Essay - Women in Higher Education: Past and Present Barriers to Access...


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Women in Higher Education: Past and Present Barriers to Access, Causes, ***** Solutions

Abstract

My research will focus on historical and present barriers to women's access ***** higher education. The thesis of my argument is that economic, social, and psychological barriers have *****ly existed for women wishing to pursue ***** education, and ***** many ***** these linger for ***** **********, even if (supposedly) to a lesser extent. I may conclude based on exhaustive ***** and analysis combined, that discrimination against women in higher education did exist; does ***** fact continue ***** exist, and to a greater extent than might be recognized by higher ***** administra*****rs, faculty; counselors, and others; that such discrimination has been and continues to be detrimental, ***** women and for society as a whole: economic*****lly, *****ly ***** otherwise. ***** may also ***** that such discrimination against women in terms of higher education *****, when practiced today, must ***** eliminated. Discrimination of this sort is illegal. Those colleges, universities, pr*****essional and graduate schools, and other institutions of ***** learning practicing it today are, ***** should increasingly be, subject to legal actions ***** are, in ***** such cases, now *****sufficiently and far too sporadically enforced. *****refore, I shall argue, in order to eradicate barriers to access to higher education for *****, we must seek change in current attitudes and practices of ***** of higher education. ***** will provide suggestions and rationales for programs and practices within higher *****al institutions, some of which are in effect *****day in some places, such as women's re-entry *****, counsel*****g ge*****d toward women students, and better access to financial, child care, and other assistance for today's female college, university, graduate school, ***** pr*****essional school *****, many of whom are older, more ethnically diverse, and more diverse in terms of background, learning ability, ***** other abilities ***** in the past.

I intend to prove my *****sis by first exhaustively researching women's access to (or the lack thereof) higher educational opportunities, both past and in the *****. By using references, ***** historical ***** current, including books; scholarly articles; magazine articles; government documents, and various ***** sources, I shall trace patterns of higher educational discrimination, or limits to access, for women, and analyze key social, economic, and other factors that have in the past contributed to limiting *****'s access, and that in many ways continue to do so. In order to overcome ***** barriers to women's ***** education ***** once and for all, I ***** use ***** *****, combined with my own *****, ***** suggest that social attitudes about women, ***** ***** importance (***** necessity) of women's higher education, and ***** beliefs about the economic and ***** ***** of higher ***** for women, by society and even among ***** ***** themselves, ***** ***** to reflect present-day realities.

I ***** use my sources to support and help prove the main ideas in ***** thesis, beginning with historical works (for example, The Higher ***** of Women, 1866 (Davis 2003); Pioneers of Women's Education in the United States: Emma Willard,

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