Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...

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Mine Safety

Innovations in M*****e ***** Technology

The recent string of mine disasters in the United States and China proof-positive that mines are dangerous places to work, and even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can and do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in existing techniques in ***** safety represents a ********** field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review ***** the relevant peer-*****ed, scholarly and organizational literature to develop an overview of the various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when looking for trapped miners, including gas sensors, heat detectors, pressure gauges ***** new camera *****. A discussion of how these technologies are currently deployed as well as what mining experts recommend for the use of *****se technologies is followed by an *****sessment of their environment impact. A summary of the research and *****ations for further directions in future ***** are provided ***** the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight ***** Mines in the United States.

***** m*****e is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan ***** Sinback (2003) as being "an area of land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if ***** liquid *****, ***** extracted with workers underground"; this definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated with the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, ***** are regulated by both the state and federal governments, with the Federal Mine Safety ***** Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) ***** ***** primary legislation protecting the safety and health of Ameri***** mine workers through a combination of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (***** et al., *****). In those cases where violation of the statute is determined to have been willful, the operator of ***** mine ***** subject to ***** and civil liability; however, even in those ***** where the violation was found to be not willful, opera*****rs can be found liable ***** a civil proceeding without a showing of fault (Cooper et al., 2003)

The FMSHA imposes civil and criminal liability on corporate officers, directors, and agents of a corpor*****te operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a violation; ***** of non-corporate *****s, though, are not ***** to any penalties under FMSHA (Cooper et al., 2003). In addition, any person may ***** found crimin*****y ***** who:

Gives advance notice of any inspection ***** be conducted under *****;

***** makes any false statement, representation, or certification in any application, rec*****d, *****, plan or other document filed or required to ***** maintained pursuant ***** FMSHA; *****,

Distributes, sells, offers for sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment for use in a m*****e, including components and accessories of such equipment, ***** is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper ***** al., *****).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in ***** ***** ***** have resulted in improvements in ***** number ***** disasters and incidents that have taken place in U.S. m*****es


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