Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

***** factors affect the transition of the individual into ***** environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well ***** o*****r extra-curricular activities. Research has suggested that the successful ***** of students ***** ninth-grade is highly predictive of ***** level of academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years ***** high school, which results in *****ing the student's success in life follow*****g high *****. It is known that students experiencing ***** difficulties in the ***** school year also tend to have more absences, more office d*****cipline referrals, and lack a feeling of attachment to ***** *****, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade ***** gre*****ly increases ***** likelihood ***** these students will drop out of high school before completion and graduation. In order ***** address the issue of ninth-grade transition difficulties some schools have created a sm*****ll learning community, which has been named ***** 'Freshman Academy'. The objective of this present research is to examine the impact that ***** Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student transition. Toward this end, this study intends ***** conduct ***** in order to determine the degree ***** ***** small ***** communities, ***** in ***** case ***** Freshman Academy, has upon the academic achievement of n*****th-grade students at a ***** rural high school in Central Florida. The methodology of this study will be both of a qualit*****ive and a quantitative nature ***** order to determine ***** success of the Freshman Academy in *****creasing student achievement ***** attendance in the n*****th grade. The data will be collected at the end ***** ***** 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting ***** achievement of ni***** *****s and the attendance ***** the ninth-grade students. This data ***** then be compared to the achievement and attendance data for ***** students in the school ***** 2003-2004 prior ***** the implementation of ***** ***** Academy.

SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A ***** ********** ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT *****

***** ONE

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

***** questions that ***** research intends to answer are those as follows:

To what degree h***** the Freshman Academy affected student achievement among ninth-grade *****?

To what degree has ***** Freshman ***** affected the attendance ***** ninth-grade *****s?

***** OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully transition into high school in the ***** school year are at a much *****er risk of academic failure and ultimately at an increased risk of dropping ***** of high school completely. Academic interventions including small learning communities decrease the risk of academic failure and ***** school attrition. The work ***** Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates ***** through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student for a lifetime of signifi*****t participation in their ***** and nation." ***** additionally relates that providing students a ch*****nce for ***** ***** at school ***** four specific outcomes: (1) positive effects on the student's

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