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Dieting and Eating Disorders Dieting in Obese

¶ … Dieting and Eating Disorders Dieting in obese women does not increase binge eating and actually increases self-esteem. These are the findings of the latest study from the Department of Psychiatry, Weight and Eating Disorders Program, run by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. The study was conducted by Thomas Wadden, Gary Foster, David Sarwer, Drew Anderson, Madeline Gladis, Rebecca Sanderson, RV Letchak, Robert Berkowitz and Suzanne Phelan, and was published in the September, 2004 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Much of the thinking that links dieting behavior to uncontrolled eating is based on research done with moderately overweight people, who were often already showed signs of eating disorders. There was no research to show what effect following different diets would have on women with more weight to lose. The tendency was to believe that restricting caloric intake would create feelings of deprivation and make it more likely for an eating disorder to develop. The authors of this study set out to investigate whether different diets, with different levels of caloric restriction, would lead to an increase in eating disorders, specifically binge eating. They also wanted to investigate whether being on a diet made women feel more depressed, and lowered their self-esteem. This was an important question for developing the optimal health result. On the one hand, the obese women had a lot of weight to lose. On the other hand, the health benefits of losing the weight could be counterbalanced by negative health impacts, such as uncontrolled eating, or more serious depression. This research into dieting and eating disorders looked at 123 obese women. The women were randomly divided into three different groups, and each group was given a different diet to follow. One group of women was put on a diet that consisted of 1000 calories per day, in the form of meal replacement shakes, and one meal of a frozen entree and salad. The second group was allowed to eat whatever food they wanted, as long as their total daily calorie intake stayed between 1200 and……

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Eating Disorders Is There a

However, one common criticism of this and other studies of eating disorders is that even the designation between 'full blown' and 'subclinical' eating disorders can feel somewhat arbitrary. The DSM-IV has extremely specific, numerical criteria for what constitutes an eating disorder -- such as binging and purging at least twice weekly over three months for bulimia. Rates of clinically-identified bulimia would be much higher if the limits were raised to once a week (Ford 2003). The requirement of amenorrhea or cessation of menstruation for anorexics is an irrelevant diagnosis for males and can result in lower diagnostic rates for boys and men for the disorder. Additionally, even young women who are on the pill and artificially menstruate because of hormonal supplementation alone may be excluded simply on this basis (Ford 2003). It should also be noted that even though eating disordered literature and hospital admissions focus on anorexia nervosa, and to a lesser extent bulimia, Bing Eating Disorder (BED) affects around 2% of the population, at a comparable rate to other EDs. The degree to which there has been an increase in BED is even more difficult to measure than anorexia, given that BED was only identified as disordered behavior and classified in the DSM very recently. The rapid increase in obesity does suggest, however, that the disorder is increasing given that being overweight is one of the primary symptoms of the disorder. Perhaps the most significant finding has been in twin studies, comparing manifestations of all of the major eating disorders in twins. One study of the Australian Twin registry found that 59% of variance is genetic and 41% is non-shared environment related regarding eating disorders (Ford 2003). This supports the notion that the media, including dieting literature, cannot be entirely blamed for the rise in eating disorders. Conversely, however, it also underlines that subclinical and clinical symptoms can be environmentally related, given the clear impact of non-shared environmental factors in eating disordered behavior. No clear causal factor has emerged as 'the' reason for the increase in eating disorders; rather it seems that a constellation of genetic and environmental factors can contribute to the development of EDs. However, the evidence does suggest that a preoccupation with thinness and past engagement with 'extreme' dieting behaviors does increase the risk of an individual's likelihood of exhibiting ED-related behavior, even if the full-blown illness is not manifested. One of the most comprehensive…

Pages: 4  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 5


Eating for A's: A Delicious 12-Week Nutrition

Eating for a's: A Delicious 12-Week Nutrition Plan to Improve Your Child's Academic and Athletic Performance Alexander Schauss, Arnold Meyer, Barbara Friedlander Meyer Year Published: 1991 Publisher: Pocket Books Thesis Statement and Literary Introduction This book report reviews the work of noted author and doctor, Dr. Alexander Schauss, et al., in his work "Eating for a's: A Delicious 12-Week Nutrition Plan to Improve Your Child's Academic and Athletic Performance." This book was originally published in 1991, in collaboration with Barbara Friedlander Meyer and Arnold Meyer. In this report, an overview of the book's general concept will be given, followed by a background of "why" the book was written. Additionally, the particulars of the program will be highlighted, touching upon the week by week guidelines of the dietary changes that the program requires. Salient concepts are then discussed, drawn from the major ideas that the author incorporates into the book, including scrutiny of the conversational tone the authors take with the intended reader, a note on children's intake of sugar, and the relationship between the diet, the brain, concentration, and improvements in academics and athletics. Finally, this report will offer a conclusion as well as a comment on the efficacy of these types of approaches espoused by nutrition books such as "Eating for a's." Concept and Background At a glance, the concept of the book "Eating for a's" is founded on the idea that a diet that is both complete and rich in nutrients will improve a child's academic and athletic performance. The basis for this hypothesis that the author(s) used for the book lays in the outcome of the largest nutrition study ever conducted, involving 800,000 students of all grade levels and demographic profiles, in 803 schools. The study was……

