How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay
The methods you use for writing a cause and effect essay will somewhat depend upon the length of the report and the precise assignment you have been given. If, for example, you must write a 1,000 word essay, you would actually focus more on just the cause or the effect of a certain subject. In addition, you might focus on just one cause or on just one effect. If, on the other hand, you are writing a twenty-page essay, you might explore the causes and effects extensively.
Since the layout of cause and effect essays can be so varied, you will need to consider the length of the report when deciding how to go about writing the document. If you are to write about air pollution, for example, you could probably come up with a dozen causes for air pollution as well as a dozen negative effects. If you were writing an extensive essay, you would discuss all of these issues. Otherwise, you might just select one. For example, you might write a document that simply states that one of the causes of air pollution is car exhaust and then your entire paper would be about how car exhaust affects the air.
Regardless of the topic and how broad your writing will be, you should have all of the causes and all of the effects clear in your mind. Even though you won't be discussing them all in your essay, you should list all of the causes and effects you can think of in order to help you organize your thoughts and narrow down the topic you will write about.
Once you have settled on the causes and/or effects you will be writing on, you need to develop a thesis statement and then research the supporting details. For example, if your thesis is "One of the biggest consequences of air pollution is its effects on the health of people," you will need to research information that supports how air pollution is harmful to human health.
Each of your subsequent paragraphs should include a topic sentence supporting the negative health effects of air pollution. For example, your second paragraph may state "Research shows that air pollution has a negative impact on human lungs." Then, the remainder of the paragraph should describe the effects of air pollution on lungs. The next paragraphs should then describe a different negative health effect and then provide further detail.
After providing supporting information and including at least three paragraphs to support your thesis statement, you will need to write a conclusion. Your summary should not include an opinion, as a cause and effect essay is not about expressing opinions. Rather, it should simply summarize the information. Similarly, a cause and effect report should not present ideas for solving the problem and should not include a "call to action" that encourages the reader to make a change. Rather, the information should simply be presented in a factual manner so the reader can draw his or her own conclusions.
Premium Essays Involving "How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay"
Helpful Videos on Collegiate Writing