Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation ***** the American ***** Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 School District


***** and Overview

Statement of ***** Problem

Purpose ***** the Study

Research Question

Significance of *****

***** ***** Study


***** of Study

Assumptions of Study


Def*****itions of Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

***** I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is *****ed but continue to struggle to identify effective approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** ***** there is a viable approach available in the form ***** ***** American School Counselor Association's National St*****ards for School Counseling *****s. ***** bad news, though, ***** that this model continues to be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School ***** programs represent a te*****m approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as the larger community overcome many of ***** issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to ***** effective, though, school counseling ***** must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, and school counselors must assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes ***** their students. In many c*****es, though, school counseling programs ***** lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district to ***** ***** in some cases, even among individual schools themselves. This paucity of uniformity among school districts across the country ***** created some pr*****ound constraints concerning ***** role ***** should be played by school ***** and what they are capable of contributing to schools and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling ***** ***** frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the ***** regimen ***** the detriment ***** counselors ***** students alike (The ASCA ***** Model 2003). ***** addition, in ***** *****, teachers and school administrators are unaware of the *****nefits that school counselors can provide to **********, ***** students, as ***** as parents ***** other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has ***** advanced ***** incorporates the mission and national movement of the school counseling pr*****ession as proposed by the ASCA National ***** for ***** counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and *****

By the end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the American school system was in crisis and was badly in need ***** some type of re*****m. As a result, ***** mish-mash of legislation and unfunded m*****ates were handed down that have done little to effect ***** change in many cases. Increasingly, ***** attention has been focused on connecting the role of the school counselor with the current school reform movement ***** help overcome *****se constraints (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In ***** regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door ***** reforms ***** were intended to maximize limited resour***** for ***** optimal benefit of student learners, yet the same ineffective


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