Essay - Socrates' - the Unexamined Life is not Worth Living Socrates...

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Socrates' - The Unexamined Life is Not Worth Living

Socrates ***** convinced that "the unexamined life is not worth living for a human being" (Ap. 38a5-6), it is clear that he must suppose *****re to be extremely high value in philosophical activity. But even this value is difficult to make out. Despite having lived by this principle for so many years now, Socrates is convinced ***** he remains ignorant of "anything fine and good" (Ap. 21d3-4). And because Socrates sees vice as *****hing other than moral ignorance, it might seem puzzling how he could claim to be any better ********** than those whose vice he has struggled ***** eradicate through philosophy. After all, he ***** no less ignorant than they are; his superior wisdom lies solely in his recogn*****ion of the ignorance he shares with them. Scattered throughout the early dialogues are a variety ***** principles which Socrates plainly endorses. *****' acceptance of these principles appears to have been generated through his practice of philosophy (Palmer, 1988). Thus, by living the philosophical ***** he has come to recognize a variety of ways in which he could ***** acted wrongfully; by following his principles he has avoided m***** evils he might otherwise have committed. And precisely ***** happiness is assured by good action from the fact that Socrates can make a number of import*****nt judgments which guide him to good actions, we can be confident ***** at least up until the time of ***** trial, he is to some degree genuinely happy.

***** ***** especially stands out--h***** examinations ***** himself and others. It is precisely this activity, according to Socrates, that has made his life worthwhile. Socrates shows ***** he regards this activity as necessary ***** happiness when he says, "the unexamined life is not worth ***** for a hum*****n *****" (Ap. 38a5-6). He goes on ***** show that he thinks it is sufficient for happiness when he indicates ***** so long as he could engage in th***** *****, ***** would consider himself happy: he would count it ***** an "inconceivable happiness" (Ap. 41c3-4) if death offers him ***** opportunity to pursue his mission with the dead in Hades. In order to underst***** this claim, we do not need to assume that Socrates would miraculously receive virtue in the after*****--just engaging in this activity alone is enough for ***** to judge his condition happy. Accordingly, good activity is sufficient for happiness; ***** itself is not *****ed. But once the opportunity for good activity has been taken away, as it has been by his conviction, and since he considers all of ***** possible penalties ot*****r than paying a ***** to be evils (*****. 37b5-e2), Socrates no longer *****s his life as worthwhile, *****ing that he will be better off *****, ***** if death is *****hing more ***** utter extinction (Ap. 40c5). The power of the jury to constrain what Socrates ***** do justly makes clear ***** ***** measure of happiness, however sm*****, can be ensured during one's *****.

What Socrates asserts, is


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