficient readers ***** non-readers, ***** findings of this study ***** as a starting point, diminish this disparity and will ultimately help create more and better life-long readers. ***** research is significant in several ways. First, it addresses a cruci*****l *****sue, important not only ***** school *****, but the success of the public school system. It also addresses a problem that is widespread, ***** impacts most ***** America's public school students. School success seems to be an import*****t precursor to success ***** careers. ***** this study ***** ***** only ***** in school but throughout later life.

The need clearly exists and *****tervention programs in reading can greatly benefit struggling readers in ***** country, as most of them go to ***** schools that do not rout*****ely offer such programs.

***** of the Relevant Literature

Background and Overview. Differences in the academic performance of children appear early. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NEAP) (1996) reported that ***** ***** low socio-economic backgrounds and many minority students consistently achieve below ***** national average in reading skills. Unfortunately, there is no relief as students continue on through the grade levels. In fact, according ***** the NAEP study, ***** gap *****s. The longer some children stay in school, the greater

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