Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...

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As youth age out of foster care, the options available to them are presently limited.


Youth who are aging out of the formal ***** care program are considered to be at high risk in several areas, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting statistics, the existing gaps ***** clear and only recently policy makers have begun to acknowledge these gaps in funding and service provision.


***** report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live ***** foster care. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 youth between the ages ***** 18 and 21 'aged out' of the ***** care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources and very little support." (Sherman, *****) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, ***** inadequate health care." (*****, 2004) These ***** are able ***** derive benefit "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support services ***** can help them navigate the transition to adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that ***** *****sist these youth in this transition to development *****to adults that are self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local ***** sources to assist youth ***** are aging out ***** foster care and this includes Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state ***** private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation ***** provides a framework for assistance to ***** who are aging out of the foster c***** program. One of ********** is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized ***** PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title IV-E of the Social Security Act and ***** was re***** indefinitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal funding amount to $70 million each years to enable states ***** make provision of ***** to y*****h in ***** age range of 16 ***** 18 to assist them in this *****. Additionally, the ***** Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the ***** Living Program as the Chafee Foster Care ***** ***** (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services ***** youth in ***** ***** range between 18 and 21 who have aged out of the foster care program. Additionally ***** doubled the state fund*****g ***** provision ***** these services to the ***** of $140 million. (*****, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that states contributing 20% in funds ***** match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** ***** funds because they have ***** contributed the full match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many ***** these ***** and localities are stated to ***** the choice to provide


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