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Homosexuality Japan in Japan's Progressive

Homosexuality Japan In "Japan's Progressive Sex: Male Homosexuality, National Competition, and the Cinema," Jonathan M. Hall (2000) connects the "gay boom" in Japanese cinema with Japanese gender construction, gender norms, and Japanese nationalism. By framing male homosexuality as a reflection of heterosexual female desire, Japanese filmmakers reflect but also substantiate cultural values and social norms. Gay male sexuality is appropriated,…

Pages: 10  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


Politics of Gender and Sexuality in Aristophanes Lysistrata

Gender and Sexuality New Criticism: Gender and Sexuality in Aristophanes' Lysistrata Aristophanes' Lysistrata is one of the eleven plays penned by the playwright that has survived over time. The original performance of this production occurred in classical Athens reportedly in 411 BC Lysistrata is considered a comedy; an account of one woman's unique goal and desire to end the Peloponnesian…

Pages: 15  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 15


Homosexuality Demedicalization of the Gender Identity Disorder

Homosexuality Demedicalization of the Gender Identity Disorder Gender identity is a highly controversial subject. The notion that one's gender is a significant determination of personality traits, behavioral characteristics, social tendencies, romantic engagements and self-perception is a critical one. However, it is also subject to debate because of the imperatives created by the social construct of gender. This often clashes with…

Pages: 6  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


Cross Dressing Gender Rolls

Gender Billy Wilder's 1959 film Some Like it Hot playfully explores gender, sexuality, and gender bending. Marilyn Monroe plays Sugar Cane, a stereotypically dumb-witted blonde with no real aspirations beyond finding a man to take care of her. Sugar Cane is the archetype of socialized femininity, as she is passive, soft, sweet, and submissive. Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon play Joe and Jerry, two musicians looking for work in tough times. As the only jobs available are in an all-female traveling band, Joe and Jerry become Josephine and Daphne, respectively. They both fall for the sexy Sugar Cane. Joe assumes yet a third identity as a millionaire named Junior. As Junior, Joe woos Candy while conforming to traditional gender roles. Switching between their multiple identities, Joe/Josephine and Jerry/Daphne at once substantiate and subvert gender roles and stereotypes. Therefore, Wilder's Some Like it Hot offers a lighthearted view of gender, but without significantly challenging gender stereotypes or social norms. Marylin Monroe's character Sugar Cane is not appreciably different from Monroe's persona as an actor. The blonde bombshell talks with a cute, girlish voice. Her main desire in life is to meet a good man to marry. She continually downplays her own intelligence, once even referring to herself as "dumb." Sugar Cane does not lose her temper; she has a gentle temperament. Although she lives her life according to the proscribed gender roles, Sugar Cane is depicted as being independent. She has her own singing career, travels freely, and generally feels empowered to make decisions regarding her sexuality and choice of mate. Josephine and Daphne are the other two major "female" characters in Some Like it Hot. The two transvestites assume the stereotypical role of female when they fulfill their Josephine and Daphne act. For instance, Josephine and Daphne have a different type of friendship than Joe and Jerry. When they are with Sugar, Josephine and Jerry offer relationship counseling and speak softly. When Joe and Jerry are just Joe and Jerry, they talk to each other differently and are willing to argue with one another. Their different attitudes and roles in their friendship illustrate the prevailing gender roles and norms of the 1950s. When Joe and Jerry are cross-dressed, they walk like females, talk like females, and to a large degree act like females acted when Some Like it Hot was made. However, Josephine and Daphne are spunkier and stronger than…

Pages: 3  |  Thesis  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 1


Gender Differences and Their Explanations

Gender Differences and Their Explanations The question of gender difference is one that has been the focus of much debate, confusion and conjecture in our modern societies. The issue of sexual and gender preferences and differences is possibly one of the greatest mysteries of being human. There are many divergent views on the issue of sexual and gender differences. These…

Pages: 6  |  Essay  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 1


Expectations of Each Gender in Comprehensive and Abstinence Only Education

Sex Education Gender Bias in Sex Education: A Review During the 1920s, education began to be viewed as the cure-all for social problems. One of those social problems was a lack of correct sexual knowledge for school-age children and adolescents. Thus, "mandatory, state-sponsored" sex education was implemented (Carter 2001, p. 212). At first, teachers' lessons in sexuality were abstinence-based. Students…

Pages: 8  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 8


Thinking Through Queer Identities in the Film Being John Malkovich

Film Being John Malkovich Sexuality must not be thought of as a kind of a natural given power which tries to hold in check, or as an obscure domain which knowledge tries gradually to uncover. It is the name that can be given to a historical construct." (Foucault 1979:105 in Weeks: 16). Foucault's historical approach to sexuality gave rise to…

Pages: 10  |  Term Paper  |  Style: Chicago  |  Sources: 5


Gender Sociology

Gender and Society The Biologically-Based Gender Argument There are many biological arguments regarding gender. While controversial at best there are many proponents of the biological perspective on gender differentiation. Biological research suggests that gender is innate. Male homosexuals for example often argue that gender is inborn (Kimmel, 2000). The primary support biological research lends tends to explain the differences between…

