Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...

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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social ***** economic changes that would shape the development of American domestic and foreign policy between 1890 ***** 1928. The policies that would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety of events. These included ***** lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation of U.S. foreign ***** domestic ***** that was much more proactive and intrusive by ***** than it had been in *****.

***** social changes that occurred in the wake of ***** Civil War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social ***** ***** conditions in the South, their freedom crippl*****g a pl*****ntation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, industrialization ***** taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States ***** been transformed from a former British hold*****g in***** the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

***** this industrial ***** was an influx ***** new workers. After the Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with half of those people still living in rural communities. However, ***** World War I, n*****ural population growth had swollen ***** *****'s ***** to 100 million, more ***** 70% of whom now lived in urban *****as. Added to that was an incredible influx of immigrants ***** this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million immigrants arrived on U.S. shores looking for work and to put down roots (***** 513-514).

*****, the ***** States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th ***** as the ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way to Progressivism. The former lasted roughly from 1880 until 1900 and represented the last hurrah of ***** U.S.' ***** economy, stressing farmers' *****. Dissimilarly, Progressivism ***** driven by educated ***** intellectuals who brought new ********** values to ***** policy during ***** era (Johnson 607). At the same time, the U.S.--like so many other nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. ***** people and their politicians came to believe that American control should be extended to territorial holdings beyond the lower contiguous states and territories (***** 609). As ***** ***** already mentioned *****, this facilitated significant changes in domestic and foreign policy.

Overall the tendency in foreign and domestic policy changes was toward extension of the role ***** authority of the U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, ***** shifted toward increased st*****ism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired ***** new powers ***** allowed it to act with greater influence on American soil. The passage of a C*****stitutional Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americans cemented ***** fiduciary power in the federal government and gave it the ability to ***** with greater impunity. The rise of Progressivism during ***** era also influenced domestic *****. The threat of Big Business loomed large ***** ***** Government ***** perceived to be


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