How to Write a Thesis Paper: Tips from 19 Pros

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How to Write a Thesis Paper: Tips from 19 Pros

A thesis paper is a formal academic document that learners write in order to conclude semester or academic programs.  The term "thesis paper" often refers to the final document that a learner will write before graduating from a masters program.  However, the term can also refer to lesser articles that learners write throughout the course of a graduate or undergraduate semester.  Regardless of the purpose of the document, all reports should follow similar formats and include similar types of information.

The basic and most popular format for a project follows an inverted pyramid structure.  An inverted pyramid structure requires that students include broad information about a topic in the beginning of the report.  The point of the pyramid is the conclusion, which should be located at the end of the report.  

Each paragraph within reports should also be written with the inverted pyramid structure.  Broad information about a particular topic should appear at the beginning of a paragraph.  The conclusion to that information should appear at the end of a paragraph.  Each paragraph within a college report should introduce new information, with the exception of the conclusion.  The conclusion recaps information that has been shared throughout the report and summarizes it by drawing a specific conclusion.

Thesis reports should always begin with an introduction.  The introduction is usually one paragraph that provides background information about the report along with a brief statement about why the article is relevant.  All introductory paragraphs should also include a thesis statement, which is a one-sentence statement that clearly defines the purpose.  Many thesis statements follow an "if, then" format in which a learner will state that if something happens in one way, then something else will happen in response.  

After the introduction, reports should have body paragraphs.  Again, each body paragraph should introduce new information and be formatted like an inverted pyramid.  A project that concludes a graduate program may have more body paragraphs than a thesis paper than concludes a semester-long course.  However, the body paragraphs are the sections of the document that include the important information about which the student has written the document.  

The conclusion is always located at the tip of the inverted pyramid.  Students should not introduce new information in the conclusion.  Instead, they should draw their own conclusions about the information that they shared in the body.  It is important to be aware that most reports should be written in third person.  Therefore, even if a student is drawing conclusions, the student should still state his or her conclusions in third person.  

A thesis paper is different from a reference project.  The terms are often used synonymously, especially in reference to the final document that a student must write for a graduate or doctoral program.  However, it is commonly understood that a report is either the final document that a pupil writes for a graduate degree or that a thesis is a document that a pupil writes in association with an undergraduate or graduate course.  

Some institutions refer to the final document that a pupil writes for a graduate degree program as a reference project.  However, in the strictest sense of the term, a university report is only a document that a pupil writes for a doctoral program.  When a pupil writes a report, the learner will only write one report over the course of his or her lifetime (unless he or she pursues multiple Ph.D. degrees).  Therefore, a student will never write a dissertation for an undergraduate course or as part of a semester-long course.  Such documents are much more research and writing intensive than most thesis papers.



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Viewpoint of Author #2
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Thesis writing is a type of writing that requires a learner to prepare a lengthy body of work that is based on his or her research.  In some cases, the word "thesis" is used synonymously with the word "dissertation," so it is important to understand exactly what is expected from the thesis prior to beginning work.  In circumstances where there is a distinction between a thesis and a report, the writing process and format are still generally the same.  

Thesis writing should be organized in a way so that the author has a clear plan for what he or she wishes to say in the thesis.  Prior to beginning the thesis writing, the author should also have an outline for how he or she plans to approach the work.  Therefore, any thesis writings can take place, it is important that the author has taken time to think about how he or she will approach the thesis from all angles, including from content, structural, and depth standpoints.

All thesis writings should include the following sections: introduction, table of contents, body, conclusion, references, and appendices.  The introduction needs to include information about the reason the author has written the thesis (the problem), methodology that the author has used (or plans to use) in order to draw conclusions, information about possible variables that may impact the research, and a brief summary of the results of the research.  

The body of the document should contain specific information about the research, including background information, studies, results from experiments, and more.  Thesis writing is most often objective, so the author should refrain from stating opinions in the body.  

The conclusion of the thesis contains the results of the research as well as an analysis of the results.  The conclusion may include opinion as well as tips to help future researchers with similar research.  

While thesis writing is a lengthy project, the thesis that a student produces is often the culmination of a prolonged period of study.  Thesis writings are usually produced at the end of a graduate study program.  However, in situations where a thesis is synonymous with a report, the thesis may be written as part of a Ph.D. program.  

