Essay - Women in Higher Education: Past and Present Barriers to Access...

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Women in Higher Education: Past and Present Barriers to Access, Causes, ***** Solutions


My research will focus on historical and present barriers to women's access to higher education. The thesis of my argument is that economic, social, and psychological barriers have *****ly existed for women wishing to pursue ***** education, and that many ***** these linger for women today, even if (supposedly) to a lesser extent. I may conclude based on exhaustive research and analysis combined, that discrimination against women in higher education did exist; does in fact cont*****ue to exist, and to a greater extent than might be recognized by higher education administra*****rs, faculty; counselors, and others; that such discrimination has been and continues to be detrimental, ***** women and for society as a whole: economically, *****ly and otherwise. I may also ***** that such ***** ***** women in terms of higher ***** access, when practiced today, must ***** eliminated. Discrimination of this sort is illegal. Those colleges, universities, pr*****essional ***** graduate schools, and other institutions of ***** learning practicing it today are, ***** should increasingly be, subject to legal actions ***** are, in many such cases, now *****sufficiently and far too sporadically enforced. Therefore, I shall argue, in order to eradicate barriers to access ***** higher education for *****, we ***** seek change in current attitudes and practices of institutions of higher education. I will provide suggestions ***** rationales for programs and practices within higher *****al institutions, some of which are in effect ***** in some places, such as women's re-entry *****, counsel*****g geared toward women students, and better access to financial, child care, and other ********** for ********** female college, university, graduate school, ***** pr*****essional school students, many of whom are older, more ethnically diverse, and more diverse in ***** of background, learning ability, ***** other abilities than in the past.

I intend to prove my *****sis by first exhaustively *****ing women's access to (or the lack *****reof) higher educational opportunities, both past and in the present. By using references, both his*****rical ***** *****, including books; scholarly articles; magazine articles; government documents, and various ***** sources, I shall trace patterns of higher ***** discrimination, or limits to access, for women, and analyze key social, economic, and o*****r factors that have in the past contributed to limiting women's access, ***** that in ***** ways continue to do so. In ***** to overcome ***** barriers ***** women's higher education ***** once and for all, I shall use ***** sources, combined with my own analysis, to suggest that social attitudes about women, ***** ***** importance (***** necessity) of women's ***** education, and current beliefs about the economic and social ***** of higher ***** for women, by ***** and even among many ***** themselves, must change to reflect present-day realities.

I will use ***** sources to support and help prove the main ideas in my thesis, beg*****ning with historical works (for example, The Higher Education of Women, 1866 (Davis 2003); Pioneers ***** Women's Education in the United States: Emma Willard,


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