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To Introduce Various Types of Funding Crucial to Operating Recreation and Leisure Studies

Recreation and Leisure Introduction Of Various Types Of Funding Crucial To Operating Recreation And Leisure Studies The objective of this work is to introduce various types of funding crucial to operating recreation and leisure agencies. The first section of this work is a reflection on fundraising requirements for children participating in extracurricular activities. Secondly, this work will discuss a leisure…

Pages: 7  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 5


Personal and Professional Philosophy of Recreation and Leisure

Recreation & Leisure Professional Philosophy on Recreation and Leisure Recreation and leisure must play an important role in American society, even though it may be difficult for some Americans to come to terms with that concept. Driver writes that the guilt many Americans feel about recreation and leisure activities is a residual affect from the Puritan work ethic, which equates having fun with laziness, that has influenced American societies for centuries (Driver, No Date). However, she points out that many nations, Japan is an excellent example, have incorporated the importance of recreation and leisure into the national culture and identity (Driver). In fact, recreation and leisure are important to every culture because they contribute many positive things to both the individual and to society at large. Specifically, recreation and leisure confers benefits upon: The individual: Research shows that positive recreation and leisure activities can improve health, provide psychological benefits and even boost work performance. The community: Recreation and leisure activities can help provide cultural identity and allow for social interaction within communities. The environment: The need to provide recreation and leisure activities to a community often leads to public protection of lands for those activities, which directly benefits the environment (Driver). Individual benefits The physical aspects of exercise as a recreation and leisure activity are virtually uncontested. A regular exercise routine can extend life by improving cardiovascular health, lowering cholesterol levels and blood pressure, and strengthening the body's bones, muscles and joints (Driver). But the benefits of regular leisure and recreation activities can have a profound psychological impact as well. Research by Parry found that regular recreation and leisure activities provided a psychological boost to a group of women, allowing them to derive self-esteem and their sense of worth from something other than traditional female roles such as cooking and cleaning (Parry, 2005). Similarly, a study by Shannon tracked the recreation and leisure activities of eight breast cancer survivors and found that, after being diagnosed with the disease, they made recreation and leisure more of a priority and came to depend on the psychological benefits they derived from these activities (Shannon, 2005). Clearly, positive recreation and leisure activities can help people feel good about themselves, which can lead to more self-confidence and overall improved psychological stability. Recreation and leisure activities also can help people become more effective at work. Busy managers, who perhaps make the least amount of time for…

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Recreation Resort Report

Recreation and Leisure Industry report: the commercial resort and entertainment industry. The commercial resort and recreation industry is, according to reports, showing positive growth and the possibility of increased growth in 2007. This is despite many setbacks such as natural disasters, Avian Flu and the negative influence that terrorism has had on the industry. As one report indicates, these factors have not had a significant negative impact on the industry in general. "....With 842 million arrivals and a 4.5% growth rate, 2006 exceeded expectations as the tourism sector continued to enjoy above average results, making it a new record year for the industry. " (World Tourism Organization) www.unwto.org/newsroom/menu.htm Figures for the Word travel and Tourism Council...indicate that " Figures for the Word Travel and Tourism Council indicate that travel and tourism was responsible for the employment of 235, 205, 000 people in 2006. (Executive Summary) Furthermore the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer figures "...suggest that 2007 will consolidate this performance and turn into the fourth year of sustained growth. (World Tourism Organization) Another indication of the resort industries buoyancy can be seen in the fact that, according to the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority "... Las Vegas hosted a record of 38.9 million visitors in 2006, an increase of 0.9% from 2005." (Travel Industry Update This increased confidence in the industry has obviously resulted in a boost in job confidence and then availability of jobs in this sector. For example in cities like San Francisco where there is a high concentration of tourists, there has been an increase in related job availability.. "The City's visitor industry employs 66,300 people - and 55% of them are San Francisco residents. Tourism supports more jobs in San Francisco than finance, insurance, information services and legal services. In fact, it's one of the largest employers in the City." (2006-2007 marketing plan) Coupled with this is the fact that the largest travel segment for San Francisco is leisure travel with "...more than 40% of overnight hotel visitors" (2006-2007 marketing plan) in California Travel and tourism expenditures total $82.5 billion annually and "... support jobs for nearly 900,000 Californians." (Travel Industry) There are many trends and challenges in the industry at present. While it is certainly true that natural disasters such as tsunamis, hurricanes and the Avian Flu threat have had a negative impact……

