Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...


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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation of the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 ***** District

Introduction

***** and Overview

Statement of the Problem

Purpose ***** the Study

Research Question

Significance of *****

***** of Study

Relevance

Implications of Study

Assumptions of *****

Limitations

Definitions of Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

***** I

*****

The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is *****ed but continue to struggle ***** identify ***** approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** that there is a viable approach available in the form ***** ***** American School Counselor *****'s ***** Standards for School Counseling Programs. ***** bad news, though, is that this model continues to be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School ***** programs represent a team approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as ***** larger community overcome many of the issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to be effective, though, school counseling programs must *****come an integral part of students' daily educational environment, ***** school counselors must assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In many c*****es, *****, school ***** programs ***** lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district to ***** and in some cases, even among *****dividual schools themselves. This paucity of uniformity among school districts across the country ***** created some pr*****ound constraints concerning ***** role that should be played by school counselors and what they are capable of contributing to ***** and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling ***** are frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the educational regimen ***** the detriment of ***** ***** students alike (The ASCA National Model 2003). In addition, in ***** *****, teachers *****d school ***** ***** unaware of the benefits ***** school counselors can provide to **********, their students, as ***** as ***** and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has been advanced that incorporates the mission and national movement of the school counseling profession as proposed by the ASCA National ***** for school counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and Overview

By ***** end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the ***** school system was in crisis and was badly in need ***** ***** type of reform. As a result, ***** mish-mash of legislation and unfunded m*****ates were handed down that have done little to effect ***** change ***** many cases. Increasingly, national attention has been focused on connecting ***** role of the school counselor with ***** current school reform movement to help overcome these ***** (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the twentieth century as a period of revolving door school reforms ***** were intended to maximize limited resources for the optimal benefit of student learners, yet the same ineffective

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