Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

***** factors affect the transition of the individual into ***** environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well as other extra-curricular activities. Research h***** suggested that the successful ***** of students into ninth-grade is highly predictive of ***** level ***** academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years ***** high *****, which results in *****ing the student's success in life following high school. It is known that ***** experiencing academic difficulties in the ninth-grade school year also tend to have more absences, ***** office d*****cipline referrals, and lack a feeling of attachment to the *****, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade and greatly increases ***** likelihood that these students will drop out of high school be*****e completion ***** graduation. In order ***** address the issue of ninth-grade transition ***** some schools have created a small learning community, which has ********** named the 'Freshman Academy'. The objective ***** this present research is to examine the impact that the Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student *****. Toward ***** end, this study intends to conduct ***** in order to determine the degree to ***** small ***** communities, and in ***** case the Freshman Academy, has upon the academic achievement of ***** students at a small rural ***** school in Central Florida. The methodology of this study will be both of a qu*****lit*****ive and a quantitative nature ***** order to determine the success of the Freshman Academy in *****creasing student ***** ***** attendance in the n*****th grade. The data ***** be collected at the end of ***** 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting the achievement of ni*****-grade students and ***** attendance ***** the ninth-grade *****. This data will then be compared ***** the achievement and attendance data for ninth-grade students in the school year 2003-2004 prior to ***** implementation of the Freshman Academy.

***** ***** COMMUNITIES: ***** IMPACT OF A FRESHM*****N ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

CHAPTER ONE

***** QUESTIONS

The questions that this research ***** to answer are those as follows:

To what degree ***** the Freshman Academy affected student achievement among ninth-grade *****s?

To what ***** h***** ***** Freshman Academy affected the attendance ***** ninth-grade students?

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully transition into high school in the ninth-grade school year ***** at a much higher risk of academic failure and ultim*****ely at an ***** ***** of dropping out of high school completely. Academic interventions including ***** learning ***** decrease the risk of academic failure and high school **********. The work of Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates ***** through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student for a lifetime of significant participation in *****ir communities and nation." ***** additionally relates that providing *****s a chance for meaningful ***** at school has four specific **********: (1) positive effects on the student's

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