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 5


Philosophy of Leisure Philosophy Can Be Thought

Philosophy of Leisure Philosophy can be thought of as a systematically-defined set of values, beliefs and preferences." --Edginton, et. al 1997 miles. "I can't believe you chose to do that to yourself," shouted one spectator at a recent marathon, as the man watched people stagger over the finish line, exhausted and sweaty. When it was pointed that this disdainful individual…

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 3


Service Agency

Service Agency RECREATION and LEISURE SERVICE AGENCY The recreation and leisure service agency identified for this study is that of local Park and Recreation Services throughout the United States. These services include YMCAs and other community centers from the non-profit sector (501c3 agencies) There are other similar services located in cities and towns across the United States however, those services are for-profit agencies such as local gyms and other fitness agencies or they are non-profit agencies that do not focus on the market in terms of fees charged for their services, although these fees are minimal. RECREATION and LEISURE SERVICE AGENCY THE YMCA The YMCA is comprised of 2,617 non-profit community service organizations in the United States. This organization's mission is to "meet the health and human services needs of 20.2 million men, women and children in 10,000 communities in the United States." (About the YMCA, 2007) the following chart labeled Figure 1 lists the age and gender demographics of YMCA members further specifying the facility and program members in number as well. YMCA Members 2,617 (2005 U.S. statistics) Members 20.2 million Facility members 11.8 million Program members 8.4 million Under age 18 members 9.5 million Over age 18 members 10.6 million Male members 10.1 million Female members 10.1 million Source: About the YMCA (2007) I. Organizational Structure AYP is stated to be the professional society for YMCA staff members in the Unites States. The Operating Principles of the AYP are stated to be those as follows (1) Connects and Supports AYP members; (2) Encourages Life Long Learning; (3) Enhances Personal and Career Development; (4) Advocates on Issues of Concern to AYP Members; (5) Promotes High Ethical Standards and Christian Values; and (6) Recognizes Individual Achievement and Excellence." (AYP, 2007) II. National Board AYP serves as the governing body for the YMCA and consists of 30 to 35 elected and appointed members. The National Board determines the policies and establishes the goals of the YMCA as well as appropriating and allocating funds. The member of the AYP includes those as follows: national officers (chair, vice chair, secretary, treasurer, chief executive officer) members-at-large two elected officers from each of the seven regions CEOs or their designees from the YMCA of the U.S.A., the YMCA Retirement Fund, Springfield College and the North American Fellowship of YMCA Retirees The members are both elected and appointed and serve for three-year terms. The AYP programs…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 4


No Time for Leisure

¶ … Fighting Overwork and Time Poverty in America by John De Graaf. Specifically, it will contain a review of the book, including a summary of the critical concepts presented in this book. Americans work more than just about any other people on Earth and it affects everything from personal relationships to health and well-being. This book contains numerous essays regarding the relationship between time, work, and personal life. It gives some concrete ideas on how to create more "quality time" in life, but it seems few Americans heed the advice these experts have to offer. Americans are working more than ever, spending more than ever, and commuting more than ever. Americans live to work it seems, even though few might ever admit that fact aloud. The first essay states Americans worked 199 more hours in the year 2000 than they did in 1973, which equates to five weeks more of work a year, based on a 40-hour work week (Schor 7). This is an amazing number, and citing it so early in the work makes the reader think about work and what it means to American society. The essays in this book explore that and many other aspects of the American work ethic, all of them pointing to the importance of job and career in our culture. One of the interesting aspects of this increased workload is the "work-and-spend" ethic that many Americans subscribe to. People work harder today, but consumerism is also at an all time high. Many Americans are obsessed with "stuff" - from the oversized SUV to new furniture, clothing, and thousands of other discretionary expenses that seem to have become a necessity in modern life. The society is based on this consumerism, and it begins at a very young age. Many people are working more hours because they have to in order to afford the accessories of life that have become somehow necessary. These can be anything from designer handbags to swimming pools, new cars, and fancy kitchen gadgets. Many people justify the money they spend on their long hours at work, which seems to turn into a vicious cycle that can never stop. It is an interesting concept and one that the reader must ponder in their own lives. Another interesting aspect is the comparison between American work hours and those in Europe. In Europe, laws guarantee vacations and limit work hours, and many…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 1


