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Abortion Both the Pro-Life and

S. pro-choice policy): Both groups use religion as a tool to promote fear and terror as they attempt to dismantle basic human and civil rights. Both groups target feminism as a symbol of Western progress, and ultimately, both groups threaten democracy itself by attempting to force their distorted religious views onto the modern world in an effort to dismantle freedom and civil liberties." The proliferation of domestic religious terror is similar to the rise of Islamic monistic theocracies and Jihad. In both cases, a truly religious person would never approve of the gross misuse of religion to justify terrorism. Indeed, Islamic and Operation Rescue extremists seem to be just as motivated by political and social factors as they are by religion. Groups such as Operation Rescue/Operation Save America represent a dangerous threat not only to a woman's right to choose, but also to broader freedoms such as the separation of church from state and the right to choose one's own sexual orientation. Their agenda has gained tremendous political support and is quickly making headway into mainstream media. Legally, providers of abortion services have enjoyed some reprieve from violent activities conducted by anti-abortion groups through enforcement of the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act and application of RICO to financially cripple violent movements. However, these protections cannot be taken for granted as terrorists find ways to exploit religion to justify illegal violence, calling to question if the law can continue to protect a woman's right to choice. Bibliography Ackerman, S. (2001, August). The most biased name in news. Extra! Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fair.org/extra/0108/fox-main.html Burghardt, T. "No place to hide" campaign fizzles. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.etext.org/Politics/Arm.The.Spirit/Antifa/or.no-place.april-1995 Clinton, conspiracism, and the continuing culture war. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.publiceye.org/conspire/clinton/Clintonculwar8-02.html Fredericks, K. (1993). Anti-choice terrorism in the U.S. Green Left Weekly. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.greenleft.org.au/back/1993/94/94p28.htm Johnson, D. (1998, April 21). Jury rules that anti-abortion leaders violated racketeering laws. New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2004 from Web site: http://www.operationsaveamerica.org/wwworn/legal/nytimes.htm Operation Rescue changes name, widens focus. Catholic World News. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.cwnews.com/news/viewstory.cfm?recnum=10173 Operation Rescue Colorado. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.nyx.net/~pfaustin/orco.html Operation Save America claims attacks on America "rebuke" for U.S. pro-choice policy (2001, September 13). Feminist Daily News. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.feminist.org/news/newsbyte/uswirestory.asp?id=5797 Promise Keepers holds no promise…

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Pro Life Abortion May Be in the

Pro Life Abortion may be in the news more today than in times past, but it is certainly not a new issue. Abortion may well be as old as pregnancy itself, as there is some evidence of abortion-like behavior among animals in the natural world. In prehistoric and ancient times, medicine women and witches would see to women's pregnancies and…

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Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice

¶ … Life You Take: My Take on Abortion Abortion is murder and murder is a dangerous thing, as we have recently discovered with the conviction of Scott Roeder. Reoder was a staunch believer in pro-life and while his methods were wrong, his beliefs regarding life were right. It is my view that abortion is wrong because it takes the life of another. Just because that "other" cannot be seen or cannot speak up for itself, does not mean it does not have a right to live. The baby is alive or it would not need to be killed. The debate is a moral not a legal one. I believe that conception begins at birth not at three months or six months. Dr. Fritz Baumgartner agrees with this notion stating, "There is no more appropriate moment to begin calling a human "human" than the moment of fertilization. And don't let anyone tell you otherwise, because it would be a degradation of factual embryology to say it would be any other moment" (Baumgartner). Former Pope John Paul also supports this notion. He writes, "No one more absolutely innocent could be imagined" (Giovanni). Unborn babies are "defenseless, even to the point of lacking that minimal form of defense" (Giovanni). Life is scared and it begins with the union of sperm and egg. Pro-abortionists like to call the baby a fetus or viable tissue but it is still alive. If every "body" has rights, then the baby must have the same rights as the mother. I believe the baby, born or unborn, has rights. Pro-abortion supporters rely on the argument that a woman's body belongs to none other than her. This fact is true; her body does belong to her but that fact does not give her the right to kill the other body growing inside of her. I think John Finnis makes an……

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Pro-Life Abortion

Abortion (Pro Life) Not many people disagree when a law is passed that is objective and does not impact religious beliefs and value systems. For example, some individuals protested the speed limit of 55 mph on many federal highways. However, the situation changes significantly when people view the law, or intended law, as acceptable or unacceptable due to different ethical…

