Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...

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As youth age out of foster care, the options available to them are presently limited.


Y*****h who are aging out of the formal foster care program are considered to be at high risk in several areas, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting st*****istics, the existing gaps are clear and only recently policy makers have begun ***** acknowledge these gaps in funding and service provision.

*****. AGING ***** OF ***** CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live ***** foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 youth between the ages ***** 18 and 21 'aged out' of the ***** care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report states that these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources ***** very little support." (Sherman, *****) Stated to be factors ***** potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health care." (*****, 2004) These ***** are able ***** derive benefit "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living ***** from access to support *****s that can help ***** navigate the transition to adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that can assist these youth in this transition to development *****to adults that ***** self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local funding sources to assist youth who are aging out of foster care ***** this ********** Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state and private *****. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework ***** assistance to ***** who are aging ***** of the ***** care program. One of ********** is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized ***** PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title IV-E of ***** Social Security Act ***** ***** was re***** indefinitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal funding amount to $70 million each years to enable states ***** make provision of services to youth in the age range of 16 to 18 to assist them in this *****. Additionally, the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the ***** Living Program as the Chafee Foster Care ***** ***** (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services ***** youth in the age range between 18 and 21 who have aged out ***** the foster care program. Additionally this doubled the state funding ***** provision of *****se services to the amount of $140 million. (Sherman, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that ***** contributing 20% in funds ***** match yet many states "have not drawn down the full ***** of ***** ***** funds because they have not contributed the full match amount." (*****, 2004) Many ***** these states ***** localities are stated to ***** the choice to provide


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