Fighting Overwork and Time Poverty in America

¶ … Fighting Overwork and Time Poverty in America by John de Graff In the book Take Back Your Time: Fighting Overwork and Time Poverty in America, author John de Graff talks about the differences between how much work vs. vacation time people get in the United States and how much they get in Europe. In the United States, people work longer, if not harder. Their days are generally longer, and they do not take the kind of time for vacation and holidays that other people in other countries do. There is the idea in America that a job defines a person, and unless that person works to support a family to an excessive degree, that person is not a valuable member of society. Of course this is not true, but many people have still been conditioned to think that it is. The main critical concept in this particular book is that people are working harder and harder today. However, they often seem to think that they have to do things this way, or they will not stay on top. There is a concern that the economy will collapse, or will at least go into a serious recession, if people do not 'do their parts' and keep working more and more hours each week. These people do make more money, but for that money they trade their valuable time. By the time they are very old, they realize what they have missed out on in many cases, but there is no way to get back the time that they have devoted to other things. It is simply gone. The reasons behind why people are devoting so much of their fleeting time to work-related pursuits are also discussed by de Graff (2003). He indicates that individuals who spend so much time at work do so because they are in pursuit of material things - especially those which are only temporary. These can be fancy dinners, cars, and many other things. People have to 'keep up with the Joneses,' and in order to do that, they need money. Unfortunately, they see money as being more important than time. For some areas of life, money is important. People need somewhere to live. They also need to have clothing, food, and often a vehicle to drive. Beyond that, however, there are materials wants and desires, but few actual material needs. Most people do not…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 1


Wilderness Camping

Recreation and Leisure Wilderness Camping on the Tahoe Rim Trail The Tahoe Rim Trail is located on the ridge tops of the Sierra Nevada mountain range along the shores of beautiful Lake Tahoe. It crosses the states of Nevada and California through its route around the lake. The trail is 165-miles long and volunteers built the entire length of the trail. The trail is a home to hikers, horseback riders, and mountain bikers. A majority of the trail's users enjoy day hiking or riding, but wilderness camping is also an option for hikers who want to experience more of the trail. For most of the trail's route, there are no established campgrounds, and so, campers must follow the U.S. Forest Service's (USFS) guidelines for "dispersed camping" along the trail. This means campers can choose a campsite anywhere along the trail, but the site must be within 300 feet on either side of the trail. Campsites should not be within 200 feet of a water source, either. Campers can camp free for up to 14 days under the dispersed camping regulations. There are some restrictions on dispersed camping in certain areas of the trail, however. On the Nevada side of the trail between Tunnel Creek and Spooner Summit, campers must camp in established campgrounds. In the Desolation Wilderness between Echo Lakes and Barker Pass, there are no designated campgrounds, but a backcountry permit is required from the USFS. At Watson Lake, which is 6.7 miles west of Brockway, there is a designated dispersed campsite marked by a numbered post and a metal campfire ring with a hinged grill. Finally, at Mt. Rose, there is a USFS campground containing water, restrooms, campsites, and fire pits. Camp stoves are considered open fires, and because of the high fire danger throughout the Tahoe Basin, their use is limited. In the Desolation Wilderness, the USFS permit automatically allows the use of camp stoves. On the rest of the trail, campers must obtain a camp stove permit from the USFS. Clearly, wilderness camping such as that along the Tahoe Rim Trail depends on successful planning before the hike. If campers are planning to hike the entire trail, they will need to plan on carrying enough food and water for the entire trip, which can run into quite a bit of supplies. They can replenish water in some of campgrounds along the way, and there are some…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Changing Leisure Trends of Baby Boomers

Babyboomer Proposal Over the next two decades the babyboomers will all be entering into their senior years. However, many of these millions of individuals due to their personal interests and experiences are already demanding and will continue to increase their requests for outdoor leisure and recreational activities that meet the needs of an aging population. It will be in the…

Pages: 10  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 8


Types of Tourism

¶ … Tourism What are the many and varied categories of tourism and travel? What specific advantage does one form of tourism have over another, and what are the most coveted venues for the business traveler, the leisure traveler, or the adventure traveler? These and other issues pertaining to tourism and travel will be reviewed and critiqued in this paper.…

Pages: 12  |  "Literature Review" Chapter  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 20


