Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...


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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

The ec*****omic prosperity and the security of ***** US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and its global partners and ***** safe and secure operations ***** its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 and the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of the dangers facing the ***** industry and the ability and intent of enemies who wish to harm the ***** ***** its people. The main originators ***** threat are ***** criminals, the terrorists and the hostile-nations; and there ***** three ***** categories of threats- hostile exploitation ***** cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure ***** threats to and from ***** aircrafts. ***** is a wide ********** of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing of explosives inside or near the passenger facilities; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airp*****ts, targeting multi-use airports, ***** instance those which combine military and commercial operations or general and commercial aviation ***** where there is a co-existence of dissimil*****r security procedures and unrelated security authorities, are some of the tactics used by terrorists. ("National Strategy for Aviation Security," 2007)

***** danger ***** threat to commercial aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort of routine; ***** has been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g ***** the purpose of political ex*****rtion took place. The ***** first ***** bombing of an airliner in mid-air took place ***** May, 1949. In June, 1968 the ***** armed attack ***** place on an ********** airliner and the initial indiscriminate armed attack occurred in May, 1972 on air *****s at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial aviati***** assault can be carried out against airline offices, airliners ***** airports. It is app*****nt that the most common ***** in commercial aviation attacks ***** been ***** airl*****ers. During the 50 year period from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline ***** attacks and 129 airport attacks. ***** airline office ***** airport attack are *****t done by any private party but is a terror*****t group tactic. These attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The attacks can also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones ***** ***** assaults, bombing and hijacking. *****re were 959 incidents of ***** during the ***** year period, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all ***** airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** the nation's physical infrastructure, overall ***** and economic foundation lies in the safety and security of ***** civil ***** system of the nation. In order to attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars ***** multitude of policies and programs are formulated ***** upkeep the security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation security system after

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