How to Write a Term Paper: Tips from 26 Experts

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How to Write a Term Paper: Tips from 26 Experts

All college students will have to write term paper projects at some point during their studies.  A term paper is a long, usually investigation-based text that explores a very specific topic.  A term paper is different from a standard research paper in that it is expected to execute this exploration using foundational knowledge and skills that have been acquired throughout the term of study.  Thus, a term paper is a focused text that demonstrates the student's ability to apply what has been learned in class to a subject related to the course.  Because term papers are long and complex texts, they are intended to be composed over a significant period of time.  Students will therefore find that it is very helpful to write term paper schedules before beginning the composition process in order to designate when certain tasks related to the project should be completed.  A sample term paper schedule is detailed below.

Week 1: Term Paper Schedule; Term Paper Topic
Typically, a term paper assignment is distributed about halfway through the course.  Thus, most term papers need to be completed in approximately eight weeks.  As soon as the student receives his or her assignment, he or she should make a schedule detailing how to complete the project in a thorough but timely manner.  This week, the student should also come up with a general topic of interest.  This topic should be very specific.  For instance, if the course were on American literature, the student's topic should not be "the poetry of T.S. Eliot."  This is far too vague, as there are dozens of important Eliot works and volumes written about Eliot's poetic style.  Rather, learners should pick a very narrow topic, such as "the way Eliot's The Wasteland reflects the principles and aesthetic of literary Modernism."

Week 2: Develop a Thesis; Get Thesis Approved
Once the student has developed a topic, the student must write a report thesis on that topic.  A thesis is a very specific and assertively presented point or argument.  It is likely that the learner will have to do some preliminary research about the topic of his choice before deciding on a thesis worthy of investigation.  Once the student has drafted a solid hypothesis, he or she should consult with the professor of the course to get approval for and feedback on the thesis.  This is very important, as the professor can offer important insight on the student's thesis topic and how to proceed with the research.

Week 3: Begin Research
The student should begin the research process by searching for and acquiring important resources on the topic.  This may require the student to order texts from other libraries.  A research librarian is a valuable partner in this process.

Week 4: Continue Research

Week 5: Write Term Paper Outline
Using notes taken during the research process, the student should write a detailed term paper outline noting the primary points that will be made in the text and the research that will be included to support each point.

Week 6: Write Term Paper Draft
A complete initial draft of the document should be composed this week.  This draft should follow the outline, and should incorporate the sources listed in the outline.

Week 7: Revise; Seek Feedback; Revise
To write term papers well requires an intense revision process.  The student should consider whether the project is clear, well-structured, and compelling.  After revisions, the student should attempt to find a classmate or other knowledgeable reader to read the draft and give feedback.  The report should be revised again based on the reader's response.

Week 8: Proofreading
After the draft has been revised a second time, the student should proofread thoroughly for grammar, spelling, stylistic, and formatting errors.  After this, the term paper is ready to be submitted.

Though it may seem overwhelming to have to write term papers, learners can make the project manageable—and even enjoyable—by creating and following a schedule.  In this way, each component of the composition process is afforded enough time to ensure quality and prevent excessive stress.



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Viewpoint of Author #2
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Writing a term paper is a considerable academic undertaking.  This is because, as its name suggests, a "term" paper is an academic text that a student writes as the culminating assignment of an academic term of study.  It is intended to be a comprehensive document revealing a student's acumen in a particular subject.  As such, a term paper can often be written in stages throughout the term.  In this way, writing a term paper is very different from writing other types of academic texts—such as essays and book reports—because a term paper cannot be fully executed within the span of a few days.  An accomplished term paper requires consistent attention and dedication over several weeks.

The process of writing term papers begins with the generation of a topic.  The topic should be a clear and specific aspect of the subject of the course.  It should also be one that will likely be unique in the class.  For instance, if the student's course were called Great American Presidents, it would probably be best NOT to pick George Washington or Abraham Lincoln, as it is likely that most students would select one of these as their subject of study.  Furthermore, the topic should be narrowed to one specific aspect of that topic.  For instance, if the student wished to write on John Adams, he or she would want to narrow the topic to discuss one primary aspect of Adams' presidency, such as his diplomacy.

One of the most challenging aspects of writing term papers is the selection of a solid hypothesis statement.  A thesis is an argument or main point—it presents the writer's stance or opinion on the topic.  For instance, in the report on John Adams' diplomacy, a thesis might assert that "The style of diplomacy under Adams' administration allowed the fledgling America to avoid serious conflict with several foreign nations."  This is very specific, and asserts an argument that the student would then need to defend and justify with research.

Once a thesis is decided upon, a student should seek feedback from his or her instructor.  This is an important step of term paper writing, and one that many learners neglect.  An instructor can assist a student in refining the thesis to be more specific and accurate, and can also assist in the next step of writing a term paper: research.  Instructors are often very familiar with the types of scholarly research available on topics in their field of interest; therefore, he or she may point a student in a specific direction after reviewing a student's thesis statement.

The research aspect of writing term papers will be the most time consuming part of the writing process.  It will require the student to spend significant time in the university library to first determine what sources are available on his or her topic and then to read those many sources.  Students may wish to enlist the assistance of a reference librarian to point them to specific resources and databases that may be of help to them.

When the research has been completed, the student is ready for the writing aspect of the writing process.  Because the thesis has already been selected and the research has been read, the actual writing is often the easiest part of writing a report.  However, it still takes a considerable time investment in order for the student to clearly articulate his or her points and to effectively integrate his or her research.  The report should identify the writer's thesis in the first 1/4 of the text.  After that, every paragraph should clearly relate to that thesis, and should use the student's research to support his or her claims.  The text should incorporate several sources from the student's research in order to present multiple views on the subject.  The report should conclude with the writer presenting insight on the thesis statement that was elucidated by the points presented.



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Viewpoint of Author #3
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A perfect term paper is a college document that a learner will research and properly write throughout the course of a semester.  Because perfect term papers require so much work, many learners spend a great deal of time refining their research and writing skills in hopes of writing the perfect report.