Recreation for Children and Youth Recreation Is

¶ … Recreation for Children and Youth Recreation is an essential part of a child's natural development and growth. Recreation is not only important in terms of physical health and well - being but is equally important in terms of the psychological, moral and personal growth of the child. I believe that the importance of recreation cannot be underestimated. At the same time recreation needs to be well planned and monitored so that it provides the most advantageous environment for a child's development. A useful definition of recreation is one which sees the full spectrum of possibilities that recreational activities offer. One such definition is as follows. Recreation is defined as, any activity, voluntarily engaged in, which contributes to the physical, mental, or moral development of the individual or group participating therein, and includes any activity in the fields of music, drama, art, handicraft, science, literature, nature study, nature contacting, aquatic sports, and athletics, or any of them, and any informal play incorporating any such activity." According to this definition, recreation is seen in a much wider context than is normally the case. Another definition which pinpoints the positive effect of recreation is, "Recreation is an experience that adds substance and content to living." (Nash 195) positive aspect of recreation is that it provides a "space' and a means for the child, or adult, to cope with daily stress. This is an important aspect for children in a world which is increasingly more complex and competitive and which makes more demands of children in terms of excelling and performance than ever before. Recreational activities can also prepare the child in a friendly and non-stressful way for the rigors of the competitive world. This aspect also relates to health and well-being. "Participation in leisure activities provides resources that assist people either to resist the onset of stress reactions or cope with stress before stress has an impact on health." Effects Of Parks And Recreation Services On Human Development And Other Benefits) related aspect is that leisure and recreation helps the child to come to terms with possible trauma and psychological issues. This is especially the case with regard to children recovering from injury or illness. Leisure activity can also be used "...as a source of motivation to sustain coping efforts. " (Effects Of Parks And Recreation Services On Human Development And Other Benefits) It has also been found that children who…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Tourism in Chicago This Assessment

The citizens also have a significant role in the sector. The citizens should ensure that the city is welcoming for the tourists. The citizens should also be proactive in protecting the tourist attractions and resources. Business leaders need to invest in the sector. This includes the building of new attractions and accommodation facilities for visitors. It is evident that the…

Pages: 10  |  Assessment  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 10


Boise Idaho

¶ … Boise, Idaho. Specifically it will discuss why Boise, Idaho is a great place to live, why the economy is growing, and why it is number eight on Money Magazine's list of top places to live in the United States. Boise, Idaho is a fast growing city located in southern Idaho - desirable because it enjoys good weather, low real estate prices (compared to national averages), recreation, and a host of other benefits. Boise is a great place to live, and more people are discovering the joys of Boise every day. Boise, Idaho (population 211,473) is a metropolitan city located along the Boise River, with the Rocky Mountains as a backdrop for the city. It is the largest city in Idaho and is the capital of the state, as well. The city sprawls over 1,645 square miles, and lies at an elevation of 2,842 feet. It receives about 12 inches of rain a year, along with 234 sunshine days, making it a temperate location with all the amenities of a larger city ("City of Boise," 2007). The city's location is good for shipping and transport, along with recreation and development. All of these combine to make Boise a very desirable place to live, work, and play. Boise took eighth place in the 2006 Money Magazine list of Best Places to Live in the country. Money used several criteria to choose the cities they found the best, including weather, population (under 300,000 but more than 50,000), schools, recreation, and more. They also screen out communities with "low education scores, high crime rates, absurdly high housing costs, declines in employment or income less than 90% of the state median. Remove bedroom communities and places where people identify themselves as being from a smaller locale within the area" ("Best Places," 2006). They also looked for good schools, employment opportunities, and areas with low crime rates. Although Boise does not rate perfectly in every area, it has enough plusses to make it one of the most desirable of the mid-sized American communities. Schools and education are important to families, and Boise offers three colleges and universities, two junior colleges, and several private schools, as well. In addition, one-half of the state's budget goes to education, and it ranks in the top 33% of states with the most high school graduates. There are also a variety of day care and after school options for…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 4


Recreation: Disabilities People With Disabilities According to

Recreation: Disabilities People with Disabilities According to the National Center for Health Statistics, there are 34.1 million non-institutionalized Americans currently living with some form of disability that impairs usual activities - that represents roughly 12% of the U.S. population (Disabilities, 2007). More than 15 million American adults lack the physical ability to walk a quarter mile, or one lap around…

Pages: 8  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 5


Company, Industrial and Financial Analysis

This has made it more profitable for tour operators, as they make money in the stronger Sterling and pay their resorts and hotels in their local currency, which continues to weaken. English is widely spoken in many countries, especially tourist destinations, which makes holidaying abroad by UK nationals relatively easy. The UK has a relatively wet and cloudy climate making…

Pages: 9  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Backpacking Is Often Regarded as

" Such preparation implies that every camper or backpacker must have his or her own emergency kit that contains aluminum-packaged sugar, hard candy, cookies, chocolate, salt, canned meat, dehydrated foods, water, rope, clasp knife, matches, shelter-half, tarpaulin or rubberized poncho, a light sleeping bag, and a first aid kit (Shivers & Shivers, p. 275). Besides learning to be responsible for…

Pages: 8  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Challenges to the Sustainability of the Tourism Industry in Thailand

Developing countries are extremely dependent upon the tourism industry for both the economic and social stability that the industry provides. From an economic standpoint tourism provides jobs and economic stability. From a social point-of-view, tourism is leisure that provides knowledge and understanding of different cultures. Thailand is a prime example of a developing country that values tourism. Tourism in Thailand…