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Should Abortion Be Legal

¶ … Abortion be Legal: Abortion has become one of the most controversial topics in the modern society since it's permitted in some countries and prohibited in others. In the United States, the issue received much attention following the Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade case that legalized the practice in the country. While the ruling has continued to receive much support, abortion is still a major controversial issue in America that has attracted huge debates in the recent past. The controversy has contributed to the emergence of pro and anti-abortion groups that have raised divergent opinions. Generally, the debate on whether abortion should be legal continues to segregate Americans after the U.S. Supreme Court declared it an essential right in 1973. The controversy has elicited varying arguments from pro-choice and pro-life groups. Arguments in Support of Abortion: The proponents of abortion, who are commonly known as pro-choice argue that the procedure is a fundamental right that should not be restricted by either governmental or religious authorities. Therefore, pro-choice activists and groups believe that this fundamental right overshadows any claims of the right of a fetus or embryo. They have also argued that pregnant women are likely to choose unsafe illegal abortions in the absence of a legal option. However, different points have been raised among the pro-choice activists since some of them believe that the procedure should be used as the last option whereas others support unlimited access to abortion regardless of the existing circumstances ("Should Abortion Be Legal?" 2013). The other arguments raised by these activities include accepting the procedure in situations like incest, rape, or when it places the life of a woman at risk. In essence, pro-choice activists derive their support for this practice from the 1973 Supreme Court ruling that declared the procedure a fundamental right. Arguments against Abortion: Most of the prominent pro-life or anti-abortion organizations and activists base their arguments on religious ideology because they are composed of different mainstream faith groups. These activists have continued to state that women deserve empowerment rather than abortion. Therefore, women should be given more support and options that enable them to choose life despite of the underlying circumstances. They argue that the murder of a fetus or embryo is wrong and cannot be justified by any circumstance. They compare abortion to killing any child at any stage of development, which is morally unacceptable. According to…

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Abortion - Pro-Life Why Abortions Should Be

Abortion - Pro-Life Why Abortions Should be Illegal Ever since the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, (1973), which made abortion legal in the United States, the issue has been at the center of heated public debate. More than thirty years later, the controversy about abortion is still a hot topic. In this essay, I shall argue why abortion should be made illegal by refuting some of the pro-abortionist arguments and outline the current legal status of the controversial 'partial-birth abortion' issue. It is often argued by supporters of abortion that when an unwanted pregnancy is aborted, the fetus is just a blob of tissue which cannot be considered a living being. Science tells us a different story. The baby has a beating heart, tiny little fingers and toes by just 18 days after fertilization. Most abortions are performed after nine weeks of pregnancy. By that time the baby is a distinct and unique human being who has a right to life just as any other living person. Another oft-repeated pro-abortion argument is that a woman has a right of control over her own body and, therefore, should have the right to terminate unwanted pregnancies. This line of argument further suggests that making abortion illegal would be a violation of a fundamental right and a "freedom of choice." The answer to this argument is that one has the right of control over but only until such a right does not interfere with another's right. By terminating a pregnancy, a woman is ending the life of another human being which is the same as killing one's own child. Surely, no one should have such "freedom of choice." It has also been observed that most women who opt for abortion do not have accurate information about fetal development and about practical alternatives to abortion. It is believed that if women have such information available most of them would choose not to have an abortion. The third pro-abortion argument is that the births of "unwanted" babies would only increase poverty and misery in the world and add to the social problems. Such an……

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Why Has Abortion Created Serious Debates and Controversies Among the Mainline Christians

¶ … abortion created serious debates and controversies among the mainline Christians? Pro-life vs. Pro-choice The Roman Catholic and the Southern American Baptist Convention Approaching matters from a historical point-of-view makes it possible for this paper to provide insight regarding Christian attitudes in the contemporary society and how they were shaped through time. Abortion represents one of the most contentious…

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Abortion One of the Most Contentious Socio-Political

Abortion One of the most contentious socio-political issues in the United States today, is that of abortion. There is really no reason why it should be a political issue, but proponents of abortion have averred that there needs to be a constitutional amendment that protects the right to abortion, despite the fact that the precedence for legal abortion was already…

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Abortion Ever Since in the 1973 Supreme

Abortion Ever since in the 1973 Supreme Court, the divergence over the validity of abortion and the right of nations to bound women's right to use to this process has been one of the most obstinate arguments in American politics. Though the combat appears to have been remunerated mainly throughout lawsuits and the subsequent legal judgments the shade of abortion…

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Ethical Theories and Abortion Issues in Contemporary

Ethical Theories and Abortion Issues In contemporary American society, elective abortion remains one of the most controversial political, social, and moral issues. While the debate is often reduced to matters of religious belief, the issues are also addressable through purely secular ethical concepts. In that regard, the deontological, utilitarian, and virtue-based ethical perspectives may yield very different answers to the…

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Abortion Visual Images Work Particularly Well in