The idea of a perfect term paper varies from student to student and professor to professor.  Some individuals might think the perfect term paper is a project that is well-researched.  Other people might think that the perfect term paper is a project that is flawlessly written.  However, regardless of an individual's metric for measuring the perfect term paper, just about everyone agrees that perfect term papers blend excellent research skills with effective writing.  

The first step students should take if they wish to write perfect term papers is to learn as much as the can about the project requirements.  Every professor will have different requirements for their assignments.  Therefore, students must read these individual requirements before they can even begin to do research for the perfect report.  

Next, students need to decide on a topic for the document.  Students that enjoy their topics have a better chance of writing a perfect term paper because they will actually look forward to their research and writing.  After the topic is selected, learners can focus on the research.  

To write perfect term papers, students need to dedicate a significant amount of time to performing comprehensive research.  Students need to use as many research methods as they can in order to ensure that they have been diligent in their efforts.  Only once they are satisfied with the scope and depth of their research can they begin the report composition.  

Students should outline their documents before they begin to write the first draft.  A term paper outline will provide the format and content for the perfect term paper and is easier to edit than the project itself.  Students should spend time making several revisions to each draft of the report before their final draft.  The perfect report should have no grammatical or spelling errors in it.  

It is important for students to be aware of the differences between academic writing assignments.  A term paper is very different in terms of its purpose and format than an essay, for example.  Therefore, students wishing to write perfect term papers need to avoid writing guidelines that are specific to other types of academic documents.



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Viewpoint of Author #4
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All students are required to write terms papers at some point during their careers—even students studying visual subjects, such as art or dance.  While all students should have some experience writing term papers before they graduate from high school or college, many learners may not know what elements are required to score a high grade.

There are some basic characteristics of good articles that students should be aware of if they are interested in excelling academically.  First, a good term paper is written about the subject that a professor assigned or that a student selected as his or her assignment subject.  There may be a more specific sub-topic that a student addresses in the report, but good term papers always stay on track with the assignment or subject.  

Next, a good term paper will flow well.  This means that ideas will be connected and sensible so that the reader knows exactly what the writer is saying.  In order to make a term paper flow well, learners should spend some time drafting outlines for their documents.  These outlines should help the student to ensure that he or she includes an appropriate amount of content and that ideas flow well from one to the next.  The term paper outline is also much easier to revise than a term paper draft.  Therefore, a sign of a good term paper is that it always begins with a term paper outline before the student creates the first draft.  

After the student has created a term paper outline, the pupil can begin filling the outline in as a first draft.  Good term papers will not only be drafted once, but they will also be revised several times until the student feels that the report says exactly what he or she wishes to say in the most succinct and congruent manner.  Therefore, if a student is trying to write a good project that will earn him or her a high grade, he or she needs to be sure to leave plenty of time for revisions.  

A student can use the same level of data collection to write either a good term paper or a bad report.  The difference between a good term paper and a bad term paper often comes down to basic writing skills.  Therefore, many learners benefit by working with a professional writer or an on-campus writing center in order to improve their writing skills and effectiveness.  A bad term paper is one that will earn a student a grade of a C or below, whereas a good term paper usually earns a student a grade of B or higher.



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Viewpoint of Author #5
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College professors direct students to write term paper projects as a popular undergraduate and graduate assignment, which causes much trepidation among pupils.  This is largely due to the fact that most students are not taught how to write reports, since most students are taught how to write in high school, wherein the popular writing format is the document.  Though a term paper can seem to be a daunting task, learners should be heartened by knowing that many of the skills they already use for writing essays can be translated into the composition of term papers.  The primary difference between a report and a report is that a report is much longer, more complex, and includes far more research.  Students can make the burden of a report seem less heavy by breaking the assignment down into smaller tasks and skills, such as learning how to make term paper schedules, how to write term paper theses, and how to write term paper outlines.

A term paper is long and requires considerable time to complete.  Therefore, learners should create a schedule for themselves so that they can stay on track and be sure that they devote enough time to each component.  This requires determining deadlines for each phase of the writing process, such as selecting a topic, writing an argument, performing research, composing an initial draft, editing the draft, and completing the final draft.  

Learning how to write term paper theses is an invaluable skill, as a student will need to write dozens of term paper theses in the course of his studies.  A thesis is an argument or main point that presents the writer's stance or opinion on the topic.  The term paper thesis should always suggest how the topic fits in to the larger context of the field of study for which it is written.  

Often, the most difficult aspect of how to author reports is performing the research for the document.  Research for a long text such as a term paper requires time and dedication; it also frequently elicits a fair amount of frustration.  This is usually because students are unfamiliar with how to efficiently locate and assess secondary sources.  Therefore, learners can benefit greatly from enlisting the assistance of a university reference librarian.  

Next, the student should invest some time in learning how to write term paper outlines.  First, the student should determine the main points or pieces of information she wants the report to explore.  These main points will be the primary sections.  Within each section, the outline should list the points that need to be covered in order to fully explain and analyze the topic of that section.  In each of these sections, the student should determine where research can or should be inserted, and make a note of which studies should be included.  

Students learning how to author reports will quickly see that the process of writing a report is markedly similar to the process of writing an essay: the keys to success are in the preparation.  Once a student has written the thesis, done the research, and composed the outline, the writing of the report will be much easier, since all of the main components of the report have been complete.



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Viewpoint of Author #6
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A term paper is an academic body of work that is used to share information derived from research.  Such articles are generally one of the largest projects that students work on during a school semester and serve as the culmination of a particular course of study.  Such articles are generally based on research that a student performs over the course of an entire semester and can be quite lengthy.  

Reports are usually written to respond to a particular problem or they are crafted around a field of study.  For example, a term paper for an English class might require a learner to compare two works of literature in order to determine which work of literature has the most dynamic character development.  A term paper for a history class might require that a student analyze four political theories, their impact on historical societies, and problems with the particular theories.  

