Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that ***** published three times each year and covers a wide r*****nge of *****pics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, ***** language policy in *****. ***** journal contains three sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; ***** in practice, which documents the experience of t*****ers and o*****r practitioners; and book reviews"

Website guidelines for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual education—a review ***** current literature and a c*****ll ***** action

Introduction

Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children within the American *****l system. Yet the current debate over ***** best ***** to conduct bilingual classes ***** children has been largely dominated by the latter ra*****r than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under ***** banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legislators and scholars nationwide" must know ***** English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is English First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual ***** in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Cont*****y to ***** English-only ideal, current research, imperfect and limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bilingual education may be, support the idea that a transitional, ra*****r than an immersive approach is the superior strategy to pursue with children. A slow ***** approach best suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency to meet narrow standards of literacy ***** do not render ESL students on academic par ***** native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual education.

The stakes of ***** debate

Opponents of bilingual education programs often harken back to the early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and being raised in a ***** home was seen as harm*****g school success. *****t that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at *****. ***** immersion w***** the order of the day, and critics of bilingualism maintain, ***** who did not speak English readily learned it and entered the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual Education Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mo*****r came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned English the hard way (through *****) why shouldn't o*****r children have to suffer in the same fashion? Why the passionate fervor for immersion, even on a popul*****r level ***** we ***** in fact a n*****tion of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "***** people feel like experts when it comes to language. Our reactions are often visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech defines us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. It's tied up with a sense of who we are - and who we are *****

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