Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...


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Mine Safety

Innovations in M*****e ***** Technology

The recent string of mine disasters in the United States and Ch*****a proof-positive that ********** are dangerous places to work, ***** even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can and do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in exist*****g techniques in ***** safety represents a ********** field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review of the relevant peer-*****ed, scholarly and organizational literature to develop an overview of the various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when look*****g for trapped miners, including gas *****, heat detectors, pressure gauges and new camera technologies. A discussion of how these technologies are currently deployed as well as what mining experts recommend for the use of these ***** is followed by an *****sessment ***** their environment impact. A summary of the research and *****ations for further directions in future research are ********** ***** the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight of Mines in the ***** States.

***** m*****e is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan ***** Sinback (2003) as ***** "an area ***** land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if in liquid *****, are extracted with workers underground"; th***** definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated ***** the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, mines are regulated by both ***** state and federal governments, with the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being the primary legislation protecting the safety and health of Ameri***** mine workers through a combination of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (Cooper et al., 2003). In those cases where violation ***** the statute is determined to have been willful, the operator of the mine ***** subject to crimin***** and civil liability; however, even in those cases where the ***** was found to be not willful, opera*****rs can be found liable in a ***** proceeding without ***** showing of fault (Cooper et al., 2003)

The FMSHA imposes civil and crimin***** liability on corporate officers, directors, and agents of a corporate operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a violation; ***** of non-corporate operators, though, ***** not ***** to any penalties under FMSHA (***** et al., 2003). In addition, any person may be found crimin*****y liable who:

Gives advance notice of any inspection to ***** conducted under *****;

Knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or cert*****ication in any application, rec*****d, report, plan or o*****r document filed ***** required to be ma*****tained pursuant to FMSHA; or,

Distributes, sells, offers for sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment ***** use in a m*****e, including components and accessories of such equip*****nt, ***** is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper ***** al., *****).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in mining safety ***** have resulted in improvements in the number of disasters and incidents that have taken ***** in U.S. mines

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