Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of ***** School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation of the American ***** Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 School District


***** and Overview

Statement of ***** Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Question

Significance ***** Study

Rationale of Study


***** of Study

Assumptions of *****


Definitions of Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

***** I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue ***** struggle to identify ***** approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** that there is a viable approach available in the form of ***** American School Counselor *****'s National St*****ards for School Counseling *****s. ***** bad *****, though, ***** ***** this model continues to be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School counseling programs represent a team approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as the larger community overcome many of the issues and problems that confront ********** stakeholders today. In order to be effective, though, school counseling ***** must *****come an integral part of students' daily educational environment, ***** school counselors ***** assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In m*****y cases, though, school counseling programs have lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district ***** ***** and in some cases, even among *****dividual ********** themselves. This paucity of uniformity ***** school ***** across the country ***** created some pr*****ound constraints concerning the role ***** should be played by school counselors and what *****y are capable of contri*****ing to schools and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling programs ***** frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the ***** regimen ***** the detriment of counselors ********** students alike (The ASCA National Model 2003). ***** addition, in ***** *****, teachers and school adm*****istrators are unaware ***** ***** benefits that school counselors can provide to them, ***** students, as well as parents and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has been advanced that incorporates the mission and national movement of the school counseling pr*****ession as proposed by the ASCA National ***** for ***** counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

Background and Overview

By the end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the ***** school system was in crisis and ***** badly in need of some type ***** reform. As a result, a mish-mash of legislation and unfunded mandates were handed down that have done little to effect ***** change ***** many cases. Increasingly, ***** attention has been focused on connecting ***** role ***** the school counselor with ***** current school reform movement ***** help overcome these ***** (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door school reforms th*****t were intended to maximize limited resources for ***** optimal benefit ***** student learners, yet the same ineffective


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