Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...


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Student Centered Teaching

Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over ***** past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric ***** society itself ***** undergone dramatic changes. Yet, the ***** system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since ***** ********** very beginning. It can be argued that the system is in need of some dramatic changes if we are to compete in a world where globalization means cop*****g with increasing competition. Th***** research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It ***** support ***** hypothesis that student centered philosophies benefit the ***** more than teacher centered philosophies.

Standardized ***** was developed on teacher-centered *****. However, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet the demands of *****day's job market. Teacher centered philosophies do not consider the student's active role in ***** learn*****g process. Students are treated as *****thing to be acted upon a head to be filled with facts. *****, student centered philosophies consider the whole student and the *****s of the student in ***** educational process. These are the key differences between teacher centered ***** student centered philosophies.

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***** Centered Philosophies

***** are two primary types of *****-centered philosophies. They are essentialism and perennialism. Essentialists believe that the subject matter is ***** center of the curriculum. Many ***** them feel that greater educational opportunities are the reason for lowered standards in ***** schools. One of their key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on the child and teaching utilizing a v*****rieties and activities. ***** criticize progressives for allowing the ***** too much freedom in choos*****g ***** ***** (Cliff, 1996.).

Teacher centered methods of treating include rote learning methods that have been proven to be minimally effective at best. One of the key problems with rote learning is that the students fail to integrate the material into their daily lives. They might do well ***** the tests, but ***** have difficulty making real life description ***** taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher ***** look good, as their ***** appear ***** be high achievers.

However, in this case, the num*****rs ***** ***** tell the entire picture. Essentialist *****, ***** ***** curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic *****. Standardized test*****g in one of the ***** elements of ***** teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of the key advantages ***** standardized testing is ***** it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One can easily determine if the student has met the prescribed *****.

However, there are those that ***** this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized *****. For instance, there ***** some ***** feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher centered philosophy holds that ***** a child performs poorly on the *****, ********** they need to work a little harder for the next

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