Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...

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Mine Safety

Innovations in M*****e ***** Technology

***** recent string of mine disasters in the United States and Ch*****a proof-positive that *****s are dangerous places to work, ***** even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can and do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in existing techniques in mine safety represents a timely field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review of the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly and organizational literature ***** develop an overview of ***** various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when looking for trapped miners, including gas sensors, heat detectors, pressure gauges ***** new camera technologies. A discussion of how these ***** are currently deployed as well as what mining experts recomm***** for the use of these technologies is followed by an assessment of their environment impact. A summary of the research and ********** for further directions in future research are *****d ***** the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight ***** Mines in the ***** States.

A m*****e is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan ***** Sinback (2003) as being "an area of land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if in liquid *****, are extracted ***** workers underground"; this definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated with the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, *****s ***** regulated by both the state and federal governments, with the Federal Mine Safety ***** Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being ***** primary legislation protecting the safety and health of American mine workers through a combination of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (***** et al., *****). In those cases where violation ***** the statute is determined to have been willful, ***** operator of the mine is subject to ***** and civil liability; however, even in those cases where the violation was found to be not willful, operators can be found liable ***** a ***** proceeding without ***** showing of fault (Cooper et al., 2003)

***** FMSHA imposes civil and crimin***** liability on corporate officers, directors, and agents of a ***** operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a violation; ***** of non-corporate *****s, though, are not subject to any penalties under FMSHA (Cooper et al., 2003). In addition, any person may ***** found crimin*****y ***** who:

Gives advance *****ice of any inspection to be conducted under *****;

Knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or cert*****ication in ***** application, record, *****, plan or o*****r document filed ***** required to be ma*****tained pursuant ***** FMSHA; or,

Distributes, sells, *****fers for sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment for use in a *****, ***** components and accessories of such equipment, which is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper ***** al., 2003).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in mining ***** techniques have resulted in improvements in the number of disasters and incidents that have taken ***** in U.S. mines


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