Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...

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Mine Safety

Innovations in Mine ***** Technology

The recent string of mine disasters in the United States and China proof-positive that ********** are dangerous places to work, ***** even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can and do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in exist*****g techniques in ***** safety represents a timely field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review ***** the relevant peer-*****ed, scholarly and organizational literature ***** develop an overview of the various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when looking ***** trapped miners, including gas *****, heat detectors, pressure gauges and new camera *****. A discussion of how these technologies are currently deployed as well as what mining experts recomm***** for the use of *****se technologies is followed by an assessment of their environment impact. A summary of the research and recommendations for further directions in future research are ********** in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight of Mines in ***** ***** States.

***** m*****e is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan and Sinback (2003) as ***** "an area ***** l***** from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if in liquid *****, ***** extracted ***** workers underground"; th***** definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated with the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, mines are regulated by both ***** state and federal governments, with the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being ***** primary legislation protecting the safety and health of American mine workers through a combin*****tion of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (***** et al., 2003). In those cases where violation ***** the statute is determined to have been willful, ***** opera*****r of the mine ***** subject to crimin***** and civil liability; however, even in those ***** where the violation was found to be not willful, opera*****rs can be found liable in a civil proceeding without ***** showing ***** fault (Cooper et al., 2003)

***** FMSHA imposes civil and ********** liability on corporate officers, directors, ***** agents of a corporate operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a viol*****tion; ***** of non-corporate operators, though, ***** ***** ***** to any penalties under FMSHA (Cooper et al., 2003). ***** addition, any person may be found crimin*****y ***** who:

Gives advance notice of any inspection ***** ***** conducted under FMSHA;

Knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or cert*****ication in any application, rec*****d, report, plan or o*****r ********** filed ***** required to be ma*****tained pursuant to FMSHA; or,

Distributes, sells, *****fers f***** sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment *****or use in a m*****e, ***** components and accessories of such equipment, ***** is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper ***** al., 2003).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in mining ***** ***** have resulted in improvements in the number of disasters and incidents that have taken ***** in U.S. m*****es


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