Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Copyright Notice

Mine Safety

Innovations in Mine Safety Technology

The recent string of mine disasters in the United States and China proof-positive that mines are dangerous places to work, ***** even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can and do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in existing techniques in ***** safety represents a *****ly field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review ***** the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly and organizational literature to develop an overview of ***** various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when looking ***** trapped miners, including gas sensors, heat detectors, pressure gauges ***** new camera technologies. A discussion of how these technologies are currently deployed as well as what mining experts recomm***** for the use of these technologies is followed by an *****sessment ***** their environment impact. A summary of the research and ********** for further directions in future research are *****d ***** the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight of Mines in the United States.

***** m*****e is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan and Sinback (2003) as being "an area of land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if in liquid *****, are extracted with workers underground"; this definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated with the mine as well (p. 367). In the ***** States, mines are regulated by both the state and federal governments, ***** ***** Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being the primary legislation protecting the safety and health of American mine workers through a combination of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (Cooper et al., *****). In those cases where violation ***** the statute is determined to have been willful, ***** opera*****r of the mine ***** subject to ***** and civil liability; **********, even in those ***** where the violation was found to be not willful, operators can be found liable in a ***** proceeding without a showing of fault (Cooper et al., 2003)

The FMSHA imposes civil and criminal liability on corporate officers, directors, and agents of a corporate operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a violation; ***** of non-corporate *****, though, ***** ***** subject to any penalties under FMSHA (***** et al., 2003). In addition, any person may be found crimin*****y liable who:

Gives advance notice of any inspection to be conducted under FMSHA;

Knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or certification in ***** application, rec*****d, report, plan or o*****r document filed ***** required to be maintained pursuant ***** FMSHA; or,

Distributes, sells, *****fers f***** sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment ********** use in a mine, including components and accessories of such equipment, which is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper et al., 2003).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in ***** safety ***** have resulted in improvements in ***** number of disasters and incidents that have taken ***** in U.S. m*****es


Download full paper (and others like it)    |    Order a brand new, custom paper

© 2001–2017   |   Essay on Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String   |   Essays Writing