Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology and application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to expla***** social facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

***** the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to ********** real, measurable behavior in ***** world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate in the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in ***** 'field' ***** lived experience, and less predictable ***** uniform ***** its ***** than micro*****s and molecules, this is all the more reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It helps make sense of what *****ten seems chaotic and un*****, when viewed anecdot*****y. If social ***** like psychology aspire to be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject ***** controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as the ***** sciences.

Useful research ***** ***** social science that makes ***** conclusions cannot ***** purely anecdotal, al***** case studies have their place within the social sciences. But even in a c*****se study, statistics can support the ***** of the observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a ***** open sexual environment are more likely to take responsibility for their sexuality might be an idea confirmed in dialogues with these teens ***** an *****alysis ***** the mass media. Still, ***** idea should also ***** supported by data about birth control use and an analysis of how often responsible attitudes towards sexuality ***** discussed ***** the media, rather than a deconstruction of a few ads.

The issue ***** ethics in psychology and anthropology ***** requires a certa***** rigorous and rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper dist*****nce from their subjects. Researchers in psychology cannot abuse subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

The issue of '***** sense' *****evitably *****s some role in social science theory, given that researchers are human *****, and bring ***** own cultural assumptions ***** their studies and the construction of hypotheses. But common sense can never re***** statistical, experimental, and recorded data about another culture. What constitutes ***** sense varies widely from culture to ***** and era to *****. 'Common sense' or cultural misconceptions may tell us that the 1950s was a happy era of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics ***** show that far more women worked than images ***** the era suggest, and memories ***** ***** arti***** ***** that there ***** tremendous fear in the country, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, and reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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