Thesis writing is often confused with report composition.  The two are similar in that they are both written works that are based on a prolonged period of data collection.  However, term paper writing is often limited to high school and undergraduate studies, whereas thesis writing usually coincides with a graduate program and often represents the end of the program.  



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Viewpoint of Author #3
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A written thesis is a lengthy document students in undergraduate and graduate study compose as one of the culminating projects of their degrees.  In undergraduate terminology, the written thesis is sometimes called a senior thesis; in graduate life, the written thesis is frequently referred to as a master's thesis.  Both types of written theses follow similar formats and carry similar responsibilities.

A written thesis is not the same as a report, even though written theses will likely incorporate significant reference components.  The difference between a written thesis and a reference report is in the original contributions of the writer.  Research papers frequently call on students to present and synthesize what other scholars have said on a topic without inserting much of their own analysis and opinion.  A written thesis, on the other hand, demands that the student be the primary agent of analysis, and that other scholars are only drawn on to support the writer's individual ideas regarding the topic at hand.  In other words, a written thesis should be a document that contributes new insight into the topic of inquiry, rather than merely recount what others have already said.

A written thesis may very well be the first independent academic project a student will undertake.  There is much intellectual freedom in this, and the student should capitalize on this freedom by selecting a topic that he or she finds particularly interesting.  Written theses can possibly become published documents or serve as the foundation for another large project in the future.  Therefore, learners should feel free to be creative when writing their article and determining the direction it will take.  

Written theses frequently take one or two semesters to fully complete.  This is because the process of determining a thesis topic, performing extensive research on that topic, consulting with the thesis committee as to the relevance of the topic and direction, and finally writing the lengthy text itself all require significant time investment.  It is therefore advisable that students who are undertaking such a project establish a strict timeline for themselves and follow it exactly.  Otherwise, it is easy to defer important and time-consuming tasks until the end of the process, which frequently results in a poorly researched or haphazardly organized text.  This timeline should be established by the student in conjunction with his or her primary thesis advisor in order for the student to set achievable goals and be held accountable for meeting them.



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Viewpoint of Author #4
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A thesis paper, which is also referred to as a term paper or a report, is a document that serves to provide the reader with a great deal of information about a particular topic.  As such, writing a thesis paper involves conducting an extensive amount of research on the topic from a variety of different resources.

Some of the resources that you might use when writing a thesis paper include newspapers, books, professional journals, magazines, Internet websites, and personal interviews.  In general, the more varied your resources, the better your final document will be.  If writing a thesis paper for a class, you might be required to have a minimum number of certain sources.  For example, you might be required to have at least five book sources but no more than three Internet sources.  

Before you begin to conduct your research, however, you will need to determine the topic of your paper.  With this information, you can better determine the types of sources you will need to use.  As you conduct your research, you should begin to develop your thesis statement, which is the sentence that describes what the entire paper will be about.

Care must be taken when developing the thesis for a thesis paper.  This is because the entire paper must be written in order to support the thesis that you have made.  If the thesis is not one that can be supported or that is too broad or narrow to provide adequate support, the report will be sloppy and poorly written.  Therefore, you want the thesis to be specific enough to narrow your focus while still remaining broad enough to be adequately researched and supported.

The first paragraph of your report should serve to grab the reader's attention in some way.  There are many ways you can accomplish this, though asking a question or introducing an interesting fact are two methods you can use.  In addition to grabbing the reader's attention, the introductory paragraph will also contain your thesis statement.

All of the paragraphs following the introductory paragraph, with the exception of the last paragraph, make up the body of the document.  Each of these paragraphs will have a topic sentence that supports the thesis statement.  All of the other sentences within that paragraph will serve to support the topic sentence, which means they also support the thesis.

After writing the body of your thesis paper, the final paragraph is the conclusion.  In the conclusion, you will restate the thesis that you introduced in the first paragraph.  You should take care to write the thesis statement in a different way, however, so your writing can remain interesting and exciting to the reader.  In addition to restating the thesis, your conclusion should also summarize what was discussed in the body.  You should also include information that will help to leave a lasting impression on the reader, though you should not introduce new information in the conclusion that was not already included in the body.



