Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...

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Student Centered Teaching

*****, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric ***** society itself ***** undergone dramatic changes. Yet, the ***** system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since the ********** very beginning. It can be argued that the system is in need of some dramatic changes if we are ***** compete in a world where globalization means coping with increasing competition. Th***** research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It will support the hypothesis that student ***** philosophies benefit the ***** more than teacher centered philosophies.

Standardized ***** was developed on ********** philosophies. However, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet ***** demands of today's job market. Teacher centered philosophies do not consider the student's active role in the learning process. Students are treated as something to be acted upon a head to ***** filled with facts. *****, student centered philosophies consider the whole student and the needs of the student in the educational process. ********** are the key differences between teacher centered ***** student centered philosophies.


Teacher Centered Philosophies

***** are two primary types of ********** philosophies. They are essentialism and perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** the subject matter is the center of ***** curriculum. Many ***** them feel that greater educational opportunities are the reason for lowered standards ***** the schools. One of *****ir key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on ***** child and teaching utilizing a v*****rieties and activities. They criticize progressives ***** allowing the child too much freedom in choos*****g their curriculum (Cliff, 1996.).

***** centered methods of treating include rote learning methods that have been proven to be minimally effective at best. One of the key problems ***** ***** learning is that the students fail to integrate the material into ***** daily lives. ***** might do well on ***** tests, but ***** have difficulty making real life description Students taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher ***** look *****, as ***** students appear to be high achievers.

However, in ***** case, the num*****rs do not tell the entire picture. Essentialist *****, with their curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic *****. St*****ardized testing in one ***** the key elements of the teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of the key advantages of standardized ***** is ***** it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One ***** easily determine if the student has met the prescribed benchmarks.

*****, there are those that ***** this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized testing. For instance, there ***** some ***** feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher centered philosophy holds that if a ***** performs poorly on the tests, ********** they need to work a little harder for the next


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