Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology *****nd application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to explain ***** facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

***** the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to explain real, measurable ***** in ***** world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate ***** the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in ***** 'field' ***** lived experience, and less predictable and uniform in its ***** than microbes and molecules, this is all the ***** reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It helps make sense of what *****ten seems chaotic ***** un*****, when viewed anecdotally. If social ***** like psychology aspire to be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject ***** controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as the ***** sciences.

Useful research in ***** social science that makes prescriptive conclusions *****not be purely anecdotal, although case ***** have their place within the social *****. But even in a c*****se study, statistics can support ***** ***** of the observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a more open sexual environment ***** more likely to take responsibility for their sexuality might be an idea confirmed in dialogues with these teens and an *****alysis ***** the mass media. Still, ***** idea should also be supported by data about birth control use and an analysis of how ********** responsible attitudes towards ***** are discussed in the media, rather than a deconstruction of ***** few ads.

The issue ***** ethics in ***** and anthropology ***** requires a cert********** rigorous and rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper dist*****nce from their subjects. Researchers in psychology *****not ab***** subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

***** issue of '***** sense' *****evitably plays some role in social science theory, given that researchers are human *****, and bring ***** own cultural assumptions ***** their studies and the construction ***** hypotheses. But common sense can never replace statistical, experimental, and recorded data about another culture. What constitutes common sense varies widely from ***** to culture and era to era. 'Common ***** or cultural misconceptions may tell us ***** the 1950s was a happy era of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics may show that far more women worked than images of the era suggest, and memories ***** ***** artifacts show that there ***** tremendous fear in the co*****try, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, and reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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