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Viewpoint of Author #5
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A thesis is perhaps the most research- and time-intensive writing assignment that a learner will undertake during his or her college career.  Because of the importance of this major research paper, every student strives to submit the best thesis possible.  Doing so requires a great deal of attention to detail, thorough research, and substantial writing skills.

The best theses are candidates for publication.  This honor is reserved for projects that the writer has obviously taken a great deal of care in writing.  The best theses are created with attention to detail, thorough research, and excellent writing skills.

The best thesis begins with a great topic.  Many students know relatively early on in their college education what general topic they would like to undertake in the writing of their article.  Since most students have a passion for their area of study, and often have a particular passion for a certain sub-area of their major, it stands to reason that they already have a good idea about what area they would like to devote their article to.  Still, the specifics of selecting a thesis topic are often difficult for the pupil.

Instructors and thesis advisors are invested in helping each student select the best thesis topic.  They can help each student select a thesis topic which is not only interesting, but which will present the student with enough material with which to create the very best thesis.  Although a student might insist that they would really like to work on a critical assertion on a particular topic, an experienced thesis advisor can help discuss with the student whether or not their selected topic has enough established research upon which to draw a reasonable presentation.

The simple fact is that many learners are so excited by the challenging prospect of finally writing their article that they think that the best thesis can only be created from the most challenging subject.  Yet, an experienced thesis advisor knows that the thesis itself is will present the student with enough challenges without the selection of the most difficult topic.  

Additionally, since the best thesis also includes a well-researched literature review, the student has to ensure that there will be enough existing research material to draw upon.  A literature review requires that the student review numerous other studies.  Without those studies, the literature review is weak and therefore the entire thesis has little credibility.

Ultimately, the best thesis is one that the student has created conscientiously and with a great deal of work.  The best theses require that students use what they have learned during their many years in college, in addition to the basic skills they learned before college, to present a thesis which is well-written, well-researched, and well-thought-out.



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Viewpoint of Author #6
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The difference between a good thesis and a great thesis often comes down to how well a student understands the requirements and nature of a thesis.  Therefore, in order to write a great thesis, students need to make sure that they understand what is required of them from a writing assignment.  

Regardless of a student's grade level or course of study, the basic thesis writing requirements are extremely similar.  If a student wishes to write great theses, regardless of his or her grade or course, then the student needs to understand these requirements.  

A thesis is a project assignment that a professor will give to students when the professor wants to students to research a particular subject and report back on that particular subject.  Often, professors will allow students to select their own thesis topics.  Selecting the right thesis topic can help learners to write great theses, in many cases.  After all, when a student is interested in a topic, the student is more likely to perform a necessary amount of research required to write a comprehensive thesis paper.  

After a student understands the topic, the student should take a suitable amount of time to research that topic in depth.  A great thesis can only be written if a student understands a good bit of information about the topic.  Therefore, there are no short cuts to research when a student wants to write a great thesis.  

Students should always write an outline if they want to write a great thesis.  The outline will provide the structure and road map for the thesis.  The outline will also provide a suitable amount of content that will help the student to structure the thesis.  Outlines are also much easier to edit than actual thesis drafts.  Therefore, learners should begin with a thesis outline if they want to have great theses.  

While there are many elements that make a thesis great, one of the most important things that students need to think about is that a thesis is only great if students have followed the proper structure and met the right requirements for the thesis.  Therefore, when students are learning how to write reports, they should not confuse those structural elements and requirements with the elements and requirements for other types of academic works, such as essays.  

After all, a great thesis can only be written if students have an intimate understanding of the format and content that should be included in it, which differs from the format and content for all other academic works.



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Viewpoint of Author #7
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Writing a thesis is a normal part of many learners' academic careers.  Students may have to write a thesis for a high school course, a college course, or for an entire graduate school program.  There are many different ways that a student can go about writing a thesis and many different purposes for writing theses.  However, the methods that a learner uses to research a thesis should almost always be the same.

Regardless of what educational level or purpose the student is writing an argument, all students should begin by understanding the requirements.  Many professors will provide students with a list of requirements that include paper style, format, length, and even topics.  However, when it comes to writing theses, most professors will allow students to select their own topics.  

In order to select a topic, the student needs to assess the course or the program that he or she has been taking.  The subject of the course or program will influence the topic.  The student should have specific interests within the subject.  When writing an argument, learners should always select a topic that interests them so that they enjoy the writing process.  

