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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms ***** specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories of ***** development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between ***** two theories lies ***** the fact that while ***** explained ***** from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject from ***** view point of social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory of Cognitive *****" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their cognitive ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops as: infants learn ***** manipulate objects that are within their current sensory perception and then go on to underst***** the concept of object permanency (sensori***** stage); children begin to interact with ********** environment through the use ***** words and images though they ***** able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children ***** to develop their cognitive ability and learn the concept ***** grouping of concrete objects (concrete operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract view of the world, using *****s such as conservation, reversibility and the idea of cause and effect (formal operations stage). In effect, Piaget explained the processes ***** which personality is formed. *****'s work is valuable as it enables parents and teachers ***** facil*****ate and monitor a child's cognitive *****, *****reby laying the foundation for a he*****lthy adult personality.

In contrast, ***** "***** of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with ***** children socialize and how this affects ***** sense of self. According to Erikson, a child's personality *****s through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosoci*****l crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of each stage results in a healthy ***** whereas failure ***** negotiate any ***** particular ***** leads to a reduced *****bility to complete other stages *****, therefore, a less healthy personality and sense of *****. The eight psychosocial crises or stages that Erikson defined are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy ***** shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry ***** inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy versus isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, Erikson's ***** also explains the factors that influence personality development albeit through a frame***** of psychosocial factors. *****, this theory too is immensely ***** as it enables p*****nts and teachers to help a child ********** negotiate each psychosocial crisis and thereby develop a healthy ***** of self.

Piaget and Erikson's work is valuable but is limited since the ***** ***** on explaining the process through ***** ***** develops. Thus, both ***** s*****p short of explaining final pers*****ality ***** ***** *****ir functioning. For this re*****on, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory ***** than ***** other ***** it offers an explanation of how the individual psyche works, by *****, and in terms ***** its relation to ***** universe. *****n fact, I find that Jung's personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling ***** Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling 56%,


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