Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation ***** the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 ***** District


***** and Overview

Statement of the Problem

Purpose ***** the Study

Research Question

Significance of *****

***** of Study


***** of Study

Assumptions of *****


Definitions ***** Terms

***** Summary and Conclusion

Chapter I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue to struggle ***** identify ***** approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news is ***** there is a viable approach available in the form of ***** American School Counselor *****'s ***** Standards for School Counseling Programs. The bad news, though, ***** that this model continues ***** be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School counseling programs represent a te*****m approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as the larger community overcome many of the issues and problems that confront *****se stakeholders today. In order to be effective, though, school counseling programs must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, and school counselors ***** assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes ***** their students. In ***** cases, though, school ***** programs have lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district to district and in some cases, even among individual *****s themselves. This paucity of uniformity ***** school ***** across the country has created some pr*****ound constraints concerning ***** role ***** should be played by school counselors and what they are capable of contri*****ing to schools and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling programs are frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the ***** regimen ***** ***** detriment of ***** ********** students alike (***** ASCA National Model 2003). In addition, in many *****, teachers and school adm*****istrators ***** unaware of the *****nefits that school counselors can provide to *****m, ***** students, as ***** as ***** ***** other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model ***** been advanced ***** incorporates the mission and national movement of the school ***** profession as proposed ***** the ***** National ***** for school counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and *****

By the end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the ***** school system was in crisis and ***** badly in need of some type of reform. As a result, a mish-m*****sh of legislation and unfunded m*****ates were handed down that have done little to effect substantive change in many cases. Increasingly, national attention has been focused on connecting the role of the ***** counselor with the current school reform movement ***** help overcome these constraints (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door ***** reforms ***** were intended to maximize limited resources for the optimal benefit of student learners, yet the same ineffective


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