Essay - Standards Performance Continuum: Development and Validation of a Measure of...

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Standards Performance Continuum: Development and Validation of a Me*****sure of Effective Pedagogy

The article by Doherty, Epaloose and Tharp is a step-by-step presentation of the development ***** validation ***** a qu*****ntitative tool (termed Standard ***** Continuum or SPC by the authors) that measures teachers' performance in apply*****g Standards for Effective Pedagogy. In the first part of the article, the authors d*****cuss the five standards for effective teaching, i.e., joint productive activity, language and literacy *****, contextualization, challenging activit*****s, and instructional conversation that form ***** theoretical basis of the *****. The rest of ***** article is about the development of the SPC including an explanation of ***** dimensions underlying each standard, developing a five-point rubric (in which 5 levels of en*****ctment are defined), and presentation of three studies that test the validity of ***** measure through interrater reliability, concurrent validity, and criterion-related validity. The results of the studies show that the application of Standard Performance ***** (SPC) provides valid information on performance ***** teachers involved in teaching of disadvantaged students.

The authors' explanati***** of contextualization and its ***** dimension identified as 'connected learning' in the article is something that most readers would readily identify with. It ***** a common observance ***** the human brain retains and recalls a thought, data or text if it can *****sociate that object with something ***** the person's brain is already familiar *****. Hence th***** particular standard for ***** teaching is perhaps the most important out of the 5 standards ***** effective ***** that form the ***** of ***** *****. It is also remarkable how *****ten teachers forget or ignore th***** very simple rule of effective teaching in a classroom setting.

***** five ***** for ***** Pedagogy (or teaching) were ident*****ied by Tharp et al


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