Pages: 6  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Sex and Gender Six Feet

Ruth succeeds in shedding her role as wife when she asserts her newfound independence to Nikoli: "I'll be your friend and your lover but I'll never be your wife." Ruth's character mirrors the common attempt to break free from societal norms. David Fisher's personal battle to come out of the closet shows how amazingly difficult it is to be gay in America, despite shows like "Queer Eye for the Straight Guy." Many major network sitcoms have made it almost trendy to be gay, while Six Feet Under demonstrates the colder reality beneath the surface. Especially because he is a deacon at the local church, David has a hard time with the shame and stigma that accompanies being gay. The show reflects the inability of religious institutions to embrace all members of the human race equally, regardless of sexual orientation. The show also depicts gay men in close relationships without focusing exclusively on the sex. In this manner, Six Feet Under provides one of the more realistic visions of what it is like to come out of the closet and to be openly gay in America. However, Six Feet Under is totally unique among American television shows. Partly because it is on cable television and has a limited set of viewers, the show does not drive American culture, creating its trends, values, and norms. Many major network dramas and sitcoms do drive American culture by informing viewers about how they should look, dress, think, talk, and feel -- and of course, what they should buy. Women are constantly being barraged with unrealistic body types created by plastic surgery as well as images of the ideal companion for the American male. The American male is likewise told constantly how to behave, especially around women. Six Feet Under, episode 13 in particular, is not one of the shows that attempts to create cultural trends or norms. Rather, this episode is more truly a reflection of American culture; it just so happens that the culture it reflects was itself influenced by television. Works Cited Knock, Knock." Episode 13 of Six Feet Under. Written, Directed, and Produced……

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Boys Don't Cry by Kimberly Pierce

Boys Do Cry: Hilary Swank and the Politics of a Pronoun," Jean Bobby Noble discusses the movie Boys Don't Cry and the real-life events behind the movie. Noble approaches the movie by focusing on Teena Brandon's masculinity. In fact, Noble places the film within a broader cultural context, which examines the idea of female masculinity. There is some notion of…

Pages: 5  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


England Faces Modern Britain --

The issue which is raised parallel in the article is related to the Church of England. It all started when English Anglicans formally had made an appeal to the government not to allow same sex marriages in church. The established Church of England will be hampered by the consecration of the women bishops. This issue is of bilateral opinion which is held against traditionalists of the High Church and Evangelicals (Conservatives). The Amendment proposed according to 5 (1) (c) which states that a women bishop should be refused if a male bishop could be required sharing the same belief. Majority of the liberal Anglicans are of the opinion that the ranks of the male bishops will be protected by the right of perishing to refuse a female. The first female priest was inducted or ordained almost 18 years ago, and since then the numbers have just kept on rising. Almost one third of the 11,000 women joining Church, have joined the Church of England. The article has compared this staggering figure with soccer again as it mentions that only five out of the 20 English Clubs have female directors. The attendance of the Church is on a constant decline and the Premiership is lucrative business therefore the link that has been formed in the article is quite interesting as the two contrasting faces of the English culture are facing similar kind of issues. The battle between the traditionalists and modernists is still on and is competing on various issues of racism, sex, gender biasness and ethnicity. References: Ashurt, M. (2012, 13th July). England Faces Modern Britain -- From Race and Soccer to Women Bishops and Gay Rights. International Herald Tribune Wallman, S. (1977). "Ethnicity……

Pages: 2  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 2


Rise of Homosexuality in Media and Its

¶ … Rise of Homosexuality in Media and Its Social Effects Gay and Lesbian Studies This paper will look at the rise of homosexual portrayals in televised media, and whether or not the increase has helped inspire a greater social awareness and acceptance of homosexuality in America; one factor being that the stigma once associated with homosexuality has significantly lessened…

Pages: 16  |  Thesis  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 16


Pedophiles and Methods of Rehabilitating

Human sexuality manifests itself in many ways, such as intimacy between two people that might lead to forming life-long bonds of partnership or marriage. As an expression of the sharing and intimacy that arises out of the bonds of partnership and marriage, children are born. They are socially the most treasured members of society, and their vulnerability, innocence, and clean…

Pages: 31  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 25


Truett Anderson William Simon

¶ … Postmodernization of Sex and Gender" by William Simon According to William Simon, one of the gifts postmodernism can potentially give to our culture is its stress upon the need to question our norms regarding sexuality and gender. As other aspects of human character have been called into question (Simon does not name these other aspects, but perhaps he means ethnicity, race, and nationality), more than ever before, our society has come to value sex and gender as a means of establishing identity, to the detriment of society and human psychological health. Really, rather than an aspect of identity that is extrinsic to society, Simon suggests that sexuality is very likely one of the most meaning-dependant aspects of human behavior. There are many reasons for being sexual, and all are dependant upon social relationships, not something that arises from the interior 'self.' The policing of sexuality by culture that has been enabled by this linking of sexual behavior with identity has resulted in self-scrutiny and anxiety over their behavior because of its supposed 'universality' and equal importance for all individuals. By no longer linking identity with sexuality, sexual behavior will hopefully grow more flexible, fluid, and sexual categories of identity will no longer be as confining as they are at present. Simon makes……