Abortion Visual images work particularly well in conveying the essential points of the pro-life stance: nothing can be more disheartening and disturbing than a picture of a bloody baby or dead fetus. The Abortion Gallery on the Internet provides particularly powerful visual imagery that conveys the central message that abortion is immoral. Vivid, poignant, full-color photographs of aborted embryos and fetuses are displayed on a simple black background flanked by towers of flame. If the individual thumbnails are not enough to get the viewer thinking deeply on the subject of abortion, clicking on an image will render it in larger size. The primary purpose of the Abortion Gallery, therefore, is to rely on the impact of visual images to argue against the practice of abortion. Pictures portray what words cannot: the horrific consequences of abortion and its essentially being murder. With the abortion issue, logic and reasoning rarely make much of an impact on changing someone's mind. Visual imagery, on the other hand, can work wonders. The images portrayed on the Abortion Pages evoke such emotions as fear, anger, and horror. The conviction that the practice of abortion is wrong is essentially an emotional one, which is why visual images prove particularly powerful. The realm of the visual transcends logic and reasoning and goes straight for the gut. This is especially true in the case of the online Abortion Gallery. There, a visitor finds dozens of horrifying pictures of aborted embryos and fetuses. The texture and color of these pictures is gruesome, evoking the horrendous nature of the abortion act. Any person considering getting an abortion will look at these images and realize that they will be inflicting the same onto their unborn baby. Some of the pictures show the embryos in relation to adult human hands, emphasizing the fact that we adults should be protective custodians of all human life. The website also includes ultrasounds that depict the unborn child sucking its thumb. Some of the photos are particularly gory, almost like scenes from a horror film. Therefore, the same emotions that one associates with horror films are conveyed through this website. As abortion is one of the most controversial and sensitive issues facing American culture today, the Abortion Pages are situated at the forefront of the modern debate. Moreover, as they are arranged on a website, they offer the entire world a peek at the crime of abortion.…

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Elective Abortion

Nursing Elective Abortion and Nursing Within the discipline of professional nursing, nurses are divided when it comes to their opinions concerning elective abortion. Just as there are pro-life and pro-choice supporters in the general population, there pro-life nurses and pro-choice nurses, some of whom feel very strongly about their beliefs. Because a nurse has an ethical responsibility to care for patients in need, it is important to address the issue of whether nurses are obligated to care for patients who undergo elective abortion surgery. 2008 study by Wilson and Haynie (2008) examined the basic social processes experienced by women who sought recovery assistance following an elective abortion. The researchers felt that nursing research on this topic was importance because abortion is reported to be the second most common surgery performed in the United States. The study (Wilson and Haynie, 2008) revealed that the majority of these women suffered in silence because they were afraid that others would judge them. Thus, the researchers argued, nurses have many opportunities to provide recovery assistance following an elective abortion, in all clinical settings. In order to better facilitate this process, the researchers felt that nurses understand the experience of women as they recognize the negative outcomes and seek recovery assistance. Williams confirmed that nurses must provide caring assistance to patients who undergo elective abortion surgery. According to Williams (2001): "Women with a history of elective abortion experienced grief in terms of loss of control, death anxiety, and dependency. Although there were no statistically significant differences in the intensity of grief in women who had a history of elective abortion and the comparison group, there was an overall trend toward higher grief intensities in the abortion group. Presence of living children, perceived pressure to have the abortion, and the number of abortions appear to affect the intensity of the short-term grief response." Because many women experience very strong emotional distress during and following their abortion experience, it is important the nurses who assist in abortions provide care and empathy, regardless of their own personal beliefs and ethics (Wilson and Haynie, 2008). All of the study's participants described significant negative changes in personal behaviors after their experiences. Nursing organizations across the country agree that providing care to abortion patients is a critical aspect of nursing. However, various statements call out that a nurse has the right to whatever opinion she holds and that it is up…

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U.S. Government Interfere With Existing Federal Law

¶ … U.S. government interfere with existing federal law that gives the decision to abort a child or not to abort the woman's along to make, in her own private way? The first point-of-view in this paper will be to answer the question above with a firm "no." Background and Facts on the Abortion Issue In 1973, the High Court…

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Abortion: Pro-Choice

It is better if abortion remains legal since it ensures that women can undergo abortions in safe environments. Abortion is unacceptable in many religious organizations. It is deemed wrong and immoral. Religious organizations have joined in the debate against abortion, and they want the practice eliminated. They do not realize that if this is done it would discriminate against all…

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Demerits of Abortion

¶ … Abortion Should be Illegal The recent past has witnessed heated debates on whether abortion should be legalized in different countries across the globe or not. People often have different views on what is right on the topic or wrong. As such, the topic raises concerns for many people globally. The reasons as to why people have an abortion or oppose it vary significantly. The variation in the views has attracted significant political attention with some political activists strongly arguing that abortion should be legalized while others argue for its abolition (Carroll 125). However, I strongly believe that abortion should not be legalized at all cost. The reason why women should not have an abortion relates to the basic human values. It is appreciable that, the unborn baby has not responsibility to the mother's situation. As such, the unborn requires the provision of rights and opportunities to live, grow, and develop like a normal human being. Women should be humanitarian and become egoistic with the unborn babies. Various alternatives exist for these women. Giving the children opportunities to be adopted by the families in need of children is one among the alternatives available for these women. Therefore, abortion should not be their only option of handling the challenges associated with the unexpected pregnancies. It is also appreciable that nearly all religions prohibit abortion. Religious bodies consider abortion as murder. For example, the Christian religion prohibits abortion and considers it as murder as stated in the Christian doctrines. Abortion has short- and long-term effects on the health of the mother. Abortion predisposes the mother to negative health effects such as excessive bleeding (hemorrhage), increased risk of infections, severe pain, and shock among other short-term effects to the health of the mother. Similarly, abortion has long-term negative effects to the mother such as increased risk of birth complications in the future pregnancies, diseases of the reproductive system, increased risk of infertility and depression. Apart from the health effects identified above, empirical evidence shows that an abortion increases the risks of reproductive cancers such as cancer among the victims of abortion. These health effects affect the health and health outcomes of an individual (TFP 1). Abortion has negative effects on the mental well being of an individual. The mental problems arise from the fact that, an individual knows that an abortion is murdering an innocent soul. Thus, it predisposes them to depression…

