Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...


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Student Centered Teaching

Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over ***** past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric ***** society itself has undergone dramatic changes. Yet, ***** ***** system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since the ********** very beginning. It can be argued that the system is in need of some dramatic ***** if we are to compete in a world where globalization means cop*****g with increasing competition. Th***** research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It ***** support the hypothesis that student centered philosophies benefit the student more than teacher centered philosophies.

St*****ardized education was developed on teacher-centered *****. However, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet the demands of today's job market. Teacher centered philosophies do not consider the student's active role in ***** learning process. Students are treated as something to be acted upon a head to be filled with facts. *****, student centered philosophies consider the whole student and the needs of the student in the ********** process. ********** are the key differences *****tween teacher ***** and student centered philosophies.

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Teacher ***** Philosophies

***** are two primary types of *****-***** philosophies. They are essentialism ***** perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** ***** subject matter is the center of the curriculum. Many of them feel that greater educational opportunities are the reason for lowered standards in the schools. One of their key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on ***** child and teaching utilizing a v*****rieties and activities. They criticize progressives ***** allowing the child too much freedom in choos*****g their ***** (Cliff, 1996.).

***** centered methods of treating include rote ***** ***** that have been proven to be minimally effective at *****st. ***** of the key problems ***** rote learning is that the *****s fail to integrate the material into their daily lives. They might do well on the tests, but they have difficulty making real life descripti***** ***** taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher would look good, as ***** students appear to be high achievers.

However, in this case, ***** numbers ***** not tell the entire picture. Essentialist philosophies, with their curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic standards. Standardized testing in one ***** the key elements of ***** teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of the key advantages ***** standardized testing is that it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One ***** easily determine if the student has met the prescribed benchmarks.

*****, there are those that feel this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized *****. For instance, there ***** some that feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher centered philosophy holds ***** if a child performs poorly on the *****, *****n ***** need to work a little harder for the next

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