Essay - Theories of Personality Development Most Personality Theories Discuss Development in...


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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms ***** specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories of ***** development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between ***** two theories lies ***** the fact that while ***** explained ***** from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject ***** the view point ***** social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory of Cognitive Development" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their ***** ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops *****: infants learn ***** manipulate objects that are within their current sensory perception and then ***** on to understand the concept of object permanency (sensorimo*****r stage); children begin to interact with ********** environment through the use ***** words and images though they ***** able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children ***** to develop their cognitive ability and learn the concept of grouping of concrete objects (***** operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract ***** of the world, using *****s such as conservation, reversibility and ***** idea of ca***** and effect (formal operations stage). In *****, Piaget explained the processes through which personality is formed. *****'s work is valuable as it enables parents and teachers ***** facil*****ate and monitor a child's cognitive *****, *****reby laying the foundation for a he*****lthy adult *****.

***** contrast, ***** "Theory of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with ***** ***** socialize and how this affects ***** sense of self. According to *****, a ***** person*****lity develops through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosocial crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality whereas failure ***** negotiate any one particular ***** leads to a reduced *****bility to complete other stages *****, therefore, a less ***** personality and ***** of self. The eight ***** crises or ***** that Erikson defined are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy ***** shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry versus inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy ***** isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, ********** theory also explains the *****ors that influence ***** development albeit ***** a frame***** of psychosocial factors. Thus, this *****ory too is immensely valuable as it enables parents and teachers to help a child ********** n*****tiate each psychosocial crisis ***** thereby develop a healthy sense ***** self.

Piaget and Erikson's work is valuable but is limited since the ***** ***** on explaining the process through which pers*****ality develops. Thus, both ***** s*****p short of explaining final personality ***** ***** their functioning. For this re*****on, I agree with Carl Jung's ***** theory ***** than ***** other ***** it offers an expl*****ation of how the individual psyche *****s, by *****, and in terms ***** its relation to the universe. *****n fact, I find that Jung's personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling with Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling *****%,

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