Essay - Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology, Holistic-dynamic...


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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

Holistic-Dynamic Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham Maslow is often thought of as the father of Humanistic Psychology and is credited with the inception of *****ory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach ***** the behavioral models. With in this paper Maslow's life is addressed as a source ***** his *****spir*****tion for theory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

***** Maslow is often cited as the father of humanist *****. Through the psychological movement that he and o*****rs began has developed what many call the "third force" in psychology. The theories surround*****g humanistic psychology reject a great deal of those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

During the first half of the twentieth century, American ***** was dominated by two schools of *****: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

***** on the whole mainstream American psychology had been captured by ***** mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism and determinism of classical psychoanalysis. (Association for ***** Psychology 2001)

Maslow was initially an ardent behaviorist, yet ***** experience of fathering his first daughter proved ***** him intrinsically that behaviorism ***** not only wrong but that it was simplistic *****d immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent *****, Maslow's firsthand experience with ***** children c*****v*****ced him ***** abandon this approach as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes ***** accompany the ***** growth associated with the raising of one's own children, Maslow began ***** see that there ***** so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given notice within the school of *****. Maslow in a 1968 interview, speaking ***** the universal experience of parenting even went ***** far as to state that, "I was stunned by the mystery and by the sense of not really being in control. I felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. I'd say anyone who had a baby couldn't be a behaviorist." (M. H. H*****, 1968, p.55)

Much of the theory that ***** developed was intrinsically intertwined with his association with a group of exceptional individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as individuals. The group includes Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing *****. Which according to his theories meant they achieved a certain amount ***** personal ***** professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence ***** ***** happiness with themselves and their lives. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in ***** ***** is a cert********** sensationalism to his tactical research, and that he fails to even acknowledge the ***** that most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching ***** level ***** ***** famous subjects of

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