Pages: 1  |  Term Paper  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 1


Criminalization of Gays in the United States

Criminalization of Gays in the United States Introduction- Clinically, homosexuality is the romantic and/or sexual attraction or behavior characteristics towards members of the same gender. It is far more complicated than just sexual preference, but more a pattern or disposition of attraction along with a social identity towards a particular group. The complexities may be explained more by viewing sexual…

Pages: 10  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 5


Lesbianism as a Social and Sexual Identity

Lesbianism as a Social and Sexual Identity The conservatism of America's identity has often come to clash violently with the progressivism of its ideology, with the end result, optimistically speaking, bringing the two sides into closer congress with one another. Today, this struggle is ongoing for many groups. Highly publicized and continually underprivileged amongst them is America's homosexual demographic. Still subjected explicitly to a public discourse in which their characteristics inherently relegate them to deviant, minority status, the gay and lesbian communities are currently very deeply engaged in a struggle for acknowledgement under a more sociologically sound identity. For homosexual women, or lesbians, this is a conflict which is perhaps even more affecting. While social tendencies in Western culture have typically been more lax toward lesbianism than toward male homosexuality, the latter of which still runs afoul of sodomy laws in many American states, the double jeopardy of being female and homosexual in a patriarchal society guided by Christian ethics creates a far denser morass of social pressures through which the lesbian must wade to achieve a relevant and fulfilling identity. Such is true not just in Western culture but in a wide range of settings where religious or gender-related factors play a significant part in defining the mutual space between individual and collective identities. As such, the lesbian identity is subject today to ongoing debate, with internal divisions creating oppositional factions of the lesbian community, each guided by its own interpretation of the impetus placed upon the whole of the group and its individual cells to resist mainstream social and political patterns that apply necessarily negative connotations to female sexuality, femininity and lesbianism. Research to this end tends to denote that the feminist movement, of which the lesbian activist community would find itself a naturally byproduct, would not just be changed, but would in fact be deeply divided by the insertion and continual wrangling over the lesbian identity and agenda. Ardill et al. speak of this dynamic in a 1986 journal article concerned with the mixed results of such a strategy. As the commentary herein asserts, "although there was ostensibly a political struggle over a sexual practice, sex remained the silent item on the agenda." (Ardill et al., 31) This period would prove critical for feminist activists wishing to establish an identity with political implications but which bore an honest appraisal of the lesbian interests. Such is to argue…

Pages: 4  |  Thesis  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 2


Man Who Fell in Love With the Moon

Man Who Fell in Love With Moon If there is anything true about history, it is the saying, "what comes around, goes around." In fashion, for example, the same styles weave in and out of different eras. To the younger people, the fashion is new and exciting; to the older ones, it's nothing new. Modern fiction mimics the values and…

Pages: 5  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


Self-Expression of Identity

Self-Expression of Identity Literature Review don't see the point in spending my time with people who are not going to be able to relate to me and I'm not going to be able to relate to them. We are from different worlds, so I think I've had enough of that in my life [...] I don't want to feel as…

Pages: 10  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 30


Are Transgenders Protected From Discrimination in the Workplace?

Employment Law - Transgender Discrimination EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION and TRANSGENDER ISSUES Atypical gender identity is a bona fide sexual identity that is no different from traditional identification with one's biological gender. Nevertheless, in many respects, transgender individuals are subjected to intense social discrimination including discrimination in the workplace. Federal law prohibits vocational discrimination based on gender, but transgender orientation is not…

Pages: 8  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 6


In What Ways Do Queer Theory and Lesbian Feminism Differ in Their Understanding of Lesbianism

¶ … Queer Theory and Lesbian Feminism In what ways do queer theory and lesbian feminism differ, in their understanding of lesbianism? Over the past decade, there have been hot debates on the issue of lesbianism. These debates have not only been in the level of acceptance of the behavior but also on the legality. The lesbian-feminist theory has played…

Pages: 7  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 18


Sexes Uses Intersexuality as a Springboard to

¶ … Sexes uses intersexuality as a springboard to address broader topics related to gender identity and human sexuality. "What it all boils down to is that the roots of gender identity are much more complex than anyone thought," concludes an expert in genetics interviewed for the Time magazine article (59). The main purpose of Christine Gorman and Wendy Cole's piece is to inform the public that "more babies than your think are born neither boys nor girls," and to dispel myths and fears about intersexuality (57). Published in a mainstream news magazine, the article is clearly aimed at a wide, lay audience and is designed to give a basic overview of the phenomena of intersexuality. The article opens with an anecdote about Kelli, who was assigned the male gender at birth. At eleven weeks old, Kelli, initially named Kyle, underwent extensive gender reconstruction surgery to remove genital tissues including testes and vestigial ovaries and Fallopian tubes. At the pre-pubescent age of ten, Kelli struggles with gender identity as a result of her being born essentially a hermaphrodite. Using Kelli's story as well as the tales of three other intersexuals with different prognoses, Gorman and Cole sensitively address the topic of intersexuality. The authors never stray far from the facts and offer their audience clear and understandable genetics and science information to account for the phenomenon. Therefore, the piece incorporates scientific data with poignant social commentary about one of the most controversial and sensitive subject matters in human discourse. Based on their interviews with intersexuals and with doctors and scientists, the authors determine that intersexuality is more a social issue than a medical one, and treat it as such throughout the article (59). One of the key questions the authors raise is whether or not it is appropriate or desirable to assign a gender to an intersexual child at birth. Early gender assignment surgery used to be the primary approach used by pediatricians until fairly recently, note Gorman and Cole. However, recently and in light of more liberal social norms and viewpoints as well as scientific evidence, doctors are taking a more cautionary approach to suggesting "swift and irreversible" surgery (58). One reason to wait until puberty is that many intersexuals complain that they were assigned the wrong sex at birth (58). Moreover, the eagerness to perform surgery and hastily assign a gender to the child indicates that an overall…

