Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...


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Mine Safety

Innovations in M*****e ***** Technology

The recent string of mine disasters in the United States and Ch*****a proof-positive that ********** are dangerous places to work, and even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can ***** do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in existing techniques in ***** safety represents a *****ly field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review of the relevant peer-*****ed, scholarly and organizational literature to develop an overview of the various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when looking for trapped miners, including gas sensors, heat detectors, pressure gauges and new camera *****. A discussion of how *****se technologies are currently deployed as well ***** what mining experts recommend for the use of these ***** is followed by an assessment of their environment impact. A summary ***** the research and recommendations for further directions in future research are provided ***** the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight of Mines in the ***** States.

***** m*****e is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan ***** Sinback (2003) as being "an area ***** land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if in liquid form, ***** extracted ***** workers underground"; th***** definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated with the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, mines are regulated by both ***** state ***** federal governments, with the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being the primary legislation protecting the safety and health of Ameri***** mine workers through a combination of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (Cooper et al., 2003). In those cases where violation ***** the statute is determined to have been willful, ***** operator of the mine is subject to ***** and civil liability; however, even in those cases where the ***** was found to be not willful, operators can be found liable in a civil proceeding without a showing ***** fault (Cooper et *****., 2003)

***** FMSHA imposes civil and criminal liability on corporate officers, directors, ***** agents of a ***** oper*****tor who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a violation; agents of non-corporate operators, though, are not ***** to any penalties under FMSHA (***** et al., 2003). In addition, any person may ***** found criminally ***** who:

Gives advance *****ice of any inspection ***** be conducted under FMSHA;

Knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or certification in any application, rec*****d, report, plan or o*****r document filed or required to be ma*****tained pursuant to FMSHA; or,

Distributes, sells, offers for sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment for use in a m*****e, ***** components and accessories of such equipment, ***** is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper ***** al., *****).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in ***** safety techniques have resulted in improvements in the number ***** disasters and incidents that have taken place in U.S. m*****es

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