Essay - Women in Higher Education: Past and Present Barriers to Access...

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Women in Higher Education: Past and Present Barriers to Access, Causes, and Solutions


My research will focus on historical and present barriers to women's access to higher education. The thesis of my argument is that economic, social, and psychological barriers have historically existed for women wishing to pursue ***** education, and ***** many ***** these linger for ***** today, even if (supposedly) to a lesser extent. I may conclude based on exhaustive ***** and analysis combined, that discrimination against women in higher education did exist; does ***** fact continue to exist, and to a greater extent than might be recognized by higher education administrators, faculty; counselors, and others; that such discrimination has *****en ***** continues to be detrimental, ***** women and for society as a whole: economically, *****ly ***** otherwise. ***** may also conclude that such discrimination against women in terms of higher education *****, when practiced today, must be eliminated. Discrimination of this sort is illegal. Those colleges, universities, pr*****essional and graduate schools, and other institutions of ***** learning practicing it today are, ***** should increasingly be, subject to legal actions that are, in many such cases, now insufficiently and far too sporadically enforced. Therefore, I shall argue, in order to eradicate barriers to access to higher education for *****, we must seek change in current attitudes and practices of ***** of higher education. ***** will provide suggestions and rationales for programs and practices within higher educational institutions, some ***** which are in effect ***** in some places, such as women's re-entry *****, counsel*****g ge*****d ********** women students, and better access to financial, child care, and other ********** for today's female college, university, graduate school, ***** professional school *****, many of whom are older, more ethnically diverse, and more diverse in ***** of background, learning ability, ***** other abilities than in the past.

I intend to prove my *****sis ***** first exhaustively researching women's access to (or the lack *****reof) ***** educational opportunities, both past and in the present. By using references, both historical and *****, including books; scholarly articles; magazine articles; government documents, and various ***** sources, I shall trace patterns of higher ***** discrimination, or limits to access, for women, and analyze key social, economic, and other factors that have in the past contributed to limiting women's access, and that in many ways continue to do so. In ***** to overcome ***** barriers to women's higher education ***** once and for all, I sh***** use ***** sources, combined with my own analysis, to suggest ***** social attitudes about women, ***** the importance (***** necessity) of women's ***** education, and current beliefs about the economic and social importance of higher ***** for women, by society and even among ***** ***** themselves, ***** ***** to reflect present-day realities.

I ***** use my sources to support and help prove the main ideas in ***** thesis, beg*****ning with historical works (for example, The Higher Education of Women, 1866 (Davis 2003); Pioneers ***** Women's Education in the United States: Emma Willard,


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