Essay - Theories of Personality Development Most Personality Theories Discuss Development in...


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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms of specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories of personality development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between ***** two theories lies ***** the fact that while ***** explained ***** from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject from the view point ***** social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory of Cognitive Development" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their cognitive ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops *****: infants learn to manipulate objects ***** are within their current sensory perception and then go on ***** understand the concept of object permanency (sensori***** stage); children begin to interact with ***** environment through the use of words and images though they are able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children begin to develop their cognitive ability and learn the concept of grouping of concrete objects (***** operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract view of the world, using concepts such as conservation, reversibility and the idea of ca***** and effect (formal operations stage). In *****, Piaget ***** the processes ***** which personality is formed. Piaget's work is valu***** as it enables parents and teachers ***** facil*****ate and monitor a child's cognitive *****, *****reby laying the foundation for a healthy adult *****.

***** contrast, ***** "Theory of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with ***** ***** socialize and how this affects ***** sense of self. According to *****, a ***** person*****lity develops through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosoci*****l crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of ***** stage results in a healthy personality whereas failure ***** ne*****tiate any one particular ***** leads to a reduced ability to complete other stages *****, therefore, a less ***** personality and sense ***** self. The eight psychosocial crises or ***** that Erikson def*****ed are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy ***** shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry ***** inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy versus isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, Erikson's ***** also explains the factors that influence ***** development albeit through a fr*****mework of psychosocial factors. Thus, this theory too is immensely valuable as it enables parents and ***** to help a child ********** n*****tiate each psychosocial crisis and thereby develop a he*****lthy ***** ***** self.

Piaget and ***** work is valuable but is limited since the ***** ***** on explaining the process through ***** personality develops. Thus, both ***** s*****p short of explaining final personality outcomes ***** *****ir functioning. For this re*****on, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory ***** than any other since it offers an explanation of how the individual psyche works, by *****, and in terms ***** its relation to ***** universe. In fact, I find that Jung's personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling ***** Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling 56%,

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