In order to write an effective project, it is important that the student understands the topic that he or she is supposed to write about.  Many professors allow their students to select their own document topics, as long as the topic falls within the subject matter that the professor has taught throughout the semester.  Other professors require that all learners write a project based on the same subject.  

Students are often required to research a subject in depth in order to create their documents.  While writing the report, the student should keep a basic outline in mind for how he or she wants the report to flow and for what subject matter the student wants the report to address.  An outline provides a roadmap for a well-organized term paper and makes it easier for many learners to know where they are going with their arguments.  

In terms of the format for a report, most professors will allow their students to have a degree of flexibility.  Many effective projects follow the same format as an article, in that they should include an introductory paragraph, body, conclusion, and references.  The report itself should be organized like an inverted pyramid, with more general information included at the beginning of the document and a specific conclusion, if applicable, at the end of the document.  

However, it may also be effective for students to divide their documents into sections, especially if the reports are lengthy.  For example, if a student is writing a term paper on different political theories, he or she may wish to divide the report into separate sections for each theory and conclude the report with a comparison of the theories.  Professors may be able to provide guidance in terms of format.

Reports are often mistaken for theses, but it is important to note that they are not the same.  Though they are similar, a report is usually a lesser work than a thesis and is often used in undergraduate and high school level coursework.  A thesis is a large body of work that is often used in graduate coursework to conclude a lengthier period of study.  However, both works require a good deal of research over an extended period of time.



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Viewpoint of Author #7
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Term paper research is the process by which a student uncovers information about a particular topic.  The student will then take the information that he or she learned during the report research period and apply it to a document in a well-formulated style.  Many students spend months on their documents research so that they understand a particular subject in-depth before they write a term paper about it.

Reports are popular academic writing and research assignments for undergraduate and high school pupils.  Term papers often take up a significant portion of a student's final grade.  Therefore, the reports research needs to be thorough and the student needs to clearly express that research in a well-written and informative paper.  

There are many ways to go about term paper research.  Students should first understand what topic they will be researching prior to actually beginning the research.  Every topic has specific sub-topics, as well.  In some cases, students know what sub-topics they will research prior to beginning the report research.  In other cases, students learn what sub-topic they will research only after the research has begun in full.  

In order to ensure that students perform enough research with enough time to actually write the report, students need to plan a research schedule.  It may be helpful if students dedicate a small portion of each day to their documents research in order to ensure that they do not run out of time.  Thirty minutes a day may be enough for students to make a big impact without feeling overwhelmed by the amount of research they need to perform.  

During the report research period, it may also be helpful for students to keep detailed notes about their research in a notebook or other document.  These notes can fall into different categories related to the research that the student thinks may be helpful when writing the actual report.  If the student is able to categorize information during the research period, it may be easier for him or her to write the report efficiently.  

Term paper research is different than a scientific experiment.  Many people misunderstand what research is, thinking that it is actually an experiment instead of an information gathering practice.  However, term paper research is simply the practice of gathering information that a learner will include in an assignment.  Scientific experiments are hands-on activities that students use to uncover an answer to a scientific question.  Research may or may not include a scientific experiment.



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Viewpoint of Author #8
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A term paper thesis is a sentence or group of sentences that clearly states the main point.  Term paper theses will often be more complex than theses for essays or other writing assignments because term papers are long texts that investigate topics in an in-depth way—often from multiple angles and perspectives.

Because of the length of an academic article, term paper theses will sometimes be presented several paragraphs or pages into the project itself, prefaced by a lengthy introduction.  This introduction will often serve to prepare the reader for the thesis by providing information regarding the topic.  This information is often explanation or contextualization so that the reader is certain of the topic of the report before the writer presents the thesis statement—the point the writer is making about the topic.

Term paper topics will vary greatly.  Therefore, term paper theses will vary greatly.  However, no matter the topic of the report, the report thesis should relate directly to the subject of the class for which the article is submitted.  The thesis is the main point of the report; therefore, the document should always suggest how the topic fits in to the larger context of the field of study for which it is written.  For instance, it is possible to write a global warming term paper for multiple classes, so long as the particular issue of global warming that the report addresses relates to the class for which it is written.  A global warming term paper for a biology class may discuss how global warming affects plant and animal life, while a global warming term paper for a sociology class may discuss people's reactions to and beliefs in global warming.  The thesis statements for each of these reports should make a clear connection to the larger fields of study and audiences for which they are intended.  For instance, the report for the biology class may assert that "Climate change is disturbing the balance of certain ecosystems, which is in turn resulting in the destruction of those ecosystems, which in turn contributes to global warming."  It is clear in this thesis that the topic of global warming will be discussed in context of biology.

A term paper thesis should be asserted rather than simply stated.  This means that it should be written in strong language and presented in the active voice.  The thesis should also typically avoid the inclusion of first-person pronouns.  The thesis should not say "I think that global warming causes international climate change" or "It is my opinion that climate change is inadvertently responsible for the destruction of forested regions."  Rather, simply present the thought or opinion as it stands: "Global warming causes international climate change" or "Climate change is inadvertently responsible for the destruction of forested regions."  Asserting these statements rather than qualifying them as the writer's opinions makes them stronger.



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Viewpoint of Author #9
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Most students find term paper writing challenging.  This is normal, as term papers are long and complex texts and often require a significant time and energy investment.  However, term paper writing can be considerably less stressful if a student learns a few of the ins and outs of term papers and their conventions.

First, it is important to distinguish between term paper writing and other types of writing.  A term paper is a unique assignment because it asks the student to synthesize what he or she has learned throughout the course of a term of study and also to apply that knowledge to the interpretation of ideas and research.  Thus, term paper writing is somewhat different from standard report composition.  In a research paper, a student typically reports and comments on the work of others exclusively.  In a term paper, the student should be an active voice in the discussion, meaning that the student should not only comment on and interpret others' ideas, but also put forward ideas of his or her own.

