Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...


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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of ***** School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation ***** the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 School District

Introduction

Background and Overview

Statement of ***** Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Question

Significance of *****

***** of Study

Relevance

Implications of Study

Assumptions of Study

*****

Def*****itions ***** Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

***** I

Introduction

The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue ***** struggle to identify ***** approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** ***** there is a viable approach available in the form of the American School Counselor *****'s National St*****ards for School Counseling *****s. ***** bad *****, though, is that this model continues to be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School ***** programs represent a team approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as ***** larger community overcome many ***** the issues and problems that confront *****se stakeholders today. In order to be effective, though, school counseling ***** must *****come an integral part of students' daily educational environment, ***** school counselors must assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In m*****y c*****es, though, school counseling programs have lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district to ***** and in some cases, even among *****dividual schools themselves. This paucity of uniformity ***** school ***** across the country ***** created some profound constraints concerning ***** role that should be played by school ***** and what they are capable of contri*****ing to schools and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling ***** ***** frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the ***** regimen to ***** detriment of counselors ***** students alike (The ASCA ***** Model 2003). ***** addition, in ***** *****, teachers ********** school ***** are unaware of the *****nefits ***** school counselors can provide to them, ***** students, as ***** as parents and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has been advanced that incorporates the mission and national movement of the school ***** profession as proposed ***** the ASCA National Model for school counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

Background and Overview

By the end of ***** twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the American school system was in crisis and ***** badly in need ***** some type of reform. As a result, a mish-mash of legislation and unfunded m*****ates were handed down that have done little to effect ***** change in many cases. Increas*****gly, ***** attention has been focused on connecting the role ***** the ***** counselor with the current school ***** movement ***** help overcome these ***** (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In ***** regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door ***** reforms ***** were intended to maximize limited resources for the optimal benefit ***** student learners, yet the same ineffective

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