Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation ***** the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 ***** District


***** and Overview

Statement of ***** Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Question

Significance of *****

Rationale ***** Study


***** of Study

Assumptions of Study


Def*****itions ***** Terms

***** Summary and Conclusion

***** I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue to struggle ***** identify effective approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** ***** there is a viable approach available in the form of ***** American School Counselor Association's ***** St*****ards for School Counseling Programs. The bad news, though, ***** that this model continues ***** be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School ***** programs represent a te*****m approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as the larger community overcome ***** of ***** issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to ***** *****, though, school counseling ***** must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, ***** school counselors ***** assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In many c*****es, though, school ***** programs ***** lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district ***** ***** and in some cases, even among individual *****s themselves. This paucity of uniformity ***** school districts across the country ***** created some profound constraints concerning the role that should be played by school counselors and what *****y are capable of contributing to schools and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling programs ***** frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the educational regimen to the detriment ***** counselors and students alike (The ASCA National Model 2003). In addition, in ***** *****, teachers ***** school administrators are unaware of ***** benefits that school counselors can provide to them, ***** students, as well as ***** and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has ***** advanced that incorporates the mission and national movement of the school ***** pr*****ession as proposed ***** the ***** National Model for ***** counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

Background and Overview

By ***** end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the American school system was in crisis and was badly in need of some type ***** re*****m. As a result, a mish-mash of legislation and unfunded mandates were handed down that have done little to effect ***** change in many cases. Increasingly, national attention has been focused on connecting ***** role ***** the school counselor with the current school reform movement to help overcome ********** ***** (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In ***** regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door ***** reforms that were intended to maximize limited resources for ***** optimal benefit of student learners, yet the same ineffective


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