Pages: 2  |  Book Report  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


Diet to Achieve Weight Loss Has Become

¶ … diet to achieve weight loss has become a common thought in the minds of overweight individuals. As the obesity epidemic continues to sicken industrialized nations, people think that crash diets, food deprivation, and starvation are the answer to reaching weight loss goals. To achieve a weight loss goal and maintain a healthy weight is not the result of…

Pages: 12  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 12


Nutrition and Cognitive Learning Among

In an effort to address the problem of low nutritional levels, many students have implemented school breakfast programs, building coalitions to improve the school nutrition and physical activity environment, teaching nutrition curriculum, and adding more physical activity for children, using federal snack program reimbursement as a foundation (ADA, 1995). Recent research suggests that many aspects of nutrition can have an…

Pages: 12  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Diets and Young Women it

Then the plan gradually begins to add some of these items back into the diet. The first two weeks may be so difficult that many dieters do not stick with the plan long-term. The Atkins diet is so popular that a whole industry of low-carb foods has grown up around it. However, this low-carbohydrate diet is so restrictive, that it is difficult to stay on for any length of time, and it cuts out nearly all fruits, grains, and sugars, especially in the initial stages of the diet, so it is quite difficult to maintain, and it is quite expensive, since it relies heavily on proteins, such as meats and cheeses. This diet is not concerned with fat, and it might be perfect for those people who do not enjoy a lot of vegetables and fruits in their diet. However, it is quite restrictive, and cuts out so many foods that nutritionally, it is not sound, or even desirable to stay on it for a long period. The cabbage soup diet is quite popular because it helps a person lose quite a bit of weight in a short amount of time, and it is relatively easy to stay on for a week. This diet combines low fat and high-fiber to accomplish weight loss, and it might help lead the way into a longer lasting diet plan. However, the diet only lasts a week, and it is quite restrictive in terms of what you can eat. It is not meant for long-term weight loss, and so, it is not nutritionally sound. This diet may be fine to lose a few extra pounds, but it should not be considered a nutritional lifestyle. The ideal weight for a person is not what the media portrays. The ideal weight for a person is a weight they can maintain comfortably, that makes them feel good about themselves but does not put their health at risk, and that allows them to live a healthy lifestyle. This can differ from person to person, and it is not reed thin, it is, most of all, healthy. Young women today do not see weight as a health issue, it is an issue of how they look to others, and this idea that ultra-thin is the best weight is creating havoc with women's bodies and their emotions.…

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Attitude Toward Diet and Exercise I Have

¶ … Attitude toward Diet and Exercise I have always been interested in exercise and physical fitness but my attitude toward it has changed significantly over time. Like many people, I used to think that exercise was the only important part of achieving specific fitness goals. For example, I used to believe (and tell other people) that the key to losing weight was to do a lot of aerobic exercise. I used to be opposed to focusing on dieting for that purpose because my only real experience with dieting was my exposure to some of the fad diets popularized in the media. I used to believe that it hardly mattered what you eat as long as you do enough exercise to burn off extra calories and lose unwanted weight. I knew from my personal experience that anytime I wanted to reduce my weight or tone up, all I had to do was workout a little more often or harder and longer. Without fail, every time I did that I was able to lose as much weight as I wanted to without any kind of dietary changes; I just continued eating whatever I wanted but I exercised more if I thought I needed to lose any weight or tone up. Therefore, it always bothered me when people had any kind of special diets or eating habits. My attitude was that people who are unhappy with their body weight should just exercise more and stop worrying about what they eat. I practiced what I preached by making sure that I compensated for eating a lot by going to the gym and making sure that I did enough aerobic exercise to make up for weekends of eating pizza. Then, I became friendly with someone who is a professional fitness trainer with degrees in nutrition and exercise physiology; she also competes in amateur bodybuilding contests. She explained to me that exercise is only one component of weight control and that dietary factors are actually more important for maintaining optimal body weight than exercise. I was skeptical at first but then she showed me……

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Evidence for an Anti-Aging Diet

Anti-Aging Diet The quest for immortality is as old as time. While most understand that true immortality is unachievable, delaying the natural aging process is still highly sought. The process of aging includes not only wrinkles, but also memory loss -- especially Alzheimer's Disease, decreased brain function, adult-onset diabetes, and an increasing risk for chronic diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and certain cancer (Roth, 2005; Zelman, 2009; Levenson & Rich, 2007). One of the more popularized of preventing this deterioration of the body due to aging today involves a diet based on calorie restriction. Anti-Aging Calorie Restriction Diet: Calorie restriction is the only "non-genetic intervention known to slow aging and extend life span in organisms ranging from yeast to mice" (Wei et al., 2008, p. 0139). Calorie restriction for anti-aging benefits, an idea that was first conceived in the 1930s (Chiarpotto, Bergamini & Poli, 2006), is much as the name implies -- a diet of eating fewer calories than what is necessary to maintain an individual's normal weight. In addition to restricting calories, this diet also involves monitoring food intake to ensure the proper level of vitamins and nutrients are being consumed, despite the reduced calories. Often a calorie restriction diet is centered on vegetables and whole grains, which offer a higher nutrient content with a lower calorie count ("Calorie restriction," 2007). Although the concept of calorie restriction is the same, the actual level of calorie restriction varies dependent on the source. The Mayo Clinic cites studies with calorie reduction levels of 20 to 25% of their normal daily caloric intake, for weight maintenance, for human beings. A 2,000 calorie daily requirement would have the individual eating between 1,500 to 1,600 calories daily ("Calorie restriction," 2007). In contrast, it has been found that a much more restricted diet, of a 40%-reduced calorie diet, in rats to be effective, whereas Rhesus monkeys tolerated a 30% reduction in caloric intake without any adverse health effects (Bergamini et al., 2007; Masoro, 2007). Redman and Ravussin (2007) cite the Vallejo Study which studied 120 non-obese men. The 60 that followed a calorie reduced diet, of approximately 35% when compared to the control group, showed a lower death rate and a reduction of approximately 50% in hospital admissions. There are, however, no life-long studies for humans and a calorie restricted diet (Everitt & LeCouteur,……