Pages: 3  |  Article Review  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Sexual Relationships Figure in the

3.2. Sexuality and creative freedom Foucault also explores the possibilities of sexual freedom and what it means as an expression of individuality and identity. Sexual freedom, which is aligned to freedom from determination and control, lies within a general freedom that the individual should enjoy, but which is perverted or prevented by the dominant power and thought structures in society.…

Pages: 8  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Correlations Between Gender Sexuality Violence and Pornography

Gender Porn Gender, Sexuality, Violence and Pornography What is the relationship between pornography and violence against women? How has technology affected this dynamic? According to our reading, both in the texts by Renzetti et al. (2012) and Jensen (2007), pornography can carry significant implications regarding gender roles and hierarchies in our society. In particular, these texts point to the notion that the content of our pornography is a reflection of specific gender-role patterns and that these patterns generally cast the male as dominant and the female as subordinate. Indeed, not only do many of the scenarios described in Jensen's text imply that women exist only to satisfy the desires of men, but there is also cause to interpret from pornographic content that this submission even extends to a lust for violent treatment. According to Jensen, even in scenarios where women do not appear to initially desire male sexual attention, pornographic content inclines us to believe that "any woman who does not at first realize this can be easily turned with a little force" (p. 56) 2. How has access to pornography, it's level proliferation and the intersection of pop culture and pornography impacted definitions of masculinity and femininity? How has it impacted definitions and expectations of sexuality and sexual desire? In many ways, the technological proliferation of pornography has had a detectable social impact. With the internet, the availability and accessibility of pornographic content has grown exponentially. So too has the opportunity for exploitative behavior to proliferate without any regulatory oversight. As a result, increasing variety and extremity of pornographic acts may be found with the ease of a search engine. Among other factors, this has increased access for younger online users, helping to stimulate an understanding of male and female interaction as being inherently sexualized and fetishized, Jensen warns. 3. Why is Jensen anit-porn? What is your opinion? Jensen (2007) makes the case that sexuality has long been a context in which the male impulses to subordinate and subjugate……

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Gender, Sexuality, and Identity --

Thus, rather the man stands as a martyr to philosophy, willing to die for the state whose protection he assumed, a state that allowed for him to teach for much of his life. A citizen, even in disagreement with the law, argues Socrates, may willingly engage in acts of civil disobedience and disobey the laws of the city. However, the citizen must also willingly assume the consequences of doing so, even if those consequences are death. SECTION D: Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale -- Question 8:Cheat nature? Ironically, the commander of Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale says to the main character that one cannot cheat nature, in the sense that the commander believes that feminism and a liberal democracy runs antithetical to what is natural, namely the natural subordination of women to men. Yet he himself is attempting to cheat nature and produce a child, when his own wife is barren, and with a woman who is not simply married to another man, but whose own child has been taken from her, an indignity not even many animals 'in nature' are subject to suffer. Even in the framework of the novel, characters like the commander find ways to follow their natural instincts, as he takes his mistress, not in the regimented and ritualistic way prescribed by his fundamentalist faith, to a kind of brothel-like establishment. There, women who are lesbian are forced to serve men -- but also engage in what feels natural to them, sexually, on their 'off' hours. Even the handmaidens, 'naturally' try to protect their skin to keep their beauty and find ways of dreaming about a life outside of their current plight -- as exemplified in the carved Latin 'don't let the bastards get you down' on a piece of furniture, as well as seek more effective political means of resistance. Even though the Bible is under lock and key to prevent competing interpretations (or of women engaging in reading) transgressions seem to naturally take place in all characters lives take place, even in the lives of the leaders of the land. The commander sees male sexual desire as natural, in contrast to female sexual reticence, while the handmaiden sees her love of her child as natural, in contrast to her own mother's feminism. Overall, the book suggests there is no 'natural' that is stable, and no nature to cheat. SECTION F: The Sermon on the…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Gender Show and Tell

