Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...


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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

***** ec*****omic prosperity and the security of the US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and ***** global partners ***** the safe and secure operations of its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 and the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of ***** dangers facing the ***** industry and the ability and intent ***** enemies who wish to harm ***** ***** ***** its people. ***** main origina*****rs of threat are the criminals, the terrorists and the hostile-nations; and *****re are three ***** categories ***** threats- hostile exploitation of cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure ***** threats to and from ***** aircrafts. ***** is a wide array ***** probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing ***** explosives inside or near the passenger facilities; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airp*****ts, targeting multi-use airports, for instance those which combine military and commercial oper*****ions or general ***** commercial aviation operations where ********** is a co-existence of dissimil*****r security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, are some ***** the tactics used by terrorists. ("National Strategy ***** Aviation *****," 2007)

***** danger ***** threat to commercial aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort of routine; there ***** been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g for the purpose ***** political extortion took place. The ***** first terrorist bombing of an airliner in mid-air took place in May, 1949. ***** June, ***** the ***** armed attack took place on an on-*****-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate armed attack occurred in May, 1972 on air *****s at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial aviati***** assault can be carried out against airline offices, airliners and airports. It is app*****nt that the most common target in commercial aviation attacks has been ***** airliners. During the 50 year period from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline ***** *****s and 129 airport attacks. The airline office and airport attack are *****t done ***** any private party but is a terror*****t group tactic. *****se attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The attacks ***** also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones ***** armed assaults, bombing and hijacking. There were 959 incidents of hijacking during the ***** year *****, i.e. ***** contributed almost 87 percent of all ***** airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** the nation's physical infrastructure, overall security and economic foundation l*****s in the safety and ***** of the civil aviation system ***** the nation. In order to attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars ***** multitude of policies and programs are formulated ***** upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation ***** ***** *****

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