Essay - Theories of Personality Development Most Personality Theories Discuss Development in...

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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms of specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories ***** ***** development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between the two ********** lies in the fact that while Piaget explained development from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject from ***** view point of social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory ***** Cognitive Development" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their ***** ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops *****: infants learn ***** manipulate objects that are within their current sensory perception and then ***** on to underst***** the concept of object permanency (sensori***** stage); children begin to interact with their environment through the use ***** words and images though they are able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children begin to develop ***** cognitive ability and learn the concept ***** grouping of concrete objects (***** operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract ***** of the world, using *****s such as conservation, reversibility and ***** idea of cause and effect (formal operations stage). In *****, Piaget ***** the processes ***** which personality is formed. Piaget's work is valu***** as it enables parents and teachers ***** facil*****ate and monitor a child's cognitive development, *****reby laying the foundation for a he*****lthy adult *****.

***** contrast, ***** "Theory of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with how ***** socialize and how this affects their sense ***** self. According to *****, a child's personality ***** through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosocial crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of ***** stage results in a healthy ***** whereas failure to negotiate any one particular ***** leads ***** a reduced ***** to complete other stages *****, therefore, a less ***** personality and ***** ***** self. The eight psychosocial crises or stages that Erikson def*****ed are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy ***** shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry ***** inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy ***** isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, ********** theory also explains the factors that influence ***** development albeit through a framework of psychosocial factors. Thus, this theory too is immensely valuable as it enables parents and ***** to help a child *****ly negoti*****te each psychosocial crisis ***** thereby develop a he*****lthy sense of self.

Piaget and Erikson's work is valuable but is limited since the ***** ***** on explaining the process through ***** personality develops. Thus, both theories stop short of explaining final ***** ***** and their functioning. For ***** reason, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory more than ***** other since it offers an explanation of how the individual psyche works, by *****, and in terms ***** *****s relation to ***** universe. In fact, I find ***** ***** personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling ***** Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling *****%,


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