Essay - Socrates' - the Unexamined Life is not Worth Living Socrates...


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Socrates' - The Unexamined Life is Not Worth Living

***** is convinced that "the unexamined life is not worth living for a hum*****n being" (Ap. 38a5*****6), it is clear that he must suppose *****re to be extremely high value in philosophical activity. But even this value is difficult to make out. Despite hav*****g lived by this principle for so many years now, Socrates is ***** ***** he remains ignorant of "anything fine and good" (Ap. 21d3-4). And because Socrates sees vice as *****hing other than moral ignorance, it might seem puzzling how he could claim to be any better *****f than those whose vice he has struggled ***** eradicate through philosophy. After all, he ***** no less ig*****rant than they are; his superior wisdom lies solely in ***** recogn*****ion of the ignorance he shares with them. Scattered throughout the early dialogues are a variety ***** principles which Socrates plainly endorses. *****' acceptance of these principles appears to have been generated through his practice of philosophy (Palmer, 1988). Thus, by living the philosophical ***** he has come to recognize a ***** ***** ways in which he ***** have acted wrongfully; by following ***** principles he has avoided ***** evils ***** might *****wise have committed. And precisely ***** happiness is assured ***** ***** action from the fact that Socrates can ***** a number of important judgments which guide him to good **********, we can be confident that at least up until ***** time of his trial, he is ***** some degree genuinely happy.

***** activity especially stands out--his examin*****ions ***** himself and others. It is precisely ***** activity, according to Socrates, that has made his life worthwhile. Socrates shows ***** he regards this ***** as necessary ***** happiness when he says, "the unexamined ***** is not worth ***** for a human being" (Ap. 38a5-6). He goes on ***** show that he thinks it is sufficient for ***** when he indicates ***** so long as he could engage in this activity, ***** would consider himself happy: he would count it ***** an "inconceivable happiness" (Ap. 41c3-4) if death offers him t***** opportunity to pursue his mission with the dead in Hades. In order ***** understand this claim, we do not need to assume that Socrates would miraculously receive virtue in the afterlife--just engaging in this ***** alone is enough ***** ***** to judge his condition happy. Accordingly, good activity is sufficient for happiness; ***** itself is not needed. But once ***** opportunity for good ***** has been taken away, as it has ***** by his conviction, and since he considers all of the possible penalties o*****r than paying a fine to be ***** (Ap. 37b5-e2), Socrates no longer counts his life as worthwhile, claiming that he will be better off *****, ***** if death is *****thing more than utter extinction (Ap. 40c5). The power of the jury ***** constrain what Socrates can do justly makes clear that no measure ***** happiness, however sm*****, can be ensured during one's life.

What ***** asserts, *****

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