Second, students must become familiar with the standard tone of report composition.  Term papers will typically be written in formal academic language.  Furthermore, term papers are typically written from a perspective of authority.  The student should adopt a persona of authority regarding her subject, meaning she should display her in-depth knowledge about the entire spectrum of the topic and its implications and significance.

Third, students must properly document term papers.  Most term papers will include a significant reference component.  Every quotation, paraphrase, or idea that is not the student's own must be marked with a citation that indicates from where the information came.  The citation style for the document will typically be determined by the student's professor.

Fourth, term paper writing must be clear.  Because term papers are long and often complex texts, it is common for students to become muddled in their own thinking, repeat themselves, or present information in a hard-to-follow manner.  One of the best ways to remedy this common pitfall of term paper writing is to have people who are unfamiliar with the topic of the report read the draft.  Having a casual reader read the draft will often alert the writer to places in the text that are unclear.

Fifth, term paper writing must be professional.  This means that it should be formatted properly, grammatically correct, and cleanly presented.

If a student can follow these five guidelines successfully, their documents will be polished, clear, and well-written.



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Viewpoint of Author #10
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Every university student must write college term papers (and term paper draft revisions) on a regular basis.  Regardless of the course of study, students in all grade levels and programs will have research and submit drafts of term papers for a grade.  Therefore, it is important that students have the tools necessary to write effective, well-written reports.

There are several steps that all students need to take in order to write effective projects.  First, the student will need to learn about the project assignment and requirements.  Most professors will supply students with instructions and requirements for a particular report, including instructions on how many pages should be included, what style the student should use, and more.  

After a student is certain that he or she understands the report assignment, the pupil can begin to develop his or her topic.  When it comes to term papers, most professors will allow students to select their own topics, as long as the topic is related to the area of study.  For example, a student in a biology class will need to select a topic for his or her assignment that is related to biology.  

Next, learners will need to research their particular topic as much as possible.  Often, learners will refine their topics through research.  The data collection is also more effective if students are ale to keep a notebook of their findings that they can refer to as they write their documents.  

All reports should have an outline before the first draft.  The outline of the report provides guidance as the student begins to write the document.  The outline will include the content that a learner will include in the report as well as information about the flow and structure of the document.  

Students should expect to complete several drafts of each report prior to the final draft.  Therefore, it is important for students to allot plenty of time for multiple revisions.  Students may also benefit by having a third party read their document before they submit them for a grade.  

While students will need to work on many different types of academic writing before they complete their academic education, learners should be aware that term papers are different from all other academic writing forms.  Such documents are formal and require a great deal of data collection to be performed over the course of a semester.  Other types of academic writings are often less formal and may be assigned several times throughout a semester.



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Viewpoint of Author #11
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A thesis term paper is the final document that a learner will write for a course.  Most thesis term papers are take students many months to research and complete.  In order to write good thesis term papers, students need to understand how to research and format the reports to achieve the best results.

The first thing that students need to do before they even begin their research is to decide on a topic.  In most cases, professors will allow students to select their own document topics.  The student should select a topic that interests him or her the most in order to ensure that he or she stays interested in the research during the entire semester.  

Next, students need to make sure that they understand the requirements of the writing assignment.  Students will often receive writing assignment guidelines from a processor, which may include the format and length requirements.  If students have questions about the thesis term paper guidelines at this point, they should clarify them with the professor before moving on.  

After the student understands the scope of the project, the student should begin his or her research.  If often helps if a student develops a research plan that allows them to make sure that they have plenty of time to perform a comprehensive amount of data collection.  Students should also keep journals of their observations during this research period.  

Once the research is complete, learners should draft an outline for their article term papers.  The outline will help the student to develop the content and the structure for the thesis report.  Students may make their outlines as comprehensive as possible.  

The outline should help to inform the first draft.  However, students need to be aware that good thesis term papers often go through many revisions before the final document is complete.  Therefore, learners should set aside enough time for each revision.  

Also, learners should be mindful of the fact that while they may have to be adept at writing many different types of academic papers, a thesis term paper is a very specific type of assignment that usually accounts for the majority of a student's semester grade.



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Viewpoint of Author #12
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Students that ask, "What is a term paper?" should know that it is an academic document that a pupil writes in order to communicate information.  It is often the last project that a learner will work on for a particular course.  In order to write such a report, students need to research a particular topic in order to understand as much as possible about the topic before they begin writing their documents.

In order to write an effective term paper, students need to plan an approach.  The approach needs to include a schedule so that the pupil can be sure to have enough time to create an effective and convincing report.  The first step after learning the topic of the project is research.  The next step is to outline the document.  

Students that want to know "what is a term paper" may need to take extra time to study term paper outlines.  There are sample term paper outlines available online, which can show students examples of structure and what kind of information should be included in term papers.  

Next, learners should spend some time reviewing term paper samples in order to understand "what are term paper writing" requirements.  Students can learn about the style of a report and level of writing that they must employ when writing reports.  

When students wonder "What is a term paper?", they are not wondering what is an essay or what is a reference project.  A term paper is a specific type of academic writing that has requirements that are different from all other types of writing.  Therefore, learners should always be sure that the answers to their questions concerning "what are term papers" are specifically geared towards an understanding of term papers and not any other type of writing.



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Viewpoint of Author #13
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Just about every student will need to write a term paper at some point during their academic career.  There are many reasons that learners write term papers.  In some cases, a professor might require learners to write a document in order to help the students refine their critical thinking and writing skills.  In other cases, a professor might require learners to write a document in order to help the students learn more about a particular area of study.

In order to write a term paper, students need to follow specific steps.  First, before students can write term papers, they need to know about what they will be writing.  Many professors assign topics for students to research and write about for their assignments.  Other professors allow students to choose their own topics.  When a student chooses his or her own document topic, students usually have a better time with the research, as they can choose a topic that suits their areas of interest.  

After a student has decided on a topic, the next step towards the project is to research the subject.  Students should take detailed notes during their research, as these notes will make it easy to write a term paper by offering quick referral sources.  

