Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology and application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to explain social facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

Like the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to ***** real, measurable behavior in the world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate in the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in the 'field' ***** lived experience, and less predictable and uniform in its *****havior than microbes and molecules, this is all the more reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It helps make sense of what often seems chaotic and unpredictable, when viewed anecdot*****y. If social ***** like psychology aspire to be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as the ***** sciences.

Useful research ***** ***** social science that makes prescriptive conclusions cannot ***** purely anecdotal, al***** case ***** have their place within the social **********. But even in a c*****se study, statistics can support ***** ***** of the observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a more open sexual environment are ***** likely ***** take responsibility ***** their ********** might be an idea confirmed in dialogues with these teens and an analysis of the mass media. Still, ***** ***** should also be supported by data about birth control use and an analysis ***** how ***** responsible attitudes towards sexuality are discussed in the media, rather ***** a deconstruction of ***** few ads.

***** issue ***** ethics in ***** and anthropology also requires a certain ********** and rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper distance from their subjects. Researchers in psychology cannot abuse subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

The issue of 'common sense' inevitably plays some role in social science theory, given that researchers are ***** beings, and bring their own cultural assumptions to their studies and the construction of hypotheses. But common sense can never replace statistical, experimental, ***** recorded data about another culture. What constitutes ***** sense varies widely from ***** to culture and era to era. 'Common *****' or cultural misconceptions may tell us that the 1950s was a happy ***** of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics ***** show that far more women worked than images of ***** era suggest, and memories and cultural artifacts ***** that there was tremendo***** fear in the country, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, and reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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