Pages: 13  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: Harvard  |  Sources: 40


Global Business Cultural Analysis: Singapore

At that time, many among the governing elite were wary that, while 'Westernization' had served Singapore well in its quest of industrialization and economic development, the city-state was also in danger of losing its 'Asian' roots and identity." (p.948 in Yuen, 2006, p.836) Singapore Policy Matters Singapore was reported in the Foreign Policy magazine to be "the world's most global…

Pages: 16  |  Research Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 16


Status in Hospitality How Class

This was the case recently when New York's Le Parker Meridien Hotel offered a ?565 caviar-filled omelette. (Harwood, 2004). The Meridien saw a need in the extreme upper socioeconomic echelon for excess and novelty. Along the way, they also garnered a lot of publicity for themselves. Trends in the hospitality industry also reflect the fact that consumers and their socioeconomic status are of paramount concern. The growing movement towards "VFR" (visiting friends and relatives) tourism is driving a hospitality industry response that is catering to a lower status of consumer. Similarly, the more affluent consumers are driving the popularity of cultural heritage tourism and the concomitant hospitality industry response. The "why" of the equation ... why is the industry responding to issues of class and status is a simple function of business. If you provide more of what the customer wants, this attention will show itself in your profits. "Customer satisfaction leading to profit is the central goal of hospitality and tourism marketing." (http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~alltson/htm531ppt/531chapt1.ppt) This responsiveness of the industry to the demands of a specialized public does have its limitations. The public's appetites change much more readily that the hospitality industry's ability to respond to them. It is interesting to consider if this will become apparent in the future as some hospitality providers lag behind the consumer's changing tastes, and whether other businesses will jump in to serve that niche. Bibliography Baranowski, Shelley. (2003). An Alternative to Everyday Life? The Politics of Leisure and Tourism. Contemporary European History 12.4. 561 -- 572. Class (n.d.) Downloaded May 18, 2004 from Wordnet, Web site: http://www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi- bin/webwn?stage=1& word=class. Harwood, A. (May 19, 2004). Eggs-Pensive: Our writer's verdict after he shells out for $1,000 Omelette. Downloaded May 19, 2004 from The Daily Record, Web site: http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/tm_objectid=14253310%26method=full%26siteid=89488%26headline=eggs%2dpensive-name_page.html Market Segmentation (n.d.) Downloaded May 18, 2004 from Investor Words, Web site: http://www.investorwords.com/2988/market_segmentation.html Morrison, A. (n.d.) Marketing for hospitality and tourism. Downloaded May 18, 2004 from Web site: http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~alltson/htm531ppt/531chapt1.ppt Seaton, AV and Christine Palmer. (1997). Understanding VRF Tourism Behaviour: the first five years of the United Kingdom tourism survey. Tourism Management. Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 345 -- 355…

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism

The primary concept that is a part of ecotourism is that it entails consciousness and admiration of the Mother Nature and the activities based on it (Fennell, 2001, 2008). Another concept that is a vital part of ecotourism is pertinent to the regional communal groups like contribution (Ross and Wall, 1999), prospective advantages (Honey, 2008) and authorisation (Scheyvens, 2002). The…

Pages: 23  |  Multiple Chapters  |  Style: Harvard  |  Sources: 30


Symbolizes the Sum Total of

It gives support to local handicrafts and cultural activities. People undertake travel to learn about our cultural heritage and traditions. Country like India has a rich cultural past. Man made wonders like the Taj Mahal, Khajuraho, Havamahal, Bibi ka Makbara etc. attract a large number of tourists. Artistic stone carvings in the temples of south India, Ajanta, Ellora and the…

Pages: 9  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Polish Tourists and Their Recent Tourism Trends

Polish Tourists and Their Recent Tourism Trends Polish Tourists and Recent Trends The forces of globalization have changed the way we now see and live life. The fact that social, political, technological, cultural and economic features have transcended boundaries materialized in new features, to which the contemporaneous society has quickly adapted. Technological innovations in the United States were brought to…

Pages: 10  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 6


Current Situation of Silver Tourism and the Future in the USA

¶ … Silver Tourism and its Future in the U.S.A. Travel Market General Situation Travel Market Segments Current Situation of the Silver Travel Segment Silver Tourism Future Trends The Mature Traveler segment is the most stable and probably the most important travel market segment, with tremendous growth opportunities that will be discussed in the following pages. The following pages focus…

