Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...

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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology and application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to expla***** ***** facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

Like the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to explain real, measurable ***** in ***** world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate ***** the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in ***** 'field' of lived experience, and less predictable ***** uniform ***** its ***** than microbes and molecules, this is all the ***** reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It *****s make sense of what ********** seems chaotic and un*****, when viewed anecdotally. If social ***** like psychology aspire to be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as the ***** sciences.

Useful research ***** the social science that ********** prescriptive conclusions *****not be purely anecdotal, although case ***** have their place within the social **********. But even in a case study, statistics can support the ***** of the observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a more open sexual environment are ***** likely ***** take responsibility ***** their *****ity might ***** an idea confirmed ***** dialogues with these teens and an *****alysis of the mass media. Still, ***** idea should also be supported by data about birth control use and an *****alysis ***** how often responsible attitudes towards sexuality are discussed in the media, rather than a deconstruction of a few ads.

***** issue of ethics in psychology and anthropology also requires a cert*****in *****ous ***** rule-based *****. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper distance from their subjects. Researchers in psychology cannot ab***** subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

The issue ***** 'common sense' inevit*****bly plays some role in social science theory, given that researchers are human beings, and bring their own cultural assumptions to their studies and the construction of *****. But common sense can never re***** statistical, experimental, and *****corded ***** about another culture. What constitutes ***** sense varies widely from ***** to culture and era to *****. 'Common *****' or cultural misconceptions may tell us that the 1950s was a happy era of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics may show that far more women worked than images of ***** era suggest, and memories ***** ***** arti***** ***** that there ***** tremendo***** fear in the co*****try, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, and reluctance to discuss sexual issues


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