Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...

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Mine Safety

Innovations in M*****e Safety Technology

***** recent string of mine disasters in the United States and China proof-positive that mines are dangerous places to work, and even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can and do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in exist*****g techniques in mine safety represents a timely field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review ***** the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly and organizational literature ***** develop an overview of the various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when look*****g for trapped *****rs, including gas *****, heat detectors, pressure gauges ***** new camera technologies. A discussion of how *****se ***** are currently deployed as well as what mining experts recommend for the use of these technologies is followed by an assessment ***** their environment impact. A summary of the research *****d ********** for further directions in future research are provided in the conclusion.

***** and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight ***** Mines in the United States.

***** mine is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan ***** Sinback (2003) as being "an area of land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if in liquid *****, ***** extracted ***** workers underground"; th***** definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated with the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, ***** are regulated by both ***** state ***** federal governments, ***** the Federal Mine ***** and Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being ***** primary legislation protecting the safety ***** health of Ameri***** ***** workers through a combination of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (Cooper et al., 2003). In those cases where violation ***** the statute is determined to have been willful, ***** operator of the mine is subject to crimin***** and civil liability; however, even in those ***** where the ***** was found to be not willful, operators can be found liable in a ***** proceeding without a showing of f*****ult (***** et al., 2003)

***** FMSHA imposes civil and crimin***** liability on corporate *****ficers, directors, ***** agents of a corpor*****te operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a violation; ***** of non-corporate *****, though, ***** ***** subject to any penalties under FMSHA (Cooper et al., 2003). ***** addition, any person may ***** found crimin*****y ***** who:

Gives advance notice of any inspection ***** be conducted under *****;

***** makes any false statement, representation, or certification in any application, record, *****, plan or o*****r ********** filed ***** required to be maintained pursuant ***** FMSHA; or,

Distributes, sells, offers for sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment for use in a m*****e, including components and accessories of such equipment, ***** is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper ***** al., *****).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in mining ***** ***** have resulted in improvements in ***** number of disasters and incidents that have taken ***** in U.S. m*****es


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