Pages: 2  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 10


Nursing Consideration for Patients With Eating Disorders and Its Associate Medical Complications

Nursing Consideration for Patients With Eating Disorders and Its Associate Medical Complications One of the most widespread and substantial health dilemmas in The Western world, in general, and in America, in particular, is eating disorder. Nurses have come up with several strategies of treating eating disorder amongst both young and old members of the population. This paper assesses the affects…

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Diet on the Metabolism in

Results A week after introduction of high-fat diet, body weight increased significantly more in the high-fat diet -- fed mice (+1.6 ± 0.1 g) than in the normal diet -- fed mice (+0.2 ± 0.1 g). The weight gain continued thereafter to be progressively higher in high-fat -- fed mice. The growth rate in normal diet-fed mice during the first 12 weeks was 0.40 ± 0.03 g/week which increased to 0.68 ± 0.04 g/week in high-fat diet-fed mice. The growth rate during the second phase; from week 3 onwards, was 0.10 ± 0.01 g/week in normal diet -- fed mice compared to 0.18 ± 0.03 g/week in high-fat diet -- fed mice representing an augmented growth rate of 80%. Additionally, the energy intake was increased in high-fat diet -- fed mice compared with normal diet -- fed mice throughout the study period. With time, energy intake declined linearly, with, however, the difference between the two groups being stable. Metabolic efficiency was calculated for the initial 3-week study period, when weight gain was high but this was significantly reduced in high-fat diet -- fed mice. Finally, respiration at room temperature among the high-fat fed mice increased gradually compared to the normal diet-fed mice. With increased body weight and energy intake, the high-fat diet fed mice after the first week had higher respiration. This was due to higher dietary intake in combination with lower metabolic efficiency. Discussion Several studies hypothesize that dieting subjects eating high-fat diets tend to lose more weight more rapidly than subjects eating low-fat diets leading to speculations that high-fat diets enhance weight loss by attenuating the decrease in energy expenditure typically seen with dieting (Almind & Kahn, 2004). However, such an effect has not been demonstrated in either humans or rodents. In this study we examined the effects that diet composition can have on metabolism and found that diets high in fat do in fact lead to weight loss by increasing energy expenditure. The growth curves for this 6-week study is divided into two phases; initial phase with more rapid growth, which lasted until 4 weeks of age, and a second phase with slower growth. Energy intake was higher in the high-fat diet-fed mice. The research estimated a parameter; metabolic efficiency, by calculating the ability of ingested energy to be metabolized. During the rapid growth phase, energy intake was stable while metabolic efficiency increased over the time period…

Pages: 3  |  Lab Report  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 2


Eating for Good Health -

The second phase is called ongoing weight loss and this continues until the dieter has reached within 5-10 pounds of their desired weight. In this phase of the plan, carbohydrate intake is increased by 5 grams a week and in the order suggested in the diet plan. In the third phase, pre-maintenance, carbohydrate intake is increased by 10 grams a…

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Can the Ketogenic Diet Help Brain Cancer Patients

Cancer affects millions each year worldwide. Some attribute it to diet; others attribute it to environmental factors. Meaning, some may say the toxins in processed food can lead to a higher risk of cancers while others say exposure to chemicals and toxins in the environment can as well. Still, growing evidence suggests nutrition plays an important role in a person's…

Pages: 5  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 5


Health and Quality Improvement. Specifically

I have seen programs based on dancing, kickboxing, yoga, Pilates, and intensive aerobic workouts. Since I am out of shape and have little free time, I think I should choose a program that is not too long and starts out slowly, building up as I become more fit. I will look for a program that is 30 minutes or so,…

Pages: 8  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 6


Leptin Is a Protein Whose Expressions Have

Leptin is a protein whose expressions have significant implications in the current trends towards weight loss. Leptin is a relatively small molecule. It is a hormone, which like all hormomes is part of the ductless gland system -- recognized as the eleventh system of a mammalian body. The other systems are circulatory, digestive, immune, lymphatic, muscular, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, skeletal,…

