Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...


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Student Centered Teaching

*****, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric ***** society itself has undergone dramatic changes. Yet, ***** *****al system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since the ********** very beginning. It can be argued that the system is in need of some dramatic ***** if we are to compete in a world where globalization means coping with increasing competition. Th***** research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It will support ***** hypothesis that student ***** philosophies benefit the student more than teacher centered *****.

St*****ardized education was developed on teacher-centered philosophies. Ho*****ver, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet the demands of today's job market. Teacher centered philosophies do not consider ***** student's active role in the learning process. Students are treated as something to be acted upon a head to be filled with facts. However, student centered philosophies consider the whole student and the needs of the student in the ********** process. These are the key differences between teacher ***** and student centered philosophies.

Introduction

Teacher Centered Philosophies

***** are two primary types of *****-***** philosophies. They are essentialism ***** perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** the subject matter is the center of ***** curriculum. Many ***** them feel that greater educational opportunities are the reason for lowered standards in ***** schools. One of their key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on the child and teaching utilizing a v*****rieties and activities. They criticize progressives ***** allowing the child too much freedom in choosing their curriculum (Cliff, 1996.).

***** centered methods of treating include rote ***** ***** that have been proven to be minimally effective at **********. One of the key problems with rote learning is that the ********** fail to integrate the material in***** ***** daily lives. They might do well on the tests, but ***** ***** difficulty making real life descripti***** Students taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher would look good, as ********** students appear to be high achievers.

*****, in this case, the num*****rs ***** not tell the entire picture. Essentialist *****, ***** their curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic st*****ards. Standardized test*****g in one of the ***** elements of the teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of ***** key advantages ***** standardized testing is that it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One ***** easily determine if the student has met the prescribed benchmarks.

However, there are those that ***** this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized *****. For instance, there are some ***** feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher ***** philosophy holds that ***** a ***** performs poorly on the *****, then they need to work a little harder for the next

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