After a student has decided on a subject, the student needs to perform in-depth research into the topic.  This research should include primary and secondary resources, but may also include experiments and interviews with professionals.  Writing theses is a lengthy process, so students need to carve out ample time to research a subject adequately.  

After the research, the student needs to draft an outline.  The outline will provide the structure and content for the document.  Students can also modify the outline as much as they need to, but they need to be comfortable with the flow of the outline before they begin writing the document.  Only after they complete the outline should they begin the draft.  

When writing a thesis draft, learners should follow the outline.  However, the first draft will be different from the final draft, so students should expect to edit the thesis many times.  The process of writing a thesis is similar to the process of writing any similar type of article.  However, because a thesis is usually a lengthier paper, students usually put more weight on writing the thesis than they might put on writing another report.  

Due to the importance of the thesis, learners should not only plan to focus on it for several months, but they should also schedule time each day to perform research.  When writing other academic documents, such as essays, learners can often research an write the document within a matter of just a few days.



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Viewpoint of Author #8
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Students who are writing reports should be sure that they are well-aware of thesis writing requirements, purposes, and writing strategies in order to ensure that they are writing theses properly and according to traditional thesis standards.  However, they should also keep in mind that there are many different kinds of thesis papers, including thesis papers for graduate school and undergraduate courses.

The first step required when writing theses for any academic level is for students to decide on a thesis topic.  In most cases, professors will allow students to select their own thesis topics so that students can choose a topic that is related to their special areas of interest.  However, learners will need to be sure that they understand their own topics prior to beginning their research.  

Through research, they may develop the topic even further so that it is more specific than originally planned.  In such a case, they may want to consult with their professors if the nature of the thesis will change drastically.  

Once the student has decided on a topic, the pupil can begin the next step in writing theses papers, which is research.  Research can take many weeks if a student is meticulous and detailed.  Therefore, students need to be sure that they develop a research and thesis writing plan that they can follow closely.  Also, learners should keep detailed research notes so that they can remember what they have learned through their research.  

After students have finished their research, they need to create an outline.  The outline will help with writing thesis papers because it will provide students with a roadmap that they can follow throughout the writing process.  This outline may be very specific as well and can undergo several revisions before it is complete.  

With a complete outline, learners can begin writing theses drafts.  There may be many drafts for just one thesis, so students should be sure that they allow enough time for revisions and edits before they complete their final draft.  

There are many different types of reports.  When writing thesis papers, learners should keep in mind that the research and writing elements are the same for all theses.  However, the nature of the thesis may vary based on the purpose of the thesis and the academic level of the pupil.  

For example, when writing reports for high school courses, students may not need to perform as in-depth research as they would when writing theses for graduate school programs.  In general, the higher the academic program, the more important the thesis is for the student's academic and professional career.



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Viewpoint of Author #9
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Many students look to outside resources for more information about how to author reports or thesis statements.  Most students learn how to author reports and statements in high school English classes.  However, many learners find that when they do not get excellent grades or feedback on their article papers, they need to find thesis writing guidelines that they can follow.  Students may also look for additional information about how to write thesis documents when they go to college, as thesis writing sometimes differs between high school and college courses.  

In order to find the correct information about how to author reports and statements, students need to first define their needs.  There are many different types of reports.  In a traditional sense of the term, a thesis may mean the final document that a student needs to write for a graduate school program.  In such a case, the student may not only need to learn how to write theses documents, but he or she may also need to learn how to write thesis proposals.  

When a student needs to write a thesis for an undergraduate course, the thesis is usually a lengthy project that will serve as the final document in a student's course.  Students generally need to follow the guidelines that professors give to students with information about how to write theses for the professor's class.  This information will include requirements, such as page count, style guide, topic, and more.  

Students that write theses for high school courses often have to write just one thesis and the thesis project usually comes in their junior years.  Students will select a topic that they will study throughout the year or a semester.  They will then submit the final thesis paper towards the end of the year.  

Regardless of the level of study in which a student needs to learn how to write theses papers, the methods for writing thesis statements are all the same.  A common thesis statement is an "if, then" statement, in which a learner will state that if something happens in one way, then there will be a corresponding reaction.  