Gender and Sexuality: What it Means to be a Man In her essay, "Pills and Power Tools," Susan Bordo makes the point that male sexuality is not associated with sensuality or pleasure. Instead, male sexuality is associated with performance and force. Sex is something that men do to women, not something that is done to men. Furthermore it is something that men almost need to accomplish in order to complete their jobs as men. Sexual satisfaction is equated with sexual completion. Bordo talks about impotence and the idea that when a man has impotence he is described as impotent, and that such language is not reflected in other areas. Before discussing the show and tell item, it is important to address Bordo's assertions, because they are not correct. People are labeled diabetic, autistic, retarded, schizophrenic, nymphomaniacs, addicts, savants, and a whole variety of semi-diagnostic labels, rather than being characterized as a person with an illness. To suggest that impotence is the only time that a medical label is used as a noun is a disingenuous example and it this one-sided focus that seems to permeate much of Bordo's article. Yes, men drill, hammer, or screw women, if one looks at the popular terminology for sex. However, men also make love to women, shag, hump, or hook up with a woman. In other words, not every male-related term for sex is violent or reflects the idea of the penis as a tool. The ad for KY Yours and Mine actually reflects the idea that male sexual satisfaction is important to the sexual experience. Bordo's argument is that many sex-related products are strongly gender-divided. Products for men are supposed to increase performance, while products for women are supposed to increase enjoyment. Of……

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How a Print Advertisement Represents Gender and Sexuality

Gender in Ads An advertisement for Calvin Klein "Double Black" Jeans depicts a shirtless man bent over some kind of table or bed. His torso is featured prominently and comprises the bulk of the photograph composition. A woman with wet hair buries her chin in the small of his back, attempting to pry his Calvin Klein jeans off. Her mouth is open as if she intends to bite the man's buttocks; she therefore appears filled with passion and desire. He, on the other hand, appears to perceive the woman as a nuisance. His brow is furrowed while he glances back disinterestedly at the woman. The man appears to be saying, "What are you doing?" His left arm is extended forward and his right is used for leverage, and it looks as if he would try to get away from the hungry female. The woman's head, neck, and right forearm are showing: otherwise her body is cut out of the composition. Although the man appears to be disinterested in the woman behind him, their bodies are linked together as their heads are shown forming a straight line, hers nestled snugly in the curve of his lower back. The predominant image is of the man's body, though. He is the figure that possesses the primary sexual power in the picture; she lusts after him because of it. Viewers' eyes will be drawn around the composition, switching from his head to hers, following the natural lines of his erotic form. The diagonal line created by their connected figures allows the eye to roam freely and explore the spaces and shapes created by the two bodies. His left arm and hand and his right bent elbow also form a straight line that point the eye towards the women's head, and the line continues with her right hand. Moreover, he looks back at her, and the viewer's eyes want to catch what he is looking at. Contrary to the assumption that the man would hunger for the female nibbling at his behind, the advertisement depicts a self-contained man. The tension between the male and female is likely pointing to a homosexual underpinning. Without displaying overt homoeroticism, the advertisement does subvert traditional norms of gender and sexuality. His lack of interest in the passionate female behind him is most likely due to his sexual preference. The male form is featured in the advertisement precisely to emphasize…

Pages: 3  |  Essay  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 0


Performativity the Intersections Between Gender,

My parents and their left-wing mentality held sway over his heart, but Andrew is not above pandering to the crowd. I'm sure on more than one occasion he kept his mouth shut when the guys in the locker room made homophobic remarks. And I also know that the only reason my brother escaped the scourge of bullying was that (a) he was strong and looked it; and (b) he was a nice guy and people tended to like him. Darren did get beat up. A lot, come to think of it. My brother stood up for him once, when he was ten. He got a black eye for it, and I think it made him proud. The birthday smooch took him back to that moment. It made him proud to kiss his friend, in what must have felt like a platonic gesture to them both. My brother was at that moment overcome years of indoctrination into a social code that was at once very much his own (for, after all, he fit in very well with the jocks); and at the same time, very much a source of shame for him. My brother doesn't think too hard about these things, which is good. He doesn't use words like "interstitial" or "performativity." Andrew is just Andrew. He's lucky that way, because he does not experience much conflict within himself regarding his sexuality. Yet at the moment he kissed Darren, I knew by the spontaneous handclaps all around me, that I was surrounded by acts of performativity. Every person was thinking, "Oh! They're gonna get it on!" Perhaps it was a freak coincidence (because I don't think my brother capable of thinking this deeply), at that very moment in the club the DJ was playing a song by Louis Armstrong. The words go, "A kiss is just a kiss." This kiss was, for him, just a kiss. To the rest of us, though, it was an act of overt rebellion that challenged the positions of our normative boundaries. What does it mean to be gay, straight, or even bisexual? Does a straight man kiss his friend, with love, on the lips, and remain straight? My brother and I say yes, but we are subversive folk.…

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Sex and Gender and Men at Work

