Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology *****nd application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to expla***** ***** facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

***** the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to ********** real, measurable behavior in ***** world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate ***** the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in the 'field' of lived experience, and less predictable ***** uniform in its ***** than microbes and molecules, this is all the more reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It *****s make sense of what ********** seems chaotic ***** unpredictable, when viewed anecdotally. If social ***** like psychology aspire to be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as ***** ***** sciences.

Useful research ***** the social science that makes prescriptive conclusions *****not be purely anecdotal, although case ***** have their place within the social *****. But even in a ***** study, statistics can support the conclusions of the observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a ***** open sexual environment ***** more likely to take responsibility ***** their sexuality might ***** an idea confirmed ***** dialogues with these teens ***** an analysis ***** the mass media. Still, ***** idea should also be supported by data about birth control use and an analysis of how often responsible attitudes towards sexuality are discussed in the media, rather ***** a deconstruction of a few ads.

***** issue ***** ethics in ***** and anthropology also requires a cert*****in ********** ***** rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper dist*****nce from their subjects. Researchers in psychology cannot ab***** subjects in a l*****oratory environment to prove a theory.

The issue of '***** sense' *****evitably plays some role in social ***** theory, given that *****ers are human *****, and bring their own cultural assumptions ***** their studies and the construction ***** *****. But common sense can never re***** statistical, experimental, and recorded ***** about another culture. What constitutes ***** sense varies widely from culture to culture and era to era. 'Common sense' or cultural misconceptions may tell us that the 1950s was a happy ***** of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics may show that far more women worked than images of the era suggest, and memories and cultural artifacts ***** that there ***** tremendo***** fear in the country, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, ***** reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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