Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...


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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social ***** economic changes that would shape the development of ***** domestic and foreign policy between 1890 and 1928. The policies ***** would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety of events. These included the lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation ***** U.S. foreign and domestic ***** that was much more proactive ***** intrusive by ***** than it had been in 1890.

***** ***** changes that occurred in the wake of ***** ***** War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social and economic conditions in the South, their freedom crippl*****g a plantation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, ***** was taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States ***** been transformed from a former British hold*****g into the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

Fueling this industrial growth was an influx of new workers. After the Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with half of those people still living in rural communities. However, by World War I, natural population growth had swollen ***** *****'s ***** to 100 million, ***** ***** 70% of whom now lived in urban areas. Added to that was an incredible ***** of immigr*****ts during this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million immigrants arrived on U.S. shores looking for work ***** to put down roots (***** 513-514).

*****, the ***** States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th century as ***** ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way to Progressivism. The former lasted roughly from 1880 until 1900 ***** represented the last hurrah of ***** U.S.' ***** economy, stressing farmers' ideals. Dissimilarly, Progressivism was driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought new socialist values ***** American policy during that era (Johnson 607). ***** the ***** time, the U.S.--like so many o*****r nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. ***** people and their politicians came to believe that American control should be extended ***** territ*****ial holdings beyond the lower contiguous states and territories (***** 609). As with ***** already mentioned changes, this facilitated significant changes in domestic and foreign *****.

Overall the tendency in foreign and domestic policy changes was toward extension of ***** role ***** authority of the U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, policies shifted toward *****creased statism. Under Woodrow Wil*****n in particular the U.S. government acquired significant new powers that allowed it to act w*****h greater influence on American soil. The passage of a C*****stitutional Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americans cemented more fiduciary power in the federal government ***** gave it the abil*****y to act with ***** impunity. The rise of Progressivism dur*****g ***** era also influenced domestic *****. ***** threat of Big Business loomed large and Big Government ***** perceived to be

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