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Ethical Issues Surrounding Abortion Notwithstanding

In Virginia the Republican-dominated legislature earlier this year wrote legislation that requires "women to have a transvaginal ultrasound before they may have an abortion," (Glionna, 2012). The idea behind this legislation is apparently that when a woman sees the picture created by the ultrasound she will see a fetus and perhaps feel so guilty she won't want to carry through…

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Defense of Abortion the Author

A descriptive assumption is a belief about the way the world is, and in this case the world from the point-of-view of pro-choice does not want to see a woman die in order to save her fetus. And a value assumption is related to how the world should be. Through the act of using the anti-abortion's "slippery slope" (at all costs, a fetus must not be aborted notwithstanding the mother's life because we don't kill babies) against the anti-abortion argument is very effective. "Everyone has a right to life, hence, the unborn person has a right to life…" If this is true, Thompson argues, what if it's true that a woman has a right to life, but she is deathly sick and all she needs is the "touch of Henry Fonda's cool hand" on her "fevered brow"? That said, the commonly held view (that she has a right to life) butts up against the evaluative assumption as to how the world should be. "I have no right at all against anybody that [Fonda] should do this for me," Thompson asserts, shooting down the premise that the fetus always has the right to life. Thompson's way of attacking weak premises is impressive, and her arguments are valid. She takes into account the objections and assertions of those on the other side. She makes a good point on page 8 when she uses the analogy of an open window that allows a burglar to come inside. She examines the word "right" in that context with. The anti-abortion movement says all humans have the "right" to life (and believe the fetus is immediately to be considered a human being). If the room is stuffy, and so the woman opens the window to allow fresh air inside, and a burglar climes in, "…it would be absurd to say, 'Ah, now he can stay, she's given him a right to the use of her house" because she is partly responsible for his appearance. But she did not invite him in and he is an intruder so he has no "right" to be there notwithstanding the open window. Taking this further, when a woman is raped, she did not invite that sperm into her body to create a fetus. "Unborn persons whose existence is due to rape have no right to the use of their mothers' bodies, and thus aborting them is not depriving them of…

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Abortion Nature Intends That an

Metaphysics professor at Harvard University Judith Jarvis Thompson wrote "A Defense of Abortion," which appeared in the Journal of Philosophy and Public Affairs (1971). She argued that a woman's inalienable right to life, privacy and security includes the right to terminate a pregnancy she considers a threat to her sense of well-being. Thompson compares the condition of an unwanted pregnancy…

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Ethical Egoism & Abortion Ethical

The formula of universal law seems to offer a method for evaluating maxims of abortion that eschews the contentious question of whether the fetus is a person. This method also appears to render unnecessary the task of locating one duty in relation to which to understand abortion. (Dennis 2007, 547-8) In other words, the Kantian ethical school -- against which…

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Abortion and Frozen Fertilized Human Eggs

Abortion and Frozen Fertilized Human Eggs Fertilized human eggs, such as those which are frozen and stored in fertility clinics, are believed by some people to already be a human child in essence. To many religious groups that oppose abortion and claim to be "pro-life," these zygotes should have the same rights as a human infant brought to term. According to these religious groups, God grants the child an immortal soul at the time of conception, not at the time of birth. This is actually a belief that has been held by many cultures throughout history, and some Asian cultures actually celebrate the conception day rather than the birth day of the child to mark age. These religious groups do not believe it is moral to dispose of fertilized human eggs, even when they are only comprised of a few cells. The question for many people is whether these zygotes are "morally protectable entities, or are they more like other disposable tissues cleaned from the human body?" (Green) It would seem that the moral obligation, then, of religious people who believe that a fertilized human egg cell has the same right to life as an infant child, would be to rescue fertilized egg cells that in danger. There are "spare' embryos created during invitro fertilization procedures." (Richards) Most in vitro fertilization clinics assist women in getting pregnant by taking eight egg cells from the mother, fertilizing all eight, then implanting half of the fertilized cells into the mother. The other four zygotes are usually frozen and put into storage for future use if the initial procedure fails. This leads to tens of thousands of zygotes being put into storage. Eventually, the zygotes will deteriorate, or "die" if left in storage for a prolonged period of time. These institutions may also dispose of these zygotes eventually. Therefore, to those who believe a zygote has a soul and the same moral rights as a child, there are tens of thousands of human lives in danger. One analogy that can be used is that of finding a child drowning. A person who believes that life is sacred would be morally obligated to rescue the child rather than to let him drown. The same is true for the frozen zygotes; there is……

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Anti-Abortion "Any Country That Accepts Abortion Is

