Essay - Swift's Use of Humor in Gulliver's Travels Gulliver's Travels is...

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Swift's Use of Humor in Gulliver's Travels

***** Travels is a satire that deals with the human condition.

Although social conditions change from year to *****, human nature *****s very slowly, if at all, and th***** accounts for *****e applicability of Swift's satire from 1726 when it was first published until today. The book is still funny because we can ***** see ourselves behaving like human beings in it; plus, his humor is often earthy and vulgar and we respond to it.

In each of the four parts of Gulliver's Travels, Swift deals w*****h human beings ***** a different perspective. In ***** first part Gulliver is a "giant" with an overview of human behavior, society, ***** laws. We find that Swift loves to play with words and ***** the book ***** filled with funny names ***** people and places. In the second adventure Gulliver is reduced to a tiny "animal" with no status--a child's pet--to look at government as the average "little guy" is affected by it. ***** the third part Gulliver lives first on an *****l*****d separate from the rest of ***** world with intellectuals, thinkers, philosophers, and scientists *****o think only in the abstract about the great questions of life. From there he goes to a magic island where necromancy is practiced and calls up the spirits of ***** dead who reveal vice and corruption throughout history. Finally, in the fourth part Swift explores the relation ***** human beings to the rest of the animal kingdom ***** ***** goes ***** ***** l***** of houyhnhnms where horses are rationa***** beings and Yahoos (***** beings) are inferior animals. As he describes human society to a talking horse, ***** finds ***** beings ***** be morally inferior to other animals. In all four ***** of the ***** Swift uses fantasy ***** humor ***** critique ***** worst in human ***** and society's institutions. He does this ***** forcing us to see them from an alien or unacc*****tomed st*****point, and he makes us laugh while we're doing it. What might otherwise be ***** heavy subject matter, the vice ***** folly of human beings, becomes ridiculous and ludicrous. What would be a depressing commentary on ***** ***** ***** fun and enjoyable reading.

***** Part I about the Lilliputians, for example, he has Gulliver begin by telling us a ***** about his history. At a young age ***** was apprenticed to Master James Bates, a surge***** in London. Swift goes to a lot of trouble working up to the joke. He has Gulliver refer ***** his master as Mr. James Bates; then, Mr. Bates, my good m*****ter; next, Mr. Bates; then, Mr. Bates my master, and finally as my Mater Bates (a ***** on m*****turbates). It is *****t a coincidence that he's ***** about ***** marriage as ***** ***** the *****: "...being advised to alter my cond*****ion I married **********. Mary Bur*****n" (p. 19). His "condition" is, although it is only implied, that of a man with unmet sexual needs.

This is an example of Swift's


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