Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-*****-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), ***** virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with HIV does not mean ***** the person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

***** ***** the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of the infected person's ***** system. If the immune system is ***** working, one is at r*****k for serious ***** life-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to diseases. The CD4 cells are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They are also called *****+T cells or CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number ***** those cells in ***** blood sample. The HIV virus enters the CD4 ***** ***** uses those cells to make copies of itself, destroying the cells in the process. ***** low ***** cell ***** ***** that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 *****s with which ***** ***** infections and cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting the CD4 cells. If there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with HIV), then they ***** considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


Cervical cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

***** diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

Herpes simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

***** (recurrent)

***** mult*****ocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

Toxoplasmosis of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting syndrome (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations ***** HIV disease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, ***** pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, which become shal***** ulcers due ***** scratching *****d finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other ***** are related to AIDS:

***** is the ***** important infection complicating ***** infection in third-world countries, and may present at any stage.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial septicemia.

Cerebral toxoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis ***** probably more frequent causes of ***** HIV related disease in developing industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often *****s as a lesion of the brain, ***** cryptococcosis as chronic *****.

The *****sociation between tropical diseases and ***** ***** has only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV infection could increase ***** incidence of tropical diseases, and alter their history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies ***** a large variety of diseases ***** may be more ***** than first imag*****ed, but on June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control


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