Anti-Abortion "Any country that accepts abortion is not teaching its people to love but to use violence to get what they want. This is why the greatest destroyer of love and peace is abortion." Mother Teresa The issues relating to abortion and pro-life hold moral ramifications and just as important the damage it does to the body of the female having the abortion. There are other reasons for not having an abortion including human emotions, psychological state, and medical aspects. Is it worth destroying not only the life of one child but possibly ruining the chance to ever give birth? I argue the risks and the after effects caused by abortions are just as wrong as the abortion itself. One has to wonder if morals even exist anymore. Literature Review As an adopted child, I can relate to the issue of anti-abortion from a personal level, "that could have been me." I intend to demonstrate the reasons for being pro-life form the aspects of moral ethics and especially in the terms of the lasting after effects. Abortions can play on the physical and emotional states of the woman long after the procedure is done. Lifestyle.iloveindia.com (2010) in the web article, "Reasons against Abortion," reports the following reasons: Abortion is considered strictly against the ethics of a civil society, as it is akin to murder. It punishes the innocent inborn child, by taking away its right to live. The visible complications arising from abortion are recurrent miscarriages, premature or still births, blocked fallopian tubes and weakened cervix. It can even weaken a woman's reproductive system. Abortion may lessen the chances of a woman conceiving easily in the future. Abortion is considered to be one of the reasons for increased cases of breast, uterine and cervical cancer in women. A woman may incur stress-related problems after undergoing an abortion. Apart from that, she may also fall prey to depression, if she suffers from the guilt of killing her unborn child. Any one of these should be compelling enough to make a person stop and think about what they are doing. An embryo is a living, breathing, and growing life form. To say that it is not alive or a human being is wrong. A child is not an adult but a growing human being that will turn out to be an adult. An embryo is growing inside the mother to be the…

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Moral Impermissibility of Abortion

Moral Impermissibility of Abortion Albert Camus, French philosopher and one of the youngest Nobel Prize winners for literature said that "freedom is nothing else but a chance to be better" ("Freedom quotes- Albert Camus"). The question is: to what extent are we willing to take the chance and truly be better, while being free? How many of us perceive freedom…

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Bible and Law Abortion

Bible and Law - Abortion Bible and Law Abortion has been defined as an act of voluntarily terminating pregnancy, which leads to the embryo's death. Abortion has become a very controversial topic in most countries because it is becoming more rampant as time goes by. Within the society, there are different opposing and proposing groups. And each of them has…

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Abortion Is One of the Most Ethically

Abortion is one of the most ethically charged issues nowadays. The present work is focused on exploring the major ethical concerns revolving around pro-life and pro-choice tendencies for the purpose of revealing ethical basis of each, common ground for both, and potential guidelines. Opinions differ on this present matter, ranging from arguments in favor of the fetus having full moral status of a person, to arguments that fetuses are only partly human (and partly entitled to a set of rights), to an even a more radical stance claiming that moral status depends on "capacity for moral agency, hence fetuses are similar to animals corresponding to their gestational stage" (Sperling). The most important ethical debates raised by abortion ensue around the issues of personhood (strongly advocated by pro-life supporters) and the right to life (largely claimed by both pro-life and pro-choice supporters). Personhood is the principle built around determining the exact moment of intrauterine development when a fetus can be deemed a person, for the purpose of establishing that a later abortion would be, according to Christian and deontological ethics, synonymous with murder. On the other hand, marking the viability of a human fetus in a certain stage of biological development is yet unaccomplished and a difficult task, due to its "dependency on scientific knowledge, which is dynamic and changing" (Sperling). Furthermore, the rather conservative outlook allows abortion solely on the condition that the mother's life is endangered; hence this approach follows along the lines of situation ethics theory and the so-called doctrine of double effect, where the primary voluntary action is saving the woman's life, but the accompanying unintentional action is termination of pregnancy. The right to life capitalizes on the freedom of choice that a human being, whether adult or fetal, is entitled to. The liberal interpretation of this theory suggests that mother's choice of abortion is permissible regardless of fetal development, with a strong emphasis on……

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Abortion and Women's Rights One

Abortion and Women's Rights One controversy that pans the socio-political and cultural paradigm in the late 20th and early 21st century is that of the overall morality of abortion. The abortion debate, in fact, surrounds the legal and moral status of the fetus, which has not been established from either a medical or a moral viewpoint. Again, from a utilitarian…

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Against Abortion

Against Abortion There is a clear mention in the Bible that abortion is wrong. The Bible teaches that humans are different from other types of life, as humans are made in the very image of God. The accounts of the creation of man and women in Genesis reveal that God created man in his image; in the divine image he…

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Abortion a Modest Proposal: Abortion