Pages: 9  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 4


Contemporary Issues in Tourism

¶ … Tourism Explain what matters of scale and scope have to do with the marketing of tourism sites and places - according to a or the contributors of Jamal and Robinson (destination marketing organization: Convention and visitors Bureaus: Robert C. Ford and William C. Peeper) The idea for a convention is thought to have been initiated in Detroit as…

Pages: 6  |  Assessment  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 6


Nature-Based Tourism Is Defined Any Kind of

Nature-based tourism is defined any kind of tourism that depends on experiences openly connected to natural lures and this does involve things like ecotourism, extractive tourism, wildlife tourism adventure tourism, and nature retreats. From the position of conservation, nature-based tourism delivers inducements for local communities and landowners to protect wildlife environments that are upon which the industry becomes contingent -- it endorses conservation by engaging a better value on residual natural parts. As nature tourism develops into something that is important to the local budget, communities have added reason to preserve their enduring natural parts for wildlife and wildlife fanatics. Ecotourism It appears to be a little difficult to define "Ecotourism" since this word has been still contentious. Lomine and Edmunds displayed that "In 2001, David Fennell establish over 80 diverse meanings of ecotourism, regard to both industry and academic sources" (2007; p.81). Some of them will be talked about in this literature review, in order to get a better understanding about "ecotourism." The first one that will be explained is the description of Hector Ceballos -- Lascurain, who is normally recognized as the first individual using the word of "ecological tourism" which is initially called "tourisimo ecologico" (Spanish). He acknowledged ecotourism as "travel to somewhat uninterrupted or unadulterated natural parts with the exact object of studying, approving and appreciating the setting and its wild animals and plants as well as any current cultural facets (both previous and present) established in these parts" (1988, p.13). It could be understood that there are two chief features that this meaning highlighted on, that are "nature-based fascinations and enlightening of grateful motivations" (Weaver, 2006; p.192). Ecotourism is the wandering of persons to vacant regions in order to experience the natural setting. According to this meaning, ecotourism mostly emphases on satisfying the visitors' benefits. What's more, there are a lot of other experts that describe "ecotourism" more extensively, which is not only focusing on visitors' reimbursements but also highlight on local individuals but also the environmental conservation. The study that was done by Epler Wood (1991) displayed that ecotourism is one type of travel to natural places in order to get an understanding of the culture as well as the setting, and also take care regarding the conservation with the influence to the local assistances (cited Weaver, 2006). According to the exceeding meanings, it can be observed that there are certain obviously fundamental features…

Pages: 5  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 8


Sex Tourism in the Vietnam

Otherwise faced with poverty, such women are said to be doing a service to themselves and their families. For instance, Bart Croughs states, "in general sex tourists act rather feminist: most of them practice a private form of affirmative action ... This way the disadvantaged women in third world countries are given the opportunity to advance their economic position and…

Pages: 9  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Pro-Poor Tourism: Association With Development

It is noted that pro-poor tourism net benefits to poor communities extend beyond economic benefits, as they cut across environmental, social, and cultural benefits (Spenceley, Habyalimana, Tusabe, & Mariza, 2010). This is because pro-poor tourism in any community or nation facilitates rapid diversification of tourism products (Torres & Janet, 2004). Communities are driven to find tourist interests, an in return…

Pages: 10  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Tourism Chicago City: Chicago, IL

Stakeholders The main stake holders within this tourism paradigm include the city's government, the citizens of the city and the economic business leaders included in tourist activites. The city must combine the unique contributions of each stakeholder to create a comprehensive tourist destination. Forms of Tourism Chicago offers many different forms of tourism. Entertainment tourism is a very large component of this practices with many sports, theaters, dining and siteseeing opportunites available in Chicago. Shopping and history also plays a large role in the tourist activities of Chicago. Lake Michigan, the largest fresh water lake n North America also provides many water and sailing-based tourism as well. Application of Sustainability Indicators Due to Chicago's urban framework, sustainability and environmental issues are big challenges. Chicago does much to promote itself as eco-friendly but falls short in many areas, as would any large metropolis. Competition and Collaboration Chicago is a large city around the Midwestern section of the United States and feels some of its main competition from other large cities such as New York and Los Angeles. Cities such as Milwaukee and Indianapolis sometime collaborate with Chicago as being supplemental visit stops. Lake Michigan is also accessible from many different areas demonstrating another competitive aspect of this city. Destination Marketing Chicago sells itself as a destination because of the many differing options one has in such a large city. Every vice and interest can most likely be serviced in one way or another and Chicago can make tourists happy. Tourism Trends Tourism trends are growing in Chicago as previously mentioned but it is important for Chicago to keep growing and changing with the time in order to keep its mass appeal. Tourism trends are fickle and change quickly so a city such as Chicago needs to constantly explore ways to take advantage of new trends in the industry. References Lecture Notes Week 1. Provided by student……

