Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...

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Student Centered Teaching

Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric of society itself ***** undergone dramatic changes. Yet, the ***** system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since ***** systems very beginning. It can be argued ***** the system is in need ***** some dramatic changes if we are to compete in a world where globalization means coping with increasing competition. This research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It ***** support ***** hypothesis that student ***** philosophies benefit the ***** more than teacher centered philosophies.

Standardized ***** was developed on teacher-centered philosophies. Ho*****ver, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet the demands of today's job market. Teacher centered philosophies do not consider ***** student's active role in the learn*****g process. Students are treated as *****thing to be acted upon a head to ***** filled with facts. However, student centered philosophies consider the whole student and the *****s of the student in ***** educational process. These are the key differences between teacher centered ***** student centered philosophies.


***** Centered Philosophies

***** are two primary types of *****-***** philosophies. They are essentialism and perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** ***** subject matter is the center of ***** curriculum. Many of them feel that greater ***** opportunities are the reason for lowered standards ***** the schools. One ***** their key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on ***** child and teaching utilizing a varieties and activities. They criticize progressives for allowing the child too much freedom in choos*****g ***** curriculum (Cliff, 1996.).

***** centered methods of treating include rote learning methods that have been proven to be minimally effective at best. ***** of the key problems with rote learning is that the students fail to integrate the material into *****ir daily lives. ***** might do well ***** the tests, but ***** have difficulty making real life description Students taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher ***** look good, as their students appear to be high achievers.

*****, in this case, the numbers do not tell the entire picture. Essentialist *****, ***** their curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic standards. Standardized test*****g in one of the key elements of the teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of the key advantages of standardized testing is ***** it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One ***** easily determine if the student has met the prescribed *****.

*****, there are those that ***** this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized *****. For instance, there are some ***** feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher ***** philosophy holds that if a ***** performs poorly on the tests, ********** they need to work a little harder for the next


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