Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...

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Student Centered Teaching

*****, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric of society itself has undergone dramatic changes. Yet, the ***** system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since ***** systems very beginning. It can be argued ***** the system is in need ***** some dramatic ***** if we are to compete in a world where globalization means coping with increasing competition. Th***** research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It ***** support ***** hypothesis that student centered philosophies benefit the ***** more than teacher centered philosophies.

St*****ardized ***** was developed on ********** *****. Ho*****ver, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's ***** meet ***** demands of today's job market. Teacher ***** philosophies do not consider the student's active role in ***** learning process. Students are treated as ********** to be acted upon a head to be filled with facts. However, student centered ***** consider the whole student and the ********** ***** the student in the educational process. These are the key differences *****tween teacher centered ***** student centered philosophies.


Teacher Centered Philosophies

There are two primary types of *****-***** philosophies. They are essentialism and perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** ***** subject matter is the center of ***** curriculum. Many of them feel that greater educational opportunities are the reason for lowered standards ***** ***** schools. One ***** their key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on ***** child and teaching utilizing a varieties and activities. ***** criticize progressives ***** allowing the child too much freedom in choos*****g their curriculum (Cliff, 1996.).

Teacher centered methods of treating include rote learning ***** that have been proven to be minimally effective at *****st. One of the key problems ***** ***** learning is that the ********** fail to integrate the material into their daily lives. They might do well ***** the tests, but ***** have difficulty making real life description Students taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher would look good, as ***** students appear to be high achievers.

*****, in this case, ***** num*****rs do ***** tell the entire picture. Essentialist *****, with *****ir curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic *****. Standardized test*****g in one ***** the key elements of the teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of ***** key advantages ***** standardized testing is that it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One ***** easily determine if the student has met the prescribed benchmarks.

*****, there are those ***** feel this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized *****. For instance, there are some that feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher centered philosophy holds ***** ***** a ***** performs poorly on the *****, *****n they need to work a little harder for the next


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