GENDER RELATIONS ISSUES -- (500 to 750 words requested) In "Let's Talk about Gender, Baby" Wendy Kaminer makes the argument that contemporary American vocabulary perpetuates sexism. The author provides several examples of common phrases such as "woman doctor" that are inherently sexist because there is no counterpart for male physicians. The only reason that the phrases "woman doctor" exists is because, in our society, doctors are presumed to be male. Likewise, in "Men at Work" Anna Quindlen details the ways that gender roles continue to define the respective family and responsibilities of married men and women. One of the most significant ideas in the two pieces is the notion referenced by Kaminer that our societal value system "vacillates between Puritanism and permissiveness" in so far as issues of sexual morality are understood. That raises a problem that is actually much more significant than sexism in language and family roles. Notwithstanding all of the progress that has been made in the realm of gender equality in employment law and other areas of American society, there is an important feature of sexism that is still dominant in American society: namely, gender-based sexual morality. Generally, females are socialized to accept the more Puritanical view of personal sexual morality and males are socialized to enjoy much different permissive rules. It should be no mystery why so many sexual relationships lead to disappointment for at least one of the individuals and much more often the female. This gender-based differential in sexual morality mores virtually guarantees the perpetuation of predatory pursuit of sexual relations because women are encouraged to express their sexuality primarily in significant relationships. By contrast, because men are socially rewarded for sexual conquests, they typically conceal that their only interest in some women is superficial and exclusively sexual, because men learn that many more women will consent to sexual relations within the context of a sincere "romantic" interest from a man than in the context of an honest acknowledgement that the man is uninterested in the women besides sexually. Essentially, the way we socialize males and females differently about sexuality creates natural incentives for men to purposely misrepresent their interest in women because feigning a sincere or "romantic" interest is usually the most direct path to……

Pages: 3  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Race, Gender, Sex - Rollin'

This book reflects this very authentically. The main players bob and weave in their own ways between what they want and what they value where sex seems always to be a subplot. The strong and confident Edgar, who wants to showcase his independence and pride, explodes with jealousy and fear when Vicente, whom he wants to help come out of the closet, tells their friends about Edgar's secret (that he is having sex with the school janitor). Edgar scoffs, calling Vicente a faggot while proclaiming proudly how we would really never give away such an important asset of his so easily. As Edgar says to their group: "I would never give my youth up that fast. I not that stupid. 'Sides, he stay married already. Vicente just jealous cuz I can get what I want and he no can." It sounds very much like the reality shows many adults of today have gravitated towards. In a similar way, when Trina talks of her lover, Erwin, a high-school jock, she openly shares how she knows he loves her because of his wisdom of not wanting her to get pregnant too early. Plus, he always brings lots of condoms. She knows he is not "dickin around," that he really loves her, even if we as readers doubt that he cares of much beyond his football reputation. Still, the confidence that she portrays is pretty solid, even if misplaced. She sees no conflict with what she knows and what the rest of us experience for her. Like Kalihi in Farrah, it is better to act like what you really want than to want something you're fearful of portraying. But the real story across all of the many layers is their use of language. This book is not just about youth and their exploits and naivetes. It is about the Pidgin-ing of a language to fit into the forces that rule their lives. How they roll together Tagalog, Hawaiian idioms, and 1970s American television perplexes everyone while giving a salute to their cultural clashes. How they speak demarks their personal uniqueness, their strange creativity, their defiance; and it even sets them apart from what the school and their peers really value. Filipino culture doesn't express such openness and blatant sexuality. But American TV suggests they should and they grab for what they can reach. They know little about how Pidgin comes from the need…

Pages: 3  |  Reaction Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Sexuality Is Defined, Expressed, and

Because Trish is female and expected to have a lower sex drive than a male, she only presses Andy because of personal and psychological reasons but not because her biology is screaming for orgasm. Andy's abstinence is deviant, but it also lowers his sex drive to the presumed level of the female. 40-year-old Virgin simultaneously upholds and subverts normative sexual behavior and gender norms. On the one hand, the film shows that men are considered deviant if their sex drives do not determine their behaviors or ensure dominance over women. On the other hand, the film shows that men are perhaps not as biologically determined as is suggested by the NSA axiomatic norms that govern American society. Andy's friends come to realize how their being driven by androcentric sexual norms have interfered with their relationships and peace of mind. Andy himself comes to see that his deviant virginity has ensured self-fulfillment in that he genuinely does want a stable, monogamous heterosexual relationship and was not interested in conforming to the norms that constrain his peers' behavior. 40-year-old Virgin also shows how sex operates on complex dimensions, and is at the intersection between self and society. Sex is both deeply personal, but also essentially political and social in nature. Sex becomes a significant rite of passage for Andy, but that rite of passage arrived decades after it does for most men in his cultural milieu. References McGann, PJ (n.d.). The sexual natural attitude. Padgug, R.A. (1989). Sexual matters: On Conceptualizing Sexuality in History. Chapter 2 in Passion and Power. Peiss, K. & Simmons, C. Eds. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Schwartz, P. & Rutter, V. (1998). The Gender of Sexuality. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge. Seidman, S. (2010). The Science of Sex: Sexology and……

Pages: 5  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing

¶ … roles of gender and sexuality in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing, with particular focus on the gender identity of Hero. For all that Much Ado About Nothing is a cheery play, it has more to do with gender conflicts than happy endings. Much Ado argues, on the surface, for a binarily gendered world. It argues that women and…