While there are many different types of theses, depending on grade level, learners should follow the same research and writing methods for each thesis.  However, students also need to be aware that the process they use to format a thesis may not be the same as they would use to format a more informal academic document, such as an article.  Therefore, if they are looking for information about how to write thesis paper, they should be sure that they do not confuse a thesis with any other type of academic work.



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Viewpoint of Author #10
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A thesis is an academic document that a student may need to write for any level of academic study, especially high school, undergraduate, and graduate school programs.  When a student has to write a thesis, the student may require thesis help in order to make sure that he or she has the correct format and the right amount of information in the thesis.  Theses help professionals are available for just about any need.

In order for a learner to get the right kind of thesis help, the student needs to know what exactly he or she needs help with.  A thesis is much more than just a written document; it is also a body of research and may even be the last document that a student needs to write before he or she can graduate from a graduate school program.  Therefore, learners can get theses help for a wide variety of reasons.  

So that a student creates an effective thesis, the student needs to research a particular topic in depth.  In many cases, students select their own topics for their theses.  However, there are also cases in which a professor or teacher will select a topic for the pupils.  Theses help can only begin once the student know what he or she needs to write about for the thesis in the first place.  

Once the student has a topic, the next step is for the student to research the topic in depth.  Many students spend months researching a topic for their theses.  If a student needs thesis help to research the topic, the student may wish to hire a writer or a research professional to provide guidance and feedback.  

After researching a subject, the student needs to make sure that she or he understands the subject in depth.  Once he or she feels comfortable with the topic, the student needs to create an outline for the thesis.  Theses help for outlines is available from a writer or a professor—who can provide guidance about the flow of the outline as well as the depth of the information that the student plans to include.  

Writers may also provide thesis help by helping a student draft the thesis.  In such a case, the writer could create the first draft of the thesis, or the student could create a draft and have it reviewed by a writer.  Students need to determine what kind of theses help they need prior to looking for help in order to get exactly what they need.  

Thesis help may include writing and editing help.  However, thesis help may not necessarily mean buying a thesis or a thesis example.  Usually, when a student needs thesis help, the student is looking for hands-on help and interactivity with a writer or professor, even if the student has limited input into the drafting.



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Viewpoint of Author #11
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A thesis project is a common requirement for students in all levels of academic study in a particular subject.  However, thesis project requirements and expectations vary greatly.  For example, a junior thesis for high school students is much less demanding than a thesis project in a doctoral-level program.

Regardless of the level of academic study, thesis projects should almost always follow the same writing format.  Thesis projects should begin with an introduction in which the student provides background into the subject.  The introduction should also contain a thesis statement, which is usually a one- or two-sentence statement that the learner endeavors to prove throughout the course.  The thesis statement basically sets forth the purpose of the entire thesis project.  

The body of the document contains paragraphs filled with new information supporting the thesis statement.  Each paragraph should begin with broad information about what will be contained in the paragraph and have a final statement that ties together all of the paragraph's information.  

The final section of a thesis project is the conclusion.  The conclusion communicates a student's final observations about the work that he or she performed.  The concluding paragraph tie together all of the ideas that the student expressed in the thesis in order to concisely and convincingly present a final position.  



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Viewpoint of Author #12
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A thesis report is an academic document that a student may have to create at any level of academic study.  Often, students need to write thesis reports periodically while they work on their article papers.  In other cases, a thesis report may refer to the actual thesis itself.

A thesis report can be a short document that a learner will create in order to convey updates on his or her thoughts while working on the main thesis paper.  In most cases, when professors require their students to work on thesis reports, the students will be working on their high school junior thesis or they may be history students in an undergraduate history program.  

The major benefit of having to write periodic thesis reports is that the reports help the student to reflect on the thesis writing and research process.  In many cases, thesis reports are required of students that are writing a thesis for the first time so that students can actually process what they are going through and so that they will obtain an extra level of understanding about research and its importance.  

Professors may request to read these thesis reports as the students create them or they may require the students to submit thesis reports at the end of the semester when the thesis is due.  The professor can gain insight into the discoveries that students make during the thesis research and writing process and learn about surprises and struggles that the students may have had.  



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Viewpoint of Author #13
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When students try to find examples of an argument, students may have several different starting places.  First, though, the student needs to understand what kind of thesis he or she needs to write.  There is a difference between a thesis that a student may need to write for a high school program and a thesis that a student may need to write for a graduate program.