Pages: 2  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Popularity of Tourist Destinations Tourism Can Be

Popularity of Tourist Destinations Tourism can be defined as travel by people for leisure or business purposes to any destination outside their usual environment (MAS, 2009). The international tourism industry churns out billions of dollars every year. Many countries develop their infrastructure and other political activities around building up their tourism industry in order to attract foreign remittances (OROZCO, Manuel,…

Pages: 17  |  SWOT  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 40


Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong

" (Hong Kong Tourism Commission, 2011 p.1) This is due to the modern transportation network and "tourist-oriented authentic Chinese traditions when combined provide "both convenience and nostalgia" in tourism destinations and the time spent as well as the money spent in those locations. Cultural tourism has then served to drive the growth of tourism industry participants and moreover has driven…

Pages: 18  |  Essay  |  Style: Harvard  |  Sources: 15


International Management the Cultural Tourism

Advertisement and information may change, however, the ways that these tourists react (McKercher, 2002). Message interpretation The effectiveness of an advertisement policy is measured by the quotient of involvement aroused in a tourist that the policy induces. Message processing model in Richard Vaughn (1986) helps in understanding how a message can coincide with state of mind through the virtue of…

Pages: 8  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 20


Tourism & Cyprus Tourism and

Sustainable Tourism Development The term "sustainable tourism" has been originated from the theory of "sustainable development." This theory has been adopted and applied on tourism. Academicians have a tendency to correlate the "sustainable development" with the report of World Commission on Environment and Development which was carried out in 1987, and this indicated the core task of the term: "bringing together the concepts of the environmental protection and economic development." The concept of sustainable tourism development emerged in the 1990s in consequence to the rapidly increasing awareness of environmental impacts being causes by tourism industry. Altinay and Hussain (2005) discussed that the industry is impacting environment as there tourism demands wide creation of general infrastructure such as "construction of roads, airports, and tourism facilities which can destroy environmental resources gradually. The World Summit on Sustainable Development" (2002) has also provided support to this argument by offering different instances of unsustainable outcomes of tourism. These consequences identified by World Summit were that; culture and labor are exploited, people are displaced from their land, local communities are not consulted, and tourism planning is no appropriate and high leakage of foreign exchange which decreases benefits of local communities. Yet in the case of Cyprus, consequences mentioned above can be reduced as here tourism facilities have already been developed and can lodged the supplementary incursion of tourists and this has been initiated with the casino introduction. Similarly, Altinay and Hussain (2005) have considered both the bilateral impacts stating that through tourism awareness can be created about environmental values, and can support financially to the environment protection. The authors have stated that the procedures of sustainable tourism development have become a well-liked approach and it is considered an economically satisfactory in the continuing of economic growth and social development as well as support environment protection. In brief through the concept of sustainable tourism development environmental impact of this industry can be minimized at the same time accentuating socio-economic benefits to the community engaged in the tourism industry. Conclusion The current essay discussed the tourism for sustainability in the Republic of Cyprus. The country is known for its climate conditions, location, culture and other facilities and attracts tourists who come to spend holidays. Tourism plays an important role in the economy of the country. The term sustainable tourism emerged as a consequence of the environmental issues from this industry. Tourism can be used to create awareness…

Pages: 4  |  Case Study  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Travelling and Tourism Contributes to

The tourism is found to have a role in economies since history yet the impact became clearer in the second half of the 20th century. The tourism drives development of roads, railways, air transport, foreign currency, income and employment in the country. There was huge cost associated with the tourism in past as well. Some travelers used to become illegal…

