Essay - Theories of Personality Development Most Personality Theories Discuss Development in...


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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms ***** specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories of personality development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between the two theories lies in the fact that while Piaget explained ***** from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject from ***** view point of social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory of Cognitive *****" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their cognitive ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops *****: infants learn to manipulate objects ***** are within their current sensory perception and then go on ***** understand the concept of object permanency (sensorimotor stage); children begin to interact with ********** environment through the use ***** words and images though they ***** able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children ***** to develop their ***** ability and learn the concept of grouping of concrete ***** (***** operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract view of the world, using *****s such as conservation, reversibility and the idea of ca***** and effect (formal operations stage). In effect, Piaget explained the processes through which personality is formed. *****'s work is valuable as it enables parents and teachers ***** facilitate and monitor a child's cognitive *****, *****reby laying the foundation for a he*****lthy adult *****.

***** contrast, ********** "Theory of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with ***** ***** socialize and how this affects their sense ***** self. According to Erikson, a ***** person*****lity ***** ***** eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosocial crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality whereas failure ***** ne*****tiate any one particular stage leads to a reduced ***** to complete other stages and, therefore, a less healthy personality and ***** of self. The eight ***** crises or stages that Erikson defined are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy versus shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry ***** inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy versus isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, *****'s theory also explains the *****ors that influence ***** development albeit through a fr*****mework of psychosocial factors. *****, this *****ory too is immensely valuable as it enables parents and ***** to help a child successfully negotiate each psychosocial crisis and thereby develop a he*****lthy sense ***** self.

Piaget and Erikson's work is valuable but is limited since the ***** ***** on explaining the process through which pers*****ality develops. Thus, both theories stop short of explaining final personality outcomes ***** their functioning. For this reason, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory more than any other since it offers an expl*****ation of how the individual psyche *****s, by *****, and in terms of *****s relation to the universe. *****n fact, I find ***** ***** personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling ***** Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling *****%,

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