Essay - Ritalin: an Unacceptable Choice Introduction Thesis Statement: While Some Researchers...


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Ritalin: An Unacceptable Choice

Introduction

Thesis Statement: While some researchers believe the drug to be a s*****fe, effective treatment for ADHD, ***** prescribing of the drug to an untested population, the addictive nature ***** the drug, the potential for abuse in young children, ********** the sometimes life altering side effects of the medication make Ritalin an unsafe alternative for ADHD treatment.

Proponent Argument - Safe ********** Effective

FDA statement of safety

***** showing safety

Studies showing *****ness

Opponent Response - Untested in growing ***** of users

Studies not done on young children

JAMA study

Limited research ***** *****

Opponent Argument - More potent than cocaine

***** statement of caution

***** statement ***** caution

***** study

***** ***** - Non-*****

***** shows drug ***** addictive in children with ADHD.

Opponent Response - Very Addictive

Teenagers

Access of youth to potent *****

Quin*****n and Byrne study

Meadow *****

Greenhill study

Opponent Argument - side *****

Firestone, Musten, Pisterman, Mercer, and Bennett *****

Conclusion

References

Ritalin: An Unacceptable *****

The drug commonly referred to as "Ritalin" (methylphenidate) is ***** most frequently prescribed medication for the treatment of a dise*****e known as attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (White, 289). This disease is one of ***** most diagnosed mental illnesses among children, with an estimated 4.1 percent of youths aged 9-17 being diagnosed with the ***** every 6 months (NIMH, 2001), and an estimated 4.3 million children under the age of 18 currently listed as ***** or ADD suffers (White, 290). Due to the large number of prescriptions written for Ritalin since the FDA approved this ***** ***** the treatment of children over thirty years ago (Hyman, 1), medical professionals ***** society in general have continuously reevaluated the use of the drug to determine the ********** effectiveness, *****, and necessity in the treatment ***** younger children.

The *****, as menti*****d, approved the use of ***** (MPH) as a safe treatment for ADHD over thirty years ago for ***** treatment ***** the illness in children ages ***** and up, and numerous studies have echoed ***** concept. More than 160 controlled studies have been done on the effectiveness ***** the drug in treat*****g symptoms such as hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsive behaviors (Hyman, 1). In many, drug treatment alone h***** been found to control symp*****ms better than behavioral treatment and routine community ***** (*****, 2003).

However, this treatment has ***** tested in ***** of ***** aged six and up, and yet many in the medical profession are diagnos*****g Ritalin to children far younger ***** ***** recommended age. According to a recent article in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), the prevalence of ***** use in ***** ********** two through four tripled in some *****as between 1991 and 1995 (Zi*****, et al, 1027). There have only been seven studies of children under the age ***** ***** on *****, ***** those seven combined had only 156 subjects (*****, 1).

The result, then, is an increase in the prescribing of a drug to a largely un***** gro***** of subjects. The

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