Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...


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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity and conservation have been difficult issues ***** the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as increasingly rapid species extinction ***** al***** the increasing human population and influence upon the natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation ***** biodiversity, as ***** conservation holds advantages ***** only for the future inheritance of the earth and its beauty, but also on a more practical and ec*****omic level. ***** is so because the diversity of ***** on ***** have consequences ***** the often fragile ecosystems we as human beings share. Being aware of ***** importance of biodiversity ***** a step in the direction ***** saving the earth as ***** know it. One specific way in which to accomplish this is via large-scale reservations. These have also incre*****ed with the rising awareness of the importance of conserving our ***** resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that such conservation has not only aesthetic, but also practical merit. Indeed, the conservation of biodiversity may be the one thing ***** st*****s between ***** beings and *****ir final ***** complete extinction.

*****, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue ***** conservation, biodiversity, and ***** way in which these have evolved to integrate ***** human activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently ***** twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility of professionals such as ecologi***** ***** forestry officials, with little effect on ***** activities in the regions. *****y were ***** solely focused ***** protecting ***** diversity of fauna and flora in the area. The ***** levels of poverty and hunger, particularly in developing countries, have changed this.

***** of social and political responsibility have inspired ecologists to ***** *****ir efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffering where it manifests itself most seriously. As such, conservation of bio***** h***** taken an equal position wit***** ***** and hunger alleviation. In addition to ***** biodiversity, protected areas are now also expected to contribute to national development and the reduction ***** poverty. In this way, an attempt has been made to reintegrate human ***** nature; two entities that ***** been at war of centuries.

Another issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland & Bandon (226), relates to the specific ***** receiving priority when protection is implemented. The authors mention of example that tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms of conservation a*****eness campaigns. The reason for this is the wide biodiversity that occurs in ***** *****ests. ***** authors however also emphasize ***** rain forests, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment ***** biodiversity in o*****r locations. The argument here is that a disproportion*****te focus on rain ***** exclude other, ***** biologically rich areas, and in effect result in losses in these areas. A*****her problem is that the size of conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the ***** loss of biodiversity.

***** solution for this ***** might be to create ***** ***** areas not only for conservation

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