Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of ***** School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation ***** the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 School District


Background and Overview

Statement of the Problem

Purpose ***** the Study

Research Question

Significance of *****

Rationale of Study


Implications of Study

Assumptions of Study


Definitions ***** Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

Chapter I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue ***** struggle to identify ***** approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** ***** there is a viable approach available in the form of the American School Counselor *****'s ***** Standards for School Counseling Programs. The bad news, though, is that th***** model continues ***** be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School ***** programs represent a te*****m approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as the larger community overcome ***** of ***** issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to be effective, though, school counseling programs must *****come an integral part of students' daily educational environment, ********** school counselors must assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In many c*****es, though, school ***** programs ***** lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district ***** district and in some cases, even among *****dividual schools themselves. This paucity of uniformity among school ********** across the country ***** created some pr*****ound constraints concerning ***** role that should be played by school ***** and what they are capable of contributing to ***** and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling ***** ***** frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the educational regimen to the detriment ***** counselors *****d students alike (***** ASCA National Model 2003). In addition, in ***** *****, teachers and school ***** are unaware of the *****nefits ***** school counselors can provide to them, ***** students, as ***** as parents and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has been advanced that ********** the mission and national movement of the school counseling profession as proposed ***** the ***** National ***** for school counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and *****

By the end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the American school system was in crisis and was badly in need ***** ***** type of re*****m. As a result, a mish-mash of legislation and unfunded mandates were handed down that have done little to effect ***** change in many cases. Increasingly, national attention ***** been focused on connecting ***** role ***** the school counselor with the current school reform movement ***** help overcome *****se ***** (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the twentieth century as a period of revolving door ***** reforms th*****t were intended to maximize limited resour***** for the optimal benefit of student learners, yet the same ineffective


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