Once the research has been complete, students need to draft an outline.  The outline will help the student write a term paper better because the students will have a better idea of what direction they want to take the document.  The student can also edit the outline much more easily than the pupil can edit the document.  Many students also have the outline reviewed by a professor or professional writer.  

The student can write a term paper once he or she is comfortable with the outline.  When students go to write reports, they need to remember that the first draft should not be the last draft.  Good term papers require a great deal of editing before they are submitted for a grade.  

The process that a student takes to write a college term paper should be similar to the process that a student takes to write an essay or any other type of academic writing.  After all, every piece of academic writing needs to be researched, drafted, and editing.  However, the format that students use when they write term papers is different from the format that students should use when they write other types of projects, such as a book report.  Therefore, learners should always make sure that they use the proper format when they write a term paper and a different format when they write any other type of academic work.



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Viewpoint of Author #14
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Writing a term paper involves a great deal of research and planning.  Therefore, the most important thing you can do when writing a reference report is to give yourself plenty of time to get it done.  If you wait until the last minute and rush through your research, you will likely end up with a poorly researched project that is not well written.

If you are provided a topic on which your term paper is to be written, you will first need to narrow down the subject.  For example, if you are given the subject of "War," you might want to narrow the subject down to just one specific war or even on the effects that one specific war had on a certain group of people.  The more narrowed your topic, the easier it will be for you to pinpoint the information that you need for your paper.  At the same time, make sure the topic is not highly specialized.  Otherwise, there will be very little information available for your paper.

Once you have your topic determined, your next step is to conduct the actual research.  While doing the research, you must take steps to be organized and to keep track of the sources you are utilizing.  One great way to remain organized is to use note cards.  As you conduct your research, write just one piece of information per note card and number the note cards according to category.  For example, if writing about the effects of World War II on Jewish people, all of those cards labeled "1" might be about concentration camps while all of those labeled "2" might be about places where Jewish people hid from the Nazis.

By using note cards to help you stay organized, you can simply put all of those related to one category in a pile together.  You can then rearrange the cards so that all of the information you gathered from various sources is mixed together and helps paint the full picture.  If done correctly, your term paper will almost seem to "write itself" with the note cards.

After arranging all of your note cards into a logical fashion, you will need to find ways to tie all of the pieces of information together into a logical paragraph.  Remember, your first paragraph is your introductory paragraph.  In this paragraph, you will grab the reader's attention while also introducing your thesis, which is the main idea of the entire report.  The following paragraphs, which make up the body, will include the information you have researched.  Each of these paragraphs should serve to support the thesis statement that you wrote in the introductory paragraph.

After you have presented all of the relevant information that you gathered through your research, you will write the conclusion paragraph.  The conclusion paragraph should restate your thesis, though it should be stated in a different way, while also summarizing the body of your report.



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Viewpoint of Author #15
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Writing a term paper is a lengthy process that requires focus, a detailed outline, and ample research in order for the document to be successful.  While writing a term paper might seem like a daunting task for most students, having a clear plan for how the report will flow and what information will be include can help to make the process easier.  

Writing term papers is a common academic assignment because the report helps professors to assess whether or not students have learned.  The information contained in the report can determine what grade a student gets at the end of a semester.  Therefore, it is important for students to focus on writing articles that are not only well-organized, but also contain appropriate amounts of information.  

In order to craft the perfect term paper, a student needs to read the report assignment before beginning.  Each professor might have different requirements that the learner will need to meet, such as format, length, citations, number of resources, and topic.  Once the student understands the exact requirements for a report, writing a term paper will be easier.

There is a general format that is required by most professors that all students should follow when writing reports.  However, even though there is a general format, students need to keep in mind that there could be additional or different specifications for their document assignments.  

Term reports should begin with a title page, which includes the title of the report, the name of the author, the date, and possibly the course for which the student wrote the document.  Many professors require a table of contents as well, which should be included after the title page.  

The report itself should be organized with an introductory paragraph, body paragraphs, conclusion, references, and appendices.  For lengthy research projects, the introduction may encompass several paragraphs.  

The introduction should include information about why the student chose to write a term paper on a particular topic, background into the topic, and brief information about the conclusion of the student's research or thoughts.  

The body of the paragraph should support the conclusion that the student derived from his or her research or opinions.  Writing a term paper generally requires that the student stay as objective as possible as he or she completes the work.  However, in the conclusion, which is usually one or two paragraphs, the pupil can express his or her opinion of the research or thought.  

Writing a report is different than writing a document in many cases, though the two are often quite similar.  An article is an academic or personal written work that expresses and idea or opinion in a somewhat informal style.  Writing a term paper requires that the student performs research, usually throughout the course of a semester.  The student must back up his or her research in the report as well, whereas an essay does not necessarily need to be supportive with facts.  



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Viewpoint of Author #16
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To write effectively, students should always follow the specific term paper guidelines assigned by the professor.  A term paper guideline provides basic direction for how a student should create and present a report.  When a term paper guideline influences the development of the report, it generally will help students throughout the entire researching and writing process.

Some basic term paper guidelines may include:
  • conduct thorough research before starting to write;
  • have a clear thesis statement that is supported by new information throughout the report;
  • create an outline before writing the first draft of the report;
  • stay focused and on-topic when writing the document;
  • edit before submitting for a grade;
  • etc.
Another type of term paper guideline would be a formatting guideline.  There are two basic types of report formats that students might follow: MLA and APA.  These formats help to ensure that all students create articles that are visually similar.  (Of course, the content of the reports will be unique even if the format is the same.)  In both MLA and APA formats, term paper guidelines include:
  • words should be typed in 12-point, Times New Roman font;
  • lines should be double spaced;
  • there should be a one-inch margin around the page;
  • a page number should appear at the top, right-hand corner of each page;
  • the student should include a cover page with his/her name and the title of the project;
  • etc.

When it comes to understanding term paper guidelines, students may have to seek additional help from their professors or writing centers.  It also often helps if students are able to submit a draft of the report to the professor before the final draft is due so that professor can approve any formatting guidelines.



