Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology and application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to expla***** social facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

Like the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to explain real, measurable behavior in the world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate in the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in the 'field' ***** lived experience, and less predictable ***** uniform ***** its behavior than microbes and molecules, this is all the ***** reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It helps make sense of what *****ten seems chaotic ***** unpredictable, when viewed anecdotally. If social ***** like psychology aspire ***** be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as ***** natural sciences.

Useful research ***** the social science that *****s ***** conclusions cannot be purely anecdotal, al***** case studies have *****ir place within the social *****. But even in a case study, statistics can support the ***** of the observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a more open sexual environment ***** more likely ***** take responsibility ***** their ********** might be an idea confirmed in dialogues with these teens and an *****alysis of the mass media. Still, ***** idea should also be supported by data about birth control use and an *****alysis of how often responsible attitudes towards sexuality are discussed in the media, rather ***** a deconstruction of a few ads.

The issue ***** ethics in psychology and anthropology also requires a cert********** ********** and rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper distance from their subjects. Researchers in psychology cannot abuse subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

***** issue of 'common sense' *****evitably plays some role in social ***** theory, given that *****ers are human *****, and bring their own cultural assumptions ***** their studies and the construction of hypotheses. But common sense can never replace statistical, experimental, and recorded ***** about another culture. What constitutes common sense varies widely from culture to ***** and era to era. 'Common ***** or cultural misconceptions may tell us ***** the 1950s was a happy era of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics may show that far more women worked than images of the era suggest, and memories ***** cultural artifacts ***** that there ***** tremendous fear in the country, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, and reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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