Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

***** factors affect the transition of the individual into the environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well ***** other extra-curricular activities. Research has suggested that the successful ***** of students into ninth-grade is highly predictive of the level of academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years ***** high school, which results in ********** the *****'s success in life follow*****g high *****. It is known that ***** experiencing academic difficulties in the ninth-grade school year also tend to have more absences, ***** office discipline referrals, and lack a feeling of *****ttachment ***** the school, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade ***** greatly increases the likelihood ***** these students will drop out of high school before completion and graduation. In order to address the issue of ninth-grade transition ***** some schools have created a sm*****ll learning community, which has been named the 'Freshman Academy'. The objective ***** this present research is ***** examine the impact that ***** Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student transition. Toward this end, this study intends to conduct ***** in order to determine the degree ***** ***** small ***** communities, and in this case ***** Freshman Academy, has upon the academic achievement of ninth-grade students at a small rural ***** school in Central Florida. The methodology of this study ***** be both of a qu*****lit*****ive and a quantitative nature ***** order to determine the success of the ***** Academy in *****creasing student achievement and attendance in the ninth grade. The data will be collected at the end ***** ***** 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting the achievement of ***** *****s and ***** attendance of the ********** students. This data will then be compared to the achievement and attendance data for ninth-grade students in the school ***** 2003-2004 prior ***** the implementation of ***** Freshman Academy.

SMALL ***** COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT ***** A ***** ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT *****

***** ONE

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The questions ***** ***** research ***** to answer are those as follows:

***** what degree has the ***** Academy affected student achievement among ninth-grade *****?

To what ***** has the Freshman Academy affected the ***** of ninth-grade *****s?

***** OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully transition in***** high school in the ***** school year ***** at a much *****er risk of academic failure and ultimately at an ***** risk of dropping out of high school completely. Academic interventions including small learning communities decrease the risk of academic failure ***** ***** school **********. The work of Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates that through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student ***** a lifetime of significant participation in their ***** and nation." ***** additionally relates that providing students a chance for meaningful ***** at school has four specific *****comes: (1) positive effects on the student's

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