Pages: 4  |  Thesis  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 5


Healthy Food Prevent Obesity? Now

Exercise could be an alternative to healthier eating, and like everything else, money is involved in the promotion of most of these programs. Although simple exercises could be done to maintain a healthy weight, eating healthy is also a big part of doing these. Some foods are broken down easier than others, which makes it important to maintain a good diet as well. This brings back the issue of eating some foods over others. An individual won't want to eat foods high in fat and sugar while trying to exercise to lose weight; it will be counterproductive. Either way, if one wants to beat obesity by eating healthier, it will be more expensive and therefore will be more difficult for people to afford the food that will enable them to lose weight, to get to a healthier lifestyle. Food control for children has also been a topic that has taken over. The fact that eating healthier will lead to a lower obesity rate, schools have now attempted to regulate the types of foods that are being given to our children. From removing vending machines that were once full of sugar filled sodas and juices and unhealthy junk food, to designated menus that provide proper nutrition, this idea that eating healthier will lead to a healthier future has even overtaken the educational system. It's the only way that children will grow up to have healthier lifestyles. In conclusion, eating healthier will lead to a lower obesity rate in everyone. With proper exercise and diet management, rates of cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes could be abolished. An epidemic of an unhealthy society could be avoided if just the simplicity of changing a diet could be arranged. It would lead to so much reduction in a bad future as a society, but in order for that to occur, it needs to be made easier for individuals to be able to achieve whatever health goal they set for themselves. Healthier Food……

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Poultry Milk From the Cow

Milk curd possesses the vast majority of the fat and protein, while virtually all of the lactose and some of the vitamins and minerals as well as some of the protein reside in the whey. As this separation process takes place it is encouraged by the cooking of the curd which facilitates the removal of whey even further. It is…

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Nutrigenomics Is an Important Field

Screenings are available for both conditions and diets can be regulated to prevent these problems. Consider now potential mechanisms of how chemicals and substances in nutrients can affect gene expression. Some chemicals in foods act as ligands for receptors in the nucleus. Fatty acids such as palmitic and linoleic acids and vitamins such as Vitamin A are known to bind…

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Rural Obesity

Rural Obesity: The Missouri Example The problem of obesity is an issue of developed countries. Lack of food shortages, sedentary lifestyles, poor health care in some areas, and lack of education on nutritional awareness all contribute to problems of obesity. In the United States, rural areas such as those in Missouri face additional socio-economic problems such as poverty and lower…

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Personal Health

¶ … personal health mean to you? Being in a state of good personal health means having the ability to enjoy the physical and social activities that make life meaningful. It means being able to perform the actions of daily life without pain, strain, or unpleasant effort. It means being fit enough to be able to enjoy exercising, rather than seeing exercise as a chore. It means being able to do more intensive chores, like shoveling out a car from a snowdrift, when necessary. It means being able to fully participate in social activities with my friends that are physical, such as dancing. It means being physically and socially functional. Describe characteristics of a healthy person (also include what determines a person's health status). According to the U.S. government's "Healthier U.S." project: a healthy person is defined as being a physically active person. This means engaging in at least 30 to 60 minutes a day of exercise to maintain cardiovascular health, flexibility, and a healthy weight. Being a healthy person also means eating a nutritious diet that has an adequate amount of calories to maintain a healthy weight. It means receiving age-appropriate screenings from medical professionals (such as routine check-ups and dental care) and avoiding risky behaviors like smoking and over-eating. A social life that is emotionally fulfilling is also a key aspect of mental health. Psychological health can……

Pages: 1  |  Thesis  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Vitamin Supplements

Vitamin Supplements Vitamins are organic substances necessary for the proper growth and functioning of the body (Lee, 2009). They do not provide calories and are needed only in small amounts for body metabolism. They must come from food because the body does not produce them. The only exception is Vitamin D, which the body produces when exposed to the sun.…

Pages: 10  |  Essay  |  Style: Harvard  |  Sources: 10


Public Awareness and Human Diseases

Public Awareness and Human Diseases: Obesity "Will Toucan Sam go the way of Joe Camel?" asserts a New York Times article exploring the new guidelines that the federal government has proposed that could change the way that the food industry advertises cereal, soda, various snacks, fast food meals, amongst other things (Neuman, 2011). This government initiative indicates that obesity is…

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Japanese Live Longer Than Americans?

"It is a staggering fact," she writes, "that in the last decade, soda eclipsed coffee and tap water combined as the American beverage of choice." (Akst, 2003) Though there is consumption of soda pop in many other cultures including Japan, the numbers in the United States are staggering. The simple removal of 50-60% of the consumable sugared, caffeinated and carbonated…

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Diabetes Mellitus (Dm) Is a Family of

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a family of diseases that is typified by chronic hyperglycemia and the development of long-term complications. Decreased insulin action is characteristic of all forms of diabetes mellitus (Winter & Sognorino 2002). DM usually has its onset in individuals before the age of 25 years, where the essential abnormality is related to absolute insulin deficiency (Venes 2009).…

