Essay - Women in Higher Education: Past and Present Barriers to Access...

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Women in Higher Education: Past and Present Barriers to Access, Causes, and Solutions


My research will focus on historical ***** present barriers to women's access ***** higher education. The thesis of my argument is that economic, social, and psychological barriers have historically existed for women wishing to pursue higher education, and ***** many ***** these linger for women today, even if (supposedly) to a lesser extent. I may conclude based on exhaustive research ***** analysis combined, that discrimination against women in higher education did exist; does in fact cont*****ue ***** exist, and to a greater extent than might be recognized by higher ***** administra*****rs, faculty; counselors, and others; that such discrimination has been ***** continues to be detrimental, for women and ***** society as a whole: economic*****lly, socially ***** otherwise. ***** may also ***** ***** such ***** against women in terms of higher education *****, when practiced today, must be eliminated. Discrimination of this sort is illegal. Those colleges, universities, pr*****essional and graduate schools, and other institutions of ***** learning practicing it today are, ***** should increasingly be, subject to legal actions that are, in ***** such cases, now *****sufficiently and far too sporadically enforced. *****refore, I shall argue, in order to eradicate barriers to access to higher education for *****, we ***** seek change in current attitudes and practices of institutions ***** higher education. ***** will provide suggestions and rationales for programs and practices within higher educational institutions, some of which are in effect today in some places, such as women's re-entry *****, counsel*****g ge*****d toward women students, and better access to financial, child care, and other *****sistance for today's female college, university, graduate school, and pr*****essional school students, many of whom are older, more ethnically diverse, ***** more diverse in terms of background, learning ability, and other abilities ***** in the past.

I intend to prove my thesis ***** first exhaustively researching women's access ***** (or the lack thereof) ***** educational opportunities, both past and in the *****. By using references, ***** historical and *****, including books; scholarly articles; magazine ***** government documents, and various ***** sources, I shall trace patterns of higher educational discrimination, or limits to access, for women, and analyze key social, economic, and other factors that have in the past contributed to limiting ***** access, and that in ***** ways continue to do so. In order to overcome these barriers to women's higher education access once and for all, I ***** use ***** sources, combined with my own *****, to suggest that ***** attitudes about women, about the importance (***** necessity) of women's ***** education, and current beliefs about the economic and social importance of higher education for women, by ***** and even among many women themselves, must change to reflect present-day realities.

I will use ***** sources to support and help prove the main ideas in my thesis, beginning with ***** works (for example, The Higher Education ***** Women, 1866 (Davis 2003); Pioneers of Women's Education in the United States: Emma Willard,


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