Pages: 13  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 10


Travel and Tourism Investments in

Travel and Tourism Investments in Rural Regions of Turkey: Opportunities and Threats As the crossroads between Asia and Europe, Turkey has long been the destination for travelers seeking adventure, and it is not surprising that this geographic proximity has helped grow the country's travel and tourism industry in recent years. In fact, over the past three decades, the Turkish travel and tourism industry has experienced explosive growth, and current projections indicate this growth will continue at least until mid-century. Indeed, Turkey has much to offer international tourists of all types, including medical tourism, cultural-heritage tourism, wildlife tourism and adventure tourism, among many others. In order to take advantage of these trends, it is important to identify opportunities to expand existing offerings to include other potential destinations that are "off the beaten track." To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning travel and tourism in Turkey in general and how investments in rural regions of the country represent a timely and valuable enterprise in particular, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion. Review and Analysis Founded in 1923 by "The Father of the Turks," Mustafa Kemal or Ataturk, Turkey has emerged in the 21st century as an important Western ally and valuable trading partner (Turkey, 2014). The country's geographic proximity to Europe and Asia has made it a destination of choice for decades, and current signs point to a major growth in Turkey's travel and tourism in the future. For example, Garvey (2011) reports that, "Over the past three decades the tourism industry in Turkey has boomed. Between 1980 and 2010, tourism receipts grew from $300 million to $20.8 billion. And the industry continues to grow" (p. 25). In fact, the Turkish travel and tourism industry is expected to generate revenues in excess of $45 billion by 2020 (Garvey, 2011). Although there are a number of popular urban destinations in Turkey, there are also a number of opportunities for promoting rural destinations as well. For instance, the definition of "rural" provided by Black's Law Dictionary (1991) states simply that "rural concerns the country, as opposed to urban (concerning the city)" (p. 1334). A study of Turkey travel and tourism industry by Kasli and Avcikurt (2008) identified a paucity of relevant training for the Turkish travel and tourism sector concerning the country's rural destinations. These are important needs…

Pages: 3  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Tourism Opportunities

Tourism Opportunities: Strategic Directions for Bilby As a historic mining community with a wealth of natural beauty, Bilby can readily become the region's premiere tourism destination. The Bendalong Regional Tourism Authority (BRTA) should improve its marketing campaign, stimulate investment in adventure tourism facilities, and ensure the protection of the region's precious wetlands. Bilby's history is one of the core tourism draws, allowing domestic and foreign visitors to catch a glimpse of the nation's rich mining and prospecting past. Moreover, Bilby's geographic setting enables the town to become a destination adventure, leisure, and ecotourism destination. Special emphases can be placed on farming tourism, which attracts families and also encourages investment. Tourism opportunities abound year-round, with plenty of activities for people with multiple interests including nightlife and shopping. With key marketing and investment strategies, Bilby will enjoy years of sustainable growth without sacrificing any of its charm or character. 1.0 Bilby's History 1.1 Improvements to the Town Museum Extending town museum remains one of the most important means to stimulate investment in Bilby while expanding its tourism infrastructure. The BRTA is advised to hire a team of qualified curators who can offer the public a first-rate museum experience. 1.2 Bilby History Pass The extension of the museum should be combined with improving access to all of Bilby's historic sites including the mines. Ideally, tourists can enjoy an optional pass that allows entry into all of Bilby's historical sites. The pass, entitled the Bilby History Pass, will allow entry into multiple sites over the period of several days. This will……

Pages: 2  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Environmental Tourism/Eco-tourism the Hotel Sector in Malaysia

Environmental Tourism/eco-Tourism The Hotel Sector in Malaysia The work of Kasim (2007) entitled: "Environmentalism in the Hotel Sector: Evidence of Drivers and Barriers in Penang Malaysia" reports that the link between tourism businesses and their impact to the environmental are often hidden or veiled by the promotion of tourism as a 'soft' industry. It is this that perhaps best explains…

Pages: 10  |  Dissertation  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 0


Amish Tourism and Sustainable Development

Amish Tourism Developing Sustainable Models for Amish Tourism Although members of the Mennonite Church have established communities all over the world, a large percentage of them have made their home in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The idyllic setting of Lancaster County combined with the pastoral lifestyle of the Amish have made this county an increasingly popular tourist destination, but this trend…

Pages: 9  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 25


Model to Develop Sustainable Marine Tourism in Similan Island Thailand

¶ … sustainable marine tourism in Similan Island, Thailand Thailand is located in the South-East Asia between the countries of Laos and Cambodia to the East, Burma (Republic of Myanmar) to the West, and Malaysia to the South around the Gulf of Thailand (Chien and Fitzgerald, 2006). Thailand moreover is a wonderful kingdom, where the country is combines with the…

Pages: 18  |  "Methodology" Chapter  |  Style: Harvard  |  Sources: 0


Worldmaking Practices in and Through Tourism Many

Worldmaking Practices in and Through Tourism Many people think about tourism as simply vacations and good times, without really considering the impact that tourism has on locales and on the world environment. However, tourism is about much more than providing entertainment for visitors. Tourism is far more powerful than it seems at first glance. It can help in worldmaking, since…

Pages: 6  |  Assessment  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 10


Tourism - Kerala Boat Race Event Tourism

Tourism - Kerala Boat Race Event Tourism -- Kerala Boat Race Introduction to Event Tourism Event tourism is the latest niche in the field of tourism and it refers to the way cities and regions market the local events to attract more visitors to the place. It can be loosely defined as the increase in the number of people who…

Pages: 8  |  Case Study  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 15

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