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Viewpoint of Author #17
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In order to find appropriate sources of term paper assistance, a student needs to first define his or her needs.  One of the best ways that a student can define his or her needs is to discuss the student's writing capabilities with a professor.  A professor can provide feedback to the student that may be beneficial in getting the student the particular kind of help that he or she needs.  For example, a professor may suggest that a student work on the amount of content that he or she includes.  The student may then need help with his or her research abilities.  

Some of the most popular reasons that students require term papers assistance include: research help, outlining help, drafting help, and editing help.  Students can find resources online through term paper resource Web sites, or they may be able to find hands-on help through an on-campus writing center.  

When students approach someone for help, they should be able to present current versions of their documents for their writing coaches to review.  The coaches may see areas where the pupil can improve with simple editing.  Or, the writing coach may suggest a more in-depth program that helps to develop the student's writing overall.  Students should feel conformable talking about their needs and their concerns with their writing coach.  After all, what is the point of getting term papers assistance if the student is not going to be open about his or her strengths and weaknesses?  

Many students also misunderstand the role of a report coach.  When a student is looking for term paper assistance, the student is not looking for someone to write his or her assignment.  Instead, the student is looking for someone who can provide feedback and suggestions so that the pupil can become a better writer.  Therefore, students requiring term paper assistance should assess their expectations and discuss these expectations with a term paper coach prior to working together.  

Again, term paper assistance is not the same as hiring someone to write a term paper.  Therefore, students need to be prepared for the fact that they will work alongside the coach during the writing process.



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Viewpoint of Author #18
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Toward the end of a term of study, many learners find themselves overwhelmed and overworked as a result of too many term papers.  The pressure students feel to not only complete all of their assignments but also complete them well can often lead to intense anxiety.  Luckily, there are ways to find term paper relief—an easing of the pressure of writing multiple long texts at once.  Unlike many methods or vehicles of academic assistance, term paper relief is not solely academic-based; it comes from both managing time and managing stress.

The first step toward achieving term paper relief is gaining perspective.  Sometimes, students are so stressed that they feel incapable of acting, which results in procrastination.  This is of course counterproductive and only leads to more stress.  Though it may seem impossible to complete three term papers in three weeks, it most certainly is not.  It may mean that the learner will not be able to go out on Friday nights in those three weeks, but worse things have happened.  Students should strive to maintain this type of perspective, and realize that they will finish their assignments and that the stress will be over in a few short weeks.

The second path to term paper relief is through intelligent scheduling.  It is imperative that students break their document assignments down into manageable tasks and assign specific tasks to be completed each day.  It is much less stressful to think of writing three pages a day than it is to think of a huge, looming report.  

Another method of term paper relief is seeking outside assistance.  Research librarians are excellent time-savers if a student is still in the research phase of a report.  Writing centers are valuable resources for all other stages of the process.  A writing center consultant can help a student organize his or her ideas and break down the task of writing into manageable goals.

It is also important to seek term paper relief by managing stress.  Though it is likely that the learner will be very busy in the final weeks of the term, he or she should strive to maintain stress-managing practices such as getting adequate sleep, eating regularly, and exercising.  In addition, the student should allot time each day to spend away from his or her desk.  This is not only necessary for mental health, but can also help the student return to the project fresh and with new insight.



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Viewpoint of Author #19
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Students in all academic institutions will need to complete term papers for college courses.  Nearly every course that a student has will require some degree of academic writing.  Not all courses will require term papers for college grades, but many of them do.  However, courses in the arts and humanities subjects may be more likely to require term papers than courses in the sciences.

In order to complete a term paper for college, students need to realize that the level of writing for college is often more intense and greater than the level of writing for high school.  Therefore, it may help many learners to review samples of articles that have been graded highly or that have been successful.  Students can view these samples online or at a college writing center.  

Next, when it comes to writing term papers for college, learners will need to do a great deal of data collection.  A term paper is one that a student completes at the end of an academic semester.  Ideally, the learner will have taken the entire semester to research and write the document.  It is not okay or wise for a learner to wait until the night before a report is due to write it.  

There are several steps that students should take when writing their documents.  First, the student needs to understand the subject of the report before he or she can proceed.  The term paper for college may be a topic about which the student suggests or the professor may suggest the topic.  

The student then needs to research materials related to that topic.  Many students benefit by keeping a journal of their research so that they have something to refer to during the writing process.  

Before a student begins writing his or her assignments for college, the student needs to outline the document.  The term paper outline serves as the structure and skeleton.  The writing of the project is easier once the student has something to give him or her direction.  

After a student creates a first draft o the report, the student should expect to create many more drafts before actually turning the report in for grading.  Therefore, starting the report in advance can help the student to refine the report in plenty of time.  

A term paper for college is different from a term paper for high school because it is usually longer and requires more research than a high school report.  Also, term papers for college generally take up a higher grade percentage than term papers for high school.



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Viewpoint of Author #20
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A college term paper, which is also referred to as a report, is a fairly detailed piece of work that is typically longer than an article.  In order to adequately write a college term paper, you will first need to do an extensive amount of research on the topic.  In addition, you will need to conduct this research through a variety of different channels, which may include reading books, professional journals, magazines, and web sites or conducting interviews with experts in the field.

In many cases, you will be required to obtain information from a minimum number of resources.  In addition, your requirements may stipulate that you have a minimum number of book resources, a minimum number of magazine resources, and other requirements.  The purpose of posing these minimum requirements is to ensure that you have utilized a variety of different resources rather than relying on just one source.  This is important because it allows you to double-check information and to verify how current the information is.

After you are provided with the broad topic of your research paper, you will need to determine the area on which you will focus.  For example, if your topic is to research a famous person, you will need to determine if you will write a paper about the person's entire life or a very detailed paper about one aspect of that person's life.  Once you have made this determination, you can begin conducting the necessary research.

