Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...

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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity ***** conservation have been difficult issues in the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as increasingly rapid species extinction and also the increasing human population and influence upon the natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation of biodiversity, as such conservation holds advantages not only for the future inheritance of the earth ***** its beauty, but also on a more practical and ec*****omic level. This is so because the diversity of species on ***** ***** consequences ***** the often fragile ecosystems we as human beings sh*****. Being aware of ***** importance of ***** is a step in the direction ***** saving the earth as we know it. One specific way in which to accompli***** th***** is via large-scale reservations. These have also increased with the r*****ing awareness of the importance ***** conserving our ***** resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that ***** conservation has not only aes*****tic, ***** also practical merit. Indeed, the ***** of biodiversity may be ***** one thing ***** st*****s between human beings and their final and complete extinction.

*****, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue of conservation, biodiversity, and the ***** in which ********** have evolved to integrate ***** ***** activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently as twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility ***** professionals such ***** ecologi***** ***** forestry officials, with little effect on human activities in the regions. They ***** ***** solely focused ***** protecting ***** diversity of fauna and flora in the area. The rising levels of poverty and hunger, particularly in developing countries, have changed this.

Issues of social and political ***** have inspired ecologists to integrate *****ir efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffering where it manifests itself most seriously. As such, conservation of biodiversity has taken an equal position with poverty and ***** alleviation. In addition to ***** biodiversity, protected areas are now also expected ***** contribute to national development and the reduction ***** poverty. ***** this way, an attempt ***** been made to reintegrate hum***** and nature; two entities that ***** been at war of centuries.

A*****her issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland ***** Bandon (226), relates to the specific areas receiving priority when protection is implemented. The authors mention of example that tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms of conservation awareness campaigns. The reason for ***** is the wide ***** ***** occurs in these **********. ***** authors however also emphasize that ra***** forests, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment of biodiversity in o*****r locations. The argument here is ***** a d*****proportionate focus on ra***** forests exclude other, also biologically rich *****, and in effect result in losses in these areas. Another problem is that the size of conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the ***** loss of biodiversity.

One solution for this ***** might be to create ***** conservation ***** not only for conservation


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