Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of ***** School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation of the American ***** Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 School District


***** and Overview

Statement of ***** Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Question

Significance ***** Study

Rationale of Study


Implications of Study

Assumptions of Study


Definitions ***** Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

Chapter I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue to struggle ***** identify effective approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** ***** there is a viable approach available in the form of the American School Counselor *****'s National Standards for School Counseling Programs. The bad *****, though, ***** that this model continues ***** be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School counseling programs represent a team approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as ***** larger community overcome many ***** the issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to ***** effective, though, school counseling programs must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, ***** school counselors ***** assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In ***** cases, *****, school ***** programs ***** lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district ***** ***** and in some cases, even among individual *****s themselves. This paucity of uniformity ***** school ***** across the country has created some profound constraints concerning ***** role ***** should be played by school counselors and what they are capable of contri*****ing to schools and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling programs are frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the ***** regimen ***** the detriment ***** counselors ***** students alike (***** ASCA National Model 2003). In addition, in many *****, teachers and school ***** are unaware of ***** benefits that school counselors can provide to them, their students, as ***** as parents and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model ***** been advanced ***** ********** the mission and national movement of the school ***** pr*****ession as proposed ***** the ASCA National ***** for ***** counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

Background and Overview

By ***** end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the American school system was in crisis and ***** badly in need of ***** type of re*****m. As a result, a mish-mash of legislation and unfunded m*****ates were handed down that have done little to effect substantive change in many cases. Increasingly, ***** attention has been focused on connecting ***** role of the ***** counselor with ***** current school reform movement to help overcome ***** ***** (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In ***** regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door school reforms ***** were intended to maximize limited resources for the optimal benefit of student learners, yet the same ineffective


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