Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

Many factors affect the transition of the individual into the environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well ***** other extra-curricular activities. Research has suggested that the successful ***** of students ***** ninth-grade is highly predictive of ***** level ***** academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years of high *****, which results in *****ing the student's success in life following high school. It is known that ***** experiencing ***** difficulties in the ninth-grade school year also tend to have more absences, ***** *****fice discipline referrals, and lack a feeling of attachment ***** the *****, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade and greatly increases the likelihood that these students will drop out of high school before completion ***** graduation. In order to address the issue of ninth-grade transition ***** some schools have created a small learning community, which has been named the 'Freshman Academy'. The objective of this present research is ***** examine ***** impact that the Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student *****. Toward ***** end, this study intends to conduct research in order to determ*****e the degree ***** ***** small ***** communities, and in ***** case the Freshman Academy, ***** upon the academic achievement of n*****th-grade students at a small rural ***** school in Central Florida. The methodology of this study ***** be both of a qu*****lit*****ive and a quantitative nature in order to determine the success of the Freshman Academy in increasing student achievement ***** attendance in the ninth grade. The data will be collected at the end ***** ***** 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting ***** achievement of ni***** students and the attendance ***** the *****-grade students. This data ***** then be compared to the achievement and attendance data for ninth-grade students in the school year 2003-2004 prior to the implementation of ***** ***** Academy.

SMALL ***** COMMUNITIES: ***** IMPACT OF A ***** ACADEMY ***** NINTH ***** STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

***** ONE

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

***** questions ***** ***** research ***** to answer are those as follows:

To what degree h***** the Freshman Academy affected student achievement among ninth-grade *****?

To what ***** has the Freshman ***** affected the ***** of ninth-grade *****s?

***** OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully transition in***** high school in the ***** school ***** are at a much higher risk of academic failure and ultim*****ely at an ***** ***** of dropp*****g ***** of high school completely. Academic interventions including small learning communities decrease the risk of ***** failure and ***** school **********. The work ***** Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates that through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student for a lifetime of significant participation in their ***** and nation." ***** additionally relates ***** providing students a chance for meaningful involvement at school ***** four specific outcomes: (1) positive effects on the student's

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