Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

Many factors affect the transition of the individual into the environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well as other extra-curricular activities. Research has suggested that the successful ***** of students into ninth-grade is highly predictive of the level ***** academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years ***** high school, which results in affecting the *****'s success in life following high school. It is known that ***** experiencing academic difficulties in the ninth-grade school year also tend to have more absences, more office d*****cipline referrals, and lack a feeling of *****ttachment ***** the *****, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade ***** greatly increases ***** likelihood ***** these students will drop out ***** high school before completion and graduation. In order to address the issue of ninth-grade transition ***** some schools have created a sm***** le*****rning community, which has been named the 'Freshman Academy'. The objective of this present research is ***** examine the impact that ***** Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student *****. Toward ***** end, this study intends to conduct ***** in order to determ*****e the degree to which small learning communities, and in this case ***** ***** Academy, has upon the academic achievement of ***** students at a ***** rural ***** school ***** Central Florida. The methodology of this study will be both of a qualitative and a quantitative nature in order to determine the success of ***** Freshman Academy in *****creasing student ***** ***** attendance in the ninth grade. The data will be collected at the end ***** ***** 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting the achievement of *****-grade *****s and ***** attendance ***** the ninth-grade students. This data will then be compared to the achievement and attendance data for ***** students in the school year 2003-2004 prior ***** ***** implementation of the ***** Academy.

***** LEARNING COMMUNITIES: ***** IMPACT OF A FRESHM*****N ACADEMY ***** NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

***** ONE

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

***** questions that this research intends to answer are those as follows:

***** what degree ***** the Freshman Academy affected student ***** among ninth-grade *****s?

To what ***** h***** ***** Fres*****man Academy affected the ***** ***** ninth-grade students?

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully transition into high school in the ***** school year are at a much *****er risk of academic failure and ultimately at an ***** risk of dropp*****g out ***** high school completely. Academic interventions including small learning ***** decrease the risk of ***** failure ***** ***** school attrition. The work of Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates ***** through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student for a lifetime of significant participation in ********** communities and nation." ***** additionally relates that providing *****s a chance for ***** ***** at school has four specific outcomes: (1) positive effects on the student's

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