When students look for examples of a thesis for a high school program, students may be able to access previously-written reports from the school's library.  Many high schools will archive students' thesis papers so that they can provide a record and an example of a thesis for future pupils.  These high school reports should only be used as an example of a thesis for high school programs and not for higher-level educational programs.  

If a student needs to find an example of a thesis for an undergraduate program, the student may find a wealth of resources online.  There are many Web sites devoted to collecting and disseminating examples of a project that students may use for their own personal needs.  

Many undergraduate students look for examples of a report for a variety of different reasons.  Some students want to review the formatting for a thesis.  Other students may wish to know what kind of expectations there are for an undergraduate-level thesis.  Some students may also want to use examples of a thesis for their own documents, especially for research or as the basis of a thesis.  

A graduate thesis is usually the last document that a learner will write in order to complete a Masters degree program.  These thesis papers are very long articles that a student needs to defend in order to get his or her degree.  Therefore, the examples of a report for a graduate degree program are generally very lengthy and in-depth and may not have the same elements of a thesis for a lower-level academic program.



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Viewpoint of Author #14
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In the event that a student has not written a thesis paper before, the student may benefit from reviewing a sample thesis before starting the writing process.  A thesis is a normal academic assignment for students in all grade levels and in all courses of study.  There are many reasons that a professor might require learners to write thesis papers.  However, most students will write thesis papers so that they can have the opportunity to research and write about a particular subject in depth.

Because a report is a very involved project that often takes students months to research and complete, learners should be sure that they know what they are doing throughout the process.  Such expositions are also very different than many other forms of writing because they are generally intended to culminate a semester or an academic career.  Therefore, by reviewing a sample thesis, learners should have a better idea of what content should be included in the report, how long it should be, what it should look like, and how the student should write it.  

There are many different types of reports, though.  For example, high school students may have to create a thesis as part of their junior year program.  Undergraduate students may have to create a thesis for a particular course.  Graduate students may have to create a document in order to graduate from the entire Masters program.  Therefore, learners should be sure that they review sample theses for the correct level of study so that they use the correct format.  

While all reference reports may differ in terms of the length and level of study for which it was written, the format and purpose of the report are generally the same.  By reviewing sample theses, learners will be able to see what the format should be.  An example report should always include a cover page, introductory paragraph, body, conclusion, references, and appendix.  In some cases, a professor may require that the student also includes an abstract and methodology, which may also be included in some sample theses documents that students review.  

In order to find the right sample thesis documents, students may want to consult with a professor or a writing center.  They need to be aware that sample theses are not the same for all grade levels.  For example, a graduate thesis may be several hundred pages and could include pioneering research into the student's field of study.  A high school thesis may be a dozen pages and may reiterate some facts that the student uncovered during research.  

Therefore, in order to ensure that the student crafts an appropriate thesis, the student should always make sure that the sample thesis he or she uses is appropriate for his or her needs and level of study.



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Viewpoint of Author #15
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When students are required to write a thesis, it can often be helpful to have a thesis sample to use as a reference.  Theses samples can not only help learners to understand the structure of an argument, but they can also help learners to understand the kind of content that students need to include in their theses.  Some students may also wish to use a thesis sample as a basis for their own theses, if the topics of both documents are the same.  

Thanks to the Internet, there are plenty of resources that students can turn to when looking for a thesis sample.  There are thousands of theses published online that students can use as a reference point.  However, when looking for thesis samples online, students need to be sure that the thesis samples that they find are credible and well-written.  If a student uses a thesis sample for information about format or content that is poorly written or inaccurate, then the student runs the risk of writing his or her own theses based on misinformation or a bad format.

In order to ensure that thesis samples are accurate and well written, students need to analyze the source of the sample.  If the source is a university Web site, then chances are good that a professor has reviewed the sample before allowing it to be published.  There are many writing instruction Web sites that might also include thesis samples that students can refer to for help.  Students should always make sure that a writing Web site is credible and has a track record for providing honest information by looking for reviews of the site online.  

When students review a thesis sample, the student may wish to use the sample to learn more about the structure of a thesis.  Students that are unfamiliar with thesis writing might also want to look over several thesis samples so that they can get a clear idea of what information they should include in a thesis and what kind of style the document should have.  