As you perform the research for your topic, you might make alterations to the specific topic your research paper will address.  This is generally acceptable, though you may need to discuss it with your instructor if you have already discussed your topic prior to beginning the research.

As you gather the information for your research paper, it is important that you write down information regarding the resources you used.  This is because all of your resources will need to be documented in a bibliography at the end of the page.  The exact format of your bibliography may vary according to the style required by your instructor.  Regardless, you will need to know information such as the name of the article or book, the copyright information, the author's name, the page on which the information was found, and more.  

When researching information for a report, it is helpful to use notecards and to write just one piece of information down on each notecard.  You can number the notecards according to the broad category in which the fall.  For example, if you are writing about a famous person, all of the cards labeled as number one may be about that person's childhood.  This way, you can gather all of your number one cards together when your research is complete and you can use those cards to help you formulate one or more paragraphs about that person's childhood.

By conducting thorough research and using notecards to help you with organizing your facts, you will find that the report practically writes itself!



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Viewpoint of Author #21
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A university term paper is a lengthy, in-depth text written as the culminating assignment of a semester of study in a certain subject.  Many university courses will have a term paper rather than a final exam, which illustrates the objective of the assignment: to reveal the student's knowledge and expertise in an area after a term of intense study.  Therefore, a university term paper is intended to present the student's comprehensive grasp of not only the topic of the report, but the subject at large.  It should also suggest the student's ability to communicate intelligently in the field by using the terminology and writing conventions of the discipline.

University term papers are different from other university writing assignments only in the depth and breadth of their analysis.  A term paper is typically ten pages or longer, and will often carry a significant reference component.  This will require the student to integrate what he or she has learned in the context of the course with the relevant research done by scholars in the field.  

The first key to an accomplished university term paper is selecting a narrowly-defined topic and developing a clearly-articulated thesis from that topic.  Once the topic is selected, extensive research must be undertaken to uncover multiple sources on the topic.  This research should then be synthesized and presented according to the guidelines of the report as dictated by the instructor and discipline.  

Successful university term papers share many characteristics of style and presentation.  First, they clearly introduce the topic and its significance early in the text.  Do not launch into the report without first providing the reader with a specific definition of the topic and a contextualization of the topic in the scope of the larger subject.  Second, they clearly articulate the thesis they will be advancing.  The thesis should be easily identifiable and should be presented in the first 1/4.  A successful university term paper will argue its thesis using clearly defined paragraphs with strong topic sentences to discuss the points defending the thesis.  It will integrate relevant research in the field throughout the text to bolster its argument, and comment intelligently and analytically on that research.  Effective university term papers will conclude by suggesting something original about the topic and/or thesis of the document that presents the writer's thoughts about the topic.  Finally, it should include a list of references pointing to the sources that were cited throughout the document.  



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Viewpoint of Author #22
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A college paper is usually a critical or investigation-based text composed for a college course.  Many college courses will require a learner to submit one or several of such reports throughout the term, and will expect those papers to follow specific guidelines according to the preferences of the instructor and the dictates of the field in which the document is being composed.  

Instructors typically have high expectations for college papers, and expect students to invest considerable time, effort, and original thought into them.  At the same time, however, most classes outside of English composition do not focus on writing instruction.  Unlike many high school courses, in which students are allowed to submit multiple drafts and then receive feedback from the instructor, most college papers are considered to be in final draft form when submitted to the instructor, and are graded as such.  Therefore, college students should take care to develop their writing skills outside of class time.  This can be done by seeking the instructor's feedback during his or her office hours, enlisting the advice of a classmate, or visiting the university writing center.  

College papers are different from papers students may have completed in high school in two primary ways: the depth of their analysis and the quality of their presentation.  A college report should not simply summarize points made in class or in the course textbook.  Many teachers explicitly state this in their document assignments, but even if they don't, learners should be aware that at the university level, instructors are looking for critical analysis.  Analysis is the examination of a topic in an in-depth way and through the use of multiple approaches.  A college report should demonstrate that the student has spent time investigating the topic of the report and has thought about it from several different perspectives.  This will often require the student to research the topic of his or her assignment using sources outside of the course textbook.  

A college report should always present a thesis.  A thesis is a sentence or group of sentences that clearly defines what the article is about and how the writer will discuss it.  It is, in other words, the main point.  It is important that a college paper has a recognizable thesis, and that the thesis is presented in the first 1/4.

Regarding presentation, many professors will demand that college papers are both grammatically and stylistically sound.  To ensure that grammar and word usage are correct, learners should have someone else proofread their document or, if the option is available, they should seek the guidance of their university's writing center.  

Style, when referred to in the context of academia, means the set of guidelines followed regarding the presentation of information and the citation and referencing of external sources.  The most popular academic writing styles are those that follow the guidelines of the Modern Language Association (MLA), the American Psychological Association (APA), and the Chicago Manual of Style.  Most instructors specify their preference for a particular style early in a term.  



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Viewpoint of Author #23
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Many college courses will require learners to complete a term paper as a culminating course project.  These texts are typically long and in-depth papers in which a student investigates and explores a single topic related to the course's topic of study.  Often, these term papers will be research term papers, meaning their primary objective is to present a variety of scholarly opinion about a certain topic.  A research term paper is different from other types of academic writings because it requires the student to be a discoverer and interpreter of ideas rather than a generator of ideas.  In some college reports, students are asked to provide their own, original notions about their document topics; in research term papers, students are supposed to present and analyze notions posited by others.

Research term papers are intended to place significant research demands on pupils.  Students should therefore anticipate that the research element of the research term paper will be the most time-consuming, and perhaps the most difficult.  Effective research requires a learner to find and study the major sources of information in the particular field in which he or she is writing.  These sources may be suggested to the student by his or her instructor, but it is more likely that the learner will need to discover these sources on her own.  A research librarian is an excellent resource for this discovery process.  Research librarians can often suggest where students should best begin their search for information.  In almost every case, this search will focus on library resources and online databases rather than the internet.  There are many valuable online sources, but they typically must be accessed through a library database.  The internet is often not a valid resource unless the site has been peer-reviewed or is published by an authoritative academic or official source.  