Pages: 7  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 3


Biology, Culture, and Gender the Conceptual Inadequacy

Biology, Culture, And Gender The Conceptual Inadequacy of the Binary Gender System: In Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality (2000) Anne Fausto-Sterling explains that the binary concept of human sexuality is inadequate to account for the true range of variation of human gender. According to Fausto-Sterling, human social beliefs and culture have arbitrarily assigned all human beings to one or the other of only two opposite genders despite the fact that human gender orientation actually occurs along a much broader spectrum than can be accounted for by the two polar opposite gender assignments of "male" and "female" (p52). Fausto-Sterling suggests that the existence of homosexual, bisexual, transsexual, and transgender phenomena are evidence that human sexual identity is much more complex than is capable of binary categorization (p53). Whereas traditional cultural views of gender and sexual identity regard gender as strictly a function of biological structure, the author explains that many other genetic variables and external influences actually make gender a product of nature and nurture elements that operate together as an "indivisible, dynamic system (p228). Intersex Ambiguity and Cultural Biases Based on the Binary Gender Concept: The author explains that as many as two percent of all human beings are born as intersexuals, including those born with mixed sets of genitals, and chromosomal abnormalities in which internal genetic makeup do not correspond to external appearance. Fausto-Sterling suggests that where an infant is born with any kind of ambiguous genital appearance, standard medical practice has been for the physician to assign a gender artificially and solely based on the physical appearance despite the fact that genital configuration is only one very narrow component of human gender.……

Pages: 2  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Gender Dysphoria in Children

Gender and Sexuality: Gender Dysphoria in Children Gender Dysphoria in Children Gender is not an absolute or guaranteed condition in the human experience, and even young children can experience some confusion concerning their perceptions of what gender they should be based on powerful family, cultural and social influences. This confused sense of whether "I am a boy" or "I am…

Pages: 17  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 10


Sexuality of Hermaphrodites Human Beings Are an

Sexuality of Hermaphrodites Human beings are an incredibly diverse species within itself - race, ethnicity, geography, family, gender are all variables, just as DNA, fingerprints, and retinas all combine to create absolutely unique creatures - no two exactly alike. The other thing about people, is that there are infinite variations created by subtle differences in DNA and in our physical…

Pages: 8  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 3


Genders and the Differences in Between

Sociology - Gender & Sexuality GENDER and SEXUALITY ISSUES Define and distinguish sex and gender: Sex refers to the range of physical and physiological elements of the biology of sexual relations. Gender refers to the learned elements of the social and psychological elements of sexual relations. To illustrate the difference, the distinction between male and female from a sexual perspective is that males are sexually attracted to females and vice versa. Males are physiologically designed to impregnate females through sexual intercourse while females are physiologically designed to bear children produced through sexual reproduction. According to that view, males are not sexually attracted to or romantically interested in other males and females are not sexually attracted to or romantically interested in other females. However, gender does not always coincide with sexuality or sexual orientation. For example, many individuals are not sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex. Instead, they are sexually attracted to and romantically interested in members of the same sex. Furthermore, gender encompasses a much broader range of human behavioral variation than strictly sexual issues. Specifically, while gender identity issues are most commonly related to the distinction between heterosexual and homosexual orientation, certain individuals maintain a completely heterosexual sexual orientation, but still identify with the opposite gender. Typically, a male might be sexually attracted to females exclusively, but consider himself to be female, despite his biologically determined gender assignment. 2. Explain Gender Schema theory and its effect on sex-based behavioral characteristics. Gender Schema Theory describes the extent to which human gender-based social behavior is determined by the prevailing norms and expectations within human societies. For example, within a given society, the beliefs about what attitudes and behaviors are associated with masculinity and femininity play a crucial role in shaping the development of those corresponding characteristics in the personal development of the individual. In one society, providing food for the family, primarily through farming and foraging might be a social role associated with females. In that case, females would naturally come to identify with this responsibility through the socialization process. In another society, providing food for the family, (whether through farming or hunting), might be a social role associated with males. In that case, males would naturally come to identify with this responsibility through the socialization process. Likewise, if specific attributes or behaviors are associated with one gender or the other in society, part of the socialization process includes…

Pages: 4  |  Thesis  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Engaging in Gender Role Incongruent Behavior

Gender and Sexuality Gender Norms and Sexuality This paper examines societal response to women who violate gender norms. To examine these reactions, the author engaged in three behaviors that are typically identified as male behavior: chewing tobacco in public, engaging in a football game with a group of males, and changing a tire while a male companion stood by and…

