Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation ***** the American ***** Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 School District


***** and Overview

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Question

Significance of *****

Rationale ***** Study


Implications of *****

Assumptions of Study


Def*****itions of Terms

***** Summary and Conclusion

***** I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue to struggle ***** identify effective approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news is that there is a viable approach available in the form ***** the American School Counselor Association's ***** Standards for School Counseling *****s. ***** bad *****, though, is that th***** model continues ***** be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School counseling programs represent a te*****m approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as the larger community overcome many of the issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to ***** effective, though, school counseling ***** must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, and school counselors ***** assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In many c*****es, though, school counseling programs have lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district ***** ***** ***** in some cases, even among individual *****s themselves. This paucity of uniformity ***** school districts across the country ***** created some pr*****ound constraints concerning the role that should be played by school ***** and what *****y are capable of contri*****ing to schools and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling programs ***** frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the ***** regimen ***** ***** detriment ***** counselors ***** students alike (The ASCA National Model 2003). ***** addition, in ***** cases, teachers ********** school ***** are unaware of the *****nefits that school counselors can provide to them, their students, as ***** as parents and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has ***** advanced ***** incorporates the mission and national movement of the school counseling pr*****ession as proposed ***** the ASCA National ***** for school counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and Overview

By ***** end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the ***** school system was in crisis and was badly in need of some type of reform. As a result, ***** mish-mash of legislation and unfunded mandates were handed down that have done little to effect substantive change in many *****. Increas*****gly, ***** attention ***** been focused on connecting ***** role ***** the ***** counselor with ***** current school reform movement ***** help overcome ***** ***** (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door ***** reforms th*****t were intended to maximize limited resour***** for ***** optimal benefit ***** student learners, yet the same ineffective


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