Many girls arguing for abortion will admit, for example, "I wish my mother had aborted me." These girls were not given a choice to be aborted when their mother was pregnant; the choice was taken out of their hands. Allowing the mother to take herself out of the situation along with the fetus will give that choice back to her. Laws have, in the past, allowed abortion only as a means of preventing the death of the mother, even when the mother wanted to die, which is counterproductive. "California has legalized 'therapeutic abortion' in 1967, women had to go before a panel of doctors and plead their cases in order to have legally sanctioned, in-hospital procedures. They had to say they'd commit suicide unless they had an abortion." (Baird-Windle) Why not just assist the girls in committing suicide in a medically sound way? Additionally, abortion is a popular option for those seeking to combat the growing problems of overpopulation in the world. With birth rates growing at an astounding rate, supporting birth control methods of many sorts is necessary to avoid disastrous conditions in the world that would lead to hunger, disease, and misery throughout the world populations. It is believed that sacrificing or preventing one life through abortion (depending on the individual's perspective) is actually saving lives. With this in mind, it is easy to see the benefits of ending the mother as well as the fetus, as this will lead to twice the impact on slowing the population growth. Organizations such as the Voluntary Human Extinction Movement will point out that, "Having babies" is not so much the problem -- having adults is what's causing the problems." (Knight) Many women also choose abortion as means of avoiding the pain and suffering that would be involved in completing the pregnancy and child-birthing process, as well as the pain that the child will experience later in life. They may not realize, however, that current abortion procedures are painful and terrifying for the mother, and some speculate for the fetus as well. The physical suffering during and immediately following, as well as the post-partum-like depression and mental anguish caused by imbalanced hormones, can come as an unpleasant surprise to unprepared patients. Additionally, women who have had an abortion are far more likely to develop painful and recurring disorders involving the reproductive organs and also sexual dysfunction. This pain could be easily…

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Christian Beliefs and Abortion Is

However, the canon laws of the church on abortion remained unchanged for a long time until Pope Pius IX dropped the distinction between the "fetus animatus" and "fetus inanimatus" in 1869 -- ending the tolerant approach of the church towards abortion, which continues to this day. The current Christian belief about abortion is largely based on the anti-abortion references in the scriptures in which life was considered to be a sacred gift from God, the womb being an inviolable place and the idea that life starts at the time of conception. At the same time, the Christian anti-abortion groups have also included some popularized scientific beliefs about pregnancies and abortion in their arsenal to counter the "pro-choice" and feminist arguments in favor of abortion. For example, the "freedom of choice" pro-abortion argument that a woman has a right of control over her own body and, therefore, should have the right to terminate unwanted pregnancies is countered by the contention that an unborn child is a distinctly separate individual and no one has the right or 'freedom' to end the life of another individual. Hence, restriction on abortion is by no means a violation of 'fundamental rights' of a woman as such 'freedom of choice' does not apply to terminating the life of another individual, i.e., the unborn fetus. The Christian churches and religious pro-life groups now also frequently quote scientific evidence that an unborn fetus has a beating heart, tiny little fingers and toes by just 18 days after fertilization and is not just "a blob of tissue" to be callously discarded. Another 'feminist' argument about abortion rights, i.e., that the women should have the right to abortion so that they are not disadvantaged viz a viz the men in the job market is also bitterly opposed by the Christian groups. They believe that women's main purpose in life is to participate in "the miracle of life" and the perception in our society about the incompatibility of successful working women with pregnancy is termed by them as a "fallout of our society's failed value system." (Terwilliger, para on "Abortion.") The opposition to abortion among the Christians is, as should be expected, not absolutely consistent; it is strongest in evangelical, fundamentalist, or pentecostal churches (e.g. Baptists, Assemblies of God), as opposed to the 'mainline' liberal churches such as Methodist, Presbyterian, and Epicospalian. Some of the evangelical churches, for instance, take the…

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Ethics of Abortion

Abortion Debate The topic of abortion has become one of the most crucial moral, political and religious issues of the end of the 20th and the early 21st centuries. And the debate continues, especially now with the more conservative administration. Decisions pro-or con are often made emotionally without any consideration of the facts and the ability to clearly explain both sides of the issue. The hope is that both sides can objectively evaluate the issue and, following the democratic philosophy of this country, determine an answer that is best for the common good. The issue of abortion is normally debated first on religious beliefs. For example, the Catholic Bishops in 1998 strongly came out against abortion based on the fact that human life is sacred from the moment of conception until natural death. Thus, abortion, according to religious practices, is immoral in the eyes of the Church. As Pope John Paul II stated in 1995, "Both as Americans and as followers of Christ, American Catholics must be committed to the defense of life." Individuals who refute the Catholic Church on religious grounds, such as John Swomley (1999), professor emeritus of social ethics at St. Paul School of Theology in Missouri, debate the Bishops' statement by saying, "Nowhere in the Scriptures is there any reference to sacredness or sanctity or respect for fetal life." Ultimately, therefore, women should have the right to control their own destiny. Similarly, another strong argument for and against abortion is founded on whether or not it violates human rights. Gargaro (2000), a pro-life advocate, writes that abortion is wrong because it entails the killing of human life. Since the baby has a different genetic makeup than its mother, its life has to be seen as separate and to be protected. "Right away, some will say that abortion is not a matter of life and death, arguing that a fetus is not a 'person,' or a 'human being.'" However, medical studies prove that the fetus is a living organism from conception on, she states. Those who offer rebuttal to this life-at-conception philosophy, state that there is "life" from the moment of conception in the sense that it is a biological entity that alters food and oxygen into energy and its cells divide and grow. However, the truer question is whether it is a "person"? There the disagreement comes. Webster's Dictionary defines a person as "an individual or…

