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Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms of specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories ***** ***** development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between the two *****ories lies ***** the fact that while ***** explained development from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject ***** ***** view point of social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory ***** Cognitive *****" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their ***** ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops *****: infants learn ***** manipulate objects that are within their current sensory perception and then ***** on to underst***** the concept of object permanency (sensorimotor stage); children begin to interact with *****ir environment through the use ***** words and images though they ***** able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children begin to develop their cognitive ability and learn the concept of grouping of concrete ***** (concrete operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract view of the world, using concepts such as conservation, reversibility and the idea of cause and effect (formal operations stage). In *****, Piaget explained the processes ***** which personality is formed. Piaget's work is valu***** as it enables parents and teachers ***** facilitate and monitor a child's cognitive *****, thereby laying the foundation for a healthy adult *****.

***** contrast, ***** "Theory of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with how children socialize and ***** this affects their sense ***** self. According to *****, a child's person*****lity ***** through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosocial crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of ***** stage results in a healthy personality whereas failure to negotiate any one particular ***** leads to a reduced ***** to complete other stages *****, therefore, a less healthy personality and sense of *****. The eight psychosocial crises or stages that Erikson defined are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy ***** shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry ***** inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy versus isolation; generativity ***** stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, ********** ***** also explains the factors that influence ***** *****ment albeit ***** a frame***** of psychosocial factors. Thus, this theory too is immensely *****able as it enables ***** and ***** to help a child ********** n*****ti*****te each psychosocial crisis ***** thereby develop a he*****lthy sense of self.

Piaget and Erikson's work is valuable but is limited since the ***** ***** on explaining the process through ***** pers*****ality develops. Thus, both theories s*****p short of explaining final personality ***** and their functioning. For this reason, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory more than ***** other ***** it offers an explanation of how the individual psyche works, by itself, and in terms of its relation to the universe. In fact, I find ***** Jung's personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling with Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling *****%,

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