Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...


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Mine Safety

Innovations in M*****e Safety Technology

***** recent string of mine disasters in the United States and China proof-positive that mines are dangerous places to work, and even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can and do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in exist*****g techniques in ***** safety represents a ********** field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review of the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly and organizational literature ***** develop an overview of ***** various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when looking for trapped miners, including gas *****, heat detectors, pressure gauges ***** new camera *****. A discussion of how these technologies are currently deployed as well ***** what mining experts recomm***** for the use of these ***** is followed by an assessment of their environment impact. A summary ***** the research *****d ********** for further directions in future ***** are provided ***** the conclusion.

***** and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight of Mines in the United States.

***** m*****e is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan ***** Sinback (2003) as being "an area ***** land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if ***** liquid form, are extracted with workers underground"; this definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated ***** the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, *****s are regulated by both ***** state and federal governments, with the Federal Mine ***** and Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being ***** primary legislation protecting the safety ***** health of American mine workers through a combin*****tion of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (Cooper et al., 2003). In those cases where violation ***** the statute is determined to have been willful, ***** opera*****r of the mine is subject to ***** and civil liability; **********, even in those ***** where the violation was found to be not willful, operators can be found liable in a ***** proceeding without a showing ***** fault (Cooper et *****., 2003)

***** FMSHA imposes civil and criminal liability on corporate officers, directors, ***** agents of a corporate operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a viol*****tion; ***** of non-corporate *****, though, are not subject to any penalties under FMSHA (Cooper et al., 2003). In addition, any person may be found crimin*****y ***** who:

Gives advance *****ice of any inspection ***** ***** conducted under FMSHA;

Knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or certification in any application, rec*****d, report, plan or other *****cument filed or required to be ma*****tained pursuant to FMSHA; *****,

Distributes, sells, offers for sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment for use in a mine, including components and accessories of such equipment, ***** is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper ***** al., *****).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in mining safety ***** have resulted in improvements in ***** number of disasters and incidents that have taken ***** in U.S. *****s

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