One of the most complicated aspects of writing an argumentative essay is separating the writer's opinion from credible facts. Many students find it difficult to keep their own opinions out of their argumentative essays. What a student may feel is a well-written argumentative essay can receive a failing grade if certain precautions are not taken to ensure that the opinions of the writer do not seep into his or her writing.
Although an argumentative essay is likely developed because of a certain opinion that the writer holds, no actual opinions can be included. An argumentative essay is a compilation of credible facts and research about a subject which supports the argument of the writer, but that are not opinion-based. This means that although the writer might be using an opinion or belief as a springboard for his or her argument, that argument has to be solidly backed by more than just those opinions and beliefs.
Argumentative essays are often based on controversial topics. This makes sense because, after all, if everyone agrees on a topic, there is little to argue about. After reading an argumentative essay, the reader might continue to disagree with the argument of the writer, but the point of the article is not to convince the reader that the writer is right, but to present a well-rounded, logical, and rational discussion of the topic.
An argumentative essay never says "I believe" or "I think," but, instead, makes assertive and definitive statements such as "Funding for the nation's banks support the economy by ensuring the continued stability of the nation's financial foundation." Once the statement, or thesis, has been made, the rest of the argumentative report should be used to support that statement by presenting credible evidence that backs up the statement and explaining how, indeed, the evidence does support the statement. It is not good enough to merely present the facts. The writer must tell the reader how those facts support the thesis.
In addition to presenting credible evidence that back up the thesis, a student has to ensure that the argumentative essay is written in a credible tone. Argumentative reports should never sound as if they are lecturing the reader or belittling anyone who holds a position contrary to that presented. An argumentative report should instead present the facts in as unemotional way as possible in order to appear trustworthy, professional, and, above all, credible.
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