Technology essays are brief texts that focus on a particular aspect, practice, or implication of technology. Some instructors may ask students to write technology essays for the purpose of exploring scientific components of or theories about technology. Other instructors in other classes may be more interested in the moral or societal implications of technology. Clearly, these types of reports will be approached differently, as they have different objectives. A technology article that is more science-oriented will likely be more focused on how technology works or what it does. A technology article that is more issue- or societal-based will likely explore what technology means and what type of effects it has on human populations and interactions. In either case, a technology report should not assume the tone or objective of a college report. Such articles are written with the primary intent of informing the reader about the subject through the presentation of a variety of scholarly opinions. Such compositions are written with the primary intent of exploring a subject from the perspective of the report writer. Therefore, while essays, too, are often intended to inform, they do so in a non-neutral way because they are doing so from the admittedly biased perspective of the report writer.
Whether the technology essay is focused more on science or on society, it must display the writer's thorough understanding of the way in which the technology works, the way it is created, and the effects it has. Without such a thorough understanding, the writer will not have a credible voice. The writer should display this knowledge by providing clear but specific explanations of the technology and its operation in such a way that a reader—even a reader unfamiliar with the technology—can understand. It is important that the reader is able to follow the writer through the report; otherwise, the reader will not be able to make an assessment of the writer's ideas.
Besides demonstrating thorough knowledge of the technology being discussed, technology reports should clearly articulate why the technology is worth being discussed. In other words, the writer must explain why this technology deserves to be written and read about. For example, if a writer were composing a technology essay on wind turbines, he or she would need to clearly explain that this type of technology is exceptionally important as wind power is of growing importance to both ecologic and economic health around the world.
As mentioned above, a report is written to express an individual point-of-view. Therefore, it should be clear what that point-of-view is throughout the document. This is done by asserting the point-of-view or opinion in the article's thesis—which should be presented in the introduction—and then making points that relate to that thesis throughout the text.
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