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Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from body's cells inability to absorb glucose once it has entered the body (American Diabetes Association, 2013). There are multiple types of diabetes: Diabetes Type 1, Diabetes Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes. Although the overarching idea behind each of these types of diabetes is the build-up of glucose in the blood, the way that each type affects the body is different from one another. Type 1 diabetes was once known as juvenile diabetes because it was thought to be an autoimmune disorder that occurred in only children (American Diabetes Association, 2013). However, type 1 diabetes could also develop in adults. This type is characterized as insulin-dependent because it requires that the individual inject multiple dosages of insulin in order for glucose to be absorbed by the cells. With type 1, the beta cells in the pancreas have become dysfunctional and therefore do not produce the insulin that an individual needs to absorb the glucose once it enters the body; this is a life-long condition (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). Type 2 diabetes is known as non-insulin dependent because the beta cells are still producing the insulin necessary for an individual, but the problem lies in the cells ability to respond to the insulin; it does not know how to absorb it (American Diabetes Association, 2013). This type of diabetes is heavily correlated to diet and can therefore be reversed with proper nutrition and exercise. Gestational diabetes develops during a woman's pregnancy. As the influx of hormones flow through women during pregnancy, insulin receptors could start to malfunction (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). A shift in nutrition and diet can also have the same result. However, with proper diet and once a woman gives birth, gestational diabetes goes away on its own (American Diabetes Association, 2013). Type 2 diabetes stems from the cell's inability to intake the insulin that is secreted from the beta cells in the pancreas (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). With every meal that an individual has, they are consuming sufficient amounts of carbohydrates and sugars that eventually get converted into glucose and travel through the blood system. These glucose molecules are used by the body's cells to complete the glycolysis step in cellular respiration and metabolism; it provides the body with quick energy (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). However, it is because of the insulin receptors that glucose is able…

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Obesity Prevention Using Health Belief Model

Obesity Prevention Using Health Belief Model Obesity Causes of Obesity Genes Family Lifestyle Emotions Environmental Factors Sex Age Pregnancy Risk Associated with Obesity Treatment or Prevention of Obesity The Health Belief Model Obesity Prevention Using Health Belief Model Obesity Obesity refers to a condition of having excessive body fat that is caused due to the genetic and environmental factors that…

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Coping With Stress Is Something

Kirsta says that when you relax, "you will simply feel much better -- almost immediately" (Kirsta, 1986, 102). Kirsta suggests doing certain head and neck exercises as often as you can to "keep muscles supple and prevent both physical and mental tension" (Kirsta, 1986, 104). She also suggests doing back, shoulder, spine, leg, and foot exercises. One thing Charlesworth and Nathan say to keep in mind is: "It is important to know that people who learn to relax do not lose motivation" (Charlesworth and Nathan, 1984, 41). E.M. Gherman, MD, author of Stress & the Bottom Line, offers additional techniques for coping with stress including physical fitness programs, maintaining a balanced nutrition and diet, and taking vitamins. In regards to a healthy diet, Gherman says: "poor dietary habits can make a person irritable, hyperactive, unattractive, anxious, sluggish, and disoriented. These results can be...disruptive to the climate of the workforce and general quality of life" (Gherman, 1981, 262). I have always known that I do not deal with my stress properly; however I have never been motivated to change my way of dealing with it because I always told myself I can handle it. After reading through these books, however, I now realize that I fit into the category of "the more tolerance you have for stress, the more stress you can handle." Even though taking on large amounts of stress makes me nervous and causes me to shut down, I used to believe that if I can handle it all, than I'll be a stronger person. These books have taught me that it takes a stronger person to walk away from the stress than to handle it all at once. I know I need to change the way in which I cope with stress, and I plan to do this first and foremost by identifying my stresses before they overtake me. I want to learn how to take a step back, take a deep breath, and simply assess what is important and what can wait. And, I want to make myself believe that certain things can wait until tomorrow or the next day, and not everything needs to happen at the same time. I also believe that my mental stress causes me physical stress, and I will learn to recognize the signs of physical stress such as muscle tension and headaches. I plan to use these signals to alert myself…

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Digestive System, Chewing, and Mechanical Digestion

Such reactions can produce muscle loss and put extra strain on the kidneys as the body works to dispose of unused protein by-products" (Hawk 2003). In general, adults should aim to eat a diet composed 40-60% of carbohydrates (Hawk 2003). Carbohydrates are classified as 'simple' or 'complex' and in general it is better to consume complex carbohydrates such as whole…

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Role of Nutrition in

Her meat, poultry, fish etc. intake is also adequate and in line with the AGTHE. However, the problems lies in the amounts of dairy and legumes that she consumes. The AGTHE suggests that women falling in the aforementioned age bracket should consume at least 4-7 servings of vegetables and legumes. She doesn't take in any extra foods. But an allowance of 0-2.5 servings of extra foods is given to women in the AGTHE. Being older, at the age of 45, Person B. needs to take up more of the dairy products in order for her bones and teeth to remain strong. Being a teacher, she doesn't require too much energy to carry on through her day. She should thus increase the portions of dairy, and legumes that she consumes. She can also risk increasing her meat and poultry consumption to provide her with necessary proteins. Conclusion: The purpose of this case study was to evaluate the eating habits of an average Australian. It involved test subjects keeping a record of their typical diets on particulars days. It involved participants from different genders with different occupations and lifestyles. From the results of this case study we can conclude that the eating habits of an individual are affected by their educational background, their line of work, their gender and of course by their individual and separate preferences. We have to note that certain changes must be made in the diet routine of Person A to ensure that he doesn't contract any diet-related chronic disease in the future. This includes more breads, water and vegetables and lesser meat and oils. Person B. should on the other continue with her diet plan as usual and add a bit of snack and poultry to mix it up a bit. Works Cited Ageing, D. o. (1998). Australian Guide to Eating Healthy. http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/E384CFA588B74377CA256F190004059B/$File/fd-cons.pdf. Carol Rees Parrish, M.R. (August 2003). Nutritional Assessment: Current Concepts and Guidelines for the Busy Physician. Institute, M.O. (June 2012). Obesity in Australia. Institute, N.H. Obesisty. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf. U.S Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). What are overweight and obesity. Retrieved from National Heart Lung Blood Institute: www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe…

