Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

Many factors affect the transition of the individual into ***** environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well as o*****r extra-curricular activities. Research has suggested that the successful ***** of students ***** ninth-grade is highly predictive of the level ***** academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years ***** high *****, which results in affecting the student's success in life follow*****g high school. It is known that students experiencing ***** difficulties in the ninth-grade ***** year also tend to have more absences, ***** office d*****cipline referrals, and lack a feeling of attachment ***** ***** school, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade and greatly increases the likelihood that these students will drop out of high school be*****e completion and graduation. In order to address the issue of ninth-grade transition ***** some schools have created a sm***** learning community, which has *****n named the 'Freshman Academy'. The objective ***** this present research is to examine ***** impact that the Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student *****. Toward ***** end, this study intends to conduct ***** in order to determ*****e the degree ***** which small ***** communities, ***** in this case ***** ***** Academy, ***** upon the academic achievement of n*****th-grade students at a small rural ***** school in Central Florida. The methodology of this study ***** be both of a qu*****lit*****ive and a quantitative nature ***** order to determine the success of the Freshman Academy in *****creasing student ***** ***** attendance in the ninth grade. The data will be collected at the end of the 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting ***** achievement of ninth-grade *****s and the attendance of the ninth-grade students. This data ***** then be compared ***** the achievement and attendance data for ***** students in the school year 2003-2004 prior to the implementation ***** the ***** Academy.

SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHM*****N ACADEMY ***** NINTH ***** STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

CHAPTER ONE

***** QUESTIONS

The questions ***** this research intends to answer are those as follows:

To what degree h***** the Freshman Academy affected student ***** among ninth-grade *****s?

To what degree has ***** Freshman Academy affected the attendance of ninth-grade students?

***** OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully transition into high school in the n*****th-grade school ***** ***** at a much *****er risk of academic failure and ultimately at an ***** risk of dropping ***** of high school completely. Academic interventions including small learning communities decrease the risk of academic failure ***** ***** school attrition. The work ***** Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates that through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student ***** a lifetime of significant participation in *****ir communities and nation." ***** additionally relates that providing students a chance for meaningful involvement at school ***** four specific outcomes: (1) positive effects on the student's

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