Pages: 7  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 2


Caste and Gender in India

¶ … hijras & Dalits and explain their marginalization Here, you need to explain to the reader why these two groups are marginalized. Particular ideas of sexuality, gender, and caste are used to justify their continued marginalization and ostracization. Why is it that hijras and Dalits are feared? Why are they segregated from others in Indian society? The Dalits and hijras have long been marginalized in India. Though they remain marginalized, historical changes and structural factors such as the shift from colonial rule to the formation of the state of India; social movements; and government reservation policies have led to a growing visibility of the discrimination that these two groups face, which have opened up new areas for activism and collaboration. Both Dalits and hijra are marginalized and stigmatized for different reasons. The Dalits have been historically stigmatized due to their professions. The hijras, on the other hand, have been stigmatized due to gender proclivities. Whilst the Dalits have largely gained acceptance in Indian society since social constructs change, the hijras threaten the conventions of humans who are unable to place them in specific gender roles causing their discrimination to continue. Dalit Dalits are a variety of castes from all over S. Asia, speaking a variety of languages and practicing a variety of religions. The origin of the name "Dalit" in Sanskrit means "ground," "suppressed," "crushed," or "broken to pieces." In fact, part of the repertoire of names given them include Panchamas ("fifth" varna), and Asprushya ("untouchables"). Dalits received their name due to their menial professions which included leatherwork, butchering, or removal of rubbish, animal carcasses, and waste as well as garbage disposal, clearing the streets, latrines, and sewers. Historically, therefore, Dalits were excluded from Hindu social life which included segregation and their prohibition from entering a temple, or a school and being compelled to say outside the village. Great care too was taken to prevent accidental encounter between Dalits and members of other castes. Hijras The hijras are distinguished due to their being males who have feminine tendencies. This includes dressing in female clothes, assuming feminine gender identity, and adopting peculiar feminine roles and behavior. The hijra history is long dating back to the Kama Sutra period. Many of them live in guru-led small communities for survival (Nanda, 1986). Born with male physiology, some undergo an initaition called nirwaan which refers to removal of penis, testicles and scrotum. When…

Pages: 3  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Human Sexuality Has Changed Considerable Over the

Human Sexuality has changed considerable over the past. When one looks at history we find that during the course of man progressing to become more and more civilized, human sexuality has undergone great evolution. With time there have been changes in society as well as culture, which have brought about vast changes in human sexuality and a redefinition of traditional gender roles. Questions regarding what are the standards of human sexual behavior are being debated upon extensively. Where polygamous societies existed, monogamy is now spoken for. There was a time when interracial marriages were forbidden and against the law in the United States, however today no such law exists. At a point in time what was considered to be deviant is now considered a variable only and such is seen in the wide acceptance of homosexuality and movements and considerations given to legitimize same sex marriages. The 1960s came with a revolutionary thought in mind and people advocated for free sex for all. However such thoughts and ideas received a blow with the outbreak of STDs like AIDS. In the past there were specific roles given to males and females. Where the male was primarily the bread earner of the family, the females were given the role to take care of the household and the nurturing of the children. Their role was primarily to mold the child's character and introduce him to things like family values. Today these roles have changed, not completely, but to a certain extent where children spend their time in day care centers and the only character building that they receive is from schools and peer groups. This is mainly due to the rise of feminist groups which voiced for equal rights and set out for job opportunities. While women changed their role in the family and set out for an economical stability of their own, children have been given to others to take care of. Many today feel that children are only……

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Compare and Contrast Perceptions of Genders in College Basketball

¶ … Perceptions of Genders in College Basketball The activities in games are a part of college and students participate in it to fulfill their own perceptions about themselves. There are also benefits they expect from the sport that they engage in, and that is mainly due to their own preferences. At the same time, the sport itself projects an…

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals Sexuality of

Two men involved in a consensual sexual relationships are considered gay. Two women involved in a consensual sexual relationship are considered lesbian. The term bisexual typically refers to a person who is attracted to members of both sexes, although bisexuals may be involved in monogamous relationships with members of either sex. However, the label often follows behavior, rather than attraction. For example, a homosexual who marries a member of the opposite sex and never acts on the same-sex attraction would be classified as straight by most people. In fact, programs aimed at changing sexual orientation speaks of success rates in terms of behavior changes, rather than changes in attraction. Likewise, heterosexuals may find themselves engaging in same-sex behaviors because of a lack of opportunity with members of the opposite, such as when incarcerated people engaged in same-sex behavior (Wikipedia, "Sexual Orientation"). Obviously, definining human sexuality is a daunting task. The first issue is that there are not simply two genders. Instead, there are persons who exhibit both male and female sex characteristics. Furthermore, there are people whose chromosomes are neither male nor female. Finally, there are those who are biologically or chromosomally members of one gender, but who identify with the other gender. The second issue is that, even in cases where gender can be identified, sexual orientation is a fluid construct. Some people who identify as one sexual orientation may engage in situational sexual behavior that differs from their orientation. In addition, people may not have an identifiable sexual orientation because their orientation may have changed over time and space. It is impossible to tell someone how to view gender or sexuality because no person, even looking at behavior, genitalia, or chromosomes, can determine the gender or sexual orientation of another person. Works Cited Athenadorus. "Homosexuality: Its Genetic Basis and Evolutionary Benefit." Danaan Press. 2002. Danaan Press. 10 Nov. 2005 . Wikipedia. "Intersexuality." Wikipedia. 2005. Wiki Media. 10 Nov. 2005 . Wikipedia. "Non-human Animal Sexuality." Wikipedia. 2005. Wiki Media. 10 Nov. 2005 . Wikipedia. "Sexual Orientation." Wikipedia. 2005. Wiki Media. 10 Nov. 2005 . Wikipedia. "Third Gender." Wikipedia. 2005. Wiki Media. 10 Nov. 2005 .…

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