Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...


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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation of the American ***** Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 School District

Introduction

Background and Overview

Statement of ***** Problem

Purpose ***** the Study

Research Question

Significance of Study

***** ***** Study

Relevance

Implications of *****

Assumptions of Study

*****

Definitions ***** Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

***** I

*****

The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is *****ed but continue ***** struggle to identify ***** approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news ***** ***** there is a viable approach available in the form of the American School Counselor *****'s National St*****ards for School Counseling Programs. The bad *****, though, ***** that this model continues ***** be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School counseling programs represent a team approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as ***** larger community overcome ***** of the issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to ***** effective, though, school counseling ***** must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, ***** school counselors must assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In many c*****es, *****, school counseling programs ***** lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district ***** ***** and in some cases, even among individual schools themselves. This paucity of uniformity ***** school ***** across the country has created some profound constraints concerning ***** role that should be played by school counselors and what they are capable of contributing to ***** and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling ***** are frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the educational regimen to ***** detriment of ***** *****d students alike (***** ASCA ***** Model 2003). In addition, in many cases, teachers and school ***** are unaware ***** the benefits that school counselors can provide to them, ***** students, as well as ***** and other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model ***** ***** advanced that *****corporates the mission and national movement of the school ***** profession as proposed by the ASCA National Model for ***** counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and Overview

By the end of ***** twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the ***** school system was in crisis and was badly in need of ***** type ***** reform. As a result, ***** mish-mash of legislation and unfunded mandates were handed down that have done little to effect ***** change ***** many cases. Increasingly, ***** attention has been focused on connecting ***** role of the ***** counselor with the current school ***** movement ***** help overcome these constraints (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door school reforms that were intended to maximize limited resour***** for the optimal benefit ***** student learners, yet the same ineffective

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