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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms of specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories of ***** development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between the two *****ories lies in the fact that while ***** expla*****ed ***** from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject ***** the view point ***** social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory of Cognitive Development" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their cognitive ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops as: infants learn ***** manipulate objects that are within their current sensory perception and then ***** on to underst***** the concept of object permanency (sensorimotor stage); children begin to interact with ***** environment through the use ***** words and images though they are able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children begin to develop their cognitive ability and learn the concept of grouping of concrete ***** (***** operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract view of the world, using concepts such as conservation, reversibility and ***** idea of cause ***** effect (formal operations stage). In effect, Piaget explained the processes ***** which personality is formed. Piaget's work is valuable as it enables parents and teachers to facil*****ate and monitor a child's cognitive development, thereby laying the foundation for a healthy adult *****.

***** contrast, *****'s "Theory of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with how children socialize and how this affects their sense of self. According to Erikson, a ***** person*****lity ***** through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosocial crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality whereas failure to negotiate any ***** particular stage leads ***** a reduced ***** to complete other st*****ges *****, therefore, a less ***** personality and sense ***** self. The eight ***** crises or stages that Erikson defined are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy versus shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry versus inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy ***** isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, Erikson's ***** also explains the *****ors that influence ***** development albeit through a fr*****mework of psychosocial factors. *****, this theory too is immensely valuable as it enables ***** and ***** to help a child *****ly negotiate each psychosocial crisis and thereby develop a healthy ***** ***** self.

Piaget and ***** work is valuable but is limited since the focus ***** on explaining the process through ***** personality develops. Thus, both ********** s*****p short of explaining final ***** ***** and their functioning. For ***** re*****on, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory more than ***** other ***** it offers an explanation of ***** the individual psyche *****s, by *****, ***** in terms of its relation to ***** universe. In fact, I find ***** Jung's personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling with Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling *****%,

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