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All Sides and Issues of Abortion

¶ … Abortion The topic of abortion is one of the most controversial and one of the most emotional dilemmas confronted by modern societies. The concept of abortion refers to terminating pregnancy which is intentional with an objective other than to give birth to a live born infant or to remove a dead fetus. (Definitions and associated Formulas) The common…

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Abortion in the United States

Abortion in the United States (Pro-Choice) Abortion has evoked considerable debate and controversy throughout history. In the United States too, it has been a subject of heated debate through most of its history. In recent times, "pro-choice" and "pro-life" movements have taken diametrically opposite positions on the ethical, legal and medical aspects of the issue. Both sides present seemingly valid…

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Abortion in This Day and

A woman knows that she is pregnant and therefore capable of producing and sustaining life. This is powerful, even for the woman who has not planned the pregnancy. For women who have been impregnated though rape or forcible sexual intercourse, it would likely seem the them that out of a horrible and violent act, something good has happened - the creation of a new life. The woman who feels that abortion is the most acceptable choice, perhaps because she simply wants to be done with the pregnancy and never think about it again, will soon find that this pregnancy and this choice will stay with her for the rest of her life. The woman who has an abortion is always the mother of the terminated fetus. A woman who carries an unplanned pregnancy through to the end and then gives the baby up for adoption knows that the relationship with the child is essentially over once the adoption is complete and may even have a greater sense of closure than does the woman who has abortion. The woman who has an abortion may have physical problems from the medical procedure that will cause problems later on when planned and wanted pregnancies are anticipated, while women who deliver and then give the baby up for adoption are proven in their ability to reproduce. Imagine the guilt for a woman who has an abortion and then cannot naturally conceive or maintain a pregnancy through to term in later years. In addition, the woman who decides to give a baby from an unplanned pregnancy up for adoption is giving the greatest gift of love she possibly can - not only to the baby that she feels she cannot adequately raise or love, but also to the family who seeks a child for adoption. The mother who gives her baby up for adoption knows that her baby is above all a wanted baby by the adopting family. She can know for the rest of her life that she was able to give a special gift to someone that many cannot or will not do. And she can have closure with the baby in that way, knowing that the adoptive families are screened in a way that natural pregnancies can never be, and she can be secure in the fact that she did what was likely the best for herself and for her baby. In…

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Abortion Throughout History, Abortion Has Been the

Abortion Throughout history, abortion has been the subject of a lot of controversy, with it having both people supporting it and rejecting it. Even though it did not get sufficient attention until the last few centuries, the act has been practiced from the early ages, when people used various devices to terminate pregnancies. Whether it is discussed by the general…

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Abortion, Anne Sexton Repeats the Line, Somebody

¶ … Abortion," Anne Sexton repeats the line, "Somebody who should have been born / is gone." The narrator treats abortion as "loss without death," indicating that an abortion falls into a moral grey area. In fact, the color gray is an important symbol in "The Abortion," such as in the "gray washboard" of the "sunken" roads. Later the road is also described as a "sheet of tin." The narrator's mood is also gray, tainted with loss and death. As Robert Frost pointed out, poetry is "a way of remembering what it would impoverish us to forget." The narrator of "The Abortion" remembers the emotional anguish of her act, and thus gives life to that which was never born. In the poem, Sexton seems to suggest that an abortion might seem like a trivial act as easy as changing one's shoes; but in reality women must face the fact that the abortion is a type of death. The narrator is obviously bitter about her experience with the abortion, and is emotionally conflicted. The poem is filled with an angry tone as well as sorrow. She calls herself, or her partner, or women in general "cowards," without actually spelling out who she means. The coward could refer to a man who did not want to take responsibility for the baby, or it could refer to the speaker's own inability to be responsible for the baby. It is entirely likely that the narrator advises her fellow females to think critically about abortions. The "logic" of simply doing away with a pregnancy might seem like "loss without death." That "loss without death" might be a cowardly way of rationalizing an immoral act. Interestingly, the narrator does not seem to want to take full responsibility for the act. In the seventh stanza of the poem, the narrator mentions the man who impregnated her in a passive way. She simply states, "up in Pennsylvania, I met a little man, / not Rumpelstiltskin, at all,……

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Hospital Ethics to Do or Not to

Hospital Ethics TO DO or NOT to DO Abortion Pro-life and pro-choice advocates clash over this issue, which centers on life or human life and what it really means (Oliver 2005). As Mother Theresa and Yasser Arafat said, personhood refers to "the nature of someone like us and entitled to the same protection of the law." The first issue focuses…

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Against Abortion in the Past

