Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology and application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to explain social facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

Like the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to ***** real, measurable ***** in ***** world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate ***** the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in the 'field' of lived experience, and less predictable ***** uniform ***** its ***** than micro*****s and molecules, this is all the more reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It helps make sense of what often seems chaotic ***** unpredictable, when viewed anecdotally. If social ***** like psychology aspire to be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as ***** natural sciences.

Useful research in the social science that makes prescriptive conclusions cannot be purely anecdotal, al***** case studies have their place within the social sciences. But even in a case study, statistics can support the ***** of ***** observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a ***** open sexual environment are more likely to take responsibility ***** their *****ity might be an idea confirmed ***** dialogues with these teens and an analysis of the mass media. Still, ***** idea should also ***** supported by data about birth control use and an analysis of how ***** responsible attitudes towards sexuality are discussed in the media, rather than a deconstruction ***** ***** few ads.

***** issue of ethics in psychology and anthropology also requires a certa***** ********** ***** rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper distance from their subjects. Researchers in psychology cannot ab***** subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

The issue ***** 'common sense' *****evit*****bly plays some role in social science theory, given that researchers are human *****, and bring ***** own cultural assumptions ***** their studies and the construction of *****. But common sense can never re***** statistical, experimental, ***** recorded ***** about another culture. What constitutes common sense varies widely from culture to ***** and era to *****. 'Common ***** or cultural misconceptions may tell us ***** the 1950s was a happy era of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics ***** show that far more women worked than images of ***** era suggest, and memories ***** ***** artifacts ***** that there was tremendous fear in the country, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, and reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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