Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...


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Mine Safety

Innovations in M*****e ***** Technology

The recent string of mine disasters in the United States and Ch*****a proof-positive that mines are dangerous places to work, and even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can ***** do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in exist*****g techniques in ***** safety represents a ********** field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review ***** the relevant peer-*****ed, scholarly and organizational literature ***** develop an overview of the various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when look*****g for trapped miners, including gas *****, heat detectors, pressure gauges and new camera *****. A discussion of how these technologies are currently deployed as well as what mining experts recommend for the use of *****se ***** is followed by an assessment ***** their environment impact. A summary of the research *****d recommendations for further directions in future research are *****d in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight of Mines in ***** ***** States.

***** mine is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan ***** Sinback (2003) as being "an area of land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if in liquid form, are extracted ***** workers underground"; th***** definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated with the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, *****s are regulated by both ***** state ***** federal governments, with the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being ***** primary legislation protecting the safety and health of American mine workers through a combin*****tion of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (Cooper et al., 2003). In those cases where violation of the statute is determined to have been willful, the operator of ***** mine ***** subject to ***** and civil liability; *****ever, even in those cases where the violation was found to be not willful, opera*****rs can be found liable ***** a ***** proceeding without ***** showing ***** fault (Cooper et al., 2003)

***** FMSHA imposes civil and crimin***** liability on corporate officers, directors, and agents of a corporate operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a viol*****tion; ***** of non-corporate operators, though, are not subject to any penalties under FMSHA (***** et al., 2003). ***** addition, any person may ***** found crimin*****y ***** who:

Gives advance notice of any inspection ***** be conducted under FMSHA;

***** makes any false statement, representation, or certification in ***** application, rec*****d, *****, plan or other document filed ***** required to be ma*****tained pursuant ***** FMSHA; or,

Distributes, sells, offers f***** sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment for use in a m*****e, including components and accessories of such equipment, which is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper ***** al., 2003).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in mining ***** ***** have resulted in improvements in the number ***** disasters and incidents that have taken ***** in U.S. mines

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