Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology *****nd application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to explain social facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

***** the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to ***** real, measurable behavior in the world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate in the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in the 'field' ***** lived experience, and less predictable and uniform in its ***** than micro*****s and molecules, this is all the ***** reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It helps make sense of what ********** seems chaotic and un*****, when viewed anecdot*****y. If social sciences like psychology aspire ***** be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as ***** ***** sciences.

Useful research in the social science that makes prescriptive conclusions cannot ***** purely anecdotal, al***** case ***** have *****ir place within the social *****. But even in a c*****se study, statistics can support the conclusions of ***** observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a more open sexual environment are ***** likely to take responsibility ***** their ********** might be an idea confirmed ***** dialogues with these teens ***** an analysis ***** the mass media. Still, this idea should also be supported by data about birth control use and an *****alysis of how *****ten responsible attitudes towards sexuality ***** discussed in the media, ra*****r than a deconstruction of a few ads.

***** issue of ethics in ***** and anthropology also requires a certain ********** and rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper dist*****nce from their subjects. Researchers in psychology cannot abuse subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

***** issue of '***** sense' inevit*****bly plays some role in social ***** theory, given that *****ers are human beings, and bring their own cultural assumptions to their studies and the construction of hypotheses. But common sense can never re***** statistical, experimental, ***** recorded ***** about another culture. What constitutes ***** sense varies widely from ***** to culture and era to *****. 'Common ***** or cultural misconceptions may tell us ***** the 1950s was a happy era of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics may show that far more women worked than images ***** ***** era suggest, and memories and cultural artifacts show that there ***** tremendo***** fear in the country, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, ***** reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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