Essay - Theories of Personality Development Most Personality Theories Discuss Development in...

Copyright Notice

Theories of Personality Development

Most personality theories discuss development in terms of specific, progressive stages. Piaget and Erikson's theories ***** ***** development follow a simil*****r structure. However, the fundamental difference between the two *****ories lies ***** the fact that while ***** explained development from a motor and cognitive perspective, Erikson approached the subject ***** ***** view point of social development (AllPsych, 2004).

Piaget's "Theory ***** Cognitive *****" describes the specific stages that children go through, as their ***** ability to understand relationships develops. Thus, Piaget's theory explains how personality develops *****: infants learn ***** manipulate objects that are within their current sensory perception and then ***** on to underst***** the concept of object permanency (sensorimotor stage); children begin to interact with *****ir environment through the use ***** words and images though they ***** able to focus only one aspect of a stimulus (preoperational stage); older children begin to develop their cognitive ability and learn the concept of grouping of concrete ***** (concrete operations stage); teenagers develop a more abstract view of the world, using concepts such as conservation, reversibility and the idea of cause and effect (formal operations stage). In *****, Piaget explained the processes ***** which personality is formed. Piaget's work is valu***** as it enables parents and teachers ***** facilitate and monitor a child's cognitive *****, thereby laying the foundation for a healthy adult *****.

***** contrast, ***** "Theory of Psychosocial Development" concerns itself with how children socialize and ***** this affects their sense ***** self. According to *****, a child's person*****lity ***** through eight distinct stages, each of which involves a different psychosocial crisis and has two possible outcomes. The successful completion of ***** stage results in a healthy personality whereas failure to negotiate any one particular ***** leads to a reduced ***** to complete other stages *****, therefore, a less healthy personality and sense of *****. The eight psychosocial crises or stages that Erikson defined are: trust versus mistrust; autonomy ***** shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry ***** inferiority; identity versus role confusion; intimacy versus isolation; generativity ***** stagnation; and ego integrity versus despair. Like Piaget, ********** ***** also explains the factors that influence ***** *****ment albeit ***** a frame***** of psychosocial factors. Thus, this theory too is immensely *****able as it enables ***** and ***** to help a child ********** n*****ti*****te each psychosocial crisis ***** thereby develop a he*****lthy sense of self.

Piaget and Erikson's work is valuable but is limited since the ***** ***** on explaining the process through ***** pers*****ality develops. Thus, both theories s*****p short of explaining final personality ***** and their functioning. For this reason, I agree with Carl Jung's personality theory more than ***** other ***** it offers an explanation of how the individual psyche works, by itself, and in terms of its relation to the universe. In fact, I find ***** Jung's personality typology explains my own personality accurately as a "ESFJ" or "Extroverted Feeling with Sensing" type. With a score of extroverted 56%, Sensing 22%, Feeling *****%,


Download full paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, customized paper

Other topics that might interest you:

© 2001–2016   |   Thesis Paper about Theories of Personality Development Most Personality Theories Discuss Development in   |   Essays Examples