Essay - Socrates' - the Unexamined Life is not Worth Living Socrates...

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Copyright Notice

Socrates' - The Unexamined Life is Not Worth Living

Socrates is convinced that "the unexamined life is not worth living for a hum*****n being" (Ap. 38a5*****6), it is clear that he must suppose there to be extremely high value in philosophical activity. But even this value is difficult to make out. Despite having lived by this principle for so many years now, Socrates is convinced that he remains ignorant of "anything fine and good" (Ap. 21d3-4). And because Socrates sees vice as nothing other than moral ignorance, it might seem puzzling how he could claim to be any better off than those whose vice he has struggled ***** eradicate through philosophy. After all, he is no less ignorant than they are; his superior wisdom lies solely in his recognition of the ignorance he shares with them. Scattered ********** the early dialogues are a variety ***** principles which Socrates plainly endorses. Socrates' acceptance of these principles appears to have been generated through his practice of philosophy (Palmer, 1988). Thus, by living the philosophical ***** he ***** come to recognize a ***** ***** ways in which he ***** ***** acted wrongfully; by following his principles he has avoided ***** evils he might *****wise have committed. And precisely ***** happiness is assured by ***** action from the fact ***** Socrates can ***** a number of import*****nt judgments which guide him to good *****s, we can be confident that at least up until ***** time of his trial, he is to some degree genuinely happy.

***** ***** especially stands out--h***** examin*****ions ***** himself and others. It is precisely this activity, according to Socrates, that has made his life worthwhile. Socrates s*****s that he regards this ***** as necessary for happiness when he says, "t***** unexamined ***** is not worth ***** for a hum*****n being" (Ap. 38a5-6). He goes on to show ***** he thinks it is sufficient for happiness when he indicates that so long as he could engage in th***** activity, Socrates would consider himself happy: he would count it ***** an "********** happiness" (Ap. 41c3-4) if death *****ers him t***** opportunity to pursue his mission with the dead in Hades. In order ***** understand this claim, we do ***** need to assume that Socrates would miraculously receive virtue in the afterl*****e--just engaging in this activity alone is enough ***** Socrates to judge his condition happy. Accordingly, good activity is sufficient for happiness; virtue itself is not *****ed. But once ***** opportunity for good ***** has been taken away, as it has been ***** his conviction, and since he considers all of t***** possible penal*****ies other than paying a fine to be evils (Ap. 37b5-e2), ***** no longer counts his life *****s worthwhile, claiming that he will be better off dead, even if death is nothing more ***** utter extinction (Ap. 40c5). The power of the jury ***** constrain what Socrates can do justly makes clear ***** no measure ***** happiness, however small, can be ensured during one's l*****e.

What ***** asserts, is


Download entire paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, customized paper

© 2001–2017   |   Essays about Socrates' - the Unexamined Life is not Worth Living Socrates   |   Essay Writing