Essay - Socrates' - the Unexamined Life is not Worth Living Socrates...

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Socrates' - The Unexamined Life is Not Worth Living

Socrates ***** convinced that "the unexamined life is not worth living for a hum*****n being" (Ap. 38a5-6), it is clear that he must suppose there to be extremely high value in philosophical activity. But even th***** value is difficult to make out. Despite hav*****g lived by this principle for so many years now, Socrates is convinced that he remains ignorant of "anything fine and good" (Ap. 21d3-4). And because Socrates sees vice as *****hing other than moral ignorance, it might seem puzzling how he could claim to be any better ********** than those whose vice he has struggled to eradicate through philosophy. After all, he is no less ignorant than they are; his superior wisdom lies solely in ***** recognition of the ignorance he shares with them. Scattered throughout the early dialogues are a variety ***** principles which Socrates plainly endorses. *****' acceptance of these principles appears ***** have been generated through his practice of philosophy (Palmer, 1988). Thus, by living the philosophical ***** he ***** come to recognize a variety of ways in which ***** could have acted wrongfully; by following his principles he has avoided ***** evils ***** might *****wise have committed. And precisely ***** happiness is assured by good action from the fact ***** Socrates can make a number of important judgments ***** guide him to good *****s, we ***** be confident that at least up until ***** time of ***** trial, he ***** to some degree genuinely happy.

One ***** especially stands out--his examin*****ions of himself and others. It is precisely ***** activity, according to Socrates, that has made his life worthwhile. Socrates s*****s ***** he regards this activity as necessary ***** happiness when he says, "the unexamined ***** is not worth ***** for a hum*****n being" (Ap. 38a5-6). He goes on to show that he thinks it is sufficient for happiness when he indicates ***** so long as he ***** engage in th***** activity, Socrates would consider himself happy: he ***** count it ***** an "*****conceivable happiness" (Ap. 41c3-4) if death *****fers him ***** opportunity ***** pursue his mission with the dead in Hades. In order to understand t***** claim, we do ***** need to assume that Socrates would miraculously receive virtue in the afterl*****e--just engaging in this activity alone is enough ***** Socrates to judge his condition happy. Accordingly, good activity is sufficient for happiness; ***** itself is not *****ed. But once ***** opportunity for good ***** has been taken away, as it has ***** by his conviction, and since he considers all of t***** possible penal*****ies other than paying a fine to be evils (*****. 37b5-e2), ***** no longer counts his life as worthwhile, claiming that he will be better off dead, ***** if death is *****hing more than utter extinction (Ap. 40c5). The power of the jury ***** constrain what Socrates can ***** justly makes clear ***** no measure ***** happiness, however small, can be ensured during one's *****.

What ***** asserts, is


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