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Calorie Diet Plans

Nutrition low calorie diet (LCD) is prescribed for weight loss or maintenance. Two sample diets suggested by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) can be considered low calorie diets: one is a 1200 calorie and the other a 1600 calorie diet. Usually a low calorie diet will include traditional foods but made with fewer calories than they usually are. For example, chicken without the skin would be included in a low calorie diet whereas a full calorie diet might allow for the consumption of skin because of its high fat content. A low calorie diet may vary depending on how much weight loss is necessary, the person's gender, or how much the individual weighs. A low calorie diet is less severe than a very low calorie diet (VLCD). A VLCD may contain 800 or fewer calories per day, many or most of which may consist of meal replacement drinks ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). A VLCD is only recommended in certain situations, such as when immediate weight loss is necessary for health reasons. Extremely obese individuals might benefit from a VLCD but the diet is usually only used under doctor's supervision. Either of the low calorie diets offered by the NHLBI can benefit overweight individuals and the obese. Severely obese individuals or those with a body mass index greater than 30 may be candidates for the VLCD ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). Moreover, individuals with diseases like diabetes or high blood pressure who also have a high body mass index might want to consider using a VLCD to mitigate problems associated with their condition. However, persons who are overweight but healthy and not obese should rely on one of the suggested low calorie diets to lose weight instead of the more extreme VLCD. Doctors generally evaluate each patient for suitability for either the LCD or the VLCD. Eating plans like two "Traditional American Cuisine" low calorie plans can help an individual lose weight at a moderate pace, thereby preventing side-effects and encouraging new lifestyle habits. Similarly, the more rapid loss of weight associated with the VLCD may motivate an obese person to continue with behavioral and lifestyle changes……

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Atkins Diet Metabolic

Atkins Diet Physiology: Metabolic or Not? In this study, we examined the effects of a high fat/low-carbohydrate diet on body weight and composition, in comparison to the effects of a calorie-reduced, fat-restricted diet. We conducted this particular study in an effort to answer the question of whether weight loss occurs because of a metabolic advantage, where the body begins to…

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Diet Plan (Anemia) Nutrition Plan

pretzels, raw broccoli and celery sticks. Afternoon snack Yogurt, 12-15 whole grain crackers. Dinner 2-3 oz. Veggie, chicken patty or occasional real beef hamburger on a whole wheat bun, spinach salad, 1 cup skim milk, 1 cup brown rice, margarine or butter to taste. Snack Frozen Yogurt 1 cup (not after 7pm). SAMPLE MEAL PLAN -- DAY 2: Breakfast 8 oz. skim milk, 2 slices whole grain toast with jam and butter, 4 oz. orange juice, 1 hardboiled egg. Snack 1 apple and 2 graham crackers. Lunch 6 oz. low fat fruited yogurt, 2 oz. hummus on whole grain pita bread, banana, 1 oz. spinach dip with carrots and snap peas, 4 chocolate chip cookies, 1 cup water. Afternoon snack 1 cup low sugar cereal with 8 oz. skim milk. Dinner 2.5 x 2.5 piece of spinach lasagna, tossed salad with dressing, 1 piece buttered garlic bread, 1 cup water or 100% fruit juice. Snack 8 oz. skim milk, 1 cup ice cream (not after 7pm). SAMPLE MEAL PLAN -- DAY 3 Breakfast 1 serving citrus fruit, ae cup Total raisin bran cereal, 1 hardboiled egg, 1 slice whole wheat toast with 1 teaspoon margarine, 1 cup apple juice. Snack 1 cup nonfat yogurt Lunch 3 ounces tuna fish with 1 teaspoon mayonnaise, 2 slices whole grain bread, 1/2 cup carrots, 1 cup water. Snack 1 kiwi fruit Evening Meal 4 ounces chicken, 1 medium……

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Preamble: Josephine Attributes Her Eating Disorder to

PREAMBLE: Josephine attributes her eating disorder to dislike for the unhealthy food that her mother prepares and to her job as salsa instructor that demands that she regulates her weight. She sometimes eats only one meal per day, forcing herself to, occasionally, vomit when she eats too much junk or fried food and is overly concerned with her weight level…

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Nutrition Intake Daily Recommended Servings

