Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...

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Student Centered Teaching

Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric ***** society itself ***** undergone dramatic changes. Yet, the *****al system continues to promote ***** paradigms that prevailed since the systems very beginning. It can be argued ***** the system is in need of some dramatic ***** if we are ***** compete in a world where globalization means coping with increasing competition. This research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It will support the hypothesis that student centered philosophies benefit the ***** more than teacher centered philosophies.

St*****ardized education was developed on teacher-centered philosophies. However, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet the demands of *****day's job market. Teacher ***** philosophies do not consider ***** student's active role in the learning process. Students are treated as ********** to be acted upon a head to ***** filled with facts. However, student centered ***** consider the whole student and the needs ***** the student in the *****al process. These are the key differences between teacher centered ***** student centered philosophies.


Teacher ***** Philosophies

There are two primary types of *****-centered philosophies. They are essentialism and perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** the subject matter is the center of the curriculum. Many ***** them feel that greater educational opportunities are the reason for lowered standards ***** the schools. One of *****ir key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on ***** child and teaching utilizing a varieties and activities. ***** criticize progressives ***** allowing the child too much freedom in choosing their ***** (Cliff, 1996.).

***** centered methods of treating include rote learning ***** that have been proven to be minimally effective at best. One of the key problems ***** ***** learning is that the ********** fail to integrate the material in***** ***** daily lives. They might do well ***** the tests, but they ***** difficulty making real life description Students taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher ***** look good, as their students appear ***** be high achievers.

*****, in ***** case, the numbers ***** ***** tell the entire picture. Essentialist philosophies, with ***** curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic st*****ards. Standardized testing in one ***** ***** key elements of the teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of ***** key advantages of standardized ***** is ***** it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One can easily determine if the student has met the prescribed benchmarks.

*****, there are those that ***** this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized testing. For instance, there are some that feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher ***** philosophy holds that ***** a ***** performs poorly on the *****, then they need to work a little harder for the next


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