Finally, besides the scientific evidence supporting that human life begins at conception, and that human life has an almost limitless potential for future value, there is always the "Golden Rule" which dominates Western ethics. The "Golden Rule" states that a person should to onto others only that which they would have done to them. In the case of abortion, each person must consider the "Golden Rule" and apply it to themselves. They must ask themselves if they would be alright if their own mother had made the decision to abort them. "If you kill the unborn, and yet don't consent to the idea of your mother having done the same thing to you in the same situation, then you violate the golden rule and are inconsistent." (Gensler, 2011, p. 170) In the great debate that has raged in the United States over the issue of abortion, I would have to take my place on the "Pro-Life" side and proclaim my opposition to abortion. Part Two: When the subject of abortion came up as a topic for an essay, I immediately had a knee-jerk reaction and felt that I wanted to support it. Like many supporters of abortion, I only saw the issue from the point-of-view of the rights of the mother and did not view the embryo, and later fetus, as a distinct human being. And discussing the issue with my group only supported my original thoughts on the subject. However, after researching the issue, and making certain to research both sides, I discovered that I was woefully undereducated about the facts surrounding abortion; I had simply believed what society generally parroted as the "party line" about abortion. But searching the Internet for scientific and academic papers and books on the subject of abortion, and particularly reasons against abortion, I discovered a variety of sources from reputable institutions that allowed me to gain an unbiased look at the issue. For the first time I discovered that science backed the idea that human life began at conception, and that embryos were distinct human life forms. And from this I discovered that there were ethical foundations to the idea that if embryos were human beings, then they should be treated the same as any other human beings, the "Golden Rule" of treating others as you want to be treated should apply. I performed a complete 180 from when I first was given…

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The Constitution Changing Abortion Guidelines

The level of life protection in America is also less compared to any other country in the Western world. Today in America abortion is much more similar to slavery (Sarah, K. 2010). Abortion has become the central to the lives of many American people, no matter its social cost or the victimization of the citizens who are weak and vulnerable it is time for the Congress and judicial systems to change these laws that are slowly crippling the United States of America Conclusion The American people have to understand abortion; this will make them realize that abortion is anti-human, anti-life and that it is anti-woman. It is time the American people go after the minds and hearts that are armed with knowledge and animated by compassion. Reference Chris Meyers. Fetal Position: A Rational Approach to the Abortion Debate. Amherst, NY: Prometheus, 2010. Retrieved on May 20, 2014 http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ReferenceDetailsPage/DocumentToolsPortletWindow?displayGroupName=Reference&jsid=35fb63d25e859534bf4b3e83a1612fd7&action=2&catId=&documentId=GALE|EJ3010869101&u=gotitans&zid=8964d7a809f6af6e50266c6770742729 Edward, Lazarus. The Lingering Problems with Roe v. Wade, 2002. Retrieved on May 20, 2014 http://writ.corporate.findlaw.com/lazarus/20021003.html Sarah Kliff, Remember Roe!, NEW SWEE K. MAGAZINE, 2010. Retrieved on May 20, 2014 http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2010/04/15/remember-roe.html…

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Church and State Weigh in on Abortion

¶ … Church and State Weigh in on Abortion On April 18, 2007, the Supreme Court handed down its decision on Gonzales v Carhart, et al. (Legal Information Institute, 2007). The decision, important to pro-life advocates, has been published in its entirety on the internet. In a nutshell - and "nutshell" is where much of the abortion debate belongs -…

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Social Philosophy of Martin Luther

Perhaps equally significant is the means why which Kings attempts to achieve his goals. King is a staunch supporter of the peaceful protest. He tells his supporters to remain nonviolent at all times-to never strike back, no matter what injustices are performed. In the same letter, King writes, "I have earnestly opposed violent tension, but there is a type of constructive, nonviolent tension which is necessary for growth, ..., we see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood" (King 1963). King realizes the need to create tension-to draw attention to his cause, yet he understands imperatively the need to remain peaceful. The nonviolent approach will almost always draw sympathy over time, while the violent one increases hostilities and polarizes groups. The second source of King's philosophy is a speech he gave to striking sanitation workers in Memphis, TN. Like the letter to his civil rights constituents, he emphasizes the need for peaceful protest in order to obtain civil rights and liberties. In his speech, King points out the detrimental effects that violence can have on a peaceful protest, "That's always the problem with a little violence. You know what happened the other day, and the press dealt only with the window-breaking. I read the articles. They very seldom got around to mentioning the fact that one thousand, three hundred sanitation workers were on strike, and that Memphis is not being fair to them, and that Mayor Loeb is in dire need of a doctor. They didn't get around to that" (King 1968). King's social philosophy was one that sought to bring equality to all men. He wanted an end brought to the injustices of the South, and the principles and enumerations of the Constitution rightfully respected. Of paramount importance in his quest, King believed, was the use of nonviolent protest. He acknowledged the need for tension and attention, but also recognized the harm that violent action could entail. Like King, modern day proponents and opponents of abortion seek their "definition" of civil rights and civil liberties. Some believe the fetus is entitled to the protections afforded the rest of the country's citizens. Others believe the fetus is not a living entity, and that the mother has a right to choose the fate of…

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Euthanasia Should Non-Profit Organizations Be the Mouthpiece

Euthanasia Should non-profit organizations be the mouthpiece for those who cannot speak for themselves? President Kaunda of Zambia once said [1]: "Inability of those in power to still the voices of their own conscience is the great force leading to desirable changes." There are plenty of examples where those who are at the receiving end of indignation are unable to…

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