Essay - Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques and Approaches for Helping...

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Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques ***** Approaches for Helping Children Learn to Read


Overview. Because reading is essential to overall academic success, one of the most serious and explosive issues in the United States today is how to meet the educational needs of an increasingly diverse population of students with a wide r*****ge of developmental needs. The situation ***** urgent as well, since current trends in educational achievement suggest that millions ***** students will not acquire the education necessary to fully participate in the economic and political aspects of society. Additionally, ***** inequality ***** results from differences in the *****al achievement of children is likely ***** further widen the gap between the rich and poor. Children cannot learn to read without an underst*****ing ***** phonics.

The National Association for the Education of Young ***** (1996) points out that all children must know *****ir ABCs and the sounds that letters make in order to communicate verbally. Therefore, the question in early childhood ********** programs should not be whether to teach "phonics" or "whole language learning," but rather how to teach phonics in context instead of in isolation so ***** young learners make the appropriate connections between letters, sounds, and meaning.

Purpose. The purpose of this study is ***** identify ***** issues, research, procedures ***** materials that are related to the recent findings on word decoding.

Structure. This study employs a critical review of the scholarly and relevant literature concerning reading and decoding to determine what role, if any, the small group decoding instruction plays in the improvement of read*****g achievement for students. Determining the importance of ***** relationship has implications for how to effectively increase student achievement as ***** as how resources ***** allocated ***** achieve the best results. Given ***** ***** achievement ***** between proficient readers ***** non-*****, the findings of this study will as a st*****rting point, diminish ***** disparity and ***** ultimately help create more and better l*****e-long readers. This research is significant in several ways. First, it addresses a cruci*****l issue, important not only to school success, but the ***** of the public school system. It also addresses a problem th*****t is widespread, ***** impacts most ***** America's ***** school students. School success seems ***** be an important precursor to success in careers. Therefore this study impacts ***** only ***** in school but throughout later life.

The need cl***** exists and *****tervention programs in reading can greatly benefit struggling readers in ***** country, as most of them go to public schools that do not rout*****ely offer such *****.

***** of the Relevant Literature

Background and Overview. Differences in the academic performance of children appear early. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NEAP) (1996) reported that students from low socio-economic backgrounds and many minority students consistently achieve below ***** national average in ***** skills. Unfortunately, there is no relief as students cont*****ue on through the grade levels. In fact, according to the NAEP study, the gap *****s. The longer some ***** stay in school, the greater


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