Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

***** factors affect the transition of the individual into the environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well ***** o*****r extra-curricular activities. Research has suggested that the successful transition of students ***** ninth-grade is highly predictive of ***** level ***** academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years of high *****, which results in affecting the student's success in life follow*****g high school. It is known that students experiencing ***** difficulties in the ***** ***** year also tend to have more absences, ***** office d*****cipline referrals, and lack a feeling of *****ttachment ***** the school, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade and gre*****ly increases ***** likelihood that these students will drop out of high school before completion and graduation. In order to address the issue of ninth-grade ***** ***** some schools have created a small learning community, which has been named the 'Freshman Academy'. The objective of this present research is ***** examine the impact that the Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student transition. Toward ***** end, this study intends to conduct ***** in order to determ*****e the degree to which small ***** communities, ***** in ***** case ***** Freshman Academy, ***** upon the academic achievement of ***** students at a ***** rural ***** school ***** Central Florida. The methodology of this study ***** be both of a qualitative and a quantitative nature in order to determ*****e ***** success of the ***** Academy in increasing student ***** and attendance in the n*****th grade. The data will be collected at the end ***** the 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting the achievement of ni*****-grade students ***** ***** attendance ***** the ninth-grade students. This data will then be compared to the achievement and attendance data for ***** students in the school ***** 2003-2004 prior ***** ***** implementation of the Freshman Academy.

SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHM*****N ACADEMY ***** NINTH ***** STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

CHAPTER ONE

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The questions that ***** research ***** to answer are those as follows:

***** what degree h***** the Freshman Academy affected student ***** among ninth-grade students?

To what ***** has ***** Freshman ***** affected the attendance ***** ninth-grade students?

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully ***** into high school in the ***** school year are at a much *****er risk of academic failure and ultim*****ely at an ***** risk of dropp*****g out ***** high school completely. Academic interventions including small learning communities decrease the risk of ***** failure and ***** school attrition. The work ***** Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates ***** through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student for a lifetime of signifi*****t p*****rticipation in their ***** and nation." ***** additionally relates that providing students a chance for meaningful ***** at school ***** four specific outcomes: (1) positive effects on the *****

. . . . [END OF RESEARCH PAPER PREVIEW]

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