Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that is published three times each year and covers a wide range of *****pics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, ***** language policy in education. The journal contains ***** sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; research in practice, which documents the experience ***** t*****ers and o*****r practitioners; and book reviews"

Website guidel*****es for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual *****—a review of current literature and a call ***** action

*****

Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children within the American educational system. Yet the current debate over the best way to conduct bilingual classes ***** children has been largely dominated by the latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under ***** banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legislators and scholars nationwide" must know that English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is Engl*****h First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual programs in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary ***** ***** *****-only ideal, current *****, imperfect ***** limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bilingual education may be, support the idea ***** a transitional, ra*****r than an immersive approach is the superior strategy to pursue with *****. A slow transitional approach best suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency to meet narrow standards of literacy that do not render ESL students on academic par ***** native Engl*****h speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual *****.

The stakes ***** the *****

***** of bilingual education programs often harken back to ***** early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and being raised in a bil*****gual home was seen as harming school success. *****t that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at *****. English immersion was the order of the day, and critics of bilingualism maintain, students who did not speak English readily learned it and ***** the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual ***** Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mo*****r came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned Engl*****h the hard way (through *****) why shouldn't other children have ***** suffer in the same fashi*****? Why the passionate fervor for immersion, even on a popular level ***** we are in fact a n*****tion of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "most people feel like experts when ***** comes to language. Our reactions are *****ten visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech def*****es us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. *****'s tied up with a sense of who ***** are - and who we ***** not

. . . . [END OF RESEARCH PAPER PREVIEW]

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