A thesis sample is a representation of a very specific type of academic writing.  Theses are long format, academic works that often serve as the culminating project for a graduate program or a course.  Reports and papers are usually more casual writing assignments that a student may receive many times over the course of a semester.  Most students only produce one thesis for an entire course or an entire academic program.  A thesis sample is not a paper or essay sample, so students need to be careful about the academic work that they are looking at when they look for samples.



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Viewpoint of Author #16
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A sample thesis paper is a model of an undergraduate or graduate thesis—a long and original document composed by students as one of the culminating requirements of their degrees.  Undergraduate theses are written by college seniors; graduate theses are composed by master's and sometimes doctoral students in the final phases of their studies.  Sample thesis papers are provided by these students' institutions so that students are aware of the structural, stylistic, and content components of thesis texts.  Often, sample thesis papers are finished theses by former pupils.  Therefore, an example report should never be considered a template, but rather a reference source and a guideline.  Furthermore, because sample thesis papers are usually completed texts, they will not come with annotations that comment on how the sample thesis paper is fulfilling the requirements of the thesis project.  Therefore, learners should examine sample thesis papers with a copy of their institutions' thesis requirements in hand and make these annotations themselves.

Students should examine a sample thesis paper for its structural, stylistic, formatting, and content components.  The structure of a text refers to its organization.  Often, university departments set forth particular structural dictates regarding the organization of theses.  Students should examine the various sample thesis papers provided by their departments to determine how each sample follows these dictates.  

The stylistic component of a thesis refers to its writing and citation style.  This, too, is often dictated by a student's department.  Often, students are already familiar with the writing and citation style preferred by their department, but they may not be aware of how that particular writing and citation style must be adapted to fit the needs of final, publishable texts such as theses.  Therefore, they should pay close attention to the ways in which the writing and citation style of the sample thesis paper differs from that of regular report composition.

All departments and institutions have strict requirements about the formatting of theses.  Format refers to the arrangement and appearance of the text, and includes such elements as font, margins, and spacing.  All sample reports from the same department should have the same formatting; therefore, learners can typically assess formatting dictates by looking at only one sample.

Finally, learners should examine a sample thesis paper to determine how the example report presents its content, defends its claims, and articulates its ideas.  All of these are aspects of the content of the thesis—the most important elements of any investigation-based text.  A model thesis will present a clear, interesting, and original idea and address every aspect of that idea from a thorough, scholarly perspective.  Students should example sample thesis papers to determine how the example report successfully accomplishes these goals.



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Viewpoint of Author #17
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There are two types of writing that use the name "thesis."  The first type of thesis is a sentence or group of sentences that asserts the main point or argument of a piece of writing.  This type of thesis is also commonly known as a thesis statement.  The second type of thesis is a long, investigation-based text composed by an undergraduate or graduate student as the culminating project of his or her degree.  This type of thesis is known as a "senior thesis" when it is composed by an undergraduate senior, and as a "master's thesis" or "doctoral thesis" when composed by a master's or doctorate pupil.  Though drastically different, these two types of writing are both very challenging in their own ways, and often require learners to seek various types of assistance, or thesis support.  Luckily, thesis support is readily available from a variety of individuals, institutions, and organizations.

Sometimes, students are hesitant to enlist the help of others when they are struggling with their writing, fearing that by following others' advice they may be inadvertently plagiarizing.  Students should know that unless they are taking others' ideas and representing them as their own, they are not plagiarizing, and that seeking thesis support or other writing help from outside sources is perfectly fine so long as the source of support is not writing the student's thesis for him.  Thesis support is defined as professional assistance with various aspects of thesis writing; it is not defined by a professional writer writing a thesis for a pupil.  A student is receiving thesis support, for instance, when she talks to her professor about ways to refine her thesis statement or enlists an online writing service to tutor her in thesis composition.  

One of the best sources of thesis support is a student's professor.  Because professors assign the reports for which students must write theses, they are often intimately aware not only of the subject on which the student is writing, but also of the conventions of writing in the particular discipline in which the article is being composed.  It is good practice to seek thesis approval before beginning a draft of a college report.  This simply means contacting the professor to ask for feedback on the preliminary thesis.  This can often lead to effective revisions, and also helps to ensure that the student is on the right track before she begins her assignment.