3mg to 2mg. On day one, I consumed 2.496mg of vitamin B6. (banana 0.7 mg + turkey 0.644 mg + salmon 1.152mg = 2.946mg) On day two, I consumed 1.652mg of vitamin B6. (salmon 1.152mg + mahi 0.5mg = 1.652mg) I consumed adequate amounts of this B. vitamin. Folate Folate (a form of vitamin B9) is important in the production of red blood cells and a healthy nervous system. It is also essential in the production of DNA and brain functioning. It is especially important for women who are going to be having children. The recommended daily intake of folate is at least 400 mcgs to 600 mcgs. On day one, I consumed 186.3mcgs of folate (banana 22.5mcg + turkey 9.8 mcg + salmon 60mg + pasta 94 mcg = 186.3mcgs) On day two, I consumed 153.7 mcgs of folate. (salmon 60 mcg + Rice 92 mcg + salmon 1.7 mcg = 153.7 mcgs) I am not consuming enough folate and should increase my intake of folate-rich foods. Calcium Calcium is needed for proper muscle contraction, blood clotting, nerve functioning, and bone health. If your body does not have enough calcium, it will take calcium from bones, which will make them break easily. Not having enough calcium also leads to sleeping problems. The daily recommended intake of calcium is 1000mg. On day one I consumed 34.5 mg of calcium (banana 7mg + Turkey 1.5mg + Salmon 26mg = 34.5mg) On day two, I consumed 434.5mg of calcium. (Salmon 26mg + yogurt 400 mg + Mahi 8.5 mg = 434.5mg) I am consuming far too little calcium, and should probably switch to a more calcium-enriched soy milk, as well as increasing all foods with calcium. I am at a high risk of developing bone density problems if I do not increase my calcium. Magnesium Magnesium is needed for healthy bones, cell production, nerves and muscles, and energy production. It is also important for insulin and the absorption of different vitamins. Not enough magnesium can lead to fatigue, nervousness, insomnia, heart problems, and other health problems. The daily recommended intake of magnesium is 310 to 420mg. On day one, I consumed 113mg (banana 43mg + Turkey 17mg + Salmon 53 mg = 113mg). On day two, I consumed 188mg (Bread 80 mg + Salmon 53 mg + Mahi 55mg = 188mg). I am not consuming enough magnesium, and combined with the low…

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Justification and Evidence for Nutrition

Two cups of fruit and that of 2-1 / 2 cups of vegetables daily are being recommended for a requirement of 2,000-calorie intake, and this can be changed to higher or lower levels based on the calorie level. This level is still low when compared to what is possible. The advice is to select various fruits and vegetables daily. (Executive…

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Dietary Nutrition Analysis I Am

My challenges are the fact that the supplements taste horrible and I am tired a lot making it hard to get motivated. My tiredness is from the diabetes. I ride my bike 30 minutes at least 5 times a week, if not more. The bike says I burn 320 calories each time, give or take. My plate says I burn 916, but I do not believe it. I would like to incorporate a strength training program, such as lifting weights. I could take my supplements on a schedule with juice or a spoonful of applesauce to cover the taste. My supplements could be taken on a schedule with meals and at bedtime, depending on how many times a day they are supposed to be taken. I could add 15 minutes of exercise every day for two days until I increase my time to one hour a day. I could ride my bike for 30 minutes and then lift weights for 15 minutes for the two days, then 30 minutes after that. I could get up an hour earlier every day to exercise early. Or, I could implement my exercise in the evening around already existing schedules. I could even implement some additional exercises when studying or doing homework. Leg and arm stretches can exercise the muscles while studying assignments. While reading for assignments, I could lay on my back and do leg lifts as I read to exercise my leg and thigh muscles. A one day meal plan could be 1/4 cup of low fat cottage cheese with a serving of fruit, such as 1/2 cup of mixed berries, with an eight……

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Nutrition and Pregnancy: Eating Right

Some of the guidelines consist of: Start with a healthy diet Add about 300 calories daily: To support the growing fetus, increase one usual servings of basic foods. Fruits and vegetables: Four or more servings a day are recommended. Breads, rice and pasta: Four or more daily servings are recommended, especially whole-grain or enriched breads and cereals. Milk products: Four or more daily servings are recommended. Yogurt, cottage cheese, custard and cheese can substitute for milk. Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans and nuts: Three or more daily servings. One egg equals one serving. Foods to avoid Too much caffeine appears to significantly lower birth weight and contribute to anemia in mother and fetus. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can harm the fetus. Heavy drinkers (four drinks or more per day) can give birth to deformed, underweight babies with fetal alcohol syndrome (Pregnancy, 1999). Those crazy cravings Ice cream, fruits, sweets, pickles; expectant mothers often get sudden urges for certain foods, and occasionally giving in to these cravings poses no problem (Pregnancy, 1999). Some pregnant women develop pica, a craving for nonfood items such as soil, coal and cigarette ashes. Weight gain during pregnancy woman of normal weight should gain about 30 pounds. Underweight women should gain about 34 pounds, overweight woman only 20 pounds (Pregnancy, 1999). Recommended gain: 3 to 4 pounds in the first three months, 3 to 4 pounds per month for the rest of the pregnancy (Pregnancy, 1999). Each year hundreds of thousands of women become pregnant in this nation. For many years the medical community has been aware of the importance of nutrition to a pregnancy and has set guidelines of how it wants expectant mothers to eat. Following the food pyramid guidelines and taking prenatal vitamins assures that the mother is doing everything she can nutritionally to help her baby develop healthily. Exercise in moderation is also a plus when it comes to a pregnant woman. It allows her to stay in shape and healthy which in turn provides the baby with a healthy development environment. Nutrition and exercise are vital elements to a healthy pregnancy and as each baby comes into the world ready to take their place in society, the proper preparation during their development helps determine how much living they will get to do. References Kerry Hillard, Table For 2/Nutrition News For Baby And One: E-ting Well., Baby Talk, 11-01-2000, pp 83. John…