When the research is complete, it may be helpful for the student to compose an outline of the research term paper in order to organize the information he or she has found.  This does not need to be a detailed document, but merely a rough sketch of the order in which the information is going to be presented.  All sources that refer to the same subject or make a similar point, for instance, should be grouped together.  Furthermore, the writer should organize the entire paper so that it progresses from general ideas to specific ones.  

When writing the research term paper, learners should follow the outline and balance their documents of the research with analysis.  In general, each section of a report should include more analysis than reporting so that the report primarily presents the student's interpretation of the sources rather than a summary of the sources.  

Research term papers must be carefully and accurately documented.  Students should take care when writing that all of their sources are cited in the text and listed in a references or works cited page.



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Viewpoint of Author #24
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In order to write an effective term paper, learners should make an effort to understand its separate parts.  As with any academic writing assignment, there are many parts of a term paper that are unique and have a separate purpose.  For example, the introduction will be very different from the conclusion.  By breaking down a term paper's format, learners will be able to analyze each part so that they can effectively write separate sections to create the whole.  

The first part of a term paper is the cover page.  Each term paper must have a cover page, even if it is not explicitly assigned by a professor.  The cover page introduces the title and author of the document.  Students should be aware that all parts of a college report should be written in the same style, such as APA or MLA—including the cover page.  

The second part of a term paper is the introduction, which is the first paragraph of the document.  In the introduction, learners should briefly explain the background and importance of the topic.  This is also the section where students state their article, which should be located in the first or last section of the introduction.  

Next comes the body of the document.  The body of the document should contain separate paragraphs that each has new information that supports the thesis.  This is the part of the term paper that builds the student's case and explains his or her research findings.  

Finally, one of the most important parts of a term paper is the conclusion, which is located at the end of the document.  In the conclusion, students state their findings.



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Viewpoint of Author #25
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Just about every high school student will need to write a term paper at least once before graduating.  Many students find that reviewing free high school term papers can help them to refine their writing skills and understanding of what elements belong in an assignment.  A term paper is the final document that a learner will write for a course.  Such articles are assigned for nearly every course, including math courses.  

If a student chooses to use a free high school term paper in order to write his or her own document, the student has a variety of things to think about.  First, the student needs to decide why he or she may need to use a free high school report.  For example, if the student needs to learn more about what kind of content should be included in a report, the student may access a variety of free high school term papers for comparison.  

Students use free high school essays for many reasons.  Some students use them for research into how to write a report.  Other students use free high school term papers in order to actually research the subject about which they are writing for their own documents.  Some students even use free high school term papers as the basis for their own documents, which may also violate some honor code rules if students are not careful.  

After a student determines why he or she needs to use a free high school term paper, the student should find the right resources for the document.  Some students can review free high school articles that are given to them by their teachers.  Other students may use a writing center at their school.  Many other students turn to the Internet.  

When using the Internet to access free high school term papers, students need to be sure that the reports are accurate, contain real information, and follow the correct term paper format.  Students may wish to perform a search engine review of term paper resources in order to determine the validity of each.  

Whenever students use free high school term papers, they need to be sure that the examples they use are examples of reports and not of other types of academic writing.  For example, term papers do not have the same types of content or format as essays and should not be confused.  Students may want to ask professors for feedback on the free high school articles that they find in order to ensure that they are using accurate resources.



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Viewpoint of Author #26
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Many students new to college will find themselves faced with the task of learning how to write a term paper.  It is common for students to be baffled by this process, as most students learn how to author reports by doing them rather than by being instructed on a specific term paper writing method.  A term paper is written as the culminating assignment of an academic term of study.  It is therefore intended to be a comprehensive document revealing a student's cumulative knowledge in a particular subject.  To this end, a college report should be completed in stages throughout the term.  Learning how to write a term paper is different from learning how to write other texts because it involves learning many different skills: time management, research approaches, and academic presentation.

One of the most important components of how to write a term paper is planning.  A term paper is long and requires a significant time investment.  Therefore, learners should create a schedule for themselves so that they can ensure that every step of the project is allotted enough time and energy.  This means that as soon as a student receives his assignment, he should determine personal deadlines for when to select a topic, when to create an argument, when to complete the research, when to submit the first draft, and when to complete the final draft.  This process in its entirety will take several weeks of diligent focus.  Students should therefore complete these tasks over a generous span of time.

The first actual step in learning how to write a term paper is determining a good topic.  The topic should be a clear and specific aspect of the subject of the course that the student finds particularly interesting.  For instance, if the class is a nursing class, the topic should be a nursing-related issue that the student finds compelling—for instance, pediatric nursing.  Once a general topic has been selected, the student must narrow the topic to be very specific—such as communicating with autistic patients.  

One of the most challenging aspects of learning how to author term papers is completing the next step: writing the thesis statement.  A thesis is an argument or main point that presents the writer's stance or opinion on the topic.  For instance, in the report on communicating with autistic patients in pediatric nursing, a thesis might assert that "In order to effectively communicate with autistic patients, pediatric nurses must be trained in communication styles that have been proven to be successful with autistic children."  This is a very specific idea, and asserts an argument that the student would then need to defend with examples and research.  

The research component of a term paper will likely be the most time consuming aspect of the composition process, and can also be one of the most difficult aspects of learning how to write term papers.  This process requires the student to invest significant time in the university library.  When first learning how to write reports, it is best for students to begin their research by consulting a reference librarian.  Reference librarians can show students where to begin their research and how to assess the quality and relevance of the sources they discover.  

Once the thesis has been written and the research has been done, the writing of the term paper is fairly straightforward.  However, students still need to focus so that they write their documents with the proper structure and tone.  The report should present the writer's thesis in the first 1/4 of the text.  After that, every paragraph should clearly relate to that thesis, and should use the student's research to support his or her claims.  The term paper should conclude by suggesting insight on the thesis that has been gained through the arguments presented.

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