University writing centers are also excellent source of thesis support.  Writing centers are staffed by graduate students and other advanced writers who have studied and excelled in various aspects of writing.  Writing consultants can help a student revise and refine his or her theses so that they are focused and accurately reflective of the student's thoughts.

Thesis support is also available online.  There are a variety of writing assistance services that, for a fee, will tutor students individually via email or electronic chat.  These services aim to provide one-on-one, tailored guidance on thesis writing, and are typically staffed to provide assistance with thesis writing at all academic levels.



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Viewpoint of Author #18
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A student thesis is a work that a student creates as part of a high school, undergraduate, or graduate school program.  Student theses are long, academic documents that learners write after they research a particular subject in depth.  Therefore, student theses are usually assigned once per course, per semester, or only once as part of an academic program.

There are many different ways in which a professor or academic program will use student theses assignments.  Therefore, students may have to write theses for different reasons, depending on their level of study and academic institution.  For example, a high school student may have to write a year-end student thesis as part of an overall high school program.  Usually, the thesis will be graded by an English teacher, but all students in a particular grade might have to work on a document in order to pass a grade.  A junior thesis is a good example of this sort of assignment.  

An undergraduate student thesis might be a large assignment that a student has to create as part of an academic course.  In such a case, the undergraduate student thesis might be similar to a report.  For an undergraduate student thesis, the student should research a particular subject in depth in order to create the document.  This paper would usually account for the majority of a semester grade.  A student may also have to create a thesis for each course that he or she is taking.

A graduate student thesis has its own definition and set of requirements.  In most cases, a graduate thesis is one document that a student works on for a large portion of the graduate program, especially in his or her final months of the program.  This thesis requires a huge amount of research and may even be ground-breaking for a particular industry.  Students will then have to defend their student theses in front of a panel of judges that are familiar with the subject matter in the thesis.  These panel members may ask the student questions related to his or her research or to the thesis itself.  This sort of graduate thesis is also often called a graduate school reference project.  

While there are many definitions and uses for student theses, the basic writing elements are the same.  Therefore, learners should always research a particular subject and write the academic document with an introduction, body, conclusion, resources, and appendices.  

A student thesis may be the same thing as a term paper or a report, depending on the level of academic study and a particular institution's terminology.  However, a thesis is never the same as a Ph.D. reference project.  Therefore, learners should always be sure that when they review the requirements of a thesis, they understand what documents they are reviewing if they are using them as a basis for hypothesis writing.



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Viewpoint of Author #19
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When a student has to write a thesis, there is a certain thesis template that most students should follow.  Students may be given thesis templates by their professors, if there professors have certain sections that professors want students to include, such as acknowledgements, references, and appendixes.  However, if a professor does not give students a thesis template to follow, then students should follow a standard and universal template.

First, before a student can be sure that he or she is using the correct thesis template, the student should be sure that he or she is using the correct template for the right kind of thesis document.  The term "thesis" may refer to a variety of different types of academic documents.  However, in the strictest sense of the word, a thesis refers to a long project that a pupil writes as part of his or her graduate degree program.  

If a student is not given a thesis template by a professor, then the student has to use a standard universal template.  In any thesis document, the student should begin with a cover page, which includes the student's name, the title of the thesis, the date, and the advisor.  Different style guides will require different things to be included on the cover page.  Therefore, learners should always refer to a style guide for more direction.  The style guide will usually be either MLA or APA format.  

Next, most thesis templates require that students include a table of contents, acknowledgements, and an abstract as the first part.  The body of the document should contain an introductory section in which the student defines terms, shares background information about the topic, includes a thesis statement, and describes the methodology that he or she will use in the thesis research.  

The body of the document template should also include separate sections and paragraphs that each contain specific information about the topic.  The body of the paragraph should support the thesis statement and work towards the conclusion.  The conclusion of the thesis is the last part of the body and pulls together all of the information and ideas that students put out in the thesis itself.  

Most thesis templates also include a section for the references, footnotes, and appendixes.  These sections should appear after the body.  

A thesis template is very different from a template for any other type of written document, including any report, short research paper, or story review.  Theses are long research papers, in a sense, that help learners to convey new information and ideas.  Therefore, thesis templates should allow students to organize large amounts of information in a manner that is easy to read and understand.

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