Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...

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Student Centered Teaching

*****, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric of society itself ***** undergone dramatic changes. Yet, the educational system continues to promote ***** paradigms that prevailed since the systems very beginning. It can be argued ***** the system is in need of some dramatic ***** if we are ***** compete in a world where globalization means cop*****g with increasing competition. Th***** research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It ***** support ***** hypothesis that student ***** philosophies benefit the ***** more than teacher centered *****.

St*****ardized education was developed on teacher-centered philosophies. Ho*****ver, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet the demands of *****day's job market. Teacher centered philosophies do not consider ***** student's active role in the learn*****g process. Students are treated as ********** to be acted upon a head to be filled with facts. However, student centered ***** consider the whole student and the ********** of the student in the educational process. ********** are the key differences between teacher centered and student centered philosophies.


***** Centered Philosophies

***** are two primary types of ***** philosophies. They are essentialism ***** perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** the subject matter is the center of ***** curriculum. Many of them feel that greater educational opportunities are the reason for lowered standards in the schools. One ***** *****ir key criticism of student ***** philosophies is they place the emphasis on the child and teaching utilizing a v*****rieties and activities. ***** criticize progressives for allowing the child too much freedom in choosing their curriculum (Cliff, 1996.).

***** centered methods of treating include rote learning ***** that have been proven to be minimally effective at **********. ***** of the key problems ***** ***** learning is that the students fail to integrate the material into ***** daily lives. They might do well on ***** tests, but ***** ***** difficulty making real life description ***** taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher ***** look good, as their ***** appear to be high achievers.

*****, in ***** case, the numbers do ***** tell the entire picture. Essentialist *****, with ***** curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic st*****ards. Standardized test*****g in one of ***** ***** elements of the teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of the key advantages ***** standardized testing is that it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One can easily determine if the student has met the prescribed benchmarks.

*****, there are those that ***** this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized testing. For instance, there ***** some that feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher ***** philosophy holds that if a child performs poorly on the *****, then they need to work a little harder for the next


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