Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...


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AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE AND THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE

STATEMENT OF THESIS

As youth age out of foster care, the options available to them are presently limited.

INTRODUCTION

Youth who are aging out of the formal ***** care program are considered to be at high risk in several areas, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting statistics, the existing gaps ***** clear and only recently policy makers have begun to acknowledge these gaps in funding and service provision.

*****. AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live ***** foster care. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 youth between the ages ***** 18 and 21 'aged out' of the ***** care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources and very little support." (Sherman, *****) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, ***** inadequate health care." (*****, 2004) These ***** are able ***** derive benefit "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support services ***** can help them navigate the transition to adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that ***** *****sist these youth in this transition to development *****to adults that are self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local ***** sources to assist youth ***** are aging out ***** foster care and this includes Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state ***** private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation ***** provides a framework for assistance to ***** who are aging out of the foster c***** program. One of ********** is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized ***** PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title IV-E of the Social Security Act and ***** was re***** indefinitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal funding amount to $70 million each years to enable states ***** make provision of ***** to y*****h in ***** age range of 16 ***** 18 to assist them in this *****. Additionally, the ***** Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the ***** Living Program as the Chafee Foster Care ***** ***** (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services ***** youth in ***** ***** range between 18 and 21 who have aged out of the foster care program. Additionally ***** doubled the state fund*****g ***** provision ***** these services to the ***** of $140 million. (*****, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that states contributing 20% in funds ***** match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** ***** funds because they have ***** contributed the full match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many ***** these ***** and localities are stated to ***** the choice to provide

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