Adolescent Depression Among Teenagers in America … Term Paper
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Adolescent depression is considered to be a growing problem in today's society. It is also looked at as being a major influencing factor for most teenage problems. Depression is defined as serious medical condition wherein an individual feels very unhappy, miserable, and insignificant. The statistics in regards to alcoholism, teenage runaways, drug issues, pregnancy, eating disorders, and suicide are disturbing. Approximately 30% of teens will experience teen depression before they reach middle age (O'Brien, 2015). Among 10 to 15% of teenagers have some symptoms or come into contact with depression at least once in their lifetime. About 5% of adolescences are experiencing some form of major depression at some point in time. Further research, does show that there are as many as 8.3% of teens suffering from depression for at least a year (Teen Depression, 2015).
The path into adolescence is nothing easy, and the choices a young person makes, can leave scars that can last a lifetime. There is a rising understanding that adolescent depression can be life changing. At the same time, this condition can be life- threatening for teenagers. Depression can be described in numerous means. Its key depiction is that it is a serious psychological disorder, wherein an individual suffers long periods of unhappiness, loneliness, and other feelings that are negative. With that said, this paper will explore depression and the effects it has on teenagers such as suicide.
Depression and Suicide -- Breaking the Link
Depression and suicide reasonably operate together. This means that for a lot of individuals, suicide prevention is an essential part of coping with depression. Even though not every depressed individual endeavors or commits suicide, most persons who kill themselves are battling with this condition.
"Ninety percent or more of people who kill themselves have a mental disorder before the time of their death," says Paula Clayton, MD, medical director for the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention in New York City. "Sixty percent have major depression. The link between depression and suicide is strong." (McCoy, 2014, p. 1)
Women are the ones that are twice more likely to experience depression than men, but men are four times more probable to commit suicide. On the whole, men suffering with depression make up for one of the uppermost risk groups for suicide. Regardless of age, and the danger goes up even higher among ageing white men over the age of 85 (McCoy, 2014). Adolescents are also at risk, as suicide is the third leading cause of death for teens. The steps to dealing with teenage depression and stopping suicide, include understanding depression. Depression is a periodic, curable chronic illness, speaks Clayton, however, it must also be taken seriously: "Doctors who are trying to treat depression have to be conscious that the disease can be deadly." (McCoy, 2014)
Depression and risk for suicide are extremely closely related. The huge mainstream of patients who go on to commit suicide in actual fact have a diagnosis of depression or other disposition illness. Even though most teenage individuals who are depressed, do not mostly kill themselves, depression that goes untreated, can raise the danger of likely suicide. It is not rare for depressed folks to have feelings about suicide. Of course, whether or not they decide to act on these thoughts is another thing (Asarnow, 2014). Severely depressed teenage individuals every so often do not have the energy to want to kill themselves, nevertheless it is when their depression goes away and they start gaining increased energy that they might be more probable to try suicide. Suicide is looked at as being a depressive illness in mixture with other risk influences for the reason that suicidal thoughts, and behavior can be symptoms of critical depression.
Depression signs and factors
Frequently, teenagers suffering from depression will have an obvious change in their thinking and conduct. They may have no motivation to do anything and even turn out to be withdrawn most of the time, also, parents will find that they will go and close their bedroom door after school and just stay in their room for hours and hours. Teens with adolescent depression could possibly sleep most of time, have a change in the way they eat, and may even display criminal behaviors for example, DUI or theft. Here are more indications of depression in youths even supposing they might or might not show all warning signs:
Objections of pains, as well as headaches, stomachaches, low back pain, or exhaustion
Trouble making decisions
Unnecessary or unsuitable guilt
Gender/sex variances in depression and in suicidality.
Gender/sex differences in Depression and in Suicidality
The part that gender plays as a risk factor for suicide has been reviewed significantly. Even though adolescence females are the ones that tend to display advanced rates of reported nonfatal suicidal conduct and suicidal ideation, teenage males have a much higher rate of accomplished suicides (Harrington, 2006). Nevertheless, a 2009 study inclines to display little to no change in suicidal ideation among teenage girls and boys (McCoy, 2014). A study of suicide struggles of gender discovered that teenage females have a greater rate of tried suicides than teenage males (Collishaw, 2011).
Risk factors of Suicide
A recent or serious loss can be a major risk factor. Other things might consist of the death of a family member, an acquaintance or a domesticated animal. In some cases, the separation or a divorce are risk factors. Even when a teenager has a bad breakup with a boyfriend or a girlfriend. This can also be felt as a deep loss, along with a parent getting fired from a job, or the family having to lose their home. A psychiatric disorder, mainly a mood disorder like depression, or a trauma- and stress-connected syndrome can have devastating, even years after their diagnosis.
Role / of Society Family
Society and family can contribute to teenage depression. A teenager coming from a broken home, that has to deal with parents that are callous and unsupported can play a huge role in their depression. Difficulties appearing early in life, for instance, family adversity and early childhood fatalities and abandonment, may have a serious impact on developmental problems encountered in some families. These problems establish a specific risk factor and play a huge role in causing depression among teens (King, 2011). Negative communication among parent/child connections may have been recognized very early on, and donate to the accumulation of family dissonance and harsh conditions experienced by the depressed teenager.
Preventing teen depression
Stopping teen teenage depression before it gets out of hand is important. Parents encourage their child's needs is one preventing measure. The more they are able to support their children to continue to do things that bring them happiness and make them content and make them feel masterful, the better off they will be," mentions Dr. Gudmundsen (Collishaw, 2011). This kind of support is a significant investment in their child's happiness. Furthermore, when teens are downhearted, they need to be encouraged to stay connected with school and friends.
National suicide prevention exertions have concentrated on crisis center hotlines, school, education programs, screening programs that pursue to recognize at-risk teenagers, media procedures (suicide prevention tactics that include enlightening media specialists about the occurrence ofcopycatt suicides among teenagers, in an effort to diminish the influence of news stories telling suicide) and endeavors to limit gun access (O'Brien, 2015). Screening programs have demonstrated to be accommodating since research has shown that suicidal individuals show indications of depression or emotional distress. Referrals can be made for treatment, and successful treatment can be employed when signs are observed in time. Intervention efforts for at-risk youth can put them in contact with psychological health services that can save theses teenager lives.
It is clear that the main effect that depression has on teenagers is suicide. Adolescences participating in risk behaviors are at higher odds of depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide endeavors. Even though the causal direction has not been proven, participation in any sex or drug use is reason for worry, and should be a medical sign of mental health examining for adolescent girls; both boys and girls should be examined if participating in any marijuana or illicit drug use.
Regardless of the limitations, this study points in the direction of the issues of occurrence of depression in adolescence and the purpose of the study is well served to high point the common but overlooked problem of suicide and how depression is the cause. The study was limited research as far as the different treatments that need to be implemented for teenagers. Also, a weakness was that there was not enough information on depression's effect of teenagers from other ethnicities and backgrounds.
When it comes to further research, certain rehabilitation methods need to be explored, particularly for teenage girls. Also, there is a lack of controlled clinical trials supporting the effectiveness of intervention programs for teens, but more research is needed in order to improve and test… [END OF PREVIEW]
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