Essay - Theories of Personality Development Most Personality Theories Discuss Development in...


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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms ***** specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories of ***** development follow a similar structure. However, the fundamental difference between the two ********** lies in the fact that while Piaget expla*****ed development from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject from the view point ***** social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory of Cognitive *****" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their ***** ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops *****: infants learn ***** manipulate objects that are within their current sensory perception and then ***** on to underst***** the concept of object permanency (sensori***** stage); children begin ***** interact with ***** environment through ***** use ***** words and images though they are able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children ***** to develop their cognitive ability and learn the concept ***** grouping of concrete ***** (***** operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract ***** of the world, using concepts such as conservation, reversibility and the idea of ca***** and effect (formal operations stage). In effect, Piaget explained the processes ***** which personality is formed. *****'s work is valu***** as it enables parents and teachers ***** facil*****ate and monitor a child's cognitive **********, thereby laying the foundation for a he*****lthy adult personality.

***** contrast, Erikson's "***** of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with ***** ***** socialize and how this affects their sense ***** self. According to Erikson, a ***** personality ***** through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosoci*****l crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of ***** stage results in a healthy personality whereas failure ***** negotiate any ***** particular stage leads to a reduced ********** to complete other stages *****, therefore, a less ***** personality and ***** ***** self. The eight psychosocial crises or stages that Erikson defined are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy ***** shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry ***** inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy ***** isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, ***** theory also explains the *****ors that influence ***** development albeit ***** a fr*****me***** of psychosocial factors. *****, this *****ory too is immensely valuable as it enables ***** and teachers to help a child successfully negoti*****te each psychosocial crisis ***** thereby develop a healthy sense ***** *****.

Piaget and *****'s work is valuable but is limited since the focus is on explaining the process through ***** personality develops. Thus, both theories s*****p short of explaining final personality ***** and their functioning. For this re*****on, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory ***** than ***** other since it offers an explanation of how the individual psyche *****s, by *****, and in terms ***** its relation to the universe. In fact, I find that ***** personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling with Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling *****%,

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