Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

***** factors affect the transition of the individual into the environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well ***** other extra-curricular activities. Research has suggested that the successful ***** of students ***** ninth-grade is highly predictive of the level of academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years of high school, which results in affecting the student's success in life follow*****g high *****. It is known that students experiencing academic difficulties in the ninth-grade school year also tend to have more absences, ***** office d*****cipline referrals, and lack a feeling of *****ttachment ***** the *****, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade and gre*****ly increases ***** likelihood ***** these students will drop out of high school before completion ***** graduation. In order to address the issue of ninth-grade transition ***** some schools have created a sm*****ll learning community, which has been named ***** 'Freshman Academy'. The objective ***** this present research is ***** examine the impact that the Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student *****. Toward ***** end, this study intends to conduct research in order to determ*****e the degree to ***** small learning communities, and in this case the ***** Academy, has upon the academic achievement of ninth-grade students at a ***** rural high school in Central Florida. The methodology of this study ***** be both of a qualitative and a quantitative nature in order to determine ***** success of the Freshman Academy in increasing student ***** and attendance in the n*****th grade. The data will be collected at the end of ***** 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting ***** achievement of ***** *****s and the attendance of the ni*****-grade students. This data will then be compared to the achievement and attendance data for ninth-grade students in the school ***** 2003-2004 prior ***** the implementation of the ***** Academy.

SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A ***** *****CADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

***** ONE

***** QUESTIONS

***** questions that ***** research ***** to answer are those as follows:

***** what degree h***** the Freshman Academy affected student ***** among ninth-grade *****?

To what ***** has the Freshman ***** affected the ***** ***** ninth-grade *****s?

***** OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully transition into ***** school in the n*****th-grade school year ***** at a much higher risk of academic failure and ultim*****ely at an increased ***** of dropping out ***** high school completely. Academic interventions including small learning communities decrease the risk of ***** failure ***** ***** school **********. The work ***** Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates ***** through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student for a lifetime of signifi*****t p*****rticipation in their ***** and nation." ***** additionally relates that providing *****s a chance for meaningful involvement at school ***** four specific **********: (1) positive effects on the *****

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