Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...


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Student Centered Teaching

Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over ***** past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in the US, ***** fabric ***** society itself ***** undergone dramatic changes. Yet, the educational system continues to promote ***** paradigms that prevailed since the systems very beginning. It can be argued that the system is in need of some dramatic changes if we are ***** compete in a world where globalization means coping with increasing competition. Th***** research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It will support ***** hypothesis that student centered philosophies benefit the ***** more than teacher centered *****.

St*****ardized education was developed on ********** philosophies. Ho*****ver, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet the demands of *****day's job market. Teacher centered philosophies do not consider the student's active role in the learn*****g process. Students are treated as ********** to be acted upon a head to ***** filled with facts. However, student centered ***** consider the whole student and the needs of the student in the educational process. These are the key differences between teacher ***** ***** student centered philosophies.

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Teacher ***** Philosophies

***** are two primary types of teacher-centered philosophies. They are essentialism and perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** ***** subject matter is the center of the curriculum. Many ***** them feel that greater ***** opportunities are the reason for lowered standards ***** ***** schools. One of their key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on the child and teaching utilizing a varieties and activities. They criticize progressives for allowing the child too much freedom in choos*****g their curriculum (Cliff, 1996.).

Teacher centered methods of treating include rote learning ***** that have been proven to be minimally effective at **********. ***** of the key problems with ***** learning is that the students fail to integrate the material into ***** daily lives. They might do well ***** ***** tests, but ***** ***** difficulty making real life description Students taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher ***** look good, as ********** ***** appear ***** be high achievers.

However, in this case, the num*****rs ***** not tell the entire picture. Essentialist *****, ***** ********** curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic *****. St*****ardized testing in one ***** the key elements of ***** teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of the key advantages ***** standardized testing is ***** it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One can easily determine if the student has met the prescribed benchmarks.

*****, there are those that ***** this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized *****. For instance, there are some ***** feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher ***** philosophy holds that if a child performs poorly on the *****, ********** they need to work a little harder for the next

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