Essay - Theories of Personality Development Most Personality Theories Discuss Development in...


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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms of specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories of personality development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between the two theories lies in the fact that while ***** expla*****ed ***** from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject from the view point ***** social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory of Cognitive Development" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their ***** ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops as: infants learn to manipulate objects that are within their current sensory perception and then ***** on ***** underst***** the concept of object permanency (sensori***** stage); children begin to interact with ***** environment through ***** use ***** words and images though they ***** able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children ***** to develop their cognitive ability and learn the concept of grouping of concrete objects (concrete operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract ***** of the world, using *****s such as conservation, reversibility and the idea of cause ***** effect (formal operations stage). In effect, Piaget explained the processes through which personality is formed. *****'s work is valu***** as it enables parents and teachers to facil*****ate and monitor a child's cognitive *****ment, thereby laying the foundation for a healthy adult *****.

***** contrast, ***** "***** of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with ***** ***** socialize and how this affects ***** sense ***** self. According to Erikson, a ***** personality develops through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosocial crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of ***** stage results in a healthy ***** whereas failure to negotiate any one particular ***** leads ***** a reduced ability to complete other stages *****, therefore, a less ***** personality and ***** of self. The eight ***** crises or ***** that Erikson def*****ed are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy versus shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry ***** inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy ***** isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, Erikson's ***** also explains the *****ors that influence ***** development albeit through a fr*****mework of psychosocial factors. *****, this theory too is immensely valuable as it enables ***** and ***** to help a child successfully n*****ti*****te each psychosocial crisis ***** thereby develop a he*****lthy sense of self.

Piaget and ***** work is valuable but is limited since the ***** ***** on explaining the process through ***** pers*****ality develops. Thus, both *****ories s*****p short of explaining final personality outcomes and their functioning. For this reason, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory ***** than any other ***** it offers an expl*****ation of how the individual psyche works, by *****, and in terms of *****s relation to the universe. *****n fact, I find that Jung's personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling ***** Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling 56%,

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