Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology *****nd application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to explain ***** facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

Like the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to ***** real, measurable ***** in ***** world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate in the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in the 'field' ***** lived experience, and less predictable and uniform in its ***** than microbes and molecules, this is all the ***** reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It *****s make sense of what often seems chaotic ***** unpredictable, when viewed anecdot*****y. If social sciences like psychology aspire to be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as the natural *****.

Useful research in the social science that makes prescriptive conclusions cannot be purely anecdotal, although case ***** have their place within the social sciences. But even in a ***** study, st*****tistics can support ***** ***** of the observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a more open sexual environment ***** ***** likely to take responsibility ***** their sexuality might be an idea confirmed ***** dialogues with these teens and an analysis of the mass media. Still, this idea should also be supported by data about birth control use and an *****alysis ***** how often responsible attitudes towards ***** are discussed in the media, rather than a deconstruction of a few ads.

The issue ***** ethics in psychology and anthropology also requires a certa***** ********** ***** rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper dist*****nce from their subjects. Researchers in psychology *****not ab***** subjects in a l*****oratory environment to prove a theory.

The issue of '***** sense' inevitably ********** some role in social science theory, given that researchers are ***** *****, and bring ***** own cultural assumptions ***** their studies and the construction ***** *****. But common sense can never re***** statistical, experimental, ***** *****corded data about another culture. What constitutes common sense varies widely from ***** to culture and era to era. 'Common ********** or cultural misconceptions may tell us ***** the 1950s was a happy ***** of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics ***** show that far more women worked than images ***** ***** era suggest, and memories ***** cultural arti***** ***** that there ***** tremendo***** fear in the country, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, and reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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