Essay - Socrates' - the Unexamined Life is not Worth Living Socrates...


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Socrates' - The Unexamined Life is Not Worth Living

Socrates ***** convinced that "the unexamined life is not worth living for a human being" (Ap. 38a5-6), it is clear that he must suppose ********** to be extremely high value in philosophical activity. But even th***** value is difficult to make out. Despite hav*****g lived by this principle for so many years now, Socrates is ***** that he remains ignorant of "anything fine and good" (Ap. 21d3-4). And because Socrates sees vice as *****hing other than moral ignorance, it might seem puzzling how he could claim to be any better *****f than those whose vice he h***** struggled ***** eradicate t*****rough philosophy. After all, he ***** no less ignorant than they are; his superior wisdom lies solely in his recognition of the ignorance he shares with them. Scattered throughout the early dialogues are a variety ***** principles which Socrates plainly endorses. *****' acceptance of these ***** appears to have been generated through ***** practice of philosophy (Palmer, 1988). Thus, by living the philosophical life he has come to recognize a ***** of ways in which he ***** have acted wrongfully; by following his principles he has avoided m***** evils he might *****wise have committed. And precisely because happiness is assured by good action from the fact ***** Socrates can ***** a number of import*****nt judgments ***** guide him to good actions, we can be confident that at least up until ***** time of ***** trial, he is ***** some degree genuinely happy.

One ***** especially stands out--his examinations ***** himself and others. It is precisely this activity, according to Socrates, that has made his life worthwhile. Socrates shows ***** he regards this activity as necessary ***** happiness when he says, "t***** unexamined ***** is not worth living for a human being" (Ap. *****). He goes on to show that he thinks it is sufficient for ***** when he indicates that so long as he could engage in this *****, Socrates would consider himself happy: he ***** count it ***** an "inconceivable happiness" (Ap. 41c3-4) if death offers him the opportunity ***** pursue his mission with the dead in Hades. In order to understand this claim, we do not need to assume that Socrates would miraculously receive virtue in the afterlife--just engaging in this activity alone is enough for ***** to judge his condition happy. Accordingly, good activity is sufficient for happiness; ***** itself is not *****ed. But once ***** opportunity for good activity has been taken away, as it has been ***** his conviction, and since he considers all of t***** possible penalties other than paying a fine to be ***** (Ap. 37b5-e2), Socrates no longer counts ***** life as worthwhile, claiming that he will be better off *****, ***** if death is *****thing more ***** utter extinction (Ap. 40c5). The power of the jury ***** constrain what Socrates ***** ***** justly makes clear that no measure ***** happiness, however small, can be ensured during one's *****.

What Socrates asserts, *****

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