Essay - Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology, Holistic-dynamic...


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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

***** Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham ***** is often thought of as the father of Human*****tic Psychology and is credited with the inception of *****ory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach ***** the behavioral models. With in this paper Maslow's life is addressed as a source of his *****spiration for **********, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

***** Maslow ***** *****ten cited as the fa*****r of humanist psychology. Through the psychological movement ***** he and o*****rs began has developed what many call the "third force" in *****. The theories surround*****g humanistic psychology reject a gre*****t deal of those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

During the ***** half of the twentieth century, American ***** was dominated by two schools ***** thought: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

***** on the whole mainstream American psychology had been captured by ***** mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism and determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow ***** initially an ardent behaviorist, yet the experience of fa*****ring his first daughter proved ***** him intrinsically that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic *****d immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent *****, ***** firsth*****d experience with his children convinced him ***** abandon this ***** as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes ***** accompany the personal growth associated with the raising of one's own *****, Maslow began to see that there was so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given *****ice ***** ***** school of psychology. Maslow in a 1968 interview, spe*****king ***** the universal experience of parenting even went so far as to state that, "I w***** stunned by the mystery and by the sense of not really being in control. ***** felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. I'd say anyone who had a baby couldn't be a behaviorist." (M. H. H*****, 1968, p.55)

Much ***** the *****ory that ***** developed was intrinsically intertwined ***** his association with a group of exceptional individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. The group includes Albert Einstein, ***** Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing *****. Which according ***** his theories meant they achieved a cert*****in amount of personal and professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence ***** even happiness ***** themselves and their lives. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in ***** ***** is a cert********** sensationalism to his tactical research, ***** that he fails to even acknowledge the ***** ***** most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching the level ***** his famous subjects of

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