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Health and Nutrition -- Diet Plan Proposal

Health and Nutrition -- Diet Plan Proposal The objective of this project is to outline a dietary plan that will enable the subject to reduce excess body weight, lower body fat percentage, and maintain that diet for the long-term. In principle, that requires establishing fundamental principles of healthful nutrition that are effective from the weight-loss perspective but not so drastic or difficult to maintain that the diet will only be capable of being sustained for the short-term, resulting in the typical yo-yo weight loss and gain cycle that is characteristic of fad diets such as the Atkins Plan or South Beach Diet. Ideally, this diet plan will provide more of a lifelong approach to nutrition and ideal weight maintenance than a "diet" in the sense that it is intended only as a temporary solution to solve an acute problem of necessary weight reduction. Principles This nutritional plan will be based on the several fundamental principles. First, there is no point to any diet that is incapable of being sustained over a lifetime because losing weight and regaining it repeatedly is actually worse than remaining overweight for a longer period of time before finally losing the excess body weight. That is mainly because whenever a person loses a large amount of weight, a substantial portion of that weight is not fat but also muscle and other tissues. However, whenever one regains excess weight, especially in a short amount of time, virtually all of that weight is fat. As a result, a person who repeatedly loses weight and then regains it again actually increases his or her body fat percentage during every phases of that cycle. Second, a diet that requires severe calorie restriction or the complete (or nearly complete) elimination of entire classes of foods (such as carbohydrates) cannot possibly be sustained over a lifetime. Third, a serious effort to reduce excess body weight and to maintain a healthy body weight cannot be implemented on a periodic……

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Nutrition and Cancer

¶ … NUTRITION & CANCER RATES There are many studies which suggest that nutrition is inextricably linked to cancer rates and many of those studies with their findings will be reviewed during the course of the present study. Reports of how the food industry goes about procuring and processing food for the mass public reveal that never more than before…

Pages: 15  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 15


Sports Nutrition Proposal Contemporary Sports Nutrition Consumers

Sports Nutrition Proposal Contemporary sports nutrition consumers not only include bodybuilders and hardcore athletes, but also "weekend warriors," and soccer moms, according to Pete Maletto (2008), senior food scientist. "Nutrition Business Journal (NBJ), Boulder, CO, estimates that the $22 billion sports nutrition industry will experience sales growth of more than 5% a year over the next five years and approach $29 billion by 2013" (¶ 2). Maletto (2008) reports that approximately 20 years ago, protein powders, weight gain supplements, and amino acid tablets ranked as the most popular products sports nutrition enthusiasts were things like weight gainers and protein powders, and maybe for the really cutting-edge folks, amino acid tablets. Today, total nutrition sales, which include health foods, vitamins, and numerous related products, reportedly exceed $90 billion annually. Sports nutrition, however, encompasses more than food and supplements, Tracy R. Ray, and Rachel Fowler. (2004) point out in "Current issues in sports nutrition in athletes." The sports nutrition "field" also spotlights "the energy, nutrient and fluid needs of athletes, assessment of body composition, strategies for weight change, special nutrient needs during training, competition, and recovery, and the use of supplements and nutritional ergogenic aids" (Ray, & Rachel, 2004 Fowler, ¶ 1). In light of current considerations relating to sports nutrition, the researcher proposes to explore this "field." Hypothesis: When an athlete or other individual increases his/her knowledge about sports nutrition, then he/she will simultaneously begin to improve his/her physical potential. Health Campaign: Athletes and other individuals who need to improve their physical potential need coaches, trainers, and mentors knowledgeable about sports nutrition. These coaches, trainers, and mentors need to teach, train, and target appropriate information toward helping those they coach, train and mentor. Additional points from the five articles used for the above one page synopsis: Greg Shaw, Greg Cox, and Janelle Barnard (2007) report in "Sports nutrition: case studies 2": Keeping pace with daily fuel requirements to sustain quality exercise, while creating an energy surplus to allow for muscle mass gain is a major challenge for most athletes. (Answers section, ¶ 1) The article "Sports nutrition vital for athletes" (2005) stresses: "Most athletes do not consider sports nutrition as part of their training." In "Definition and Outcome of a Curriculum to Prevent Disordered Eating and Body-Shaping Drug Use." Diane L. Elliot, Esther L. Moe, Linn Goldberg, Carol a. DeFrancesco, Melissa B. Durham, and Hollie Hix-Small purport: "Coaches have been referred…

Pages: 4  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 5


Nutrition as a Means of Increasing Productivity Within a Workplace

Nutrition as a Means of Increasing Productivity Within a Workplace Nutrition: Current Dynamics and Economics With the changing dynamics and demands of the business world it is important to alter the necessities provided to the employees. One of the recent focuses on an important necessity has been the nutritional intake of the employees within the workplace. This is the focus…

Pages: 15  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 50

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