Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation of the American ***** Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 School District


Background and Overview

Statement of the Problem

Purpose ***** the Study

Research Question

Significance of *****

Rationale of Study


***** of Study

Assumptions of *****


Def*****itions ***** Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

***** I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue to struggle to identify effective approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** that there is a viable approach available in the form of ***** American School Counselor *****'s ***** Standards for School Counseling Programs. The bad *****, though, ***** that this model continues ***** be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School ***** programs represent a te*****m approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as the larger community overcome ***** ***** the issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to ***** *****, though, school counseling ***** must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, ***** school counselors ***** assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes ***** their students. In m*****y c*****es, *****, school ***** programs have lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district ***** ***** and in some cases, even among individual schools themselves. This paucity of uniformity among school districts across the country has created some pr*****ound constraints concerning ***** role ***** should be played by school counselors and what they are capable of contri*****ing to ***** and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling programs ***** frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the ***** regimen ***** ***** detriment ***** counselors ***** students alike (The ASCA National Model 2003). In addition, in many cases, teachers and school ***** are unaware of the *****nefits that school counselors can provide to *****m, their students, as well as ***** and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model ***** been advanced that incorporates the mission and national movement of the school ***** profession as proposed ***** the ASCA National ***** for ***** counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and Overview

By ***** end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the American school system was in crisis and was badly in need of some type of re*****m. As a result, a mish-mash of legislation and unfunded m*****ates were handed down that have done little to effect substantive change in many *****. *****creas*****gly, ***** attention has been focused on connecting the role of the school counselor with ***** current school reform movement to help overcome ***** ***** (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the twentieth century as a period of revolving door school reforms th*****t were intended to maximize limited resour***** for the optimal benefit ***** student learners, yet the same ineffective


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